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Shipping Arrivals to Queensland

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Types of Passage (Source: Queensland State Archives, 'Brief Guide 16: Immigration'

  • Free passages were granted by the Queensland Government to particular categories of immigrants, and their families, which were from time to time particularly required in Queensland. These categories altered over the years as conditions in Queensland changed but included at various time female domestic servants and married couples without children. Applicants were required to pay the sum of £1 and a similar amount for each member of the family who counted as a statute adult. To be eligible, they had to be unable to pay their own passage, they could not have resided previously in any Australian colony, and they must intend to reside permanently in Queensland.
  • Assisted passages were granted by the Government of Queensland to particular categories of immigrants, and their families, which were from time to time, particularly required in Queensland. The categories include farmers, farm labourers, vine dressers, labourers, mechanics and domestic servants. To be eligible they had to be unable to pay the full passage, they could not have resided previously in any Australian colony, and they must intend to reside permanently in Queensland.
  • Nominated or remittance passages Any natural born or naturalised person residing in Queensland, desiring to provide a passage to the colony for a friend or relative in Europe, could obtain a passage warrant from the Government on payment of the required amount. The warrant was then forwarded to the friend or relative in Europe. On presentation of the warrant, the Government representative in Europe would then arrange a passage for the emigrant.

"Queensland’s immigration history DSC_0171QUEENSLAND MIGRATION TIMELINE 1606: Australia and Queensland make it on to the world map after Captain Willem Jansz, of the Dutch spice vessel Duyfken (Little Dove), charts 300km of the west coast of Cape York Peninsula.

In the following centuries, waves of migration shape Queensland into the diverse state it is today. Here are some highlights:

  • 1824: Moreton Bay is established as a penal colony for the worst offenders.
  • 1848: After the transportation of convicts to New South Wales ceases in 1839, the government ship Artemisia arrives in December 1848, carrying the first assisted migrants to Queensland.
  • 1861: Immigrant ships chartered by QLD government: Mangerton sails from Plymouth on 15 April arriving on 7 August, on its fifth voyage, landing 361 souls from Great Britain; and Persia sails from Plymouth on 16 August arriving on 3 December, landing 438 souls. (Source: Queensland Government
  • 1862- "Queensland Immigration Society" founded by Bishop Quinn. His ADB entry [1] cites 6,000 Irish in ten ships but doesn't name them. Ships include 1862: The Chatsworth , Erin go Bragh, Maryborough,
  • 1863–1904: South Sea Islanders brought to Queensland from eighty Pacific Islands, primarily Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands, to work in the fledgling sugar industry.
  • 1867: The opening of gold fields sees a rush of diggers from other states to Queensland, the majority of whom are Chinese.
  • 1869: Opening of the Suez Canal gives ships from Europe an alternative route to Australia.
  • 1882: 500 Ceylonese leave Colombo to settle in Mackay.
  • 1887: Kangaroo Point Depot is completed and receives immigrants from 1888. The Depot is renamed Yungaba in the 1940s, becoming the first port of call for generations of immigrants to Queensland.
  • 1891: 335 Italians from the Piedmont region arrive on the Jumna to work on the cane fields. A census this year shows 438 Italians in Queensland.
  • 1919: Refugees from World War 1 leave Europe. There is a significant migration of Scots to Queensland.
  • 1933–1940: German and Austrian Jews arrive in Queensland.
  • 1947: Australia commits to settle an annual quota of 12,000 displaced persons as part of its agreement with the International Refugee Organisation.
  • 1959: The ‘Centenary contingent’ of 438 assisted British migrants arrive on the Orion to mark 100 years of Queensland.
  • 1973: Chilean coup d’état. 1550 Chileans arrive in Queensland.
  • 1983–1992: Approximately 5000 refugees flee civil war in El Salvador to settle in South East Queensland.
  • 2001–2009: Increase in refugees arriving from the Middle East, Africa and South East Asia including Afghanistan, Iraq, Sri Lanka, southern Sudan, Liberia, Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Sierra Leone, Togo and Myanmar (Burma).

The Queensland Migration Timeline is a vibrant display that outlines key milestones in Queensland’s migration and settlement history. Please contact us if your organisation would like to book the Queensland Migration Timeline free of charge for your next conference or event."

- See more at: Queensland Migration Heritage

Immigrant Quarantine Station

Between 1873 and 1890 immigrants to Queensland were quarantined when required on Category: Peel Island, Queensland at the Quarantine Station. (Source: Friends of Peel Island Association (FoPIA), History, 29 March, 2014.

List of Ships arriving to Brisbane
List of Ships arriving to Brisbane 1885-1915, Series ID 13097 downloaded via Registers of immigrants, Brisbane 1885-1917 Queensland State Archives

There was a major flood in 1893 causing widespread damage in the Maryborough region. Source: 1893 'MINISTERIAL, VISIT TO THE WIDE BAY DISTRICTS.', The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), 27 February, p. 5, viewed 26 February, 2014, .


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