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Sicily Region - Regione Siciliana

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Sicilia, Italia


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Region of Sicily

Sicily (Italian: Sicilia [siˈtʃiːlja]; Sicilian: Sicilia [sɪˈʃiːlja]) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 20 regions of Italy. It is one of the five Italian autonomous regions, in Southern Italy along with surrounding minor islands, officially referred to as Regione Siciliana.

Sicily is located in the central Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula, from which it is separated by the narrow Strait of Messina. Its most prominent landmark is Mount Etna, the tallest active volcano in Europe,[5] and one of the most active in the world, currently 3,329 m (10,922 ft) high. The island has a typical Mediterranean climate.

The earliest archaeological evidence of human activity on the island dates from as early as 12,000 BC.[6][7] By around 750 BC, Sicily had three Phoenician and a dozen Greek colonies and it was later the site of the Sicilian Wars and the Punic Wars. After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, Sicily was ruled during the Early Middle Ages by the Vandals, the Ostrogoths, the Byzantine Empire, and the Emirate of Sicily. The Norman conquest of southern Italy led to the creation of the Kingdom of Sicily, which was subsequently ruled by the Hohenstaufen, the Capetian House of Anjou, Spain, and the House of Habsburg.[8] It was unified under the House of Bourbon with the Kingdom of Naples as the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. It became part of Italy in 1860 following the Expedition of the Thousand, a revolt led by Giuseppe Garibaldi during the Italian unification, and a plebiscite. Sicily was given special status as an autonomous region on 15 May 1946, 18 days before the Italian constitutional referendum of 1946. However, much of the autonomy still remains unapplied, especially financial autonomy, because the autonomy-activating laws have been deferred to be approved by the joint committee (50% Italian State, 50% Regione Siciliana), since 1946.

Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature, cuisine, and architecture. It is also home to important archaeological and ancient sites, such as the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Valley of the Temples, Erice and Selinunte.[1]

Provinces (Province)

Administratively, Sicily is divided into six free municipal consortia and three metropolitan cities. Small surrounding islands are also part of various Sicilian provinces: the Aeolian Islands (Messina), isle of Ustica (Palermo), Aegadian Islands (Trapani), isle of Pantelleria (Trapani) and Pelagian Islands (Agrigento).[2]

Locations of provinces of Sicily.
Province Number of Comuni Population Area
(km²)
Web site
Agrigento 43 448,204 3,042 Agrigento
Caltanissetta 22 274,194 2,124 Caltanissetta
Metropolitan City of Catania 58 1,115,696 3,553 Catania
Enna 20 171,787 2,562 Enna
Metropolitan City of Messina 108 646,902 3,247 Messina
Metropolitan City of Palermo 82 1,275,293 4,992 Palermo
Ragusa 12 318,468 1,614 Ragusa
Syracuse (Siracusa) 21 404,419 2,109 Siracusa
Trapani 24 435,587 2,459 Trapani

History (Storia)


From Category Page

Provincia di Catania

These are the 58 comuni of the Pruvincia di Catania (Sicilian spelling)

Aci BonaccorsiAci CastelloAci CatenaAci Sant'AntonioAcirealeAdranoBelpassoBiancavilla
BronteCalatabianoCaltagironeCamporotondo EtneoCastel di IudicaCastiglione di SiciliaCataniaFiumefreddo di Sicilia
GiarreGrammicheleGravina di CataniaLicodia EubeaLinguaglossaMalettoManiaceMascali
MascaluciaMazzarroneMilitello in Val di CataniaMiloMineoMirabella ImbaccariMisterbiancoMotta Sant'Anastasia
NicolosiPalagoniaPaternòPedaraPiedimonte EtneoRaddusaRagalnaRamacca
RandazzoRipostoSan ConoSan Giovanni la PuntaSan Gregorio di CataniaSan Michele di GanzariaSan Pietro ClarenzaSant'Agata li Battiati
Sant'AlfioSanta Maria di LicodiaSanta VenerinaScordiaTrecastagniTremestieri EtneoValverdeViagrande
VizziniZafferana Etnea

These are the 82 comuni of the Pruvincia di Palermu (Sicilian spelling)

AliaAlimenaAliminusaAltavilla MiliciaAltofonteBagheriaBalestrateBaucina
Belmonte MezzagnoBlufiBisacquinoBolognettaBompietroBorgettoCaccamoCaltavuturo
Campofelice Di FitaliaCampofelice Di RoccellaCampofioritoCamporealeCapaciCariniCastelbuonoCasteldaccia
Castellana SiculaCastronovo di SiciliaCefalà DianaCefalùCerdaChiusa SclafaniCiminna
CinisiCollesanoContessa EntellinaCorleoneFicarazziGangiGeraci SiculoGiardinello
GiulianaGodranoGratteriIsnelloIsola delle FemmineLascariLercara FriddiMarineo
MezzojusoMisilmeriMonrealeMontelepreMontemaggiore BelsitoPalazzo AdrianoPalermo
PartinicoPetralia SopranaPetralia SottanaPiana degli AlbanesiPolizzi GenerosaPollinaPrizziRoccamena
RoccapalumbaSan CipirelloSan Giuseppe JatoSan Mauro CastelverdeSanta Cristina GelaSanta FlaviaSciaraScillato
Sclafani BagniTermini ImereseTerrasiniTorrettaTrabiaTrappetoUsticaValledolmo
Ventimiglia di SiciliaVicariVillabateVillafrati

Sources (Fonti)

  1. Sicily
  2. Wikipedia on Sicily Administrative divisions




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