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Singleton Plantation and Mines

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Lumpkin, Georgia, United Statesmap
Surnames/tags: Singleton Slavery Black_Heritage
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Index of Plantations

Contents

Introduction

The plantation of Joseph J Singleton was located in Lumpkin County, Georgia.

This plantation appeared to be over 1000 acres in size, with gold and copper mining as well. -See Research note below.

Slaves

.Joe's plantation, he owned gold mine and a copper mine too. Old Marster owned 'bout 65 Niggers in all. He bought an' sold Niggers too. When Old Marster wanted to send news, he put a-Nigger on a mule an' sont de message.[1]

Joseph Singleton had 23 enslaved persons listed in his estate inventory in 1854.[2]

Slaves Purchased/Sold

In 1841 Joseph Singleton loaned money to William Woods who secured his loan with these 3 enslaved persons:[3]

In 1849 Joseph sold to his son Jas J. Singleton[4]

The sale of the enslaved after the death of Joseph Singleton.[5]

Dec 1855

Jan 1856

Census

1840 Census - Slaves[6]

  • 12 males under age 10
  • 4 males age 10-24
  • 12 males ages 24-36
  • 4 males ages 36-55
  • 1 male age 55-100
  • 12 females under age 10
  • 11 females ages 10-24
  • 7 females ages 24-36
  • 4 females ages 36-55
  • 4 females ages 55-100

1850 U.S. Slave Schedule[7]

UNKNOWN M abt 1795
UNKNOWN F abt 1795
UNKNOWN F abt 1827
UNKNOWN F abt 1830
UNKNOWN M abt 1830
UNKNOWN F abt 1832
UNKNOWN F abt 1848
UNKNOWN F abt 1790
UNKNOWN F abt 1825
UNKNOWN M abt 1827
UNKNOWN M abt 1840
UNKNOWN F abt 1842
UNKNOWN F abt 1846
UNKNOWN M abt 1825
UNKNOWN M abt 1830
UNKNOWN F abt 1800
UNKNOWN F abt 1820
UNKNOWN M abt 1842
UNKNOWN M abt 1830
UNKNOWN M abt 1848
UNKNOWN F abt 1832
UNKNOWN F 1850
UNKNOWN M abt 1836
UNKNOWN F abt 1825
UNKNOWN M abt 1848
UNKNOWN M abt 1820
UNKNOWN F abt 1820
UNKNOWN M abt 1834
UNKNOWN F abt 1840
UNKNOWN M abt 1845
UNKNOWN F abt 1847
UNKNOWN M abt 1849
UNKNOWN M abt 1816 Maybe Joe
UNKNOWN F abt 1790
UNKNOWN M abt 1834
UNKNOWN F abt 1790
UNKNOWN M abt 1810
UNKNOWN M abt 1822
UNKNOWN M abt 1810
UNKNOWN M abt 1816
UNKNOWN F abt 1825
UNKNOWN F abt 1825
UNKNOWN M abt 1830
UNKNOWN M abt 1838
UNKNOWN M abt 1843 Maybe Tom
UNKNOWN M abt 1848
UNKNOWN M abt 1840
UNKNOWN F abt 1843
UNKNOWN M abt 1845
UNKNOWN M abt 1847
UNKNOWN M abt 1849
UNKNOWN F abt 1790
UNKNOWN F abt 1812
UNKNOWN M abt 1820
UNKNOWN M abt 1800
UNKNOWN M abt 1800
UNKNOWN M abt 1775
UNKNOWN M abt 1820
UNKNOWN M abt 1810
UNKNOWN M abt 1830
UNKNOWN F abt 1834

Research Note

Singleton, Joseph J. "Joseph J. Singleton comes to Dahlonega in the 1830s. He helps a free African American named James Boisclair to buy a mine lot, which Boisclair works successfully. The mine becomes known as the "Free Jim Mine." With the proceeds, Boisclair establishes the largest general merchandise store in town and a bar room. Singleton becomes president of the United States Branch Mint at Dahlonega when it opens in 1837. His daughter marries Fred Lucas, a merchant, and moves to Athens. His son, also Joseph J. Singleton, once a professor of mathematics at North Georgia College, becomes a minister in the Methodist Church. Though not a member of any church himself, Singleton helps build the Baptist Church and is on the building committee. Singleton's wife Mary is the first to put her letter into the Baptist Church the day of its first meeting in 1838. In 1882, Singleton owns at least 500 shares in the Georgia River Mining Company." -from Players and Places: https://dlg.usg.edu/collections/dlg_dahl/figures#s

Source

  1. 1.0 1.1 https://memory.loc.gov/mss/mesn/043/043.pdf Library of Congress - TYPEWRITTEN RECORDS PREPARED BY THE FEDERAL WRITERS' PROJECT. 1936-1938 ASSEMBLED BY THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PROJECT WORK PROJECTS ADMINISTRATION FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA - SLAVE NARRATIVES - Tom Singleton - Page 267
  2. Georgia Probate Records, 1742-1990: "Georgia Probate Records, 1742-1990"
    Catalog: Annual returns, inventories and appraisements, sales and vouchers, 1844-1906 Sales, v. C 1847-1873 Returns, v. D 1855-1890
    Image path: Georgia Probate Records, 1742-1990 > Lumpkin > Sales 1847-1873 vol C > image 105 of 620; Citing Houston County Probate Court Judge, Georgia.
    FamilySearch Image: 3QSQ-G935-1SC3 (accessed 16 April 2022)
    • estate inventory Dec 1854
  3. Deeds and mortgages, 1833-1901; index to deeds and mortgages, 1833-1856: "Deeds and mortgages, 1833-1901; index to deeds and mortgages, 1833-1856"
    Catalog: Deeds and mortgages, 1833-1901; index to deeds and mortgages, 1833-1856 Deeds and mortgages, v. G-H 1840-1845
    Film number: 008192445 > image 128 of 473
    FamilySearch Image: 3Q9M-CSLX-G9HD-H (accessed 17 April 2022)
    • Deed Bk G p.185
  4. Deeds and mortgages, 1833-1901; index to deeds and mortgages, 1833-1856: "Deeds and mortgages, 1833-1901; index to deeds and mortgages, 1833-1856"
    Catalog: Deeds and mortgages, 1833-1901; index to deeds and mortgages, 1833-1856 Deeds and mortgages, v. K 1850-1852
    Film number: 008186446 > image 185 of 354
    FamilySearch Image: 3Q9M-CSL4-RSV1-X (accessed 16 April 2022)
    • Deeds, 2 Dec 1849, Lumpkin Co, GA
  5. Georgia Probate Records, 1742-1990: "Georgia Probate Records, 1742-1990"
    Catalog: Annual returns, inventories and appraisements, sales and vouchers, 1844-1906 Sales, v. C 1847-1873 Returns, v. D 1855-1890
    Image path: Georgia Probate Records, 1742-1990 > Lumpkin > Sales 1847-1873 vol C > image 122 of 243; Citing Houston County Probate Court Judge, Georgia.
    FamilySearch Image: 3QS7-L935-19K2 (accessed 16 April 2022)
    • Sale of the slaves 1855-1856, estates Lumpkin Co, GA p.192
  6. United States Census, 1840: "United States Census, 1840"
    Image path: United States Census, 1840 > Georgia > Lumpkin > Hibberts > image 6 of 10; Citing NARA microfilm publication M704, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
    FamilySearch Image: 33S7-9YBQ-8WW (accessed 17 April 2022)
    • Lumpkin Co, GA, p.252 line 2
  7. "United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 ", database with images, FamilySearch ([1] : 23 February 2021), Joseph J Singleton in entry for MM9.1.1/MVHT-FDY:, 1850.
  • Georgia's Forgotten Miners: African-Americans and the Georgia Gold Rush [2] JSTOR The Georgia Historical Quarterly Vol. 75, No. 1 (Spring 1991), pp. 76-89 (14 pages) Published By: Georgia Historical Society




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