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Sir Hugh de Brandeston Draft Biography

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Sir Hugh de Brandeston Draft Biography.

Contents

Biography

Birth and Parentage

The date of birth for Hugh de Brandeston has not been found in primary sources. An estimated birth date of 1245 to 1250 seems reasonable based on his first appearance in public records (1272), the approximate date of his marriage (1281), and the known birth date of his son and heir (1282). See details following.

He was probably born at Brandeston (Braunstone), Leicestershire, from which place both Hugh and his brother Master Henry de Brandeston derived their surname, and which manor Hugh held at the time of his death.[1] The surname used in this biography is spelled Brandeston. In primary sources the name is spelled variously Brandeston, Branteston, Braundeston, Braunteston, Braunceston, Braunstone, Braunchestone, Braunkestone, Branciston, and Bradeston.

The names of his parents are not known with any certainty. There is a questionable Visitation pedigree and other speculation which are discussed further under Research Notes.

Marriage and Child

Hugh de Brandeston married Margaret, daughter and co-heir of Sir Bartholomew de Yattendon, of Yattendon, Berkshire and Redenhal, Norfolk. The marriage likely occurred shortly before 28 June 1281. On that date Bartholomew de Yattendon settled his manor of Rodenhale (Redenhal) on Master Henry de Brandeston, with remainder to said Henry's brother Hugh and Margaret his wife, with remainder to the heirs of Margaret.[2] Hugh's inquisition post mortem for the manor of Redenhal provides additional wording that shows they had no children when the manor was enfeoffed (in 1281), suggesting it was near the time of their marriage.[1]

Sir Hugh de Brandeston and Margaret had one child: 1. Henry de Brandeston, son and heir, born 8 Sept. 1282.[1]

Property

Hugh received property, in right of his wife, from his father-in-law Bartholomew de Yattendon. As noted previously he received a life interest in the manor of Redenhal, Norfolk via his brother Master Henry. Hugh was also vested with the manor of Yattendon, Berkshire. VCH Berkshire for Yattendon provides the following: "Beatrice, Bartholomew's widow stated that she and her husband inherited the manor, of which they enfeoffed Hugh and Margaret, while retaining a life interest for themselves, but Eleanor, the other daughter, and her husband Ralph de Kniveton or Kineton claimed to inherit half [Assize R. 1288, m.1.] The decision was for a time postponed, and in 1290 we find both Hugh and Ralph returned as holding the vill [Chan. inq. p.m. 19 Edw. I., no. 140.] The case was finally settled in favour of Eleanor in 1291 [Assize R. 1291, m. 5d.], though shortly afterwards she and her husband disposed of their share to Hugh and his wife [Feet of F. Berks. 20 Edw. I., no.14.]"[3] The manor was still held jointly in February 1292/3 when Hugh de Brandeston and Ralph de Knyveton were returned as holding a fee in Yattendon of the heirs of Roger de Somery. [4] Hugh held the entire fee at the time of his death in 1299.[1]

Hugh was also enfeoffed with lands acquired by his brother Master Henry de Brandeston. He was granted the manor of Lapworth, Warwickshire probably by 1282, in which year both Ivo and Leodegarius Pipard, sons of Robert Pipard, grant Sir Hugh de Brandeston and Margaret his wife, of all their lands and tenements in Lapworth.[5] Hugh was also granted the manor of Grandborough, Warwickshire prior to Master Henry's death in 1288. on 18 December 1292 Hugh and his heirs received a grant of free warren in all his demesne lands of Lapworth and Grenebergh (Grandborough), co. Warwick.[6]

At the time of his death Hugh also held the manor of Braunstone and other lands in co. Leicester, which had previously been held by his brother Master Henry, which property probably represented their paternity.[1] [7]

Life

Hugh de Brandeston is first recorded in public records on 24 May 1272, when he was appointed, before the king, by his brother Master Henry de Brandeston who was going to the court of Rome, to act as his attorney during his absence. [8] In 1281 Hugh was again appointed attorney by his brother, who was then going abroad on the king's business. [9] These records, plus his later service as a justice, suggest that Hugh had received training in the law.

In 1282 Hugh and fourteen others each made recognisance in 100l. of a debt of 1,600 marks that Hugh le Despenser owed the earl of Warwick for his marriage, which the earl claimed belonged to him of the king's gift. After the 1,600 marks were paid by Despenser the earl acquitted him of the marriage, and the recognisance was cancelled.[10]

Hugh de Brandeston was knighted by 1282, in which year he was granted, as Sir Hugh de Braundeston, lands in Lapworth, Warwickshire.[5] He also performed, as Hugo de Braundeston, Knight, for the summons for military service in an expedition against the Welsh, issued 2 Aug. 1282 to his brother Master Henry for the knight's fees due for the manor of Redenhal. [11] In 1285 he witnessed a grant as Sir Hugh de Braunteston, knight. [12] He was so styled in several additional documents of uncertain date, sometimes appearing with his brother Master Henry de Brandeston. [13]

On 4 April 1288 Hugh acknowledged that he owed 45l. 18s. 0d. to the executors of the will of Master Henry de Brandeston, late bishop of Salisbury; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattles in co. Warwick. [14]

By 27 August 1293 Hugh was serving, together with Robert Malet, as justice to deliver Oxford goal. [15] They were recorded as serving again in Oxford on 1 May and on 8 September 1294. [16] On 20 September 1294 Hugh is listed with Robert Malet as justices for the counties of Oxford, Berks, Buckingham, Bedford, Worcester, Warwick, Leicester, Northampton, and Rutland. [17] Robert Malet died in 1295, and by 12 January 1298 John Nayrenut was appointed to serve as justice in his place. [18] Hugh was serving as justice until the year of his death in 1299. His last inquisition is referenced on 22 February 1299. [19]

Death and Inquisition Post Mortem

Sir Hugh de Brandeston died before 5 May 1299 (date of writ for his i.p.m.).[1]

Inquisition Post Mortem. 524. Hugh de Brandeston. writ, 5 May, 27 Edw. I. (1299)[1]

Norfolk. Inq. 29 May, 27 Edward I (1299). Redenhal. The manor (full extent given), including customs called customers' aid and ward, a rent called 'loksilver.' and other customs, held jointly enfeoffed with Margaret his wife by Bartholomew de Yatingden, father of the said Margaret, with the king's confirmation, to hold to them and the heirs of their bodies or other heirs of the said Margaret if she should not have issue by him, of the king in chief by service of 2 knight's fees. The earl Marshal receives 106s. yearly rent from the manor. Henry, son of the said Hugh and Margaret, aged 16, is his next heir.

Berkshire. Inq. Thursday before St. Augustine, 27 Edward I (1299). Yatyngdon. The manor (extent given) held for life only as the right of Margaret his wife, of John, son and heir of Roger de Somery, by service of a knight's fee by doing scutage to him when it runs; so that he held a moiety as of the inheritance of the said Margaret, and the other moiety as of the acquisition of the said Hugh and Margaret; for one Ralph de Knyveton and Eleanor his wife gave a moiety of the said manor by his charter, and granted the same to them to hold to them and their heirs of the said Margaret, by fine levied in the king's court; so that the said Hugh had no right in the manor except for life, and after his death it ought to remain to the said Margaret and her heirs as abovesaid. Henry his son, aged 16, is his next heir.

Warwick. Inq. made at Lapworth, 11 June, 27 Edward I (1299). Grafton. 30a. land and 8a. meadow held of the said Hugh by the abbot of Westm[inster], rendering 12s. yearly; and 7 tofts and 7 bovates of land (extent given with names of tenants). Over Etyndon. A messuage and lands (extent given with names of tenants). All the aforesaid tenements held of William le Botyler of Wemme by service of 1/4 knight's fee and doing scutage when it shall happen. Etyndon parish 3s. yearly rent in the field of Fulry, acquired of John de Hercy, tenure unspecified. Henry his son, aged 16 at the feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Mary, 26 Edward I (8 September 1298), is his next heir.

Leicester. Inq. made at Leicester, 21 May, 27 Edward I (1299). Braundeston. The manor (full extent given with names of tenants), with 3 virgates of land in the same town, held of Thomas de Caumvile for 1/10 knight's fee, doing scutage when it shall happen and two appearances at the view of frankpledge; and he holds a carucate of land in the same town of Roger la Zouche by service of 12s. 4d. yearly, and doing suit at his court there every three weeks; a carucate of land of Geoffrey le Mareschal, rendering at the feasts of St. Thomas the Apostle and Christmas 22d.; and 2 1/2 virgates of land of Amice de Chadesdene, rendering a pair of gloves at Easter for all service. Heir as last above.

Warwick. Inq. made at Stratford upon Avon, 24 May, 27 Edward I (1299). Lapworth. The manor with 3 carucates of land (full extent given with names of tenants) held jointly enfeoffed with Margaret his wife by Master Henry de Brandeston sometime lord of Lapworth, of the earl of Leicester by service of 1/2 knight's fee, doing suit at the earl's court at Leicester every three weeks. Heir as last above.

Research Notes

Parentage of Hugh de Brandeston

The parentage of Hugh de Brandeston has not been located in primary sources.

The Visitation of the County of Warwick in the Year 1619 contains a pedigree for Brandeston and Mountford, which contains seven generations going back to "Radus de Brandeston, Dom's de Brandeston in Com. Leicester." [20] This Radus is shown as the father of Hugh de Brandeston. The accuracy of this pedigree in the early generations is questionable, and it skips a known generation (Henry) between Hugh I and Hugh II. No record of this Radus (Radulphus, Ralph) de Brandeston has been found in contemporary records, and as such his existence is questionable.

There is a more contemporary pedigree of the Brandeston family from the De Banco Rolls dating from 1374. [21] This pedigree contains four generations beginning with Hugh and his brother Henry - no father for them is given. This pedigree correctly includes the generation for Henry between Hugh I and Hugh II.

VCH Leicester, Parishes added since 1892: Braunstone, contains the following: "In 1293 the manor was held from Richard Harecurt by Thomas de Camville, but Thomas was probably not the tenant in demesne, since in 1299 the manor was held from him by Hugh of Braunstone. Members of Hugh's family had been holding land in the parish earlier; Hugh's brother, Master Henry of Braunstone, was holding land at Braunstone in 1297 (sic., should read 1279) and Adam son of Ivo, who was holding land in the township in 1225 was probably Master Henry's father." [7]

It appears that Master Henry was the elder brother, born about 1240 (he was serving as a clerk under Thomas de Cantilupe at Amiens in 1263),[22] and that Hugh was born about 1245 to 1250. Master Henry held the Braunstone land in Leicestershire before Hugh. If there was an Adam holding land in Braunstone in 1225, he would more likely be their grandfather than their father. Unlike Radus de Brandeston, I have located primary source documentation for Adam of Braunstone (in 1242) and Ivo of Braunstone (in 1208-9), but nothing other than name and location to link them to Hugh or Henry. Until additional information is obtained, the parentage of Hugh and Henry remains speculative.

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and other Analogous Documents Preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol. III, Edward I, London, 1912. pp. 399-400, No. 524. Hugh de Braundeston; C. Edw, I, File 88. (6); Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/cu31924011387812/page/n444.
  2. "Calendar of Charter Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office," Vol. II, Henry III-Edward I, A.D.1257-1300, London, 1906. p. 253, 9 Edward I, Membrane 6, 1281.June 28. Westminster. 39; Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/calendarcharter01cunngoog/page/n289.
  3. BHO, Parishes: Yattendon and Speendon, A History of the County of Berkshire, Vol. 4, ed.William Page and P H Ditchfield, London, 1924. pp. 125-130. British History Online: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/berks/vol4/pp125-130.
  4. Calendar of Close Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward I,Vol. III, A.D.1288-1296, London, 1904. p. 220, 20 Edward I, Membrane 8, 1292. Feb. 6. Westminster. Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/calendarclosero01changoog/page/n233.
  5. 5.0 5.1 BHO, Deeds A.4301-A.4400, A Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds, Vol. 3, ed. H C Maxwell Lyle, London, 1900. pp. 52-63, Deed A.4396. British History Online: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/ancient-deeds/vol3/pp52-63; and Deeds A.4401-A.4500, ibid, pp.63-74, Deed A.4486.
  6. Calendar of Charter Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, Vol. II, Henry III-Edward I, A,D. 1257-1300, London, 1906. p.427, 21 Edward I, Membrane 4, 1292. Dec. 18. Alnwick. 32, Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/calendarcharter01cunngoog/page/n463.
  7. 7.0 7.1 BHO, Parishes added since 1892: Braunstone, A History of the County of Leicester, Vol. 4, the City of Leicester, ed. R A McKinley, London, 1958. pp.428-433. British History Online: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/leics/vol4/pp428-433.
  8. Calendar of Patent Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, Henry III, [Vol. VI], A.D. 1266-1272, London, 1913. p. 654, 56 Henry III, Membrane 12, 1272. May 24. Westminster. Hathi Trust Digital Library: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.31158009187690&view=1up&seq=668&skin=2021.
  9. Calendar of Close Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward I, [Vol. II], A.D. 1279-1288, London, 1902. p. 133, 9 Edward I, Membrane 3d, 1281. Sept. 10. Windsor. Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/cu31924096297969/page/n143.
  10. Calendar of Close Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward I, [Vol. II], A.D. 1279-1288, London, 1902. p. 184, 10 Edward I, Membrane 6d, 1282. April 11. Devizes. Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/cu31924096297969/page/n195.
  11. The Parliamentary Writs and Writs of Military Summons, Volume The First, ed. Francis Palgrave, Printed by Command of His Majesty King George IV, 1827. 10 Edw. I, 20 Nov. 1281-20 Nov. 1282. p. 232, 16, Norff; and p. 237, 17, Norff. Google Books.
  12. Calendar of Close Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward I, [Vol. II], A.D. 1279-1288, London, 1902. p. 354, 13 Edward I, Membrane 8d, 1285. April 25. Langley. Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/cu31924096297969/page/n365.
  13. The Manuscripts of His Grace The Duke of Rutland, K.G. Preserved at Belvoir Castle, Vol. IV, Historical Manuscripts Commission, London, 1905. p. 10, Lubbesthorpe Charters, Charter of Milisent de Montealto. Google Books.
  14. Calendar of Close Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward I, [Vol. II], A.D. 1279-1288, London, 1902. pp. 533-4, 16 Edward I, Membrane 7d, 1288. April 4. Westminster. Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/cu31924096297969/page/n543.
  15. Calendar of Close Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward I, Vol. III, A.D. 1288-1296, London, 1904. p. 300, 21 Edward I, Membrane 4, 1293. Aug. 27. Clarendon. Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/calendarclosero01changoog/page/n313.
  16. Calendar of Close Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward I, Vol. III, A.D. 1288-1296, London, 1904. p. 346, 22 Edward I, Membrane 10, 1294. May 1. Newington. Internet Aechive: https://archive.org/details/calendarclosero01changoog/page/n359; and p. 368, 22 Edward I, Membrane 4, 1294. Sept. 8. Wilton. Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/calendarclosero01changoog/page/n381.
  17. Calendar of Close Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward I, Vol. III, A.D. 1288-1296, London, 1904.p. 394, 22 Edward I, Membrane 7d, 1294. Sept. 20. Barnes. Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/calendarclosero01changoog/page/n425.
  18. Calendar of Close Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward I, Vol. IV, A.D. 1296-1302, London, 1906. p. 143, 26 Edward I, Membrane 16, 1298. Jan. 12. Langley. Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/cu31924081297990/page/n153.
  19. Calendar of Close Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office, Edward I, Vol. IV, A.D. 1296-1302, London, 1906. p. 232, 27 Edward I, Membrane 17, 1299. Feb. 22. Barnes. Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/cu31924081297990/page/n243.
  20. The Visitation of the County of Warwick in the Year 1619, Taken by William Camden, ed. John Fetherston, London, 1877. p. 127, Braundeston and Mountford. Google Books.
  21. Pedigrees from the Plea Rolls, George Wrottesley, p. 106. De Banco. Mich. 48 E. 3. m. 348 dorso. Google Books.
  22. The Barons' War Including the Battles of Lewes and Evesham, William Henry Blaauw, Second Edition, London, 1871. p.114, Note 1. Google Books.

See also:

  • BHO, Parishes: Lapworth, A History of the County of Warwick, Vol. 5, Kington Hundred, ed. L F Salzman, London, 1949. pp. 108-116. British History Online: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/warks/vol5/pp108-116.
  • BHO, Parishes: Ettington, A History of the County of Warwick, Vol. 5, Kington Hundred, ed. L F Sslzman, London, 1949. pp. 77-84. British History Online: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/warks/vol5/pp77-84.
  • BHO, Parishes: Grandborough, A History of the County of Warwick, Vol. 6, Knightlow Hundred, ed. L F Salzman, London, 1951. pp. 94-99. British History Online: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/warks/vol6/pp94-99.
  • BHO, Hundred of Earsham: Redenhall, An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk, Vol. 5, Francis Blomefield, London, 1806. pp. 358-372. British History Online: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/topographical-hist-norfolk/vol5/pp358-372.
  • Dugdale, Sir William, The Antiquities of Warwickshire Illustrated, Second Edition, revised by William Thomas, D.D., Vol. II, London, 1730. pp. 785-793, Barlichway Hundred, Lapworth. Google Books.
  • Dugdale, Sir William, The Antiquities of Warwickshire Illustrated, Second Edition, revised by William Thomas, D.D., Vol. I, London, 1730. pp. 312-315, Knightlow Hundred, Grandborough. Google Books.




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Hi John,

Regarding your earlier comment about the birth date of Henry de Brandeston, son of Hugh, I just came across Calendarium Genealogicum Henry III and Edward I, Vol. II, ed. Charles Roberts, London, 1865, p. 566, which provides a portion of Hugh's ipm in the original latin. It includes the section about Henry's age on the feast day of the Nativity of the Blessed Mary 26 Edward I, which is presented separately under Leicester (not under Warwick as in the BHO English translation). Reading this statement from the original Latin makes me think it is a proof of age, and that it is meant to give his specific birthday. If you agree, I think we can change the text in section 1.2 of the biography to give Henry's actual birth date as 8 Sept. 1282.

Steve

posted by Steve Klomps
Hi Steve,

Apologies for the delay in getting back to you. I would agree that the birth date for his son Henry, should be 8 Sept 1282.

I've also posted a comment on the profile of Sir Hugh de Brandeston https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Brandeston-4 proposing that this biography be copy/pasted on the existing biography of the profile.

posted by John Atkinson
Hi John, thanks for your message. I will edit the draft regarding Henry's birth date.

Thank you for recommending it be copied to the profile. I was surprised when I read your email to that effect, as I have been communicating recently with Joe Cochoit on another matter. Small world.

Steve

posted by Steve Klomps
Hi John,

I see that you are formatting everything as it would appear on a profile page. I was not sure that could be done on the free-space page, but obviously it can be. I did not intend to hand you so much work.

Also, I just stumbled upon the English Profile Standards under the English Project. I whish I had seen these when I was writing the biography. I was flying blind based on non-WikiTree experience. Again, I apologize. Had I studied this I could have made your review easier.

I appreciate all you are doing, and I think it will ultimately result in a much better profile for Hugh. As I learn, I would like to follow up with updates for his son Henry and grandson Hugh. There is also his brother Henry, his wife Margaret, her father Bartholomew, his older brother Nicholas ... As you understand better than I, there seems no end to the work yet to do.

Gratefully, Steve

posted by Steve Klomps
Hi John, thank you for looking at this. Regarding your query, I did not interpret the wording in the Warwick ipm to be Henry's actual birth date, only that he was 16 at that date. The Norfolk ipm says he was 16 as of May 29 (the latest specific date identified) so I used these to determine the range. Can we interpret the Warwick ipm wording to represent his actual birth date? The wording is somewhat unusual. Thanks again. Steve
posted by Steve Klomps
Hi Steve, this looks really good, it just needs some formatting to make it align with WikiTree formatting. I'll do that in the next couple of days, and that should then give you a format to follow, as I know it can be confusing.

I did have a query over the birth date of his son. The ipm of Sir Hugh de Brandeston, indicates that his son was born 8 September 1282, but I notice in the record for the son you have born 1282 (after 29 May and before 8 September). Is there some other information that conflicts with the ipm info?

Thanks again John Atkinson

I've changed the main formatting of the biography section and will format the sources tomorrow or the day after. If you click on the Changes tab, then click on the edit the text link next to my name, you can see a side by side comparison of the old version and what I've changed

posted by John Atkinson
edited by John Atkinson
Hi John, I have reviewed your changes, and following the process have edited the remaining sources to inline citations. I also added a few additional sources without inline citations.

Please let me know if there is anything that I can do to move this draft profile forward.

Thanks for your help, Steve

posted by Steve Klomps