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Slavery in Brazil

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Surnames/tags: Brazil Slavery
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Slavery in Brazil began long before the first Portuguese settlement was established in 1516, as members of one tribe would enslave captured members of another. Later, colonists were heavily dependent on indigenous labor during the initial phases of settlement to maintain the subsistence economy, and natives were often captured by expeditions. The enslavement of indigenous peoples continued well into the 17th and 18th centuries.

During the Atlantic slave trade era, Brazil received more African slaves than any other country.

Slave labor was the driving force behind the growth of the sugar economy in Brazil from 1600 to 1650. Gold and diamond deposits were discovered in Brazil in 1690, which sparked an increase in the importation of African slaves to power this newly profitable mining.

Demand for African slaves did not wane after the decline of the mining industry in the second half of the 18th century. Cattle ranching and foodstuff production proliferated after the population growth, both of which relied heavily on slave labor. 1.7 million slaves were imported to Brazil from Africa from 1700 to 1800, and the rise of coffee in the 1830s further enticed expansion of the slave trade.

Brazil was the last country in the Western world to abolish slavery. By the time it was abolished after years of campaigning by Emperor Pedro II, in 1888, an estimated four million slaves had been imported from Africa to Brazil, 40% of the total number of slaves brought to the Americas.[See #1 below]

Translation to Portuguese (From Google translator)

A escravidão no Brasil começou muito antes de o primeiro assentamento português ser estabelecido em 1516, pois membros de uma tribo escravizavam membros capturados de outra. Mais tarde, os colonos eram fortemente dependentes do trabalho indígena durante as fases iniciais do assentamento para manter a economia de subsistência, e os nativos eram frequentemente capturados por expedições. A escravização dos povos indígenas continuou até os séculos XVII e XVIII.

Durante a era do comércio atlântico de escravos, o Brasil recebeu mais escravos africanos do que qualquer outro país.

O trabalho escravo foi a força motriz do crescimento da economia açucareira no Brasil de 1600 a 1650. Depósitos de ouro e diamantes foram descobertos no Brasil em 1690, o que provocou um aumento na importação de escravos africanos para alimentar essa nova mineração lucrativa.

A demanda por escravos africanos não diminuiu após o declínio da indústria de mineração na segunda metade do século XVIII. A criação de gado e a produção de alimentos proliferaram após o crescimento da população, que dependia fortemente do trabalho escravo. 1,7 milhão de escravos foram importados para o Brasil da África entre 1700 e 1800, e a ascensão do café na década de 1830 atraiu ainda mais a expansão do comércio de escravos.

O Brasil foi o último país do mundo ocidental a abolir a escravidão. Quando foi abolida após anos de campanha pelo imperador Pedro II, em 1888, estima-se que quatro milhões de escravos haviam sido importados da África para o Brasil, 40% do número total de escravos trazidos para as Américas.[see #1 below]


  1. Wikipedia contributors. (2020, January 21). Slavery in Brazil. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17:58, January 25, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Slavery_in_Brazil&oldid=936859390

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Categories: Brazil, Slavery