Slaves Transported by Franklin & Armfield on the Ship UNCAS

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On March 2, 1807, Congress passed a law prohibiting the importation of slaves into the United States beginning January 1, 1808. However, slaves could still be bought and sold (and transported) within the country. The same law that banned the foreign slave trade also regulated the internal transportation of slaves, requiring that all vessels of 40 tons or more carrying slaves in the coastwise trade file duplicate manifests at the ports of origin and destination, pledging that the slave had not been imported into the U.S. after 1807. Ports of departure or intended arrival stretched from Baltimore, Maryland, to Texas on the Gulf of Mexico.

About this FSP

This page specifically lists the slaves on the manifests for the ship UNCAS[1]. The slave traders Franklin & Armfield (Isaac Franklin and John Armfield ) were listed as the owners/shippers along with Theophilus Freeman, Robert W. Simington, Bogart & Hoops (traders), and Nathaniel Boush (Master of the Uncas). This manifest included the name of the vessel, its ports of departure and arrival, dates of certification by the collector of customs (or surveyor), the Captain or master’s name, and a description of each slave on the vessel, including name, age, sex, height (see original), name of owner or shipper, and race/color. Franklin & Armfield were the country's largest slave traders and owners. In this free space page, unless otherwise noted, they are named as owners and shippers. For the enslaved without last names they have been given Armfield's LNAB.

1835 Manifest for Transport from Alexandria to New Orleans

"Manifest of Negroes, Mullattos and Persons of Color taken on board the Brig UNCAS whereof Nathaniel Boush is Master 155 tons to be transported from the Port of Alexandria in the District of Alexandria for the purpose of being sold or disposed of as slaves to be held to service or labour."[2]

John Armfield and Isaac Franklin
Ship: UNCAS Master: Nathaniel Boush
Residence Place: Alexandria, District of Columbia
Date of Departure: 17 January 1835
Arrival Place: New Orleans, Louisiana
Date of Arrival: 5 Feb 1835
Number of enslaved on board: 155
George Hallmale141821BlackIsaac Franklin
Frank Dixonmale401795BlackIsaac Franklin
Henry Taylormale161819BlackIsaac Franklin
Frank Woodlandmale351800BlackIsaac Franklin
John Bradlymale201815BlackIsaac Franklin
Henry Halsbury or Malsburymale221813BlackIsaac Franklin
Isaac Sloanmale121823BlackIsaac Franklin
Lewis Breckmale221813BlackIsaac Franklin
Colin or Corbin Callmale161819BlackIsaac Franklin
Elly Lockelymale261809BlackIsaac Franklin
Wallace Junipermale271808BlackIsaac Franklin
James Matthewsmale231812BlackIsaac Franklin
Tilman Butlermale281807BlackIsaac Franklin
Marcus Thompsonmale381797YellowIsaac Franklin
James Priestmale211814BlackIsaac Franklin
George Boormanmale281807BlackIsaac Franklin
Joe Fairfaxmale251810BlackIsaac Franklin
Frank Cookemale221813BlackIsaac Franklin
Harry or Henry Myersmale281807BlackIsaac Franklin
Bartly Washingtonmale201815BlackIsaac Franklin
Clarke Millsmale201815BlackIsaac Franklin
Edward Speaksmale201815BlackIsaac Franklin
Jim Jackmale451790BlackIsaac Franklin
Carter Weathers?male181817CopperIsaac Franklin
Jackson Bellmale171818BlackIsaac Franklin
Ephraim Myersmale181817BlackIsaac Franklin
Joseph Braymale261809BlackIsaac Franklin
Daniel Woodrowmale201815BlackIsaac Franklin
Charles Coxmale261809YellowIsaac Franklin
Edward Johnsonmale201815BlackIsaac Franklin
Samuel Johnsonmale261809YellowIsaac Franklin
Bill Adamsmale241811YellowIsaac Franklin
Frank Roziermale231812BrownIsaac Franklin
Joe Bowmanmale221813BlackIsaac Franklin
Eli Westmale251810BlackIsaac Franklin
George Murraymale211814BlackIsaac Franklin
Robert Walkermale181817BlackIsaac Franklin
Thorton Levimale171818BlackIsaac Franklin
Isaac Gricemale211814BlackIsaac Franklin
Sam Dorseymale171818BlackIsaac Franklin
Lewis Leurightmale141821 BlackIsaac Franklin
Henry Thomasmale161819BlackIsaac Franklin
Charles Holladymale131822BlackIsaac Franklin
John Mathewsmale141821BrownIsaac Franklin
John Roadesmale131822YellowIsaac Franklin
Thomas Jeffersonmale301805BlackJohn Armfield
Spencer Turnermale261809BlackJohn Armfield
Charles Huntermale401795BlackJohn Armfield
Joe Olivermale231812BlackJohn Armfield
Silvy Garnerfemale161819YellowJohn Armfield
Emily Hogansfemale211814BlackJohn Armfield
Queen Mortenfemale151820BlackJohn Armfield
Mooney Tuleyfemale131822BlackJohn Armfield
Priscilla Brentfemale131822 BlackJohn Armfield
Mary Catharinefemale141821BlackJohn Armfield
Betsey Walkerfemale151820BlackJohn Armfield
Mary E Petersfemale161819BlackJohn Armfield
Cecy Diggsfemale221813BlackJohn Armfield
Emily Minorfemale151820BlackJohn Armfield
Ellen Thomasfemale221813BlackJohn Armfield
Mary Jane Youngfemale201815BlackJohn Armfield
Betsy Coxfemale181817BrownJohn Armfield
Solomon Danielsmale161819BlackJohn Armfield
Eliza Grossfemale171818BlackJohn Armfield
Mary Tuckerfemale211814BlackJohn Armfield
Francisfemale8 mos1834BlackJohn Armfield
Eliza Marshallfemale171818BlackJohn Armfield
Leah Hat or Hallfemale191816BlackJohn Armfield
Sarah Armfieldfemale21833BlackJohn Armfield
Mary Ridglyfemale251810BlackJohn Armfield
Mary Lloydfemale151820BlackJohn Armfield
Juliett Barnesfemale161819BlackJohn Armfield
Hannah Jane Johnsonfemale151820BlackJohn Armfield
Emily Johnsonfemale231812BrownJohn Armfield
Fanny Johnsonfemale251810BlackJohn Armfield
Alfred Johnsonmale151820BlackJohn Armfield
Ann Hallfemale151820BlackJohn Armfield
Mary Ann Princefemale201815BlackJohn Armfield
Jess Hendersonmale221813BlackJohn Armfield
Joshua Barnes or Barneymale231812BrownJohn Armfield
Washington Hamiltonmale241811BlackJohn Armfield
Jerry Kendrickmale221813BlackJohn Armfield
Lucinda Hawkinsfemale171818BlackJohn Armfield
Emily Summersfemale181817BlackJohn Armfield
Charlotte Grossfemale211814BrownJohn Armfield
Mary Ann Sprigfemale151820BlackJohn Armfield
Hannah Tuttlefemale221813BrownJohn Armfield
Elizabeth Alexanderfemale151820BlackJohn Armfield
James Painemale281807BlackJohn Armfield
Elijah Helmsmale181817BrownJohn Armfield
Bill Helmsmale141821BrownJohn Armfield
Travis Starksmale161819BrownJohn Armfield
Sam Andersonmale181817BrownJohn Armfield
Mary Ann Starksfemale131822BrownJohn Armfield
July Ann Leefemale181817BlackJohn Armfield
Ceny Taylorfemale161819BlackJohn Armfield
Henry McGrudermale251810BlackJohn Armfield
Robert Kingmale211814BlackJohn Armfield
John Kingmale181817BlackJohn Armfield
Joe Thomasmale251810BrownNathaniel Boush
Rachel Russumfemale191816Name crossed outNathaniel Boush
Susan Russumfemale331802BlackBogart & Hoops
Levy Russummale241811BlackBogart & Hoops
Harriet Wafers and 2 chfemale161819BlackBogart & Hoops
Ann Wafersfemale2 mos1834BlackBogart & Hoops
Jerry Clarkemale281807BrownTheophilus Freeman
Washington Fennelmale231812BrownTheophilus Freeman
Charles Banksmale201815BrownTheophilus Freeman
William Snowdenmale211814BrownTheophilus Freeman
Stephen Smithmale261809BrownTheophilus Freeman
Nelson Snowdenmale241811BrownTheophilus Freeman
Isaac Stewartmale221813YellowTheophilus Freeman
Robert Berrymale211814BrownTheophilus Freeman
Frank Rossmale201815BlackTheophilus Freeman
George Williamsmale251810YellowTheophilus Freeman
Henry Parkermale261809BrownTheophilus Freeman
Reuben Herndonmale281807BlackTheophilus Freeman
William Davenportmale221813BrownTheophilus Freeman
Cato Grahammale241811BlackTheophilus Freeman
Frank Withersmale271808BlackTheophilus Freeman
Edmund Vosslermale451790BrownTheophilus Freeman
Peter Haleymale131822BlackTheophilus Freeman
Louisa Merrickfemale161819YellowTheophilus Freeman
Elizabeth Warnerfemale221813YellowTheophilus Freeman
Jane Turnerfemale161819BlackTheophilus Freeman
Mary Buckinghamfemale141821YellowTheophilus Freeman
Harriet Buckinghamfemale121823YellowTheophilus Freeman
Amia Watsonfemale161819BlackTheophilus Freeman
Mariah Sabbfemale161819BlackTheophilus Freeman
Mary Washingtonfemale171818BlackTheophilus Freeman
Patience Taylorfemale131822BrownTheophilus Freeman
Nancy Hemsleyfemale181817BlackTheophilus Freeman
William Saundersmale221813BlackRobert W. Simington
Lewis Ducketmale201815BlackRobert W. Simington
Alfred Davismale221813BlackRobert W. Simington
Willis Davismale281807BlackRobert W. Simington
Charley Bluemale131822BlackIsaac Franklin
Edward Broonemale191816BlackRobert W. Simington
Frank Jonesmale251810BlackRobert W. Simington
Peter Robinsonmale251810BlackRobert W. Simington
Ham Simingtonmale141821BlackRobert W. Simington
Lida Ducketmale161819BlackRobert W. Simington
Sandy Dentmale141819BlackRobert W. Simington
Sam Davismale91826BlackRobert W. Simington
Minty Lagerfemale141819BlackRobert W. Simington
Violet Wigingtonfemale181817BlackRobert W. Simington
Sally Greenfieldfemale191816BlackRobert W. Simington
Mary Gantfemale181817BlackRobert W. Simington
Kitty Edwardsfemale161819BlackRobert W. Simington
Ann Jonesfemale171818BlackRobert W. Simington
Nelly Eliasfemale151820BlackRobert W. Simington
Matilda Disonfemale141819BlackRobert W. Simington
Maria Johnsonfemale181817BlackRobert W. Simington
Susan Johnsonfemale151820BlackRobert W. Simington
Henry Johnsonmale291806BlackRobert W. Simington


  1. Ship Uncas Slave Manifest: "New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S., Slave Manifests, 1807-1860"
    The National Archives in Washington, DC; Washington, DC; Slave Manifests of Coastwise Vessels Filed at New Orleans, Louisiana, 1807-1860; Microfilm Serial: M1895; Microfilm Roll: 7
    Ancestry Sharing Link - Ancestry Record 1562 #250533 (accessed 24 November 2023)
    Residence Place: Alexandria, District of Columbia, USA; Name: John Armfield; Role: Enslaver; Enslaved Person: Lewis Leuright Eliza Gross Emily Johnson Henry Thomas Charles Hollady Francis Eliza Marshall Charley Blue John Mathews Leah Hall Sarah John Roades Thomas Jefferson Mary Ridgley Mary Lloyd Spencer Turner Charles Hunter Juliett Barnes Mary Jane Young Joe Oliver Silvy Garner Mary Tucker Fanny Johnson Emily Queen Morten Lucinda Hawkins Ann Hall Mooney Tuley Priscilla Brent Mary Ann Prince Jess Henderson Mary Catharine Betsey Walker Joshua Barney Washington Hamilton Mary E Peters Cecy Diggs Jerry Kendrick Alfred Johnson Emily Minor Ellen Thomas Emily Summers Charlotte Gross Hannah Jane Johnson Betsy Cox Mary Ann Sprig Hannah Tuttle Solomon Daniels Eliza Gross Elizabeth Alexander James Paine Emily Johnson Francis Elijah Helms Bill Helms Eliza Marshall Leah Hat Travis Starks Sam Anderson Sarah Mary Ridgly Mary Ann Starks July Ann Lee Mary LLoyd Juliett Barnes Ceny Taylor Henry McGruder Mary Jane Young Mary Tucker Robert King John King Fanny Johnson Lucinda Hawkins Joe Thomas Rachel Rufus Ann Hall Mary Ann Prince Harriet Wafers Ann Jess Henderson Joshua Barney Susan Russum Levy Russum Washington Hamilton Jerry Kendrick Jerry Clarke Washington Tennel Alfred Johnson Emily Summers Charles Banks William Snowden Charlotte Gross Mary Ann Sprig Stephen Smith Nelson Hannah Tuttle Elizabeth Alexander Isaac Stewart Robert Berry James Paine Frank Ross.
  2. Arrivals (Inward Manifests) > (Roll 07) 1832-1836: "New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S., Slave Manifests, 1807-1860"
    Arrivals (Inward Manifests) > (Roll 07) 1832-1836
    Ancestry Sharing Link - Ancestry Image (accessed 24 November 2023)

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