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Slaves of Arvah Hopkins at Goodwood Plantation

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Tallahassee, Leon, Florida, United Statesmap
Surnames/tags: Slavery African-American
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Index of Plantations


Goodwood Plantation

In 1832-1834, Hardy Bryan Croom bought 2400 acres of land in Tallahassee, Leon County, Florida from the Lafayette Land Grant. His brother, Bryan Hardy Croom (1801-1875), also purchased parcels of land. The two men brought slaves from North Carolina to work the cotton plantation they developed, which would later be known as Goodwood Plantation.

Upon Hardy Croom's death, his brother assumed he inherited the plantation, but a 20 year court battle ensued between Bryan Croom and Henrietta Smith, Hardy's mother-in-law, with the Supreme Court finally deciding the plantation and lands were to go to the Smith family.[1]([2]

On 8 Feb 1858, Arvah Hopkins purchased the Goodwood Plantation located in Tallahassee, Leon County, Florida, from then owner, Mrs. Henrietta Smith for $52,862.[3][4] They continued large scale operations of the plantation until 1865. After the war, the workforce consisted of share croppers and tenant farmers. In 1885, Arvah sold it to an Englishman, Dr. William L. Arrowsmith.

Slaves Purchased from Henrietta Smith by Arvah Hopkins in 1858

The property deed of purchase from the sale of the property from Henrietta Smith to Arvah Hopkins in 1858 listed the enslaved as follows:[3]

Slaves on the 1850 US Census Slave Schedule for Arvah Hopkins

  1. UNKNOWN M 70
  2. UNKNOWN F 32
  3. UNKNOWN F 16
  4. UNKNOWN M 10
  5. UNKNOWN F 7
  6. UNKNOWN M 4
  7. UNKNOWN F 2

Slaves on the 1860 US Census Slave Schedule for Arvah Hopkins

  1. UNKNOWN M 50
  2. UNKNOWN M 30
  3. UNKNOWN M 20
  4. UNKNOWN F 14
  5. UNKNOWN M 9
  6. UNKNOWN M 3
  7. UNKNOWN F 45
  8. UNKNOWN F 29
  9. UNKNOWN F 16
  10. UNKNOWN F 11
  11. UNKNOWN F 8
  12. UNKNOWN F 3


  1. Florida Supreme Court. Smith v. Croom. 1839. State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory. <https://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/260675>, accessed 18 June 2021.
  2. https://www.floridamemory.com/find?keywords=slaves&query=&page=28)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Deed: "Deeds, 1825-1886; index, 1825-1940"
    Catalog: Deeds, 1825-1886; index, 1825-1940 Deeds, v. L 1855-1858
    Film number: 008190672 > image 400 of 453
    FamilySearch Image: 3Q9M-CSL6-7SQR-X (accessed 6 April 2022)
    • Deed Bk L p.659, the enslaved are named in this deed.
  4. Goodwood Plantation, Wikipedia article (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goodwood_Plantation)

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Category created and added - Gina
posted by Gina (Pocock) Jarvi