Slaves_of_Joel_Adams_I_South_Carolina.jpg

Slaves of Joel Adams I, South Carolina

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Richland, South Carolina, United Statesmap
Surnames/tags: Adams Slavery Black_Heritage
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Contents

Introduction

Joel Adams I made his fortune as a planter. He was a member of the South Carolina State House of Representatives from 1814-1815. Died 9 July 1830. His sons William and Joel became members of the South Carolina House of Representatives, and his grandson James Hopkins Adams served as Governor of South Carolina.

1790 Census

Slave Holdings[1]

Name: Joel Adams
Home in 1790 (City, County, State): Richland, South Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - Under 16: 4
Free White Persons - Males - 16 and over: 1
Free White Persons - Females: 3
Number of Slaves: 16
Number of Household Members: 24

1820 Census

Slave holdings[2]

Slaves - Males - Under 14 21
Slaves - Males - 14 thru 25 18
Slaves - Males - 26 thru 44 16
Slaves - Males - 45 and over 6
Slaves - Females - Under 14 20
Slaves - Females - 14 thru 25 14
Slaves - Females - 26 thru 44 16
Slaves - Females - 45 and over 8
Number of Persons - Engaged in Agriculture 75
Total Slaves 119

1830 Census

Slave holdings [3]

ROLE ----SEX ------- AGE --------- No. of Slaves in category

Slaves - Males - 10 thru 23: 9
Slaves - Males - 24 thru 35: 13
Slaves - Males - 36 thru 54: 6
Slaves - Males - 55 thru 99: 3
Slaves - Females - Under 10:13
Slaves - Females - 10 thru 23:5
Slaves - Females - 24 thru 35:16
Slaves - Females - 36 thru 54: 5
Slaves - Females - 55 thru 99: 1
Total Slaves: 71

Inventory of the Estate of Joel Adams, Sr.

List of the Enslaved in 1830: 89 in Total[4]

NAMEVALUE
PETER$200
ISABELLA50
ROMAN100
SARAH old200
JINNY old0
JACK bricklayer400
ANDREW400
BEN400
TITUS400
ALECK300
NED500
JACKS300
WILL500
COOK100
ROBINSON0
BELLA0
PETER DIMOCK0
NELLY350
CILLA350
CLARISSA300
JANE100
HETTY350
LUCY350
HARRIET300
TENER350
RACHEL250
HAGAR50
FINNEY200
JINNY200
SUCKEY350
GRACE350
PHILIS75
CRETIA300
CINDA350
HANNAH P.250
ANNA300
LOTTA50
HANNAH L.250
ANTHONY250
HANNAH (initial ?)250
JOLIN350
WILL350
JOHN175
HARRIET75
NANCY175
DICK0
GUY0
BILLY CASSIN200
FENDER0
JOSHUA one half100
MARY350
JACK, B.B.50
HARRY500
ALECK450
TOMBO450
CHARLES450
JERRY500
PAUL450
JASON450
BILLY WARD1000
MARCH0
PETER MORRIS500
TOM500
CATO450
JASPER500
ORANGE325
PEGGY350
JINNY225
HENRY100
MARY100
LIZZY150
CESAR125
ARCHY125
SAM old150
DIANA300
PRIMUS300
MARY300
WINNY300
LIZZY350
ELLEN350
DINAH350
HARRIET350
GREEN350
AMY225
SILVY125
PATTY100
ISHAM400
ELSY50
JACK QUASH250

For more information see the Homestead Plantation page.

The Will of Joel Adams, Sr.

In the Will, he bequeaths to his son Robert the following:

George, Solomon and town Joe, Jerry and Harriett (child of old Dorcas dec’d)

See The Will of Joel Adams, Sr.

  • General index to wills, 1787-1950; wills, 1787-1941: "South Carolina Probate Re... Bound Volumes, 1671-1977"
    Catalog: General index to wills, 1787-1950; wills, 1787-1941 Wills, Vol. E 1806-1816 Wills, Vols. G-H 1814-1834
    Image path: South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977 > Richland > Wills, 1823-1834, Vol. H > image 564 of 649; Citing Department of Archives and History, Columbia.
    FamilySearch Image (accessed 19 February 2022)

Sources

  1. "1790 United States Federal Census"
    Year: 1790; Census Place: Richland, South Carolina; Series: M637; Roll: 11; Page: 137; Image: 95; Family History Library Film: 0568151
    Ancestry Sharing LinkAncestry Record 5058 #392260 (accessed 18 January 2022)
    Joel Adams.
  2. "1820 United States Federal Census"
    1820 U S Census; Census Place: Richland, Richland, South Carolina; Page: 9; NARA Roll: M33_121; Image: 161
    Ancestry Sharing Link Ancestry Record 7734 #984279 (accessed 18 January 2022)
    Joel Adams Senior
  3. "1830 United States Federal Census"
    Year: 1830; Census Place: Richland, South Carolina; Series: M19; Roll: 171; Page: 418; Family History Library Film: 0022505
    Ancestry Sharing LinkAncestry Record 8058 #662282 (accessed 18 January 2022)
    Joel Adams Senior.
  4. Probate:"South Carolina, U.S., Wills and Probate Records, 1670-1980"
    Richland County, South Carolina Miscellaneous Estate Records, 1799-1955; Author: South Carolina. County Court (Richland County); Probate Place: Richland, South Carolina
    Ancestry Sharing Link - Ancestry ca Record 9080 #962252 (accessed 2 February 2023)
    Joel Adams Senior probate on 21 Jul 1830.




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