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Sorting the Earl of March Lineage

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This analysis is to help researchers understand the various conflicting relationships within the Earl of March lineage, including the conflicting numbering sequence.

The earls of Dunbar and March descend from King Malcolm II of Scotland, through his eldest daughter, Bethoc.

Bethoc married Crinan the Thane. The Dunbar's descend from their son, Maldred.

Maldred married Aelgifu, daughter of Aethelred II, King of England. The Dunbars descend from their only son, Gospatric.

Gospatric became earl of Northumberland in 1067, but was deprived of it by 1072. He was granted the lands of Dunbar by Malcolm III (Canmore), his kinsman, in 1072. Gospatric had three sons and several daughters, including Aethelreda, who married her cousin, Duncan II, king of Scots in 1090. This Gospatric was the first earl of Dunbar.

Gospatric, 2nd earl of Dunbar, son of Gospatric, earl of Northumberland and Dunbar had a son, named Gospatric

Gospatric, the 3rd earl of Dunbar, who styled himself Gospatric, the earl, brother of Dolfin. This Gospatric died without issue and the earldom was succeeded to by his younger brother Waltheof

Waltheof of Dunbar, 4th earl of Dunbar, had at least one son, Patric.


5th Earl of Dunbar

This Earl is numbered 4th Earl in the data fields and 5th in the succession box. Patrick, Earl of Dunbar, died 1232. The main source for this information is Douglas Richardson's Royal Ancestry. He married twice: First, to Ada de Huntingdon; second, to Christiana de Brus (widow of William de Brus), daughter of Walter FitzAlan (or Stewart). This is confirmed through PoMS (People of Medieval Scotland) records for Christiana or Christina de Brus, his second wife. He is often referred to as Patrick I, as he was the first to use the title Earl of Dunbar. Cokayne entry. This entry states he married twice: First, to Ada de Hungtindon, illegitimate daughter of William the Lion, and second, to Christiana de Brus, widow of William de Brus, of Annadale.

  • Confirmed marriage to Ada de Huntingdon: Scottish kings, by Archibald Dunbar, 1899, pg 82 & 84. Scots Peerge, Balfour Vol. 1, pg 5
  • Confirmed succession, 5th earl of Dunbar: Scottish kings, by Archibald Dunbar, 1899. Scots Peerage, Balfour Vol 1, pg 5

6th Earl of Dunbar and March

The data field states 5th Earl, while the succession box states 6th Earl. He is often referred to as Patrick II. All sources seem to agree he was the sixth Earl. This Patrick married Euphemia. Some sources give her as a daughter of William de Brus and his wife, Christiana FitzAlan (or Stewart), who would be this Patrick's step-mother.

Other sources, including Balfour-Paul, give her as a daughter of Walter, High Steward of Scotland. In some cases, her name is given as Euphemia de Brus. See: Christiana's PoMS entry and MedLands Entry.

  • Source: Douglas's Peerage of Scotland (1764) cites Stewart's History, pg 49 as its source for the marriage to Christian Stewart, 2nd daughter of Walter, High Steward of Scotland.
  • Source: Balfour-Paul's Scots Peerage (1904-1914) gives the name Euphemia, daughter of Walter, High Steward of Scotland and cites the Registrum de Dryburgh as his source. Pg. 85 cites the Charter of his wife, Euphemia. He does not list Christian as a daughter at all.
  • Source: Cokayne's Complete Peerage which gives the name Euphemia, daughter of Walter (FitzAlan alias Steward) Lord High Steward of Scotland. This is the source our profile will use as its primary source.
  • Source: Our Royal, Titled, Noble and Commoner Ancestors Online Repository gives the name Euphemia de Brus as wife, with cited source: Cokayne, Vol IV, pg 506. This does not match the entries on the cited page. See above source entry for Cokayne.
  • Source: Book: Richardson, Douglas; Royal Ancestry (Book); Vol 2, pg. 478 gives his wife's name as Euphame de Brus
  • Source: MedLands gives the name Eupheme, daughter of William de Brus of Annadale and his wife, Christine.

Euphemia or Christiana, his wife

  • Source: Christiana de Brus PoMs Entry
    • indicates Christiana was the daughter of Walter FitzAlan (or Stewart) and was first the wife of William de Brus, lord of Annadale. They had a daughter, Euphemia. This has not been confirmed by Cokayne or Balfour-Paul.
    • indicates she was second, the wife of Patrick, 5th earl of Dunbar (d. 1232) and thus the step-mother of Patrick, 6th Earl of Dunbar. It is believed Patrick then married his step sister, Euphemia de Brus.

Patrick, 7th Earl of Dunbar

Patrick, 8th Earl of Dunbar

Patrick, 9th Earl of Dunbar

George, 10th Earl of Dunbar

Burke's Numbering

Calendar of Docs Numbering

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