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South Carolina Backcountry Loyalists Prisoners

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Surnames/tags: American_Revolution South Carolina Loyalists
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See: the Category for the Backcountry Prisoners for profiles of the prisoners.


Petition for Amnesty

Petition by thirty three South Carolina Backcountry Loyalists who were captured by Col. Richard Richardson during the "Snow Campaign"'[1] of Dec 1775 and sent by him for incarceration to Charles Town (Charleston). In the following month, the prisoners petitioned the authorities for a reprieve with a promise to preserve the peace.
Although the petition is not dated, the editors of The Papers of Henry Laurens have dated it on the basis of a report in the Journal of the Council of Safety that a petition from Robert Cunningham, Thomas Fletchall and others was read on 20 Jan 1776.[2][3][4]
January 20, 1776
We The Subscribers Humbly Sheweth, that whereas there has Been Diversity of Opinions, and Disturbances, in the Frontier parts of this province. Which grieves us to heart that we ever Should have Been at Variance, with our Countrymen, and good Neighbors. Hon. Gentlemen - We Therefore, find the Greatest Freedom, to Enter into any Honorable Terms of Unity, to preserve the peace in this Disturbed province, and the peace of good Neighborhood. Gentlemen - We Your Humble Petitioners here in Common Goal, a Few of Whom You Do call Leading persons of the Party that was Against you. And According to Your Honorable Articles that [may] be Agreed on. We shall on any Forfeit Promise to Endeavor to Settle Peace to Your Satisfaction, And the Unity of the different Settlements, in the Frontiers Gentlemen - We Wait With Leisure on Your Call And Forsodoing it will be Always Esteemed by us Your Humble Petitioners.
N.B. - there is Different Circumstances
Amongst us, Which we Make No Doubt But
Your Honors will Know by Subscription.
Rob’t Cunningham
John Mayfield
Jas. Lind
Thomas Fletchall
Benjamin Wofford
Richard Pearis
Henery Centerful
Henery Goff
John Goff
David Rees
Henry Green
Jeremiah Ward
Thomas Wisdom
Robert Procter
Henry Citeman
William Burges
John McWilliams
Philip Wells
Jas. Davis
Wittenhall Warner
Adams Pardue
Matt Floyd
William Hunt
Jacob Bowman
Rob’t Parris
George Neelly
David George
David McDavid
Jacob Fry
Grady Ziebard
Jos. Alexander
Daniel Jones
Elisha Robinson

Loyalists Excluded From the Pardon of Apr 1776

On 11 Apr 1776, the South Carolina General Assembly issued a "Declaration of Pardon or Amnesty" for the captured Backcountry Loyalists taken during the "Snow Campaign."[1] The following loyalists were excluded from the pardon:[5]
  • Henry O'Neal
  • Jacob Bowman
  • Thomas Fletchall
  • Patrick Cunningham
  • Richard Pearis
  • Elisha Robinson
  • Pinkothman Hawkins
  • James Alexander
  • Thomas Wisdom
  • Henry Green
  • Robert Proctor
  • William Dodgen
  • Stephen Prosser
  • John Morgridge
  • Robert Cunningham

Complete List of 136 Prisoners Captured During the Snow Campaign and Sent to Charles Town by Col. Richardson:[6]

  • Colonel Fletchall
  • John Mayfield, Ninety-Six, Militia Captain
  • Benjamin Wofford, Militia Captain
  • Richard. Pearis, Scopholite Captain, Ninety-Six
  • Math. Floyd, Ninety-Six, Militia Captain
  • David George, Militia Captain
  • Pat. McDade
  • Wm. Hunt, Scopholite Captain, Ninety-Six, Mulatto
  • Geo. Zuber, Ninety-Six, Militia Captain, said to murder a prisoner
  • Jacob Fry, Scopholite Captain, Ninety-Six
  • Capt. Jones, Scopholite Captain, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Colored, Powder Man
  • Capt. Pearis, Scopholite Adjutant, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Capt. Bowman, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Powder Man, Militia Captain
  • Captain Harvey, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Powder Man, Militia Captain
  • Capt. Clery, Scopholite, Ninety-Six
  • Capt. Lindley, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Militia Captain
  • Capt York, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Powder Man, Militia Captain, Press Master General,
    deemed a bad man by both parties, to be delivered by Maj. Williamson
  • David Cunningham deemed a bad man by both parties, to be delivered by Captain Williamson
  • George Nealey, Commissary General, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Pow­der Man
  • Thomas Combs, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • Thomas Tomlin, Cane Break, Powder Man
  • Jeremiah Ward, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Powder Man, and a very bad man
  • Henry Green, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Powder Man, Militia Captain
  • Sam. Proctor, Cane Brake, Powder Man, Militia Captain
  • John Norris, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • Benj. Stone, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • John Davies, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • David Reese, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • Thomas Carter, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • James Derumple, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • James McGill, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • Wm. Johnston, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • Thomas Wisdom, Cane Brake, Powder Man, Lieut. in the Militia, and an extreme active man
  • Abraham Nabors, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • Isaac Nabors, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • George Carter, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • Thomas Gill, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • William Stone, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • Robert Proctor, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Powder Man, a very bad man
  • Caleb Stone, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • James Carter, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • Robert Grey, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • Captain Hilburn, an active man
  • Elisha Watson, Cane Brake
  • John Helms, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Thomas Alison, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Wm. Matthews, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • David Alison, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Wm. Alison, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Robert Wood, Cane Brake
  • John Miller, Ninety-Six, sent from Ninety-Six
  • Henry Strum, Ninety-Six
  • Thomas Neville, Cane Brake
  • Christopher Reuben, Cane Brake
  • Robin Brown, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Powder Man
  • John Reid, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • James Reid, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Adam Frelick, Ninety-Six
  • Fred. Bagwell, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • John Wright, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • James Johnston, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • James Camell, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Wm. Cox, Cane Brake
  • Fred. Reuben, Cane Brake
  • Thomas Good, Cane Brake
  • Moses Casey, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Adam Purdue, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • John Casey, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Jesse Casey, Cane Brake
  • John Rigdell, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • John Rigdell, jun., Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Emanuel Miller, went from Ninety-Six to join the opposite party
  • Henry Attolph, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, Lieut. Major
  • John Meek, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • James Mills, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Francis Regan, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Wm. Burrows, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Benj. Stone
  • Joshua Niblet, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Joshua Fowler, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Richard. Fowler, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Samuel Harris, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • John Goff, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Robert Westmoreland, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Thomas Welch, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Holl’y Power, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Hugh Abernathy, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • David. Reese, mentioned before
  • Jacob Wittherow, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • John Wittherow, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Chris. Tongues, Cane Brake
  • John Burrows, Ninety-Six, Cane Broke
  • Hen. Centerfitts, Ninety-Six
  • Wm. Mills, Ninety-Six
  • Henry Citeman, a very bad man
  • Wm. Caldwell, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • And. Aventer, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Abel Bowling, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Owen Reid, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Dennis McCarty, Ninety-Six, Powder Man
  • Tho. Rogers, Cane Brake
  • Harmon Dildine, Cane Brake
  • Isaac Evans, mentioned
  • Benjamin Gregory, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Joseph Turner, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • James Nicholl, Cane Brake
  • Edw'd. Lang, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • James Wright, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • John Evans, Cane Broke
  • John Welch, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Wm. Elliott, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Leon'd. Nix, Cane Brake
  • Wm. Payne, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Henry Goff, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • David. Nielson, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • John Morgan, Cane Brake
  • Fred. Hartwell, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Dan. Allen, Cane Brake, lame
  • Henry Counts, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Elisha Robinson, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • James Burgess, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake, an old man, but bloody-minded
  • Thomas Gill, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Holly Goff, died on the road
  • John Tominson, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Hugh Nealey, Ninety-Six, but surrendered himself to Col. Richardson
  • Witnall Warner, supposed to rob Mr. Pendleton's lodgings at Ninety-Six
  • Wm. Watson, harmless man, but at the Cane Brake
  • Christopher Casey, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • John M. Williams, the machine maker to set fire to the Ninety-Six Fort
  • Jos. Alexander, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • James Davies, Ninety-Six, Cane Brake
  • Phil. Wells, Ninety-Six
  • Jacob Stack, Ninety-Six
  • Dan. Stagner, Ninety-Six
  • Capt. Nealey Carghill
  • Capt. Edgehill, one sick, but both to be delivered up 1st February


  1. 1.0 1.1 Snow Campaign at Wikipedia
  2. The Papers of Henry Laurens, Volume 11, Jan. 5, 1776 – Nov. 1, 1777, pages 51-52, published by the South Carolina Historical Society.
  3. Petition From SC Backcountry Prisoners - Jan 1776
  4. Drayton, John and William Henry Drayton. Memoirs of the American Revolution: From its Commencement to the Year 1776, Inclusive, as Relating to the State of South-Carolina, and Occasionally Refering (sic) to the States of North-Carolina and Georgia, 1742-1779. Charleston Publ., 1821. pg 130
  5. Norfleet, Phil. Backcountry Loyalists Excluded from the Pardon of Apr 1776
  6. List of 136 Loyalists Captured During the Snow Campaign

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