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St Helens, Lancashire One Place Study

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: St Helens, Lancashiremap
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Please add Sticker {{One Place Study|place=St Helens, Lancashire|category=St Helens, Lancashire One Place Study}} to any profiles to include them in the study, or else [[Category: St Helens, Lancashire One Place Study]] if you don't want a sticker to show in the profile's biography. Also please add [[Category: Morris-18630 OPS Needs Work]] as the profile will need other categories adding for this study, and unless you know which to add, that will flag it up me to add the correct ones. The study covers everyone who lived in St Helens at any time, but please only add profiles of people who are deceased.

St Helens, Lancashire is an industrial town formerly in Lancashire, now in Merseyside. It includes the former townships of Windle, Eccleston, Sutton and Parr. It includes Thatto Heath. Its registration district in the 1800s and early 1900s was Prescot, which is also the name of the large parish of which it was originally part, which was gradually subdivided into smaller ones.

Haydock, Rainford and other towns in the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens are not included in the study, nor are Knowsley, Huyton, Farnworth near Prescot/Widnes, and other parts of the former parish of Prescot.

Study Topics

Areas of interest which may be studied include

  • average life expectancy of people divided according to occupation and time period
  • movement in and out of the area - percentage of people who remained there all their lives, and percentage who returned there after leaving; numbers of migrants who remained in the area by decade
  • number of people employed in various occupational classes, clumped in decades


Categories will use short unique abbreviations in order to facilitate use of WikiTree+ in counting how many profiles are in particular intersects of categories. There seems to be a limit on the length of search key in WikiTree+ which would make use of longer category names impractical as then intersects of them and another category could not be counted.
Types of category for the study:
  1) Occupation by year ending in 1: e.g. Morris-18630 DOM1871 for domestic servants in 1871 - the occupation may be inferred or guessed based on information about other years, if information about that exact year is missing. Only to be be used when the person was living in St Helens when the census was taken.
  Occupation Codes:
    AGL - agricultural labourers, glass house labourers and gardeners
    ASST - shop assistants
    BAR - barmaid or barman
    BEER - beerseller or publican
    BLA - blacksmith
    BMK - boiler maker
    BRL - brick layer
    BREW - brewery labourer
    BRM - brick maker
    BUT - butcher
    CARE - caretaker
    CART - carter, includes teamsmen and carriers
    CHAR - charwomen
    CHM - chemical labourer, includes alkali labourers
    CHF - chemical works foreman
    CLK - clerk
    COL - collier, colliery labourer including timbermen
    COLM - colliery manager or undermanager
    COP - copper works labourer
    CRP - carpenter (including joiners)
    DOM - domestic servant (includes male servants, general workmen, housekeepers)
    DRA - drapers
    DRS - dressmaker or tailoress
    ENG - engineers, engine drivers
    FAR - farmers
    FIRE - firemen (if not specified as colliery firemen)
    FIT - fitters, engine fitters
    FORE - foremen (work type unspecified)
    GLA - glass works labourer, includes cutters, smoothers. bottle blowers and miscellaneous jobs
    GRM - grooms
    HOS - hosiers
    HUSB - husbandmen (a term used in connection with farming but it seems it could denote either a farmer or an agricultural labourer or a bailiff)
    HWF - housewife (usually presumed) or boarding-house keeper
    IRO - ironworks labourer, includes iron dressers, founders &c
    ITU - iron turner
    JLB - joiner's labourer
    KNO - knocker up
    LAB - labourer or general labourer
    LAU - laundress
    LIME - lime burner, lime kilns
    LIV - livestock dealer (cattle, pigs etc) also assistants to same
    LOC - locomotive engine driver, train driver
    MWL - manure works labourer
    NONE - no occupation (and not a presumed housewife)
    OWN - small business owner (5 men or less), miscellaneous
    PIT - pit brow girls and coal mine labourers aboveground
    PLA - plasterer
    PLL - plasterer's labourer
    PLU - plumber
    PNT - painters (including decorators and painters & decorators - house painters not artists)
    POT - potter or pot maker
    PST - postmen/women and letter carriers
    QRY - quarryman/delfman
    RLC - railway contractor
    SHOE - shoemakers, cordwainers, bootmakers, cloggers
    SHOP - shopkeeper (including furniture brokers, grocers &c)
    SIG - railway signalman
    SUR - surveyors
    TIME - time keeper
    WASH - washerwoman
    WAT - watchmaker
    WHL - wheelwright
    WIND - colliery engine winders
  2) Age at death, rounded down to nearest 5 years: e.g. Morris-18630 1871D0 for someone who died aged 4 in the decade ending with the 1871 census. Where known, actual age rather than reported age will be used. Otherwise, best guess based on available records will be used.
  3) Migration categories - examples:
    Morris-18630 RTD1871 - for people who are not known to have ever lived elsewhere and who were born in the decade ending with the 1871 census (ie that is the first they would appear in)
    Morris-18630 LVR1871 - for people who were born in the area and died elsewhere, born in the decade ending with the 1871 census
    Morris-18630 RTN1871 - for people who were born in the area, left but returned before their death
    Morris-18630 INC1871 - for people who were born elsewhere but died in the area
    Morris-18630 MIG1871 - for people who were born elsewhere and died elsewhere
  The distinction between people who are not known to have lived elsewhere and returnees may not be very meaningful since time living elsewhere would not always show up in the records available, and also people may sometimes have moved to another area for a few weeks simply to be married there and returned afterwards. Rainford was a popular place for St Helens nonconformists to marry, and is outside the town of St Helens and the area of this study. However those who married outside St Helens should be counted as having lived away if their place of residence is recorded as outside St Helens, even if it's not far away and the residence may have been short. Those who died in Whiston Union workhouse will also be counted as having died away, even though it was the workhouse for St Helens. For people known to have been christened or buried in the parish of Prescot, with no more precise location known, it can be assumed for the purposes of the study that the birth or death took place in St Helens itself, unless there is reason to believe otherwise.

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