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St Helens, Lancashire One Place Study

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Location: St Helens, Lancashiremap
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Please add Sticker {{One Place Study|place=St Helens, Lancashire|category=St Helens, Lancashire One Place Study}} to any profiles to include them in the study, or else [[Category: St Helens, Lancashire One Place Study]] if you don't want a sticker to show in the profile's biography. Also please add [[Category: Morris-18630 OPS Needs Work]] as the profile will need other categories adding for this study, and unless you know which to add, that will flag it up me to add the correct ones. The study covers everyone who lived in St Helens at any time, but please only add profiles of people who are deceased.

St Helens, Lancashire is an industrial town formerly in Lancashire, now in Merseyside. The study covers the former townships of Windle, Eccleston, Sutton and Parr. It includes Thatto Heath. Its registration district in the 1800s and early 1900s was Prescot, which is also the name of the large parish of which it was originally part, which was gradually subdivided into smaller ones.

Haydock, Rainford and other towns in the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens are not included in the study, nor are Knowsley, Huyton, Farnworth near Prescot/Widnes, and other parts of the former parish of Prescot.

Study Topics

Areas of interest which may be studied include

  • average life expectancy of people divided according to occupation and time period
  • movement in and out of the area - percentage of people who remained there all their lives, and percentage who returned there after leaving; numbers of migrants who remained in the area by decade
  • number of people employed in various occupational classes, clumped in decades


Categories will use short unique abbreviations in order to facilitate use of WikiTree+ in counting how many profiles are in particular intersects of categories. There seems to be a limit on the length of search key in WikiTree+ which would make use of longer category names impractical as then intersects of them and another category could not be counted.
Types of category for the study:
  1) Occupation by year ending in 1: e.g. Morris-18630 DOM1871 for domestic servants in 1871 - the occupation may be inferred or guessed based on information about other years, if information about that exact year is missing. Only to be be used when the person was living in St Helens when the census was taken.
  Occupation Codes:
    AGL - agricultural labourers, glass house labourers and gardeners
    AGT - agent (of unspecified type)
    ASST - shop assistants
    BAK - baker
    BAR - barmaid or barman
    BEER - beerseller or publican
    BLA - blacksmiths and blacksmith's strikers
    BLD - builders
    BLL - builder's labourers
    BMK - boiler maker
    BRL - brick layer, bricksetter
    BREW - brewery labourer
    BRM - brick maker
    BRW - brewer
    BUT - butcher
    CARE - caretaker
    CART - carter, includes teamsmen and carriers
    CFR - confectioner
    CHAR - charwomen
    CHM - chemical labourer, includes alkali labourers
    CHF - chemical works foreman
    CLK - clerk or bookkeeper
    COL - collier, colliery labourer including timbermen and drawers/waggoners
    COLM - colliery manager (aka coal agent) or undermanager
    COO - cooper
    COP - copper works labourer
    CRP - carpenter (including joiners)
    DOC - doctors, including herbalists
    DOM - domestic servant (includes male servants, general workmen, housekeepers, housemaids)
    DRA - drapers
    DRS - dressmaker or tailoress or seamstress
    ELE - electricians
    ENG - engineers, engine drivers and mechanics
    ERR - errand boys
    FAR - farmers, farmwives
    FIL - file cutters
    FIRE - firemen (if not specified as colliery firemen)
    FIT - fitters, engine fitters
    FORE - foremen (work type unspecified)
    GLA - glass works labourer, includes cutters, smoothers. bottle blowers and miscellaneous jobs
    GLM - glass works manager
    GRM - grooms
    HOS - hosiers
    HUSB - husbandmen (a term used in connection with farming but it seems it could denote either a farmer or an agricultural labourer or a bailiff)
    HWF - housewife (usually presumed) or boarding-house keeper
    IRO - ironworks labourer, includes iron dressers, founders &c
    ITU - iron turner
    JLB - joiner's labourer
    KNO - knocker up
    LAB - labourer or general labourer
    LAG - land agent
    LAU - laundress
    LIME - lime burner, lime kilns
    LIV - livestock dealer (cattle, pigs etc) also assistants to same
    LOC - locomotive engine driver, train driver
    MAG - miner's agent
    MAN - manufacturer (owner of a business employing over 5 men, if numbers known)
    MAS - stone mason
    MER - merchant
    MLW - millwright
    MWL - manure works labourer
    NAI - nail maker
    NONE - no occupation (and not a presumed housewife)
    NRS - nurse
    OWN - small business owner (5 men or less), miscellaneous
    PAP - papermakers
    PIP - pipemakers
    PIT - pit brow girls and coal mine labourers aboveground
      the law banning women underground wasn't passed till 1842 and women continued to
      work underground in some places for some years afterwards, so coal miner on a woman
      in the 1840s should be taken as COL not PIT
    PLA - plasterer
    PLL - plasterer's labourer
    PLT - platelayer
    PLU - plumber
    PNT - painters (including decorators and painters & decorators - house painters not artists)
    POT - potter or pot maker
    PRH - proprietor of houses
    PRI - priest or minister of any religion or denomination
    PST - postmen/women and letter carriers
    PTL - potter's labourer
    PTT - pattern makers
    PUP - scholars (pupils)
    PYL - platelayer's labourers
    QRY - quarryman/delfman/stone getter
    RLA - railway labourer
    RLC - railway contractor
    ROP - ropemakers/rope spinners
    SAW - sawyers
    SCH - schoolmasters, schoolmistresses, pupil teachers &c
    SHOE - shoemakers, cordwainers, bootmakers, cloggers
    SHOP - shopkeeper (including furniture brokers, grocers &c)
    SIG - railway signalman
    SIL - employed at silvering works
    SOL - solicitors
    STK - stokers
    SUR - surveyors
    TAI - tailors
    TAX - revenue officers & supervisors
    TIME - time keeper
    TOL - toll collectors
    TOO - toolmakers (including sawmakers & watch tool makers)
    WASH - washerwoman
    WAT - watchmaker (but toolmakers for watch tool makers)
    WGH - checkweighmen
    WHL - wheelwright
    WIND - colliery engine winders
    WIR - wire drawers
    WSR - railway wagon sheet repairers
    WVR - weaver
  2) Age at death, rounded down to nearest 5 years: e.g. Morris-18630 1871D0 for someone who died aged 4 in the decade ending with the 1871 census. Where known, actual age rather than reported age will be used. Otherwise, best guess based on available records will be used.
  3) Migration categories - examples:
    Morris-18630 RTD1871 - for people who are not known to have ever lived elsewhere and who were born in the decade ending with the 1871 census (ie that is the first they would appear in)
    Morris-18630 LVR1871 - for people who were born in the area and died elsewhere, born in the decade ending with the 1871 census
    Morris-18630 RTN1871 - for people who were born in the area, left but returned before their death
    Morris-18630 INC1871 - for people who were born elsewhere but died in the area
    Morris-18630 MIG1871 - for people who were born elsewhere and died elsewhere
  The distinction between people who are not known to have lived elsewhere and returnees may not be very meaningful since time living elsewhere would not always show up in the records available, and also people may sometimes have moved to another area for a few weeks simply to be married there and returned afterwards. Rainford was a popular place for St Helens nonconformists to marry, and is outside the town of St Helens and the area of this study. However those who married outside St Helens should be counted as having lived away if their place of residence is recorded as outside St Helens, even if it's not far away and the residence may have been short. Those who died in Whiston Union workhouse will also be counted as having died away, even though it was the workhouse for St Helens. For people known to have been christened or buried in the parish of Prescot, with no more precise location known, it can be assumed for the purposes of the study that the birth or death took place in St Helens itself, unless there is reason to believe otherwise. People whose address in their probate record was in St Helens but whose death was registered elsewhere will be counted as if they had died in St Helens since that was where they were living when they died.


The 1841 census is the area of work currently in progress.

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