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St Helens, Lancashire One Place Study

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Location: St Helens, Lancashiremap
Surnames/tags: One_Place_Studies England Lancashire
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This profile is part of the St Helens, Lancashire One Place Study.

Please add Sticker {{One Place Study|place=St Helens, Lancashire|category=St Helens, Lancashire One Place Study}} to any profiles to include them in the study, or else [[Category: St Helens, Lancashire One Place Study]] if you don't want a sticker to show in the profile's biography. Also please add [[Category: Morris-18630 OPS Needs Work]] as the profile will need other categories adding for this study, and unless you know which to add, that will flag it up me to add the correct ones. The study covers everyone who lived in St Helens at any time, but please only add profiles of people who are deceased.

St Helens, Lancashire is an industrial town formerly in Lancashire, now in Merseyside. The study covers the former townships of Windle, Eccleston, Sutton and Parr. It includes Thatto Heath. Its registration district in the 1800s and early 1900s was Prescot, which is also the name of the large parish of which it was originally part, which was gradually subdivided into smaller ones.

Haydock, Rainford and other towns in the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens are not included in the study, nor are Knowsley, Huyton, Farnworth near Prescot/Widnes, and other parts of the former parish of Prescot.

At the moment the sticker image for the One Place Study is taken from an occupational one for coal miners, but if anyone has a copyright-free one they think would be better feel free to suggest it.


Study Topics

Areas of interest which may be studied include

  • average life expectancy of people divided according to occupation and time period
  • movement in and out of the area - percentage of people who remained there all their lives, and percentage who returned there after leaving; numbers of migrants who remained in the area by decade
  • number of people employed in various occupational classes, clumped in decades


Categories will use short unique abbreviations in order to facilitate use of WikiTree+ in counting how many profiles are in particular intersects of categories. There seems to be a limit on the length of search key in WikiTree+ which would make use of longer category names impractical as then intersects of them and another category could not be counted.
Types of category for the study:
  1) Occupation by year ending in 1: e.g. Morris-18630 DOM1871 for domestic servants in 1871 - the occupation may be inferred or guessed based on information about other years, if information about that exact year is missing. Only to be be used when the person was living in St Helens when the census was taken. For people with multiple occupations, only the first one listed is categorized.
  Occupation Codes:
    AGL - agricultural labourers, glass house labourers and gardeners
    APP - apprentice (of unspecified type only)
    AGT - agent (of unspecified type)
    ASST - shop assistants
    BAK - baker
    BAR - barmaid or barman
    BSK - basket maker
    BEER - beerseller or publican
    BLA - blacksmiths and blacksmith's strikers; also smiths of unspecified type
    BLD - builders
    BLL - builder's labourers
    BMK - boiler maker
    BRL - brick layer, bricksetter
    BREW - brewery labourer
    BRM - brick maker
    BRS - brassworks labourer, brassfounder &c.
    BRW - brewer
    BUT - butcher
    CARE - caretaker
    CART - carter, includes teamsmen and carriers
    CFR - confectioner
    CHAR - charwomen
    CHM - chemical labourer, includes alkali labourers
    CHF - chemical works foreman
    CLK - clerk or bookkeeper
    COL - collier, colliery labourer including timbermen and drawers/waggoners
    COLM - colliery manager (aka coal agent) or undermanager
    COO - cooper
    COP - copper works labourer
    CRP - carpenter (including joiners)
    CUR - curriers, leather dressers
    DOC - doctors, including herbalists
    DOM - domestic servant (includes male servants, general workmen, housekeepers, housemaids)
    DRA - drapers
    DRG - druggists / chemists
    DRS - dressmaker or tailoress or seamstress
    ELE - electricians
    ENG - engineers, engine drivers and mechanics
    ERR - errand boys
    EXC - excisemen/officers of excise
    FAR - farmers, farmwives, cow keepers
    FIL - file cutters/file makers
    FIRE - firemen (if not specified as colliery firemen)
    FIT - fitters, engine fitters
    FORE - foremen (work type unspecified)
    FSH - fishmongers
    GAM - gamekeepers
    GLA - glass works labourer, includes cutters, smoothers. bottle blowers and miscellaneous jobs
    GLF - glass works foremen
    GLM - glass works manager
    GRM - grooms & ostlers
    HOS - hosiers
    HUSB - husbandmen (a term used in connection with farming but it seems it could denote either a farmer or an agricultural labourer or a bailiff)
    HWF - housewife (usually presumed) or boarding-house keeper
    IRO - ironworks labourer, includes iron dressers, founders &c
    ITU - iron turner
    JLB - joiner's labourer
    KNO - knocker up
    LAB - labourer or general labourer
    LAG - land agent
    LAU - laundress
    LIME - lime burner, lime kilns
    LIV - livestock dealer (cattle, pigs etc) also assistants to same
    LOC - locomotive engine driver, train driver
    MAG - miner's agent
    MAN - manufacturer (owner of a business employing over 5 men, if numbers known)
    MAS - stone mason
    MER - merchant
    MIL - milliner
    MLW - millwright
    MUS - organists, music teachers, music performers
    MWL - manure works labourer
    NAI - nail maker
    NONE - no occupation (and not a presumed housewife)
    NRS - nurse
    OWN - small business owner (5 men or less), miscellaneous
    PAP - papermakers
    PIP - pipemakers
    PIT - pit brow girls and coal mine labourers aboveground
      the law banning women underground wasn't passed till 1842 and women continued to
      work underground in some places for some years afterwards, so coal miner on a woman
      in the 1840s should be taken as COL not PIT
    PLA - plasterer
    PLL - plasterer's labourer
    PLT - platelayer
    PLU - plumber
    PNT - painters (including decorators and painters & decorators - house painters not artists)
    POT - potter or pot maker, brickmakers, tilemakers
    PRH - proprietor of houses
    PRI - priest or minister of any religion or denomination
    PRN - printer (including apprentices)
    PST - postmen/women and letter carriers
    PTL - potter's labourer
    PTT - pattern makers
    PUP - scholars (pupils)
    PYL - platelayer's labourers
    QRY - quarryman/delfman/stone getter
    REL - relieving officer (poor relief)
    RLA - railway labourer
    RLC - railway contractor
    ROP - ropemakers/rope spinners
    SAD - saddlers
    SAW - sawyers
    SCH - schoolmasters, schoolmistresses, pupil teachers &c
    SHOE - shoemakers, cordwainers, bootmakers, cloggers
    SHOP - shopkeeper (including furniture brokers, grocers &c)
    SIG - railway signalman
    SIL - employed at silvering works
    SOL - solicitors
    STK - stokers
    SUR - surveyors
    TAI - tailors
    TAX - revenue officers & supervisors
    TIME - time keeper
    TOL - toll collectors
    TOO - toolmakers (including sawmakers & watch tool makers)
    WASH - washerwoman
    WAT - watchmaker (but toolmakers for watch tool makers)
    WGH - checkweighmen
    WHI - whitesmiths
    WHL - wheelwright
    WIND - colliery engine winders
    WIR - wire drawers
    WSR - railway wagon sheet repairers
    WVR - weaver
  2) Age at death, rounded down to nearest 5 years: e.g. Morris-18630 1871D0 for someone who died aged 4 in the decade ending with the 1871 census. Where known, actual age rather than reported age will be used. Otherwise, best guess based on available records will be used.
  3) Migration categories - examples:
    Morris-18630 RTD1871 - for people who are not known to have ever lived elsewhere and who were born in the decade ending with the 1871 census (ie that is the first they would appear in)
    Morris-18630 LVR1871 - for people who were born in the area and died elsewhere, born in the decade ending with the 1871 census
    Morris-18630 RTN1871 - for people who were born in the area, left but returned before their death
    Morris-18630 INC1871 - for people who were born elsewhere but died in the area
    Morris-18630 MIG1871 - for people who were born elsewhere and died elsewhere
  The distinction between people who are not known to have lived elsewhere and returnees may not be very meaningful since time living elsewhere would not always show up in the records available, and also people may sometimes have moved to another area for a few weeks simply to be married there and returned afterwards. Rainford was a popular place for St Helens nonconformists to marry, and is outside the town of St Helens and the area of this study. However those who married outside St Helens should be counted as having lived away if their place of residence is recorded as outside St Helens, even if it's not far away and the residence may have been short. Those who died in Whiston Union workhouse will also be counted as having died away, even though it was the workhouse for St Helens. For people known to have been christened or buried in the parish of Prescot, with no more precise location known, it can be assumed for the purposes of the study that the birth or death took place in St Helens itself, unless there is reason to believe otherwise. People whose address in their probate record was in St Helens but whose death was registered elsewhere will be counted as if they had died in St Helens since that was where they were living when they died.


The 1841 census index is the primary area of work currently in progress.

The Church records index and St Helens Cemetery index are also under construction, as is the 1851 census index and the 1871 census index.

The indexes should prevent accidental use of the same record for two different profiles.

Research Resources

See St Helens Resources freespace page.


1843 fatal shooting of gamekeeper Richard Kenyon by a poacher

Historic Buildings


Pubs category


Brook House


People listed in the Tasmanian Names Index as possible connected with the vicinity, and not yet profiled:
  George Barnes of Prescot, Lancashire - residing Liverpool 23 Oct 1826 - tailor aged 35 born Prescott - departed London 5 Apr 1827 on the Governor Ready
    Sentenced to 2 years for larceny, freed by servitude
    Brother-in-law George Preston at Prescott; Thomas Barnes [what relation?] lives at Liverpool
    Single, protestant
    was sentenced to 7 years for stealing shirts, on 24 Sep 1835, in Hobart
    was living in the Avoca district by Jul 1841
    Conduct report
    Conduct report cont'd
  John Cole 1844 - tried in Worcester; listed as from Prescott Shropshire but the source documents only say Prescott as far as I could see.
  Ann Cooley 1839 - house servant (maid) from Prescott Lancashire; 27 years old, husband George & one child. Transported on Hindostan leaving London 9 May 1839 after conviction at Lancaster Quarter Sessions 22 Oct 1838 for larceny. "Husband George a soldier in the 80th 2 years on the town". Freed 1845? Drunkenness and swearing mentioned repeatedly in conduct report.
    Applied to marry Robert Gill 11 Nov 1844 ("approved if clergyman not satisfied") - probably "approved if clergyman satisfied" with "not" added to the right afterwards, because it shouldn't have been approved unless Ann's first husband was dead)
    Conduct Report
  William Fox laborer of near Prescot, Lancashire departed Woolwich 4 Jan 1846 on the China.
    Convicted 22 Mar 1845, Lancaster Assizes, sentence 10 yrs for burglary. Single, RC.
  Thomas Greenough single ploughman of Prescot, Lancashire aged 21 departed London 18 Dec 1829 on the Mary (2)
    Sentenced to 7 years for stealing ducks
    Appropriation list
  John Hayes, departed Portsmouth 14 May 1820 on the Guildford - sentenced Lancaster 19 July 1819 - 7 years - age 40, labourer, origin Prescot
    Conduct report
  Catherine Hilton of Prescot, Lancashire - departed Portsmouth 15 Dec 1821 on the Mary Ann; sentenced to 14 years at Lancaster 24 Mar 1821 for forged notes.
    One child aged 11? years?; F[ather?] at Wigan Lancashire; father of her child at Liverpool
    Muster roll
  William Hurtsfield/Hurstfield 18-year-old labourer of Prescot, Lancashire, departed Plymouth 29 Jan 1834 on the Moffatt (1)
    22 Jul 1833 sentenced to 14 years for stealing wearing apparel (his second felony).
    Has also done housebreaking & breaking windows. Single. Conditional pardon 3 2 41
    Conduct report
  Charles Lyon from Prescot, Lancashire; departed London 25 Oct 1846 on the Pestongee Bomangee (2).
    Sentenced to 14 yrs at Liverpool assizes on 15 Aug 1846 for shooting at John Wainwright with intent &c.
    Married with 2 children. Watch & chronometer movement maker, aged 30.
    Conditional pardon granted 1 Dec 57.
    [ https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON33-1-84$init=CON33-1-84p106 Conduct report]
  Joseph Martindale watch balance maker of Prescot, Lancashire aged 23 departed London 9 Apr 1841 on the Layton (4).
    Given 14 years for stealing handkerchiefs at Lancashire quarter sessions.
    Catholic, can read & write, single. M[other] Ann, 3 B[rothers] John Thomas James sister Mary
    Appropriation list
  Peter McCormack of Prescot, Lancashire departed Woolwich 29 Aug 1845 on the Mayda.
    Sentence 10 yrs at Liverpool Assizes 22 Mar 1845 for burglary (third conviction).
    Tried with Wm Fox.
    Single. Roman Catholic. Laborer. Can read. Age 19.
    Died in hospital in Hobart 26 Sep 1850.
    (from indent): Mother Margaret. Brothers Hugh, William James. Sisters Margaret, Jane; all [NU] P (same abbr in other entries so not "near Prescot")
    Indent (2 pages)
  Michael Murphy from Prescot Lancashire departed London on 7 Mar 1845 on the Mount Stewart Elphinstone (1)
    Sentenced on 14 Oct 1844 at Chester Nether Knutsford to 14 yrs for stealing money in a drawer.
    Single, Roman Catholic, bread & biscuit baker aged 30
    died 1880, inquest at Launceston 8 Jun 1880
    Description (book not page, not checked); 3 employment records not checked
  William Rhodes seaman aged 33 of Prescot, Lancashire departed England 17 May 1823 on the Albion. Single.
    Convicted 15 Oct 1822 at Chester Quarter Sessions, sentence 7 yrs for stealing wearing apparel
  Robert Rowlinson of Prescot, Lancashire departed London 26 Jul 1839 on the Layton (3).
    Sentence 15 yrs at Lancaster for stealing 28 watches from a jeweller in Manchester
    24-year-old cooper; married with 2 children, wife Eliza at Manchester
  Robert Rowlinson, 24-yr-old cooper from Prescot Lancashire left London 26 Jul 1839 on the Layton (3)
    Sentenced to 15 yrs on 25 Feb 1839 at Lancaster for stealing 28 watches from a Manchester jeweller; wife Eliza and 2 children at Manchester
    Appropriation list - but his page appears to be missing
    Conduct (more)
  Edward Sefton from Prescot, Lancashire left Downs on 24 Mar 1828 on the William Miles.
    Sentenced for felony 30 Jul 1827 at Lancaster (stealing a Game Cocks)
    F[ather] at Liverpool Edward Sefton a watchmaker; was living at home before arrest; single, labourer, aged 19
  Charles Silcock of Prescot Lancashire left England 20 Aug 1821 on the Claudine aged 24, bricklayers labr
    Sentence 7 yrs on 21 May 1820 or 1821 (records disagree)
    Brother & sisters at Prescott, Henry? having been transported before
    Muster roll
  Sarah Wallis/Wallace/Whalley of Prescot, Lancashire departed Downs 6 Jan 1831 on the America.
    Dairy woman aged 41, sentenced to 7 yrs at Stafford on 20 Oct 1830 for stealing a silk shawl.
    Widow with 5 children. Proper name Wallace.
    Appropriation list
    Conduct record
  John Webster of Prescot, Lancashire departed England 17 Oct 1818 on the Surrey (1).
    Sentence 7 yrs at Lancaster; 18-yr-old fustian cutter
Sutton, Lancashire:
  Thomas Richardson of Sutton, Lancashire departed London 5 Apr 1842 on the Surrey (4).
    Sentence 7 yrs at Kirkdale 4 Nov 1841 for bigamy & stealing a watch worth £10, wearing apparel &c.
    Embarked 9 Mar 1842 Arrived 11 Aug 1842. Aged 35.
    "I was married to Mary Stevenson & Elizabeth Seal. I then ran away with Ellen Fleming"
    Married with 2 children. Trade farrier (blacksmith).
    Ticket of leave 10 Mar 1846. Protestant.
    Father Jas [or Jos?] mother Ann , 2 sisters Jane Ellen
  John Wynn of Sutton, Lancashire departed Downs 6 Dec 1821 on the Richmond.
    Sentence 7 yrs on 7 Apr/May 1821 at Lancashire QS (Liverpool boro) for stealing 1 shilling.
    Coachman aged 25
Eccleston, Lancashire (might be the other Eccleston)
  William Baxendale of Eccleston nr Chorley, Lancashire
    dep London 7 Jul 1843 - tried at Barbadoes 12 Oct 1842 age 26 single, second boatswain/laborer, mother Mary at Ormskirk sisters
    14 yrs for striking a sergeant on Church parade
  William Marsh of Eccleston, Lancashire
    dep London 21 Nov 1844 age 30 Kirkdale QS married
    engine tender impr. Tailor; wife Mary father James mother Jane brother Robert sisters Martha Jane Md Elizh
    transported for stealing money from a counting house for Charles Henry Lacey at Kenyon

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Hi, Corinne!

One Place Studies now has a Project Profile: https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/WikiTree-121

Please add it as a co-manager of this study page. wtoneplacestudies <at> googlegroups.com

Thank you!


Project Leader - One Place Studies

posted by Azure Robinson
Hi Azure, I've added the Project to the Trusted List - feel free to prod me again if I don't remember to move it to profile manager status - I can't do that till the Project has accepted being on the trusted list.


posted by Corinne Morris