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Sultzbach Family in Pennsylvania

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Pennsylvaniamap
Surnames/tags: Sultzbach Sultzbaugh Sulzbach
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Name and Origins

Early records for this family in Pennsylvania generally use the name Sultzbach, but it's likely that their name in Germany was Sulzbach. Sulzbach is a German name, but the "Sultzbach" spelling is not known in Germany.

Geogen shows Sulzbach as an uncommon German name with only 164 phonebook entries in Germany. Over half of these are in the German state of Hessen. The name has its highest prevalence in Odenwaldkreis in Hessen, where there are 23 phonebook entries for the name, corresponding to a density of 228 phonebook entries per million people. Two other jurisdictions in Hessen, Hochtaunuskreis and Wetteraukreis, also have 20 or more phonebook entries for the surname Sulzbach. All three of these jurisdictions are in the Regierungsbezirk (administrative region) of Darmstadt. There is a municipality of Sulzbach in this general area of Hessen. Genevolu shows only 11 phonebook entries for Sulzbach in 1942, with the highest prevalence (only about 0.2% of the local population) in Oberursel (in Hochtaunuskreis, Hessen) and Bad Kreuznach (Rheinland). This information suggests that Sultzbachs and Sultzbaughs of Pennsylvania (and other parts of America) may be descended from immigrants who came from the Darmstadt region of Hessen.

Multiple spelling changes have occurred in America. The substitution of "tz" for "z" to arrive at the spelling Sultzbach probably resulted from English speakers writing the name the way they heard it pronounced. On the other hand, the substitution of "s" for "z" in the Sulsbach spelling suggests an attempt by Germans to spell the name the way that English speakers typically pronounced the name "Sulzbach." The transition from "bach" to "baugh" (in Sultzbaugh and Sulsbaugh) likely reflects either the way the spoken name was understood by English speakers or an effort by family members to help English speakers interpret the written name.


Two immigrants of this name are indexed as appearing in Professor I. Daniel Rupp's 1898 A collection of upwards of Thirty-thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and other Immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1727 – 1776:

  • Sulsbach, John Jost - page 120 - September 16, 1738, the ship Queen Elizabeth, from Rotterdam. (Passengers described as "Palatines"). He appears on three lists of passengers on this ship in Vol. I of Pennsylvania German Pioneers: A Publication of the Original Lists of Arrivals in the Port of Philadelphia from 1727 to 1808 (Ralph B. Strassburger and William J. Hinke; Pennsylvania German Society, 1934; reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., Baltimore, 1980.). On page 217, in a list of men ages 16 and above who arrived on this ship, he is listed as Johanis Sulspack, age 50. On page 219, in a list of men imported on this ship, he is Johan Sulsback. He is Johan Jost Sultzbach on page 220 in the list of arriving passengers on this ship who took the oath of loyalty on that arrival date. All three lists show that he signed documents with the mark "O".
  • Sultzbach, Philip - page 209 - September 26, 1749, the ship Ranier, from Rotterdam. (Passengers described as "Foreigners from Hanau, Wurttemberg, Darmstadt, and Eisenberg"). In the Strassburger and Hinke compilation, the name Philips Sultzbach appears on page 412 in a list of men from the Ranier who took the oath of loyalty on 26 September 1749. It appears that Philip signed his name, as there is no indication of a mark that he used.

The immigrant John Jost Sultzbach went to York County, Pennsylvania, where his name appears on a number of baptism records (as father or witness) not long after his arrival. The immigrant Philip Sultzbach may also have gone to York County. The two adult males on the immigration lists are presumed to have been accompanied by women and children whose names don't appear in the ship lists.

These Sultzbachs may not have been the only early immigrants of this name, and some of their dependents might not have stayed in York County for long. The compilation of marriage records in St. Michael's Evangelical Lutheran Church Germantown [Now Part of Philadelphia] Pennsylvania 1741-1841 include (on page 305) a Christine Sultzbach marrying Philip Schwartz on January 12, 1758.

Settlement in Pennsylvania

The early Sultzbachs in Pennsylvania seem to be particularly associated with Hellam Township in York County.

The "History of Horn Farm" at https://hornfarmcenter.org/history/ indicates that the western part of the Horn Farm tract in Hellam Township, York County, was included in a warrant from the Penns to Joseph Sultzbach in 1747 (note that "Jost" would be anglicized as "Joseph"), and a later survey transferred 270.77 acres to Joseph Sultzbach in 1773. The same history states that Hellam Township and York County were "a haven for those escaping religious persecution." It states that according to an early reference, the Sultzbach tract was adjacent to the lands of the Kreutz Creek Lutheran and German Reformed Church, founded in the 1740s, in which the Sultzbachs were active members.[1] The Reformed Congregation at Hellam, known as the Trinity or Kreutz Creek congregation, was organized in 1745, making it the earliest of several Reformed congregations in the Kreutz Creek area.[2] Many of the early members of the Sultzbach family are said to be buried in the cemetery near the church.

Traditional Lore regarding Family History

From the 1908 book 20th Century History of Springfield, and Clark County, Ohio, edited by William Mahlon Rockel (page 941):

The great grandfather of Joseph Sultzbach came to this country from Germany and resided here until his death at age of 108 years. He had three children: Henry the next to the oldest and grandfather of Joseph Sultzbach, was born in York County Pennsylvania where he engaged in general farming in connection with operating a tannery at Yorktown and one at Marietta Pennsylvania.
Notwithstanding the fact that his older brother inherited his father's estate, Henry Sultzbach died aged eighty-five years a man of means. Mr Sultzbach was married to Mary Mumaugh who died aged eighty five years and five months. They reared a family of seven children: John, Henry, Jacob, Joseph, Frederick, Mary, and Elizabeth, the latter of whom died aged ninety two years.
Mary and Joseph were the only members of the family to locate in Ohio coming here in the spring of 1854, first locating at Eagle City, Clark County and then moving in 1855 to the Sultzbach farm which is located on the Urbana Pike two and one half miles north of Springfield. The Sultzbach family were among the first settlers of York County, Pennsylvania, and Joseph Sultzbach still has in his possession some Continental currency which was a part of the old Sultzbach fortune.

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Research Notes

Sultzbachs in Civil War draft registrations for Marietta, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania: http://interactive.ancestry.com/1666/32178_1220705228_0138-00213?pid=1470381 (some, if not all, of the "ditto" indications of birth in Germany are clearly wrong)

From http://boards.ancestry.it/surnames.sultzbaugh/4.6/mb.ashx (see http://boards.ancestry.com/surnames.sultzbaugh/mb.ashx ):

Thomas Shepp (Visualizza annunci)
Inviato: 9 apr 2002 18.31 GMT
Classificazione: Domanda
Hi Gail,
I am looking for John Sultbach (who died in 1849 in Upper Paxton Twp.) and his second wife Anna Mary (who died in 1850 in Upper Paxton Twp.). John was a son of Phillip being born approx. 1772. He lived in Hellam Twp, York Co. until at least 1839. He had a brother named Jacob who was born approx. 1776. I traced him in York Co. until 1839 using tax records. Then I stumbled upon a legal document showing his wife died in Dauphin Co. I then found his will in Dauphin Co. showing he was from Upper Paxton Twp. My search is really for Anna Mary, as she would be my g-g-g-g grandmother. I was hoping you might know a burial location. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Global occurrence of the name:

  • Findagrave (statistics as of 24 June 2022)
  • FamilySearch (statistics as of 24 June 2022)
  • 24,474 occurrences] of "Sultzbach" as a surname, including variant spellings
  • 40,484 occurrences of "Sultzbaugh" as a surname, including variant spellings


  1. "History of Horn Farm" at https://hornfarmcenter.org/history/
  2. Garrett, Walter E. History of the Kreutz Creek Charge of the Reformed Church. Philadelphia : Publication and Sunday School Board of the Reformed Church, 1924. pages 4-5. This text states that Kreutz Creek was the name given to the confluence of two streams which formed a cross (Kreuz" in German) and that this name was ultimately applied "to the whole valley from York to Wrightsville."

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