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Surprize, Second Fleet to Australia 1790

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The Surprize (Note that the spelling of the vessel is most commonly with a 'z'; there is no ship on the Lloyds Register in the name 'Surprise' in 1790), was one of the three ships that made up the second fleet. She embarked her convicts in December 1789 and sailed from England on 19 January 1790. Charles Bateson claims that the Surprise carried 256 male convicts. She relanded six convicts prior to leaving English waters. Thirty-six convicts died on the Surprise during the voyage to Port Jackson. The three ships of the Second Fleet arrived at the Cape of Good Hope, in company, on 13 April 1790 following a passage of just 84 days from Portsmouth. On June 23 1790 the Surprise was in sight of the entrance to Port Jackson but, having been separated from the other two ships, was blown out to sea by contrary winds and did not make landfall at Port Jackson until 26 June 1790, 158 days after leaving England.

  • Convicts who died on the voyage - 36
  • Convicts on this list - 278
  • Free arrivals on this list - 43

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