Tammany Society of New York

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 12 May 1789 to 1961
Location: New York, New York, United Statesmap
This page has been accessed 27 times.

The Tammany Society was founded 12 May 1789 as part of a wider network of Tammany Societies seeking to form a club for "pure Americans." The ideal was to create an American identity separate from European culture. The first society was formed in Philadelphia. The society went by several other names: Society of St. Tammany, the Sons of St. Tammany, Columbian Order, but the most remembered is Tammany Hall. The name was taken from a leader of the Lenape Native American Tribe, Chief Tamanend "Tammany" Tamanend who was at the time called the Patron Saint of America because he represented peace and amity and had assumed mythic status as an icon for peaceful political negotiation. Other Native American verbage was adopted including Grand Sachem and meeting halls called a wigwam. The society was part of the Democratic Party and the purpose included assisting the emerging, ethnically diverse, middle class, but at it's core, the majority of players were Irish Catholics. The society earned the loyalty of the business community by cutting through red tape, for a reasonable price, in order to control New York City politics and that of New York State as well. Each city ward had a ward boss or heeler who served as a local vote gatherer and provider of patronage.

This succession box can be used for the Grand Sachems:

{{Succession box | title = Carmine G. DeSapio <br />{{Image|file=Tammany Society of New York.jpg|size=100px}}Grand Sachem<br />of Tammany Hall| years = 1949-1961 | preceded-text = Following | before = Hugo E. Rogers | succeeded-text = Followed by | after = End of Tammany Hall's existence }}

Hugo E. Rogers
Carmine G. DeSapio
Grand Sachem
of Tammany Hall

Followed by
End of Tammany Hall's existence

Sachems of Tammany Hall

1797-1804 Aaron Burr
1804-1814 Teunis Wortmann
1814-1817 George Buckmaster
1817-1822 Jacob Barker
1822-1827 Stephen Allen
1827-1828 Mordecai M. Noah
1828-1835 Walter Bowne
1835-1842Isaac Varian
1842-1848 Robert H. Morris
1848-1850 Isaac V. Fowler (10014?)
1850-1856 Fernando Wood
1857-1858 Isaac V. Fowler
1858 Fernando Wood
1858-1859 William M. Tweed and Isaac V. Fowler
1859-1867 William M. Tweed and Richard B. Connolly
1867-1871 William M. Tweed
1872 John Kelly and John Morrissey
1872-1886 John Kelly
1886-1902 Richard Croker
1902 Lewis Nixon
1902 Charles F. Murphy, Daniel F. McMahon, and Louis F. Haffen
1902-1924 Charles F. Murphy
1924-1929 George W. Olvany
1929-1934 John F. Curry
1934-1937 James J. Dooling
1937-1942 Christopher "Christy" D. Sullivan
1942 Charles H. Hussey
1942-1944 Michael J. Kennedy
1944-1947 Edward V. Loughlin
1947-1948 Frank J. Sampson
1948-1949 Hugo E. Rogers
1949-1961 Carmine G. DeSapio

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