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The 1626 Adventurers and Purchasers

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Date: 1626 [unknown]
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The settlement at Plymouth had been financed by a group of merchants called the "Adventurers." In say 1626, 53 Plymouth planters, together with five London men, agreed to acquire the interests of the Adventurers in a particular payment scheme.[1] As a group, the planters and London men (so, 58 names) are referred to as the "Purchasers."[2] Give or take a year later, a smaller group of twelve persons--referred to as the "Undertakers"--replaced the interests of the Purchasers.[3][4] In 1986, Eugene Aubrey Stratton wrote, "the list of Purchasers continued to be an important one for, in general, these people were privileged above others in future land grants in the colony."[5]

A transcription of the 1626 compact, together with the names of the Adventurers, from William Bradford (1590-1657), Governor William Bradford's Letter Book (Boston: Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1906), p. 24-26; digital images, Hathi Trust.

To all christian people to whom this present writing indented
shall come greeting,
Whereas at a meeting the 26 of October last past, divers
and sundry persons, whose names to the one part of these
presents are subscribed in a schedule hereunto annexed, adven-
turers to New-Plymouth in New England in America, were
contented and agreed (in consideration of the sum of one
thousand and eight hundred pounds sterling to be paid unto
the said adventurers, in manner and form foll[ow]ing) to sell and
make sale of all and every the stocks, shares, lands, merchan-
dize, and chattles, whatsoever, to the said adventurers, and other
their fellow adventurers to New Plymouth aforesaid, accruing
or belonging to the generality of the said adventurers afore-
said; as well by reason of any sum or sums of money, or
merchandize, at any time heretofore adventured by them or
otherwise howsoever; for the better expression and setting
forth of which said agreement, the parties to these presents
subscribing, do for themselves severally, and as much as in
them is, grant, bargain, alien, sell, and transfer all and every
the said shares, goods, lands, merchandize, and chattles to them
belonging as aforesaid, unto Isaac Allerton, one of the planters
resident at New Plymouth aforesaid, assigned, and sent over
as agent for the rest of the planters residing there, and unto
such other planters at New Plymouth aforesaid, as the said
Isaac Allerton, his heirs, or assigns, at his or their arrival,
shall by writing or otherwise think fit to join, or partake in the
premises, their and every of their heirs, and assigns, in as large
and ample and beneficial manner and form, to all intents and
purposes, as the said subscribing adventurers here could
or may do, or perform; all which stocks, shares, lands, &c. to
the said adventurers, in severalty alloted, apportioned, or be-
longing; the said adventurers do warrant and defend unto the
said Isaac Allerton, his heirs and assigns, against them, their
heirs and assigns, by these presents : And therefore the said
Isaac Allerton for him, his heirs and assigns, covenant,
promise, and grant to and with the adventurers, whose
names are hereunto subscribed, their heirs, &c. well and truly
to pay, or cause to be paid, unto the said adventurers or five
of them which were, at that meeting aforesaid, nominated and
deputed, viz, John Pocock, John Beauchamp, Robert Keane,
Edward Base, and James Shirley, their heirs, &c. to, and for
the use of the generality of them, the sum of eighteen hundred
pounds of lawful money of England, at the place appointed
for the receipts of money, on the west side of the Royal Ex-
change in London, by two hundred pounds yearly, and every
year, on the feast day of St. Michael, which shall be in the
year 1628 : And the said Isaac Allerton, for him, his heirs, &c.
doth covenant and grant to, and with the said adventurers,
their heirs, &c. To do his, and their good endeavours, to pro-
cure, obtain, and get of, and from all the planters, at New
Plymouth aforesaid, or so many of them as he or they by per-
suasion and entreaty can or may, security by several obliga-
tions, or writings obligatory, to make payment of the said sum
of eighteen hundred pounds, in form aforesaid, according to
the true meaning of these presents. In testimony whereof, to
this part of these presents, remaining with the said Isaac Aller-
ton, the said subscribing adventurers, have set to their names,
&c. And to the other part of these presents remaining with
the said adventurers, the said Isaac Allerton hath subscribed
his name, the 15th of November, Anno 1626, and in the second
year of our sovereign Lord, King Charles, by the
grace of God, King of England, &c. Subscribed thus as fol-
loweth:
John WhiteSamuel SharpThomas Hudson
John PocockRobert HollandThomas Andrews
Robert KeanJames ShirleyThomas Ward
Edward BassThomas MottFria. Newbald
William HobsonThomas FletcherThomas Heath
William PeningtonTimothy HatherlyJoseph Tilden
Wiliam QuarlesThomas BrewerWilliam Penrin
Daniel PoyntonJohn ThornedEliza Knight
Richard AndrewsMyles KnowlesThomas Coventry
Newman RookesWilliam CollierRobert Allden
Henry BrowningJohn RevellLaurence Anthony
Richard WrightPeter GudburnJohn Knight
John LingEmnu. AllthamMatthew Thornhill
Thomas GoffeJohn BeauchampThomas Millsop
-----------------------------In all [The Adventurers totaled] forty-two

The Purchasers' names, as below, from Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England, 12 vols. in 10, 2:177; digital images, Hathi Trust.

:Mr Wm BradfordAbraham Pearse
:Mr Thom PrenseSteeven Tracy
:Mr Wm BrewsterJoseph Rogers
:Mr Edw WinslowJohn Faunce
:Mr John AldenSteeven Deane
:Mr John JenneyThom Cushman
:Mr Isaak AllertonRobte Hicks
:Capt Miles StandishThom Morton
:Mr Wm CollyerAnthony Annable
:Mr John HowlandSamuell Fuller
:Masasseth KemptonFranc Eaton
:Francis CookeWillm Basset
:Jonathan BrewsterFrancis Sprague
:Edward BangesThe Heirs of John Crackstone
:Nicholas SnowEdward Bumpas
:Stephen HopkinsWillm Palmer
:Thomas ClarkePeter Browne
:Raph WallenHenry Sampson
:Willm WrightExperience Michell
:Elizabet Warren, widdowPhillip Delanoy
:Edward DoteyMoyses Symonson
:Cutbert CutbertsonGeorg Soule
:John WinslowEdward Holman
:John Shaw
:Josuah Pratt
:John Adams
:^ Billington
:Phineas Pratt
:Samuell Fuller
:Clement Briggs

The above 53 names were all considered planters. The Purchasers also included five London men:

Mr James Sherley
Mr Beauchampe,
Mr Andrewes
Mr Hatherley
Mr Wm Thomas
-----------------------------In all [the Purchasers totaled] 58.

See also Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691 (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Publishing, 1986), Appendix F (p. 419+), "The 1626 Purchasers" for greater explanation and comment that, "The list ... was obviously compiled after the 1626 agreement, for Richard Warren died in 1628, and his wife['s name is listed], and John Billington was hanged in 1630, [... only his surname appears on the list]."

Sources

  1. William Bradford (1590-1657), Governor William Bradford's Letter Book (Boston: Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1906), p. 24-26; digital images, Hathi Trust.
  2. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England, 12 vols. in 10, 2:177; digital images, Hathi Trust.
  3. Roland G Usher, The Pilgrims and their History (New York: MacMillan Co, 1918), 95, 152-3, "July 1627 Undertakers"; digital images, InternetArchive.
  4. Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691 (Salt Lake City:Ancestry Publishing 1986), Appendix F, p. 419.
  5. Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691 (Salt Lake City:Ancestry Publishing 1986), Appendix F, p. 419.




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Is it possible to tag this free space page, "The 1626 Adventurers and Purchasers," with a Puritan Great Migration sticker?
posted by GeneJ X
edited by GeneJ X
The Purchasers are made up of 53 planters and five London men. Most, but not all, of the 53 planters have been linked to a WikiTree profile. From a research and documentation standpoint, these links to the WikiTree profiles (or lack thereof) fall into four categories:

Note: Please don't "correct" the spelling of the names as listed, The spelling "in" the link comes from the transcribed list in PCR, not the WikiTree profile.

(a) Those profiles linked, either because I didn't doubt their identity or because the compact was mentioned in their bio. The profiles so linked are:

(b) Those profiles linked despite no mention of the compact in their bio. And, frankly, I did not feel qualified to include them among the names listed above. Hopefully others will advise if any of these links were created in error. The profiles that fall into this category are

(c) No WikiTree links created, either because I couldn't locate a possible profile, or because I was unclear for some reason. Hopefully someone else will be able to identify their WikiTree profiles. These unlinked names are:

  • Thom Morton
  • Edward Holman

(d) SOLVED ... Just weird. The name Samuel Fuller appears on the list twice, and only the first appearance was linked. Hopefully someone more qualified will be able to solve this.

  • Linked one to Samuell Fuller
  • The other remains unlinked [strike through unlinked] ... The other now linked as Samuel Fuller, Sr.'s nephew, Samuel, Fuller-48, s/o Edward. (See Anderson GMB for his comment about the 1627 Division of Cattle.)

There are 42 Adventurers listed; I have just begun to work on those names.

I apologize in advance for those instances where I may have overlooked mention in the bio. --Gene

posted by GeneJ X
edited by GeneJ X