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The Bushranger Edward Randall

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Location: New South Wales and Queensland, Australiamap
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Contents

Introduction

Edward Randall was a lesser known Australian bushranger and he does not appear in any published history about Australian bushrangers.

A ‘bushranger’ was defined initially as an ‘escaped convict who took refuge in the Australian bush’ but this early definition has subsequently been broadened to refer to any ‘criminal living in the bush, and subsisting by robbery with violence. Bushrangers meeting both definitions played an active role in Australian history for over a century, commencing with the first British settlement in New South Wales in 1788 and ending with the hanging of the part-aboriginal bushranger, Jimmy Governor, in 1901. [1]

Note: There is no conclusive evidence here that Edward Randall/ Edward Staunton was the bushranger Edward Randall. However Edward Randall and Edward Randall the bushranger were both the same age and both were born in Ireland in 1839.

So the following relates to the bushranger Edward Randall. In newspaper accounts he is also referred to as Edward Randal, Ned Randall, Ned Randal or Edward Randle and also went by the alias William Jones. In papers presented to the Condamine Court in July 1865 he is listed as Samuel Nolan, alias William Jones alias Ned Randdel. [2]

This short history has been compiled mostly from newspaper articles and Police Gazettes.

Edward "Ned" Randall (Randal, Randle) alias William Jones

New South Wales

In February 1859 Edward Randall placed advertisements in the Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser offering a two pound reward for the return of a lost horse. He gave his address as Wee Waa. The advertisements says the horse was lost from "Tabula Station, Namoi River".

"Tabula" seems to be incorrect and probably refers to Talluba Station which was a large grazing property on the Namoi River near Wee Waa owned by the Dangar family. (In Australia, a station is a large landholding used for producing livestock, predominantly cattle or sheep, that need an extensive range of grazing land.)

Wee Waa [12] is a small town in north-west New South Wales 41 km from the larger town of Narrabri.

Left: Copied from the New South Wales Police Gazette No. 72, Thursday, 8 September 1859.

The reference to the "Balooue River" is a bit obscure as there does not seem to be such a river. It could be the Baloone River which extends from the border of New South Wales and Queensland north-east past the town of Surat [13] in south-west Queensland.

There are later newspaper reports of Edward Randall being in the area around Surat. (The phrase "a native of the colony" was used to indicate that someone was born in the colony and does not mean that they were an original indigenous inhabitant.)

Thomas G. Dangar, Esq., J.P., had an interest in and managed the Talluba Station and other large grazing properties along the Namoi River. He was also the local magistrate and later elected to the New South Wales Parliament. [3] [4]

Capture and Escape, Surat, Queensland

The next report of "Randal" appears four years later in The Courier (Brisbane, Qld.), 29 December 1863 in an article dated December 12 from Surat:

We are blessed with a first-rate police force, skilful in capturing offenders, but unable to keep them when caught. This does not refer to Constable Francis, who brought in, single handed, from near the Warrego, a distance of 200 miles, a Maitland native named Randal, described as active and daring, charged with horse stealing, &c.

He lodged his prisoner in the lock-up, but the man in charge allowed him to escape in his shirt one moonlight night about half-past ten. The chief was on escort duty at the time, and it is supposed the prisoner was assisted from without.

In the article above "near the Warrego" may refer to the Warrego River west of Surat but could also mean the general geographical area known as the Warrego. "The chief" was Chief Constable William Cook Rogers who was appointed in 1862 to the new police station at Surat. [5]

A further article dated 4 February 1864 about the capture of Edward Randal appeared in The North Australian (Brisbane, Qld.), 27 February 1864, PROVINCIAL NEWS. SURAT.

A series of robberies have been lately committed in and around this neighborhood, by a fellow named Edward Randal, a native of New South Wales. He had succeeded in evading the police for some months past, but finally Constable Francis got upon his track and followed him over 320 miles, when he succeeded in overtaking and arresting him. He had one of the stolen horses in his possession.

The prisoner made a desperate attempt to escape custody, striking the constable a severe blow on the forehead with a stone which he held in his hand. The constable, however, proved the better man, and knocked the prisoner down, and finally persuaded him by physical suasion to revisit the late scene of his rascally operations, and trot back some 300 miles to the public boarding house of Surat.

He was bought up next morning before the Police Court, and sentenced to twelve months imprisonment for the assault, at the expiration of which period he will be tried on the several charges which may be brought against him.

The newspapers credit Constable Francis with tracking down Edward, but Constable Francis could not have done this without the indigenous Native Mounted Police stationed at Surat. [6]

Left: Copied from The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Saturday 3 December 1864 Page 5.

The Courier newspaper correspondent "Will Weasle" describes notices placed on gum trees on the Warrego River, including this one from Ned Randal.

Ned's reference to the lock-up keeper at Surat seems to indicate that he may have placed this on the gum trees after he escaped from the lock-up in Surat.

"N. R." and "H.S.D.P.W.X." was probably a jibe at W. S. E. M. Charters who was in charge of the Maranoa Patrol. Surat was in the government defined district of Maranoa. (Charters was later Gold Commissioner in Charters Tower in North Queensland and the town is named after him.)

Charters' full rank and name was Lieutenant William Skelton Ewbank Melbourne Charters. The Maranoa Patrol was stationed at the Bramston Barracks on the Balonne River. The unit was formed in 1861 to police the newly created New South Wales/Queensland border, recover stolen horses and arrest horse thieves and felons on the run. In 1861 Charters wrote that the Aborigines notify horse thieves of his whereabouts. [7]

On the Run and Recapture

After Randal's escape from Surat, The Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1861 - 1864) Tue 22 Mar 1864 Page 2, reported that Edward Randal, Patrick Brady and John alias Johnny Gilbert were headed towards Peak Downs in northern Queensland. Randal and Brady were both said to be "a native of Maitland". Randal's description was given as:

Edward Randal, 25; height, 5 ft. 8 in., complexion, fair; hair, light brown; whiskers, small; mouth, small and sunken; quite spoken; native of Maitland - slight made.
Both Brady and Randal are first rate horsemen. Randal very fast runner, and wears ordinary bush dress.

There were rumours at the time that the notorious New South Wales bushranger Johnny Gilbert [8] was in Queensland, but these rumours were unfounded.

Randal now went by the name of William Jones and joined up with a man about his own age named John Anderson alias John Nelson. It was later reported that Jones and Nelson had been in Rockhampton before they moved 300 km south to Taroom [14] and stole a number of horses there around 10 July 1864.

Below is an article dated 25 July 1864 which appeared in the Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (Qld. : 1860 - 1947) Thu 4 Aug 1864 Page 2.

TAROOM
HORSE-STEALING AGAIN. - About the 12th inst. several inhabitants of this town, after having searched diligently for their horses without success, began to suspect that they had been stolen, more especially as two suspicious looking characters left here on Monday the 10th.

On 14th the Gayndah mailman arrived, and gave us information that he had met a mob of horses, all shod, driven by two men, answering the description of the horses missed (about fourteen head) and the suspected parties.

The sub-inspector, Mr. Coffey, started away at once. His horse, and also the lock-up keeper's, were both taken, in hopes of delaying the police in their pursuit; but they were baulked, as the squatters all along the road were most energetic in rendering Mr. Coffey every assistance that lay in their power as far as horseflesh was concerned.

On the morning of the 16th he found one horse, the property of Dr. Henning's, in possession of one James Harris, a publican at Dykehead, which had been purchased by Mr. Doherty, of Gayndah, and as the purchaser was not there, had great difficulty in getting Mr. Harris to deliver him. He then went on to Mundubbera, [15] where he apprehended on of the rascals, William Jones, who was drinking in the bar at Skelton's public-house, when Mr. Perkins, the barman refused to give up the horses he had purchased, and it was not until threatening to take him as well that the horses were given up.

After having fastened Jones securely to a horse, he proceeded at ten p.m. to Mount Debateable, [16] where he arrived at midnight, and apprehended the other, John Nelson, in Mr. Neil's hotel, - then chaining them together made them as comfortable as circumstances would admit, by stretching them out by a fire in the kitchen.

The next morning he drove them in front of him into Gayndah, where he lodged them in the lock-up for that night; next morning he brought them before the Gayndah Bench and had them remanded to Taroom, and started on his road back at once, having the assistance of a constable from Gayndah, and brought them to Taroom, where they are safely confined in the lock-up awaiting their trial, which will take place on Tuesday, the 2nd August.

Great credit is due to Mr. Coffey for his expertness in pursuing them, especially as he was entirely without assistance when he apprehended them. He recovered every horse, though with great difficulty, meeting with opposition from nearly all the publicans. The lock-up keeper's horse was not amongst the rest; they owned to having taken him, but lost him about twenty miles from here.

They said when they first arrived here that they came from Rockhampton, and there is little doubt but that they took some horses from there. One is a Dane, and the other a native, both young men.

They will, of course, be committed for trial, and it is to be hoped when they are brought before the Supreme Court that they will be justly rewarded for their villainy. This is the first attempt of wholesale horse-stealing in this district, and it is to be hoped that, should it occur again, they may be captured in a like manner.
Taroom, 25th July, 1864.

While goaled at Tarooma, Jones and Nelson were committed to stand trial in January 1865 at Toowoomba. On about 3 October 1864, along with another prisoner, they were escorted by three constables via Condamine en-route to Toowoomba Goal.

On Wednesday 5 October 1864 the constables and their prisoners camped for the night when they were about ninety miles from Toowoomba.

William Jones and John Nelson Escape

Below is an article dated 13 October 1864 which appeared in The Toowoomba Chronicle and Queensland Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1875) Thu 20 Oct 1864 Page 3 DALBY.

ESCAPE OF PRISONERS FROM THE CONDAMINE CONSTABLES.
On Thursady last two prisoners, named Jones and Nelson, while being conveyed, via Condamine, from Taroom to Toowoomba, on a serious charge of horsestealing, managed to escape, and up to this time, as far as is known, are still at large.

The particulars of this awkward affair are as follow:-
On the day preceding (Wednsday), three constables, Connell, Bulger, and Callaghan, arrived with their prisoners, and camped for the night about fourteen miles west of the Bogan, or forty miles from Dalby. On the following morning one of the constables (Connell) started to catch the horses, that they might continue their route, leaving the other two constables in charge of three prisoners, all of whom seemed up to that time to be securely and safely in custody, chained to the dray, and handcuffed.

Upon Connell's return with the horses, he was both surprised and alarmed at having a pistol levelled at his head by one of his late prisoners, followed by a command to stay where he was with the horses at the peril of his life.

Glancing on the changed scene of the last night's bivouac, he saw his two mates, Bulger and Callaghan, comfortably handcuffed and chained to the dray in place of Jones and Nelson, while the two latter were at complete liberty and fully armed with the pistols of their late custodians. The third prisoner was loose, but unarmed, and a passive spectator of the whole scene.

Jones and Nelson now proceeded to take possession of the horses, saddled them, and prepared to escape into the wild bush. But before doing so, they bailed up an unfortunate traveller who happened to be passing, and easing him of his stock of flour and other necessaries, packed them on one of the horses.

They had previously searched the constables, and taken away all the ammunition,. together with the key of the handcuffs, to prevent the constables from obtaining their release too quickly. Having coolly made all their preparations, they mounted, bid the prisoner-constables "cheer up" and stating that the constables might stand a chance of getting their horses again, as they intended to get better at the next station, galloped into the bush. The third prisoner chose to remain with the constables.

As soon as the ill-starred constables could be released, one started to Condamine to report his ill-luck, while the other took re-charge of his voluntary prisoner to convey him to Dalby. Connell started to carry the news to Dalby, where he arrived at midnight, having footed it all the way.

Upon receiving the information, Sub-Inspector Apjohn and constables O'Hara and Hanrahan set out in search of the escapees; but although they patrolled the whole district, visiting Warrego, Halliford, Cecil Plains, Dunmore, &c., travelling more than 170 miles, they returned on Monday night quite unsuccessful; no tidings of the delinquents having been obtained.

As to how the prisoners could have managed to get at liberty, of course, no one can tell. Those who should have kept them prisoners, know nothing at all about it; but I must be permitted to say that I rather doubt the fact. The arms, &c., appear to have been placed at the feet of the prisoners, under the dray, and they only had to slip one hand in order to reach them.

If this event has been the result of unforeseen accident I trust the constables will be able to make it appear; but I simply believe that our economical police authorities are more to blame than either the prisoners or the constables.

While they seek to obtain constables at labourers' wages, and absolutely force old experienced officers to resign, in order that they may save sixpence a day, who can wonder if inexperienced men are the victims of artful "old chum" delinquents; or if men, engaging at a low rate of pay, make up the deficiency by looking after their own interest in a pecuniary point of view, and let their prisoners escape for a consideration.
October 13, 1864.


Note: "the Bogan" in the above article should be "the Kogan". Bogan is a river/locality in New South Wales whereas the village of Kogan is close to where Jones and Nelson escaped. Other newspaper articles refer to "the Kogan".

An Inquiry into the actions of the three Constables; Callaghan, Connell and Bulger was held at Condamine the next month. Constable John Connell and Constable James Callaghan were dismissed from the police force on 29 November 1864. [9] It was reported in June 1865 that Constable Bulger died from "mortification and shame". [10]

Jones and Nelson Captured; Nelson Escapes then Captured Again

Jones and Nelson remained on the run and eluded the police for six months. The following is taken from the Queensland Police Gazette, 11 January 1865, page 3.




















Note: "Wambo" is also referred to as "Wombo". Wambo was surveyed as a town on the junction of the Wambo Creek and Condamine River but never developed. Mail was first delivered by horseback, and later by vehicle from Dalby to Condamine and back again once a week and the mailman stayed overnight at Wambo. It seems Wambo consisted only of an inn and it no longer appears on maps. [11] [12]

The following has been summarised mainly from the Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1908) Sat 27 May 1865.

Jones was captured at Springsure (about 290 miles north-west of Condamine) by Constable Keating of the Peak Downs police in May 1865. Jones was taken to the Condamine lock-up. A hand-cuff key was found in the waist band of his trousers when Sub-Inspector Elliot insisted Jones change his clothes . Jones was then placed in irons.

Around the same time Nelson was caught in the Upper Maranoa, somewhere near Roma and the Roma constables escorted him towards Condamine. They camped overnight at Moraby, about 20 miles west of Condamine on Sunday 14 May. Nelson was hand-cuffed, chained and secured to a tree. Next morning when the constables awoke, Nelson, the chains and hand-cuffs were gone.

The constables went on to Condamine and a search party was formed to look for Nelson. He was captured after night-fall on Wednesday at Wambo and brought back to Condamine that night when the moon had risen.

The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Sat 17 Jun 1865 in a further account of their capture argues: Both Jones and Nelson are notorious characters.

Randal alias Jones in Condamine Court

Jones was examined by the Police Magistrate in Condamine Court and the following is taken from The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Sat 17 Jun 1865 Page 4 CONDAMINE.
The only case of any great importance was the examination of a man named Jones, who escaped from the custody of three of the Condamine police.

It appeared from the evidence given rather reluctantly by ex-constables Connolly and Callaghan, that themselves and Constable Bolger (who has since died from mortification and shame) were escorting the prisoners to Dalby; when camped at a place called the Sixteen-mile Creek, being that distance on the Dalby side of Wamba, Connolly went in serach of the horses, leaving the others in charge. In his absence, Bolger also left to make enquiries of a man who was passing some distance off.

The prisoners took advantage of this conduct, and managed to get loose, obtain possession of the firearms, i.e., two old rusty pistols, and to fasten Callaghan in their place on the chain. On his (Bolger's) arriving at the dray, the prisoner Jones coolly presented the pair of Government pistols at his head, and requested him to take his place alongside of Callaghan.

When Connolly arrived shortly afterwards with the horses, he was told to dismount, and keep his comrades company, which request, although he stated in his evidence he was not at all frightened, he complied with.

Two of them, Jones and Nelson, then decamped, taking three horses, saddles, and bridles together with all the spare cash and valuables (not forgetting the pistols) that the constables had in their possession.

The prisoner, in his defence, stated that if the constables had attended to their duty, as well as Constable Keating, he would not have stood there charged with so serious an offence.

He was fully committed to take trial at the Toowoomba assizes on two distinct charges - one for escaping from custody, and the other for robbery under arms.

Our Queensland bushrangers' career seems to have been nipped in the bud, thanks to the exertion shown by the police.

Note: "Bulger" is incorrectly written as "Bolger" in the above article. Bulger died at Condamine on 25 January 1865. [13]

The above is a slightly different account of the escape of Jones and Nelson.

Anderson alias Nelson in Condamine Court

The following is from the Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1908) Sat 24 Jun 1865 Page 3 CONDAMINE.
CAPTURE AND EXAMINATION OF NELSON.
On Monday, June12, whilst the Police Magistrate and other officials where arranging the usual red-tapery of the late court, the Roma constables arrived, escorting a man suspected to be Nelson, the mate of Randal, at the time of the escape from the Kogan.

The Police Magistrate accordingly made arrangements for hearing the case: and upon comparing the prisoner with the description in the Gazette, he was found to answer to it in every particular: but upon the witnesses being confronted with the man, one (Connell) did not think he was the man; - another was in doubt about it: and only one witness, after some delay, could or would venture to swear that the prisoner was Nelson.

Under these circumstances, he was remanded for eight days, to allow the time for the attendance of Sub-Inspector Coffey from Taroom. Should Coffey have his doubts, the prisoner will have the benefit of them and be discharged.

It certainly seems a singular coincidence if there be two men, both particularly distinguished by peculiar marks on different parts of the person, and both to correspond: both to be of the same height, both of the same country: both of similar features; - in fact, the very double of each other.

For present he shares the prison of his supposed mate, Randal.

Toowoomba Assizes: Randle Sentenced, Anderson Pleads Not Guilty

It seems Anderson (alias Nelson) was later identified by Sub-Inspector Coffey. Edward Randall and John Anderson were taken to Toowoomba and imprisoned in Towoomba Goal on 12 July 1865 to wait trial.

The following is from The Darling Downs Gazette and General Advertiser (Toowoomba, Qld. : 1858 - 1880) Wed 26 Jul 1865 Page 3 TOOWOOMBA ASSIZES. SATURDAY, JULY 22ND.
Edward Randle, alias Jones, and John Anderson, alias Nelson, were charged with robbery under arms, and escaping from the police.

The Attorney-General said that the prisoners where most desperate characters, and previous to their escaping from the police, he had found a true bill against them for horse-stealing, on which charge they would be tried.

Prisoners were then indicted for having, on 11th July, 1864, at Taroom, stolen three geldings, the property of one, Ludwig Koenig; a second count charged prisoners with receiving the same knowing them to have been stolen.

Prisoners were then further charged with stealing three geldings, the property of W. H. Hennings; and, also, for stealing one gelding, the property of William Mekin.

Edward Randle, alias William Jones, pleaded guilty to each charge.

John Anderson, alias Nelson, pleaded not guilty.

The Attorney-General then prayed the judgement of the Court on Edward Randle, alias Jones.

His Honor, in sentencing prisoner, trusted that his pleading guilty was some evident sign of contrition. It was a case, however, in which he would make a severe example. His Honor then sentenced prisoner to be kept to hard labour on the roads or public works of the colony for seven years.

The Attorney-General then applied for the remand of the other prisoner, John Anderson, alias Nelson, to Brisbane; and that he be committed to take his trial at the next assize at Toowoomba. The prisoner was a most desperate character, and at once had escaped from the police.

Remanded accordingly.

Randal Attempts Escape From Toowoomba Goal

The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Sat 18 Nov 1865 Page 5, reported that several prisoners attempted an unsuccessful escape from Toowoomba Goal, including Randal. The ringleaders were lashed and Randal and another were sentenced to three weeks solitary confinement on a diet of bread and water.

Jury Finds Nelson Not Guilty

The following is from The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Mon 15 Jan 1866 Page 3 TOOWOOMBA ASSIZES. FRIDAY JANUARY 12.
HORSE STEALING
John Nelson was placed at the bar on three separate informations charging him with horse stealing. Prisoner pleaded not guilty.

MR. GORE JONES said he was not in a position to offer any evidence, the prisoner having stated from the first that he was a servant of a man named Jones, and who had been convicted.

The jury found the prisoner not guilty on each charge.

Luck seems to have been on Nelson's side. The Attorney-General who prosecuted the case against him on 22 July 1865 was not present this time and Mr. J. G. Jones prosecuted. [14] [15] It may have been that in the absence of the Attorney-General the evidence against Nelson was not prepared or went astray. Nelson's defence that he he was employed (servant) by Jones to take the horses, might seem a bit dubious. However, Mr. Gore Jones, the Crown Prosecutor, observed that according to the evidence taken, the accused stated, in the presence of a man named William Jones that he was Jones' servant, which Jones did not deny.... [16]

Aftermath

Edward Randall would have been due for release from goal around May 1872 (seven years after his capture at Springsure), although no further records or reports of him have been found. However there is a record of a William Jones released from Toowoomba Goal on 14 February 1871.

Sources

  • The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW : 1843 - 1893) Thu 24 Feb 1859 Page 1 Column 2 TWO POUNDS REWARD [17]
  • New South Wales Police Gazette No. 72, Thursday, 8 September 1859. REPORTS OF CRIME, WEE WAA.
  • The Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1861 - 1864) Tue 29 Dec 1863 Page 2 SURAT. Randal escapes from Surat lock-up. [18]
  • The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Sat 3 Dec 1864 Page 5 UPPER WARREGO. Ned Randal [19]
  • The North Australian (Brisbane, Qld. : 1863 - 1865) Sat 27 Feb 1864 Page 3 PROVINCIAL NEWS. SURAT Edward Randall re-captured. [20]
  • Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1908) Tue 27 Jun 1865 Page 4 CONDAMINE. Randal escapes from police at the Kogan. [21]
  • The Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1861 - 1864) Tue 22 Mar 1864 Page 2 ROCKHAMPTON. Edward Randal heading for Peak Downs with Johnny Gilbert and Patrick Brady. [22]
  • Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser (Qld. : 1860 - 1947) Thu 4 Aug 1864 Page 2 TAROOM. William Jones and John Nelson captured. [23]
  • The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Sat 6 Aug 1864 Page 6 TAROOM. William Jones and John Nelson captured (with few more minor details). [24]
  • The Darling Downs Gazette and General Advertiser (Toowoomba, Qld. : 1858 - 1880) Thu 13 Oct 1864 Page 4 NORTHERN DISTRICTS. Jones and Nelson committed to stand trial at Toowoomba, January 1865. [25]
  • The Toowoomba Chronicle and Queensland Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1875) Thu 20 Oct 1864 Page 3 DALBY. Jones and Nelson escape. [26]
  • Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1908) Sat 15 Oct 1864 Page 3 DALBY. Jones and Nelson escape (with a few more minor details). [27]
  • The North Australian (Brisbane, Qld. : 1863 - 1865) Tue 25 Oct 1864 Page 3 DALBY. Jones and Nelson escape (with more details). [28]
  • The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Sat 26 Nov 1864 Page 5 CONDAMINE. Inquiry held into the conduct of Constables Callaghan, Connell and Bulger. [29]
  • Queensland Police Gazette, Vol II, Page 3, 11 January 1865.
  • Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1908) Sat 27 May 1865 Page 4 CONDAMINE. (Written 20 May 1865). Nelson and Jones captured. Nelson escapes and is recaptured. [30]
  • The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Sat 17 Jun 1865 Page 7, end of page. A further account of Jones and Nelson being brought to Condamine. [31]
  • The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Sat 17 Jun 1865 Page 4 CONDAMINE. Jones in Condamine Court. [32]
  • Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1908) Sat 24 Jun 1865 Page 3 CONDAMINE. Nelson in court. [33]
  • The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Sat 24 Jun 1865 Page 7 CONDAMINE. Nelson brought to Condamine Court. [34]
  • Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1908) Tue 27 Jun 1865 Page 4 CONDAMINE. Randal in Condamine Police Court [35]
  • The Toowoomba Chronicle and Queensland Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1875) Thu 20 Jul 1865 Page 2 THE CALENDAR. Edward Randall and John Anderson imprisoned in Toowoomba Goal, July 12 [36]
  • The Darling Downs Gazette and General Advertiser (Toowoomba, Qld. : 1858 - 1880) Wed 26 Jul 1865 Page 3 TOOWOOMBA ASSIZES. Edward Randle and John Anderson plead. [37]
  • The Toowoomba Chronicle and Queensland Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1875) Thu 27 Jul 1865 Page 3 Toomoomba. Sentenced [38]
  • The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Sat 18 Nov 1865 Page 5 Middle of last column WEEKLY EPITOME. Randal attempting to escape Toowoomba Goal. [39]
  • The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Mon 15 Jan 1866 Page 3 Column 4 TOOWOOMBA ASSIZES. John Nelson found not guilty. [40]


References

  1. Bushrangers in the Australian Dictionary of Biography by Jane Wilson. [1]
  2. Queensland Government, State Archives, Depositions and indictments, NOLAN, Samuel (aka JONES, William; RANDELL, Ned) 17/7/1865 Series ID: 7403
  3. Australian Dictionary of Biography, Obituary, Dangar, Thomas Gordon (Tom) (1829–1890). [2]
  4. Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875) Fri 3 Oct 1856 Page 6 WEE WAA. [3]
  5. The North Australian, Ipswich and General Advertiser (Ipswich, Qld. : 1856 - 1862) Tue 28 Jan 1862 Page 3 NOTES AND NEWS. [4]
  6. "The Queensland Native Mounted Police". Sergeant A Whittington. Royal Historical Society of Queensland Journal 7, 3 (1964): Pages 508-520
  7. "Indexes to correspondence relating to Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in the records of the Colonial Secretary’s Office and the Home Secretary’s Office, 1887-1896" www.slq.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/82169/COL_SEC_1859_to_1866.pdf, Page 16
  8. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Gilbert, John (Johnny) (1843-1865) by Edgar F. Penzig [5]
  9. Queensland Police Gazette Vol I 7 December 1864 page 24
  10. The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Sat 17 Jun 1865 Page 4 CONDAMINE.
  11. The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) Sat 17 Mar 1866 Page 7 A TRIP TO ROMA. [6]
  12. The Moreton Bay Courier (Brisbane, Qld. : 1846 - 1861) Sat 18 Aug 1860 Page 4 Classified Advertising, Conveyance of Mails [7]
  13. The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Sat 11 Feb 1865 Page 5 CONDAMINE. Death of Constable Bulger [8]
  14. Dalby Herald and Western Queensland Advertiser (Qld. : 1866 - 1879) Thu 11 Jan 1866 Page 2 TOOWOOMBA ASSIZES. [9]
  15. The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Thu 11 Jan 1866 Page 2 TELEGRAPHIC. [10]
  16. The Toowoomba Chronicle and Queensland Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1875) Thu 18 Jan 1866 Page 2 [11]

Research Notes

  • Queensland Government, Open data Portal. Prisoners discharged, Toowoomba 1869-1879. William JONES 1871-02-14 [41]
  • Link to a photograph of Homestead at Kinnoul Station, Taroom district, ca. 1864. State Library of Queensland. [42]
  • Link to a photograph of the town of Taroom, Queensland 1895, Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia [43]
  • Toowoomba Goal was demolished in 1903, and the Toowoomba Historical Society have advised that there are no known photographs of the goal.




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