Company of Frenchmen: The Acadian Contingent

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Fort Beauséjour (renamed Fort Cumberland) as seen from Fort Edward. Detail of a 1754 map by Charles Husband Collins.

Eighteen young Acadians and one man from Nouvelle-France [1] participated in the American Revolutionary War as soldiers during The Siege of Fort Cumberland in 1776. They were known as The Company of Frenchmen. The attack on this fort was the first part of a plan to make Nova Scotia the 14th American Colony. They shared many common experiences which shaped their childhood. Their early years were marked by instability. Repeated British military campaigns forced many Acadian families to flee their homes and ultimately resulted in the Great Expulsion of the Acadians (Le Grand Dérangement). Fleeing British soldiers, they sought refuge at Camp d'Espérance on the Miramichi between 1756 and 1760. The majority of them, and/or their families, were listed among the prisoners at Fort Cumberland in 1763 (formerly Fort Beauséjour), a fort that they would try to capture thirteen years later.

A short description of the 19 recruits of the Company of Frenchmen is included in Stephen White’s article “The Company of Frenchmen in the County of Cumberland, Province of Nova Scotia.”

Discover your possible connections to these men by clicking here. Select the My Connections box on the top right. If you are related, you'll get a list of ancestors and cousins as well as other connections and the degrees of separation for each.

NAME BIRTH 1755 1756-1760 1760 Census 1761 Census 1763 Settlement
Benjamin Allain 1759 Acadie Restigouche Caraquet Fort Cumberland Bouctouche
Joseph Bastarache 1754 Acadie Tintamarre Camp d'Espérance Miramichi Fort Cumberland
Isaïe Boudrot 1745 Annapolis Royal Aboard the Pembroke then to Sainte-Anne-des-Pays-Bas Camp d'Espérance Restigouche His parents and siblings at Fort Cumberland
Joseph Boudrot 1756 Acadie Camp d’Espérance? Fort Cumberland Barachois
Michel Bourg c1750 Beaubassin Pré-des-Bourgs Camp d'Espérance Fort Cumberland Miquelon, Cocagne, Menoudie, Cap-Pelé
Pierre Caissie 1741 Beaubassin Aulac Camp d'Espérance Fort Cumberland Richibouctou-Village
Jean DesRoches c1754 Malpèque Bouctouche
Mathurin DesRoches c1754 Malpèque Rustico
Louis Doiron c1739 Menoudie Aulac Fort Cumberland Napanne, Memramcook, Tracadie
Jean Gaudet c1757 Acadie Camp d'Espérance Miramichi Fort Cumberland Memramcook
Joseph Gaudet c1756 Location Unknown Camp d'Espérance Restigouche Miramichi Fort Cumberland
Mathurin Gaudet c1755 Acadie Memramcook Camp d'Espérance Miramichi Fort Cumberland Pisiguit, Memramcook
Michel Gauvin 1759 Saint-Roch-des-Aulnaies, Nouvelle-France
Paul LeBlanc c1760 Location Unknown Fort Cumberland Jolicoeur, Village des LeBlanc, Cap-Pelé
Pierre LeBlanc c1751 Pisiguit Deported to Massachusetts Massachusetts St-Pierre et Miquelon, Memramcook
Joseph Léger 1753 Petitcoudiac Petitcoudiac Camp d'Espérance Caraquet Fort Cumberland
Charles Maillet c1757 Unknown, possibly Memramcook Camp d’Espérance Fort Cumberland Memramcook
Jean Baptiste Maillet 1753 Petitcoudiac Memramcook Camp d’Espérance Fort Cumberland Richibouctou-Village
Joseph Isaac Thibodeau 1759 Massachusetts Massachusetts Memramcook


  1. Michel Gauvin is strictly speaking not an Acadian, but he and his brother Louis-Jérôme are the ancestors of the Gauvins in southeastern New Brunswick

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Thank you for this information I seem to be connected to all of them.
posted by Leslie (Oyler) Shapiro
edited by Leslie (Oyler) Shapiro