The Earls of Egmont

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Date: 20 Jul 2018 [unknown]
Location: Englandmap
Surname/tag: Egmont
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A collection of Notes about the Earls of Egmont, relevant to my study about Mt Taranaki, its other name of course being Mt Egmont. I asked for some advice in the G2G, and was very pleased with the results.

Info from Wikipedia

Captain Cook named it Mount Egmont on 11 January 1770 after John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont, a former First Lord of the Admiralty


  1. Need to add him.
  2. Lord Perceval died 4 December 1770 at Pall Mall, London, aged 59. (Mountain named after him)
  3. John James Perceval, 3rd Earl of Egmont (23 January 1738 – 25 February 1822), styled Viscount Perceval from 1748 to 1770, was a British politician.[1][1] Baron Lovel and Holland,
  4. John Perceval, 4th Earl of Egmont (13 August 1767 – 31 December 1835), Viscount Perceval
  5. Henry Frederick Joseph James Perceval, 5th Earl of Egmont (3 January 1796 – 23 December 1841), styled Viscount Perceval from 1822 to 1835, was a British peer and politician. An alcoholic from an early age,
  6. He left the country for Portugal in 1840; after the death of Mrs. Cleese, he returned to England and died in 1841.[3] He was succeeded by his half-first cousin once removed, the 3rd Baron Arden.[1]
  7. Thomas Perceval, 12th Earl of Egmont (1934–2011) there was no one left (apparently) with a direct male line only descent from the first earl and the title became extinct.[1]

Question : How does a line of Earls become Extinct

After about 1300-1400 in England titles were mostly granted to lawful heirs male of the body of the grantee.

"Of the body" means descendants only. The title can go from the 15th earl to a very distant cousin, so long as the distant cousin is a direct descendant of the 1st earl, the original grantee. But it doesn't go out through the brothers and cousins of the 1st earl. It becomes extinct when the 1st earl runs out of direct descendants. (The alternative, found in Scotland, is "heirs male whatsoever", which means you can go back to the grantee's father's descendants, grandfather's descendants etc)

"Heirs male" means all-male lines only. The tree is pruned at daughters. Likewise "lawful" means all-legitimate lines only. Legitimate sons of daughters and bastards don't get a look-in.

Often this meant that the property descended through a daughter or sister and the empty title went to some cousin without the estates.

Joe Cochoit Succession of a title depends on the terms under which the title was created by letters patent. The rules can be different for different titles. The earl of Egmont was created by letters patent in 1733 with the stipulation that it be inherited by the male heirs of John Perceval, 1st Earl of Egmont. When Thomas Perceval, 12th Earl of Egmont (1934–2011) died in 2011 there was no one left (apparently) with a direct male line only descent from the first earl and the title became extinct. So, in this particular case the title could not be passed through a daughter; this is not true of every title

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Earl of Egmont
Earl of Egmont

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