The Early North American Loper Family

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The Early North American Loper Family

By Randolph R Beebe, © Aug 2020

UNDER CONSTRUCTION Latest revision 6 Oct 2020

The genealogy of the North American Loper family is plagued by a greater than normal number of data conflicts, generational gaps, inaccurate genealogical lore, and a general absence of reliable source material. The underlying root cause for the uncertainty in the early Loper family is that an early, systematic, and comprehensive family genealogy was never published for the family, hence the collective memory of the family that would have been readily available at the turn of the nineteenth to twentieth century has been erased by the lack of written documentation and the ravages of time. Hence, the task of gathering and analyzing the confusing multi-generational tangle of Loper family information exceeds the capacity to do so on a single Wikitree profile page, and consequently this data collection and analysis page was created to take a broader look for the early history of the Loper family and to see what family connections may be gleaned from a broader look at the genealogical data that actually does exist.

Abraham Loper

The underlying motivation for undertaking this study was a desire to make the connection between my fifth great grandfather, Abraham Loper of Crawford County, Pennsylvania to his parents and family. The 1860 census record of his daughter Lovina (Loper) Seely reports that she was born in New Jersey about 1792 (though it should be noted the 1850 census says she was born in PA), Abraham's Crawford Co., PA pension record establishes that it was he who served in the New Jersey militia during the revolution, and the 1777 marriage of Abraham Loper to Ann Clark at the Pittsgrove Baptist Church in Daretown, New Jersey cement the case that this Crawford, County Penn. family originated from Salem County, New Jersey. Furthermore, the Seely family which Lovina married into also has roots in the Salem / Cumberland County area of New Jersey. Unfortunately, repeated searches on Abraham Loper have failed to yield any source material linking Abraham Loper to his parents. Having exhausted the universe of known, internet-indexed, information sources for Abraham Loper of Salem County, New Jersey; the thought occurred that perhaps a study working from the search from opposite direction, that is to say from the original Loper immigrant to his New Jersey descendants, might yield enough clues to bridge the connection between Abraham and his father.

Summary of the following essay as it applies to Abraham Loper: The results of the study make it perfectly clear that Abraham Loper was a descendant of Arthur Loper Sr. Abraham was born in 1748, and thus possibly a grandson or great-grandson of Arthur. Having been born in 1748 he could have, by age analysis, been the child of any of Arthur's sons; the eldest David would have been 42 in 1748 and the youngest son Jonathan would have been 28. However, by birthdate analysis, it appears highly unlikely that Abraham was a great grandson of Arthur because Abraham's grandfather would have almost certainly been born prior to about 1704, but the birth date model for the children of Arthur, appearing elsewhere in this essay, suggests that all of Arthur's children were born after 1706. Thus it is nearly certain that Abraham Loper was a child one of the seven sons of Arthur, namely a son of David, Arthur Jr., Thurston, John, William, James, or Jonathan.

The pool of probable fathers of Abraham may be further narrowed as follows: first, because Abraham was known to be alive, but not mentioned in the wills of Arthur's sons William nor James, it may be deduced that neither James nor William were his father. Second, there is reasonable evidence that Arthur Loper Jr. returned to Long Island, NY (at least 25 years prior to Abrahams birth), raised his family there and died there; which eliminates Arthur Loper Jr. as the father of Abraham. Thirdly, there is not a single indexed internet source document to be found to provide evidence that Thurston Loper survived after being mentioned in the 1720 will of his father, Arthur Loper Sr. Thurston is such an unusual name, that if such a record did exist it would almost certainly pop up in a search; therefore it is a reasonable deduction that Thurston Loper died shortly after the death of his father in 1720, and did not produce a family, thus eliminating him as a possible father of Abraham. That leaves three possible contenders to be the father of Abraham Loper; David, John, or Jonathan Loper.

As noted previously, no source evidence has been found which directly links Abraham to his parents, however there is circumstantial evidence which may be gleaned from the known source data and the following paragraphs examine this circumstantial evidence in a comparison of the three "father" candidates in an attempt to establish which of the three might be the best fit.

David Loper

In the early phases of this study, a solitary, post-Arthur Loper will, indexed record had been found for David Loper. This document is the 1727 conveyance of the Pilesgrove, New Jersey real estate of Arthur Loper to David through intermediaries xx and yy, hence the documentation vacuum tended to indicate that David, like Thurston, may not have survived long enough to be a father. However subsequent searches have yielded two additional primary records which affirm that David Loper was alive and well to at least until 1744, a date sufficiently close to Abraham's 1748 birth date to offer a high probability that David would have also been alive to be his father.

  • Circumstantial evidence supporting David as the father of Abraham:
  1. ) Abraham has a son named David, but no John nor Jonathan
    1. ) Unlinked Alpheus Loper had a son named Abraham
    2. ) Abraham named a son Daniel, suggesting Daniel was a brother.
    3. ) Both Abraham and Alpheus named a son James.
  2. ) Recently found documentation to affirm David Loper was living as late as 1744, this makes it reasonable to think that he would be alive in 1748 to be the father of Abraham.
  • Circumstantial evidence refuting David as the father of Abraham:
  1. ) David as the eldest child of Arthur, would have been about 46 when Abraham was born (may have had a second, younger wife?)
  2. ) Don't know when David died, he could have died prior to Abraham's 1748 birth date, but as he does not appear on the 1774 tax record and is known to have received land in 1727, he was almost certainly deceased by 1774.
  3. ) The only documentation link between David and Abraham is circumstantial, that is to say Abraham named a one of his sons David; however, it should also be noted that this singular piece of circumstantial evidence is the only link (as of Oct 2020) between Abraham and any of the three brothers.

John Loper:

  • Circumstantial evidence supporting John as the father of Abraham:
  1. ) 1774 New Jersey Tax records establish John Loper Sr. to be alive and to have had a son John Loper Jr. The tax record then establishes that John, son of Arthur, has married, fathered at least one son, and survived to 1774, all of which increases the probability that he may have had other children.
  2. ) The tabulation proximity on the tax records suggests that John Sr. was living adjacent to his son John jr;, brother, William; nephew, Wm Jr.; and brother, Jonathan probably all on the Homestead of his grandfather Arthur Sr. in 1774. It is known that David received the title to the homestead of his father Arthur Loper in 1727, but David does not appear in this 1774 tax record, thus exceedingly likely he was deceased.
  • Circumstantial evidence refuting John as the father of Abraham:
  1. ) There is no documentation linkage between John Loper Sr. and Abraham Loper has been found whatsoever.

Jonathan Loper:

  • Circumstantial evidence supporting Jonathan as the father of Abraham:
  1. ) As the youngest of the brothers, he would be a more probable candidate to be the father in 1748.
  • Circumstantial evidence refuting Jonathan as the father of Abraham::
  1. ) No documentation linkage between Jonathan Loper and Abraham has been found whatsoever.
  2. ) No evidence whatsoever has been found to indicate that Jonathan ever married or had children.

In assessing this information it seems that David was the most probable of the three to be the father of Abraham, followed by John, and least probable Jonathan, but the lack of firm evidence means there is only a small separation in these probabilities.

Arthur Loper Sr.

Arthur Loper Sr. was of the third generation of the Loper family in North America and having removed from East Hampton, Long Island, New York to Salem County, New Jersey, became the patriarch of the New Jersey branch of the family which persists in Southwestern New Jersey to this very day.

Arthur Loper Sr father of (from full transcription of the will of Arthur Loper Page 17 of Richard Sears Loper Genealogy :

  1. ) Full transcription of the Will of Arthur Loper Sr.: Last Will and Testament of Arthur Loper, 30 April 1720:
    1. ) In the name of God, Amen. I Author Lopper of the County of Salem and of the province of west new Jarsy in Amarica coppore {cooper}, Being Sick and weake of Body But of Sound and perfect mind and memory praised Be almighty God for Itt. Do make and ordaine this my present Last will & Testamanet In manner and form following that is to say, first and principally I Commend my sole Into the Hands of Almighty God Hoping through the merits Death and passion of my Saviour Jesus Christ to have full and free pardon and forgiveness of All my Sins and to Inherit Everlasting Life and my Body I Commit to the Earth to be Decently Buried at the Discretion of my Executor here after named; and as touching the Disposing of all Such Temporal Estate as It hath pleased Almighty God to Bestow upon me I give and Dispose thereof as followeth –
      1. ) First I will that my Debts and funeral Charges Shall be paid and Discharged.
      2. ) Item. I give unto my Eldest son David Lopper one Hundred Acors [acres] of Land when he shall attain to twenty one years of age to him and to his Heirs and Assignes for Ever more only I order him to pay unto my youngest son out of the hundred Accors of land when he my youngest son shall attain to the age of twenty one years the just sum of ten pounds Currant mony of this province my youngest sons name is Jonathan Lopper. {Editorial comment: this bequest clearly establishes that David, Arthur's eldest son had not yet reached the age of majority, thus establishing, with certainty, that David was born sometime after 30 April 1799.}
      3. ) Item. I unto my next Eldest son Author Lopper one Hundred accors of Land when he shall attain to the Age of twenty one years of age to him and to his heirs and Assignes for Ever more only I order him to pay unto my son John Lopper the Just Sum of ten pounds when he my said son John shall attain to twenty one years of age
      4. ) Item. I give unto my third son Thurston Lopper one Hundred accors of Land when he shall attaine to twenty one years of age to him and to his heirs and Assignes for Ever more only I order him to pay unto my son James Lopper the Just Sum of ten pounds when he my said son James shall attain to twenty one years of age Al[l] this land above to lieth in piles grove precinct for Salem County in west new Jarsy as above
      5. ) Item. I give unto my youngest {marked out in original} son William Lopper {Editorial comment: the document is creased here and his name is almost unreadable} ten pounds Currant money of this province when he shall attain to the age of twenty one years to be paid by Executor hereafafter named.
      6. ) Item. I give unto my Daughter Pheby Lopper the sum of fifteen pounds Currant money of the province to be paid by my Executor here after named when my Daughter shall attain to the age of Eighteen years of {age; the word was simply omitted} {Editorial Comment: it seems odd that Arthur would have bequeathed a portion to Phebe that was 50% greater than to his sons; especially at a time when females were completely ignored in the wills of their fathers. This implies that Arthur had some compelling reason to expect that Phebe would not be married and would need a greater inheritance to provider for her needs after his death; Phebe Loper attaches her signature to the will of her brother William in 1782 confirming this premonition became reality.}
      7. ) All the rest and residue of my personal Estate Goods and Chattels whatsoever I do give and bequeath unto my Dear and loving wife Patience Lopper full and Sole Executrix of this my last will and Testament. And I desire that my Body may be Descently [sic] Buried and I do hereby Revoke Disannul and make void all former wills and testaments by me heretofore made. In witness whereof I the said Author Lopper to this my Last will and testament have set my hand and Seale this last Day of Aprill for the years 1720
    2. ) And In presents of Arthur Loper [77]
      1. ) William J Paullin {Editorial: possibly a relative of the future wife, Rachel Pawling, of Arthur's son, William.}
      2. ) John (his D mark) Dickson
      3. ) Charles Crosthwayt
  2. ) Appraisement, 5 June 1720: Personal Estate Taken the fifth Day of June 1720. A long list of possessions valued at £136 13 shillings.

What is known of the family structure of the children of Arthur Loper is found in his 30 April 1720 last will and testament printed above. [1] In this document Arthur names each of his eight children; furthermore he provides sufficient information to establish a reasonable bound on the range of birth dates for his children, along with supplemental information to partially establish their correct birth order. It should be noted that this is the principal primary document from which the birth dates of his children are derived; the only other known primary document which provides supplemental birth date information is the land deed which transfers the title of land to his eldest son David in 1727. Until 2020, all secondary Loper genealogies had set the birth date of Arthur's oldest son David to have been about 1698 or so, based on the paraphrase of Arthur's will found in the Calendar of New Jersey Wills abstracts [2], published in 1901, which declares that all of Arthur's children, except David, were minors at the time the will was written. The abstract in the Calendar of New Jersey Wills also provides a sequential listing of the Arthur's children derived from his will and this sequence has generally been accepted as the birth order of his children. Most subsequent genealogies have then adopted this birth order and assigned an arbitrary two years spacing between the children anchored with David's 1699 birth date. So the family structure then appears as follows: David (1699), Arthur (1701), Thurston (1703), John (1705), James (1707), William (1709), Jonathan (1711), and Phebe (1713), though it may be noted that each genealogist liberally adjusted the birth order and birth dates to best fit whatever construct that particular genealogist was attempting to establish. There is one other primary document which provides additional information useful to establish the range of birth dates for Arthur's children and that is a Land deed in which Thomas Kelly transfers the title for the 300 acres of land he received from Arthur Loper in 1719, to Arthur Wiggins in 1724, and then Arthur Wiggins conveys the property to David Loper on 19 Oct 1727. The presumption is that Arthur Loper, in 1719 had perceived that his decease was imminent and acted to effectively place his land in a "trust" for his children by escrow by transferring the title to Thomas Kelley who then was to hold the property until his heirs reached the age of twenty one. The implication is, of course, that David Loper had just turned 21 when James Wiggins acting as an agent of Arthur Loper via Thomas Kelley transferred the title to David Loper in compliance with the legal obligations in Arthur's will. Therefore, it may be known that David Loper, cited as the oldest son in Arthur's will, was born sometime between 30 April 1799 and 19 Oct 1706 with the most probable date of his birth being sometime shortly before 19 Oct 1706. Therefore, based on the Arthur's will and the 1727 conveyance record, an alternate model for Arthur's family structure may be assembled as follows (note the date ranges assume a minimum of one year between the births of each of the children, and that Phebe's birth could have happened anywhere in the birth order; then for most probable birth date a birth spacing of two years is assumed):

  • Children of Arthur Loper and Patience Havens:
  1. ) David Loper, Eldest son, may have been born any time between 30 April 1699 and 19 Oct 1706 with the most probable date of his birth in 1706, which would make him 21 shortly before he received the title to his father's land on 19 Oct 1727 .
  2. ) Arthur Loper Jr., declared the second son of Arthur then would have had to have been born between 1700 and 1715 with a most probable birth date of 1708, a few years after David.
  3. ) Thurston Loper, declared third son in the will of Arthur, was born between 1701 and about 1716, with a most probable birth date of 1710.
  4. ) James Loper; sons James and John must then have been born between Thurston and William, but which was older may not be discerned from the will. Assuming James was the older of the two, then he would have been born between 1702 and 1717, with a most probable date of 1712.
  5. ) John Loper; sons James and John must then have been born between Thurston and William, but which was older may not be discerned from the will. Assuming James was the older of the two, then John would be the younger and (with Phebe inserted between) would have been born between 1703 and 1718, with a most probable date of 1713.
  6. ) William Loper, is inadvertently called the youngest son of Arthur in his will, but then this age descriptor is crossed out, which suggests that William had been the youngest son of Arthur when his will was first drafted, but then another son, Jonathan, was born around the time the will was finalized. Therefore, William was almost certainly the second to youngest son. hence the range of birth dates for William is between 1704 and 1719. Counting two years backward from the most probable birthdate for Jonathan (below), suggests a most probable birth date for William of 1718, however this date is bit too late to accommodate the probable 1736 birth date of his son John and suggests that William would have been born in 1715, which is possible and probable if and only if Phebe was born after William or was a twin to James, Accordingly the model
  7. ) Jonathan Loper, declared to be the youngest son of Arthur in his will, was then born between 1705 and 30 April 1720, with a most probable date of sometime close to the April 1720 date the will was written.
  8. ) Phebe Loper, Arthur's only daughter, was born sometime between 1700 and 30 April 1720. On 14 December 1791, her witness signature, Phebe Loper, appears on the will of her brother James, this at a time when females were generally held at arm's length from critical legal and financial documents; hence it may be reasonably inferred that James and Phebe held a powerful kindred bond suggesting that they were close in birth order or perhaps even twins. Analysis of the family data of brother William requires that Phebe's place in the birth order be after William was born in 1715 or to be a twin to James and born in 1712 in order to reasonably accommodate the birth dates of Wm's children. This means Phebe could not have been born adjacent to James and further supports the notion that James and Phebe were twins.
    1. ) As an interesting sidebar to this discussion it may be observed that the her cash inheritance is 50% larger than that of her brothers; this at a time when females were often ignored in a will, so the question is "Why"? Best Guess: for an unknown reason, Arthur perceived that his daughter was going to need extra provision to get through life, perhaps she was born with some type of birth defect which would make it unlikely that she would ever be married and this premonition of her father seems to have come to pass as he anticipated, because her signature, Phebe Loper, on her brother's 1791 will infers she was unmarried. {The assertion that the witness signature is James sister is highly probable as there are are no other known Phebe Lopers available, and viable, at this time and place, to offer this witness endorsement.}

This analysis sets the birth dates of Arthur's children to be about seven years later than previously understood and has the following implications: 1) Arthur likely did not marry Patience until about 1705, 2) son James would have turned 21 in 1733, and thus it might be expected that he first become a father about 1735, a reasonably good fit to the known data; 3) William's birth data has been adjusted in the model to be 1715 in order to accommodate age of majority fatherhood in 1736 and 4) finally the model requires that Phebe either be a twin to James born in 1712 or be born after William in about 1717 in order to fit all known data.

The 1710 New York - New Jersey Loper Family branching

By the Second Generation, James (Jacobus) Loper had established East Hampton, Long Island as the homestead and base of operations for his seafaring whaling and import-export trading business, enterprises which clearly kept him away from his family for extended periods of time. The records note that at one point in 1685 his wife, Elizabeth Howell, an heir to the rich and powerful Gardiner and Howell families, sued for divorce, perhaps as a result of his extended absence, or perhaps for more nefarious reasons; in any case, it seems the rift was resolved as James and Elizabeth appear together on documents in Boston, Massaschusetts in 1691. In any a case it appears the children

Primary Records

Vital Records

NJ Tax Records

The following image is a screenshot of a spreadsheet that was created to collect, and collate the late 1700's New Jersey tax data for the southern New Jersey counties to aid in the data analysis and to evaluate whether there may be patterns in the data which might provide some hints regarding child to parent relationships for Arthur Loper's sons and Grandsons. First a note on the data and nomenclature: the raw data was collected from indexed tax records on; the entries in the spreadsheet cells are the township names where the tax originated and the township name is followed by a page number from the individual tax record (this page number is this only parameter provided to differentiate between multiple properties.) The 1776 map shows County boundaries have changed significantly. 1849 map of Townships in Salem and Gloucester County NJ 1862 township map of Cumberland County, NJ 1867 Cumberland 1776 map of NJ 1776 New England with NJ

List of Townships by county

  1. ) Salem County
    1. ) Mannington
    2. ) Upper Alloway Cr
  2. ) Cumberland County:
    1. ) Pittsgrove (was Cumberland Now Salem)
    2. ) Hopewell Cumberland
    3. ) Upper Fairfield, Cumberland
    4. ) Stow Creek Cumberland
    5. ) Deerfield Cumberland
  3. ) Gloucester County
    1. ) Woolrich,
    2. ) Deptford (was in Gloucester Co., now in Camden, Co.)
  4. ) Morris County
    1. ) Hannover,
Collation of New Jersey Loper Family Tax Records.

Observations drawn from the Loper family New Jersey Tax Records:

  1. ) The tax records from the year 1774 provide the greatest insight into the structure of the Loper family in Salem/Cumberland county New Jersey, because 1774 has the largest number of concurrently living Lopers, and the tax roll includes a number of the sons of Arthur Loper.
  2. ) A key mystery in this set of records is the identity of John Loper Sr. and John Loper Jr. in Mannington Township in 1774. There are two John Loper identities who could be the John Loper Sr. of this tax record; the first is John Loper, son of Arthur born circa 1711 and the second is John Loper, son of William born circa 1731, The father-son coupling by the Sr. - Jr. designation, provides additional information affirming that this John Sr had a son also named John, unfortunately as of Sept 2020, no documentation has been found to affirm either candidate John Loper had a son John. Analysis of the two candidate John Loper identities to be John Sr. in this 1774 tax record:
    1. ) John Loper, son of Arthur. Born about 1711.
      1. ) Factors for:
        1. ) This John Loper was born about 1711, could have had a son as early as 1732, thus in 1774, this John Sr. would have been 63, and his son John Jr. could have been been anywhere between 21 and 42. Good age fit to the time constraints.
      2. ) Factors against:
        1. ) IF this 1774 tax record is indeed for John, son of Arthur, then it is the only known document to affirm John Loper, son of Arthur survived to adulthood and had children, viz the John Lope Jr. of the 1774 tax record.
    2. ) John Loper, son of William Loper Sr. Born about 1731.
      1. ) Factors for:
        1. ) The 1782 will of his father William Loper Sr. establishes in absolute terms that this John Loper was alive in 1782; he was Wm's son so had a reason to live near Wm Sr. in 1774, and he had children by 1782.
      2. ) Factors against:
        1. ) This John Loper was born about 1731, and could have had a son as early as 1752; but church records show that it is likely he was not married until 1757. If this was a first marriage, then the earliest date for a child would have been 1758. So, if this John Loper identity was the John Sr. of the 1774 tax record, he would have been 43, and the oldest his son John Jr. could have been in 1774 was 21, quite doubtful to be a landholder. Furthermore, if the 1757 marriage was John's first marriage, then the oldest a son John Jr could have been in 1774 was 16 and too young to hold land. Disqualifying or poor age fit to the time constraints.
      3. ) Conclusion: It is significantly more probable that the John Loper Sr. of the 1774 tax record was John the son of Arthur, than John the son of William. If this conclusion is correct then there are some significant consequences:
    3. ) This record would then establish that John Loper, son of Arthur, survived to adulthood, was alive in 1774, and fathered at least one son. This then, also makes him a possible candidate (besides Jonathan) to be the father the unlinked Lopers born between about 1735 and 1765.
    4. ) It also follows that there is NO 1774 tax record for John Loper, son of William, and this seems odd because he is in William's 1782 will and his brother William Jr. is clearly on the Mannington tax roll. Why would his brother William Jr. have taxable property and not John?
    5. ) Another consequence of this conclusion is that there are at least three John Lopers in the Salem / Cumberland County area between the early 1730s and about 1800 with overlapping vital data, hence adding complication and confusion to to process of accurately linking source information to a particular John Loper identity.
  3. ) By 1774 only four of the seven sons of Arthur Loper, viz.; William, John, James and Jonathan, are taxed in the Salem/Cumberland County New Jersey Records. David, Thurston, and Arthur Jr., are absent from the list and while there could be a host of reasons their names are absent, it is fairly certain Arthur Loper Jr. moved back to Long Island, NY., and is highly probable that David and Thurston were both deceased long before this date.
  4. ) William Sr., John Sr., and Jonathan are all taxed in Mannington Township, Salem County, and the page numbers on the tax records suggest that they were living in very close physical proximity to each other. This then suggests that the original 300 acre Pilesgrove tract acquired by Arthur Loper Sr. was within circa 1774 border definitions of Mannington Township, Salem County and the land had been passed down to his sons William, John and Jonathan; furthermore, by 1774, it appears that William Sr. and John Sr. had gifted a portion of their land inheritance to their namesake sons as they, too are taxed in Mannington Township in 1774.
  5. ) After the 1774 Tax year there are no further instances of a Loper being taxed in Mannington township between 1774 and 1800. What happened? Did they die, move, or sell the property? Or is simply that the tax records are missing or have not been indexed on line?
  6. ) James Loper and his

Church Records

In 1964, the Salem county Tercenternary Committee published a booklet entitled, Churches of Salem County, New Jersey; [3] which contains a history of the churches in Salem County New Jersey including location information and the dates the various institutions were established. The following is a list of churches near the Pilesgrove, NJ location where Arthur Loper is known to have had property in 1720; therefore these are the churches likely to have been attended by his children, grandchildren, and great grandchildren:

  • Pittsgrove Baptist, Darestown, NJ 1730. Ind. in Apr 1771. Page 5, 14.
  • Pittsgrove Presbyterian Church, Darestown, NJ., org Apr 30, 1741 built in 1767 page 7

The Methodist Movement started by John Wesley in the 1740's and didn't begin take root in the colonies until the 1760's; the first American Methodist conference was held in Philadelphia in 1773, thus providing some indication that the Pittsgrove Methodist church was at the forefront of the Movement and arrived in Salem county about sixty years after Arthur Loper settled there in the early 1700's hence Methodist Church would have not have been available to begin archiving family records until after the fourth generation (great grandchildren) of Arthur's descendants (in New Jersey.

  • Friendship Methodist Church Upper Pittsgrove, Salem, NJ, 1773
  • Old Pilesgrove Methodist, near Sharptown. 1795 page 8.
  • Willow Grove UMC, Pittsgrove Twnshp, Salem, NJ, 1803.
  • Mt. Zion AME Fenwick-Pilesgrove Salem NJ 1892
  • Union Grove United Methodist, Pittsgrove, NJ built 1835.

Pittsgrove Baptist Church Records

The following Pittsgrove Baptist church record [4] provides documentary "glue" binding a Abraham, John, Rodah, Isaac, and Uriah Loper together as common members of the Pittsgrove Baptist church in roughly the same time period. This document suggests they were closely related, possibly of the same family a group or possibly cousins and that they were living in the Pilesgrove/Pittsgrove area of Salem, NJ., near this church, at the time these records were recorded. It is also worth noting that the Pittsgrove Presbyterian Church was located within 1000 feet of this Baptist church, thus both churches served the same geographic community and hence competed for members from the same pool of community residents as evidenced by the record of excommunication of Uriah Loper by the Pittsgrove Baptist Church.

  1. ) Pittsgrove Baptist Church Records, Daretown, NJ; page 124: Abraham Loper and Ann Clark were married on 21 Jan 1777 by William Worth.
  2. ) Pittsgrove Baptist Church Records, Daretown, NJ; page 106: Abraham Loper and his wife Ann were baptized on 26 June 1781 by William Worth.
  3. ) Pittsgrove Baptist Church Records, Daretown, NJ; page 124: John Loper and Margaret Jockly were married 3 Sept 1777.
  4. ) Pittsgrove Baptist Church Records, Daretown, NJ; page 124: John Baily and Rodah Loper were married 22 Oct 1778.
  5. ) Pittsgrove Baptist Church Records, Daretown, NJ; page 129: Isaac Loper married Susannah Clark on 14 Feb 1781 at the Pittsgrove Baptist Church, Daretown, NJ.
  6. ) Pittsgrove Baptist Church Records, Daretown, NJ; Uriah Loper and Tabitha Mayhew were baptized on 2 Sept 1786 by Wm. Worth.
  7. ) Pittsgrove Baptist Church Records, Daretown, NJ; page 54: Uriah Loper and Tabitha Mayhew were received members of the church on 3 Sept 1786 by baptism.
  8. ) Pittsgrove Baptist Church Records, Daretown, NJ; page 58: 27 Sept 1788. Voted first that Uriah Loper for absenting himself of our meetings and joining in communion with another society is excluded from fellowship with us. From the text Fenwick's Colony [4] it is known that in 1788 the Pastor William Worth began teaching universal salvation from the pulpit, a heresy to established Baptist doctrine. It is also noted in the text that this teaching split the church and caused numerous members to depart during this period, it appears Uriah Loper was numbered among those faithful to the accepted Baptist doctine.

One fairly reliable assumption regarding church attendance is that it is a family activity, hence there is a high probability that the individuals with the same family surname, in a clustered time period, are likely to be siblings or very closely related. Applying this assertion to this Church record data set, it may be found that William Loper Jr. had a son John, a son Uriah, and a daughter Rhoda, all of an age to be correctly placed as they are in this church record. Furthermore, Isaac Loper their first cousin, son of their uncle John Loper, is also married in the church during the same time period. Abraham Loper is the only Loper married in this church during this time period without a supporting documentation link to William.

An examination of the records for this time and place reveals a single identity for Rhoda and Isaac Loper, and they may be placed as noted previously with a good deal of certainty. The identity of the John Loper in the 3 Sept 1777 marriage to Margaret Jockley is an entirely different matter. Assuming this John Loper is one of the known, and documented John Lopers in community, then there are at least four known John Loper identities whom may have been the husband of Margaret Jockley, the first possibility is a late-in-life, second marriage of John, son of Arthur who was born circa 1711, the second possibility is his son John born circa 1735, the third possibility is John Loper, son of William Loper born about 1731, or the fourth possibility is John, son of William Jr. born in 1760 or perhaps a bit later. The concurrent church membership of siblings Rhoda and Uriah, would seem to point to their brother John as the husband of Margaret Jockley, however he would have only been seventeen at the time of the 1777 marriage and this seems very doubtful. A search on the identity and age of Margaret Jockley was unsuccessful and provided no additional useful information. Absent any further information, the most probable candidate identity then seems to be a late or second marriage of John, son of William, based on the presence of other descendants of William in the church records.

PIttsgrove Presbyterian Church Records

The Pittsgrove Presbyterian Church is less than a quarter mile down the road from the Pittsgrove Baptist Church and almost certainly hosted membership of one or more of the Early Loper family, unfortunately their church records are not on line, though they are available at the LDS archive in Salt Lake City. A Find A Grave search of the church cemetery reveals that there are four 1860 vintage Loper tombstones in the church cemetery, which affirms a presence of the Loper family in this assembly, but at a much later time period.

Deerfield Presbyterian Church Records

There is a second Presbyterian congregation about 7 miles south of the Pittsgrove Churches, across the county border in Cumberland County, and that is the Deerfield Presbyterian Church. The tax records for James Loper and his descendants place them closer to this church and the church records seem to affirm this may have been the church home of a number of descendants of James Loper.

  1. ) Deerfield Presbyterian Church Records:
    1. ) Marriages:
      1. ) Page 37: 8 March 1774 Moses Tullis and Mary Loper. {This is probably, the Mary (Loper) Tully, b. ca. 1745 named in the will of James Loper Sr., son of Arthur.}
      2. ) Page 37: 15 March 1774 Thomas Duff and Sarah Loper
      3. ) Page 38: 13 Sept 1774 Uriah Mall and Rachel Loper {Rachel is likely a namesake of grandmother Rachel (Pawling) Loper, wife of William, which would make this Rachel a daughter of Wm Jr., John, or possibly Aaron.}
      4. ) Page 38: 13 Sept 1774 Uriah Loper and Alethea Gilman, dau. of Ephraim Gilman d. 26 Mar 1776--Uriah adm. of will @ Hopewell. Son of James Loper Sr., grandson of Arthur Loper.
    2. ) Baptisms:
      1. ) Page 16: 7 May 1775 Abraham Loper. {Probably an adult baptism of the Abraham Loper married on 21 Jan 1777 to Ann Clark at the Pittsfield Baptist Church. Abraham's Deerfield township residence likely placed him between these churches so it would not be unexpected for him switch to a church with a young, and available wife candidate. If so, he was baptized a second time on 26 June 1781 at the Pittsgrove Baptist Church, and this would not be unexpected as the Baptists would view the sprinkling of water practiced by the Presbyterians as an inadequate and incomplete form of Baptism. Abraham's presence in this Presbyterian church in 1777 suggests he may have been a brother to Sarah and Rachel (unlinked Lopers), who were married in 1774, as they would necessarily have been born around 1750, near the time of Abraham's birth.}
      2. ) Page 48: 25 March 1810 Lott Loper baptized (as adult)
      3. ) Page 48: 8 May 1810: Elijah, Hannah, Peter, Phebe, and William, Children of Lot and Hannah Loper bapt.
      4. ) Page 49: 8 July 1811 Jame{s} Loper was baptized. {adult}
      5. ) Page 52: Lot Loper member 15 April 1823.
    3. ) Deaths:
      1. ) Page 25: 9 March 1772; Benjamin Loper aged ____.
      2. ) Page 25: 17 April 1772; the wife of Uriah Loper.
      3. ) Page 28: 20 Aug 1776; James Loper Jr.
      4. ) Page 66 of 89: 27 Aug 1807 Hannah Loper
      5. ) Page 68 of 89: Sept 1823 Lot Loper
      6. ) page 75: May 1840 Hannah Loper died.
    4. ) Burials in the Deerfield Presbyterian Church Cemetery: *Tombstone Inscriptions - Presbyterean Cemetery - Deerfield, Cumberland Co, NJ - Lopers:
      1. ) James Loper, Inscription: In memory of | James Loper | August 18th 1775 | aged 40 years | In this case that all must die | While Death no age doth spare | Then let each on to Jesus fly | And seek for refuge there.
      2. ) Aula Loper (child),
      3. ) Lodeme Loper, Inscription: In memory of Lodeme Loper | August 17th 1783 | Aged 17 years,
      4. ) Oliver Loper, inscription, In memory of | Oliver Loper | who died Oct 15th 1854 | Aged 79 years. {b. 1775}
      5. ) Ruhamah Loper, inscription, In memory of | Ruhamah Loper | Who died Dec. 7th 1856 | Aged 87 years. {b. 1769}
      6. ) Matilda Loper,
      7. ) Abigail Loper (child)
      8. ) George Loper (child)
      9. ) Hannah Loper, inscription: In memory of | Hannah Loper | Wife of James Loper | departed this life | August 27th 1807 | aged 73 years

Compiled Salem County, New Jersey Marriage Records

The following Salem County, New Jersey marriage records were compiled by H. Stanley Craig in 1928., the intermediary source for the text, indicates that information for Mr. Craig's tome was from the United Methodist Church Archives at Madison, New Jersey. However, this assertion is misleading, as the author, H. Stanley Craig, separated his volume on Salem County marriages into four separate sections, and each section is extracted from a different primary source of marriage information. The marriage information is then alphabetized by the groom's surname, and NONE of those four sources were identified as having been from the Methodist Church records. Craig then finishes his volume by including an index to the bride's surnames at the end of the book. The four primary sources cited by Craig along with the Loper marriages extracted are as follows:

  1. Marriage Records from New Jersey Archives, Vol XXII; Page 11:
    1. ) Aaron Loper married Rebecca Collwell, 28 Oct 1751 at Salem Co., NJ.
  • NJ County Clerks Records
  • Pittsgrove Presbyterian
  • Pittgrove Baptist

Published Loper Genealogies

As noted earlier in this paper, no comprehensive, systematic genealogy has been found on the early North American Loper family. The 1880-1920 period failed to produce a published genealogy for the Loper family as was common for so many other North American family groups; nevertheless, there are a few published genealogies on the Loper family. The following sections identify, collate, and apply a critical look at the Loper genealogies which may presently be found in a search of the indexed internet database for Loper genealogies.

1913 Loper Genealogy by Frederick Mather

The earliest genealogy published on the Loper family was written by Frederick Gregory Mather in 1913 and was a sidebar to the main topic of his history text documenting the evacuation of Long Island, New York after the British invaded and occupied the Island on 22 August 1776. A number of Loper patriot soldiers were caught up in this evacuation and Mather made a diligent effort to find out who they were, and where they came from, then included the result in a brief Loper genealogy in his text. Mather's genealogy remains the best information source on the Early North American Loper family, despite containing a number of errors. The following dialog expands Mather's Loper genealogy and inserts comments, and critiques at various points in the narrative, examining Mather's genealogical assertions relative to other information sources that were not likely available to Mather when he wrote his text.

  • Secondary Source, Frederick Gregory Mather, The Refugees of 1776 from Long Island to Connecticut [8] This history text provides a narrative regarding the British occupation of Long Island during the Revolutionary War and the impact it had on the residents of that place, and it provides the detailed Genealogy of the Early North American Loper family including excerpts from interview of descendants during the time the book was written (~1900-1913). Note that the following extract has rearranged information from the original text such that the information flow is in a linear, generational flow:
  1. ) LI Refugees; Page 455,456: Capt. Jacob Loper (1) married in 1646, Cornelia Melyn, dau. of Cornelis Melyn, and he was a Member of the Council of New Amsterdam. Mather offers three point of origin narratives for Capt. Jacob; first, Mather proposes Holland as his native country; next, Prof. S. Ward Loper (descendant of Lion Loper) declares him to be of Spanish origin; and finally, descendant Dr. Arthur C. Loper declares Capt. Jacob Loper to be a native of Stockholm Sweden. Both Dr. AC Loper and Prof SW Loper maintain that Jacob Loper was first at Caracoa Islands, West Indies in service as a Lt. Capt. for the Dutch West Indies Co. Thence settling in New Amsterdam before 1642. His children were Jacob Loper (2) and Janneken Loper (2) , and perhaps others. In 1653, his widow married Jacob Schellinger. (Co. Hist. N.Y., Also N. Amsterdam Dutch Ref. Ch. Rec.)
    1. ) James Loper (2) (probably the Jacob (2) just noted as the names are used interchangeably in the East Hampton Town record) married in 1674 Elizabeth Howell, daughter of Arthur Howell, and granddaughter of Lion Gardiner. Descendent JHL notes that James seems to have been in Boston and Cape Cod after 1684. He had: Lyon Loper Sr. (3) who is in the East Hampton town record 1696-1736, Arthur Loper (3); and perhaps others.
      1. ) Lion Loper Sr. (3), son of James (2); moved to Guilford, Conn from East Hampton about 1745. He was also called Lyon or Leon de Lopez in the genealogy. Descended from him are James Douglas Loper of Guilford, Conn., and his son Charles D. Loper of Chicago. (Jmes H. Loper) Descendant Prof S.Ward Loper contributed the following, "He had a son Samuel Loper, who served in the French War; and a grandson, Samul Fyler Loper who served in the Revolutionary War. They settled at Guilford, Conn, before the latter War; but there is a family tradition that Samuel and two of his brothers came from LI. Samuel the first had a son David Loper. Samuel Fyler Loper had two daughters, and sons: Henry, Horace, Edward and Samuel. Henry was my father." Children of Lion Loper: {Editorial Note: Mather missed Lion Loper Jr, son of Lion Loper Sr. in his genealogical account.}
        1. ) Samuel Loper, served in the French War
          1. ) David Loper
          2. ) Samuel Fyler Loper, served in the Revolutionary War.
            1. ) Henry Loper
              1. ) Prof. S. Ward Loper (Information Source)
            2. ) Horace,
            3. ) Edward
            4. ) Samuel
            5. ) Two Daughters.
        2. ) ** James Douglas Loper of Guilford, Conn. {** James Douglas and his son Charles are identified as descendants of Lion Loper Jr., but with one or more of the interim generations missing in the link.}
          1. ) Charles D. Loper of Chicago.
      2. ) Arthur Loper (3), son of James (2), of East Hampton, {Long Island, New York}, m. Patience Havens, dau. of George Havens and [[Thurston-50|Elinor Thurston]. He removed to N.J. The fact that he had relatives there living may have influenced his moving. {Who were these relatives? Answer first cousin James Davis} He was in Elizabethtown in 1700. (NJ. Records) The will of Arthur, of Salem Co., proved June 13, 1720, mentions land was in the Piles Grove precinct, wife Patience, and the following children (all under age except David:
        1. ) David Loper (4),
        2. ) Arthur Loper II (4): I {Author Frederick Mather} know of no record to establish the tradition that Arthur {4} returned to Long Island; m. Sally Rogers; moved on to land North of Bridge Hampton, and probably established the branch of the Family there. The Bridge Hampton Church Records give brothers and sisters: John, James, Isaac, Patience, and Mary. We {again Author Frederick Mather} assume them to be the children of Arthur 4 and Sally Rogers. "
          1. ) John Loper (5);
          2. ) James Loper (5); b 1717, d. 1790. Noting that "At this point a generation has probably been omitted" Mather jumps to James Loper (5), of Hampton. Children of James (5):
            1. ) Important Editorial notes for James Loper (5) son of Arthur (4)
              1. ) {Editorial Note: The Mather text never directly links James (5) as the son of Arthur (4), but this link is clearly inferred because the only fifth generation James (5), whom Mather asserts to be the father of Daniel-James (indented below) to be identified in the text is the son of Arthur (4). This parental assertion by Mather can be PROVEN to be INCORRECT as follows: The East Hampton Vital records provide an irrefutable link between James Loper and Phoebe (Jones) Loper as the parents of the children Daniel, Lion, David, Amos, John, and James; Mather provides a list of the East Hampton children of James Loper (5) indented below as Daniel, Wm, Amos, Abraham, and James; these lists are highly correlated, but obviously not identical. That same East Hampton vital record also documents that James Loper the father of these children (Daniel, etal) died 21 Jan 1790 at the age of ninety, thus he was born in 1700, about the time that Arthur Loper Jr. (4) was born. Hence, it is IMPOSSIBLE for James Loper (5), son of Arthur (4), or any other known fifth generation descendant to have been the father of Daniel (b. 1726) to James (6) indented below. Mather sensed this problem and fudged the vital dates in his narrative to make his assertion appear to make a better fit; but in the end he was not satisfied, and hence inserted the uncertainty qualifier "At this point a generation has probably been omitted" into his narrative. The obvious answer to this dilemma is that James the father of Daniel etal, must be a fourth generation Loper, and not from the fifth generation. The problem with this conclusion for Mather (and us) is that he could not find the evidence to place this James Loper, of East Hampton, in the fourth generation, because there is a preponderance of historical evidence which establishes that the only known fourth generation James Loper (4), the son of Arthur (3), lived his entire life, and died in Cumberland Co.,NJ. Hence, the inescapable deduction is that James, the father of Daniel etal, is a heretofore unknown son of Lion Loper (3), who has somehow managed to exist without leaving a known parental identity documentation trail; and while this assertion is overtly speculative, it is clearly the far superior alternative of the only possible options. To wit, there are only three possible options; either James' father is Lion, who is documented to be real and living in East Hampton at the time James was born, or Arthur and Lion had to have had yet another completely unknown, undocumented brother to be James' father, or (black swan) James was a new immigrant to America. This list of options is the universe of choices simply because there were no other known Lopers in America available to have been the father of this James of East Hampton in the required timeframe. (RRB)}
              2. ) {Editorial note 2, there is another East Hampton birth record [9] for James Loper which is time and place correct (and almost certain) to be this James Loper (5), son of Arthur II (4), dated 4 Sept 1723. The record does not link this James to Arthur (4), but does fit with Mather's claims and punctuates why these James Lopers were so easily conflated.}
              3. ) {Editorial note 3: as James (5) son of Arthur II (4) was born 4 Sept 1723 the following children were born too early to be his offspring.}
            2. ) Daniel Loper (6); signed the Association in 1775. (H. 28) and he was in the census of 1776, with two males over 16, one who was probably David (7) below. {Editorial notes on Daniel: Daniel Loper, was not the son of James, son of Arthur (4) as asserted by Mather. Instead, the East Hampton vital records establish that he adn his brothers Amos and James (as folows) were the sons of James and Phebe Loper and Daniel was bapt 4 Sept 1726 at East Hampton, [10] This baptism is 1726 far too early to be a sixth generation descendant as the fourth generation was born between 1698 and 1715. Daniel was noted to have a son age 16 in the 1775 census, requiring that he be born prior to 1739 and this is fully compatible with a 1726 birth date, therefore affirmation that Daniel Loper was the son of James Loper (4) and NOT James Loper (5). On another note, William and Abraham also asserted as brother of Daniel, do not appear in the East Hampton vital records with Daniel, Amos, and James and therefore may, or may not, actually be brothers.}
            3. ) William Loper (6);
            4. ) Amos Loper (6);
            5. ) [[Loper-663|Sgt. Abraham Loper (6);] b. ca 1737. From East Hampton to Stonington (in the evacuation of Long Island). in Sept 1776, by Capt. David Saryre. (C 97,138). He signed the Association in 1775. (H 28) He served as a private and Serjt, in Col. Smith's Regt. (G. 7,31); in the 3d and 4th of the Line; also as a Sgt. in the 4th Line. He probably returned to LI. (Dr. Arthur C. Loper). 1776 census: one male and one female over 16; 3 males under 16. {This 1737 date of birth estimate suggests his brother Daniel was born about 1731.}
            6. ) James Loper (6), b. ca. 1737. Brother of Abraham (above); From East Hampton. Served in Col. Smith's Regt, also in the 4th line. He signed the Association in 1775.
          3. ) Isaac Loper (5); b. 1743; d. 1812 of Bridge Hampton. He bequeaths land to sons Jared and Jason. David moves to Noyack, Luther to Islip. A grand daughter of Jared, Mrs. Mary Frances Osborn lives at Derby, Conn." Isaac mentions in his will the following children:
            1. ) Luther Loper (6)
              1. ) Isaac Loper (7); b. 25 Oct 1810.
                1. ) John H. Loper. Descendant, Mr. John H. Loper notes, " My father Isaac, b. 25 Oct 1810, was a son of Luther, son of Isaac of Bridge Hampton.
            2. ) David Loper (6);
              1. ) David Loper (7) son of David Loper (6) (Mather also asserts that he was the son of Daniel (6)). Probably from E. Hampton to Stonington. A soldier brought to Conn. by Capt. Eliphalet Budington. Served in the 3d Line. Signed the Association in 1775. Returned to LI. (Dr. ACL) {Editorial; signing a legal document suggests being age of majority in 1775 (though this is not certain); if so he was born ca. 1754 or earlier, and it would be for his father to have been born prior to 1734, i.e his father would have had to be Daniel and NOT David.}
            3. ) Jared Loper
            4. ) Jason Loper
          4. ) Patience Loper
          5. ) Mary Loper
        3. ) Thurston Loper (4),
        4. ) John Loper (4),
        5. ) James Loper Sr. (4),
        6. ) William Loper (4),
        7. ) Jonathan Loper (4), and
        8. ) Phebe Loper (4),
      3. ) Joanna (Loper) Filer; b. 6 Feb 1788; m. Samuel Fyler 19 Nov 1718 at E. Hampton, NY. Mather notes she was probably a daughter of Lion, but could have been a daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth. {Other sources affirm the assertion that Joanna was the daughter of James and Elizabeth.}

1953 Loper Genealogy by Jeannette Edwards Rattry

Jeannette Edwards Rattray was the editor of the East Hampton Star and also a prolific author, publishing twelve books on a variety of subjects generally associated with the history of East Hampton, Long Island, New York. Jeannette, the daughter of a shore whaler, was born 28 July 1893 and she died on 20 May 1974 at the age 80. Her obituary was published in the New York Times on 21 May 1974, in which she is noted to be a tireless advocate for the community of East Hampton, and undoubtedly the era's leading expert on the history of East Hampton. As Rattray is focused on the East Hampton history, her Loper genealogy is East Hampton centric and focuses, with a few exceptions, on the Lopers who were longterm residents of East Hampton.

  1. ) East Hampton History; The Rattray Loper genealogy is largely a copy of the Mather's generation one through six genealogy, including Mather's generational numbering, and errors in the line of descent. Details of Rattray's genealogy may be accessed at the noted web location. The following narrative highlights significant areas of commonality and difference
    1. ) Adds Lion Loper Jr. as a son of Lion Loper Sr. to the Mather genealogy.
    2. ) Rattray disagrees with Mather's incorrect assertion regarding the parents of James Loper, husband of Phebe Jones, and asserts (also incorrectly) that he was the son of Arthur Loper (3), was Arthur's second son, and was born in 1700. The East Hampton vital record establishes in absolute terms that James Loper, the husband of Phebe died in 1790 at the age of 90, thus establishing his date of birth to be in 1700. However, this 1700 birth date is incompatible with Arthur's will which names James as his fourth son and would have had to be born after 1706; furthermore, there are numerous primary source records (tax records, James NJ will) which affirm that James, the son of Arthur, lived his entire life in Salem Co., NJ.
    3. ) Rattray, then extends Mather's Loper genealogy, which stopped at the sixth generation, through the tenth generation of Lopers in East Hampton.

1958 Loper Genealogy by Cleveland Loper

  • Loper, Cleveland, The Loper Family; Self-published, 1958. The main focus of the Loper genealogy by Cleveland Loper is on the expansion of the descendants of Napoleon Bonaparte Loper, son of James Loper V. Th

1960 Loper Genealogy by Melba Wood

  1. ) Loper Ancestry: Detailed expansion of the Descendants of James Loper, son of James Loper and Ruth Waithman
  2. ) Loper Maternal Ancestry

2020 Loper Genealogy by Richard Sears

Richard D. Sears, Ph.D, has spent a lifetime investigating the genealogy of the early New Jersey Lopers and has recently compiled the results of his study into an August 2020 Loper genealogy entitled Loper Genealogical Research. This paper raises the standard of scholarship for the history of the Loper Family by several orders of magnitude and is, by far, the most comprehensive and well document genealogy of the Early Loper Family and it introduces a rich body of heretofore unpublished primary source material and analysis which then forms the basis for an enhanced genealogical a map linking many early 1700's New Jersey Loper family members previously unconnected in a published Loper genealogy.

Other Published Records

  1. ) Pittsgrove Baptist Church; page 413-415: "William Worth was received into the fellowship of the Pittsgrove Baptist Church and became their pastor in 1771, and continued in that capacity for twenty-two years, during which time there were sixty-five new members added to the congregation by baptism. From the year 1788 the aged Pastor Worth imbibed doctrines contrary to the fundamental creed of the Baptist faith. The effect of such doctrines enunciated from the pulpit, was the cause of many of his congregation attaching themselves to the neighboring Presbyterian Church, whilst a number of male members of the Baptist Church imbibed his doctrine. The conflict between the two contending parts of the congregation was sharp and very persistent, and their historian states that, in 1803 after a struggle of ten years, two deacons and William Worth were excluded for heresy, Worth being deposed from the ministry. He remained a Universalist until approaching death induced him to renounce his error."

Problem Areas in the Early Loper Genealogy

James Loper of East Hampton

Unconnected Salem/Cumberland Co.,NJ descendants of Arthur Loper

As of Aug 2020 a lengthy study has been performed to find source material to document what happened to the sons of Arthur Loper after his 1720 death. Information has been found with sufficient content to paint a reasonably complete picture of the family structures and children of sons William and James, and to a lesser extent Arthur Jr. However, not a single document, after the 1720 will of their father, has been found for sons Thurston, John, and Jonathan, and only a single, second-hand land deed has been found for David. Nevertheless there are many Salem NJ Lopers, not included in the lines of William, James, and Arthur, with birth dates that clearly place them as early descendants of Arthur, though it is presently impossible to say which of the four sons (if any) these Lopers may have descended from; the list of unplaced grandsons and great grandsons of Arthur Loper is as follows:

  1. ) Aaron Loper; b. ca. 1731, m. 1751 Image
    1. )
  2. ) Daniel Loper (~ 1745 -1814)
  3. ) Abraham Loper (1748 - 1821)
  4. ) Alpheus Loper Sr. b. 1753; d. s
  5. ) Elias Loper b. 1754; d. 1807.
  6. ) Ezekiel Loper (~ 1772 -1814)
  7. ) Sarah (Loper) Duff b. ca 1754
  8. ) Rachel (Loper) Mall b. ca 1753
  9. ) Elizabeth Loper Simkins [

New Jersey, Compiled Marriage Records, 1684-1895]

  1. ) Patience (Loper) Hans m. 1747 New Jersey, Marriage Records, 1670-1965
  2. ) Joseph Loper New Jersey, Marriage Records, 1670-1965 married Rebecca Howard 2 feb 1779 at Monmouth NJ
  3. ) Charles Loper U.S., Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783
  4. ) Oliver Loper (1775-1854) (James, James, Arthur (3)) 4 Aug 2020
    1. ) Linked to zz by xx
    2. ) Fithian Loper "United States Census, 1850," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 4 April 2020), Fithian Loper, Hopewell, Cumberland, New Jersey, United States; citing family 192, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

The Southern Loper Family

There is a another branch of the Loper family which is situated in the Alabama, to Louisiana portion of the country and extends into the Carribean. This branch does not appear to be directly related to the Long Island Lopers--though there may be a pan-European Connection.

Research Notes

  1. ) The following definitions and syntax conventions apply to the preceding text of this profile:
    1. ) A Primary Source contains data that was recorded by the person in the profile; or by someone known to or with first hand knowledge of that person, during the person's lifetime, death or within two generations thereafter.
    2. ) A Secondary Source is a genealogical reference created as the result of a extensive study of available source material and it provides some evidence of the source documentation used to generate the text data.
    3. ) A Tertiary Source is a genealogical data source which is a collection of genealogical information that does not cite Primary or Secondary information sources, and the data may be factual or hearsay.
    4. ) Braces {Editorial Note Example} are used to insert editorial comments; that is to say, information or clarification that is not contained in the original, cited source material.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Sears PhD., Richard; Loper Genealogical Research; August 2020, Wikitree Free Space pages.
  2. Josephine Jaquiet, Churches of Salem County, New Jersey; Published by the Salem county Tercenternary Committee, 1964.
  3. 4.0 4.1 4.2 History and genealogy of Fenwick's colony, New Jersey
  4. Collections of The Genelogical Society of Pennsylvania, Vol 350; Records of Pittsgrove Baptist Church, of Pittsgrove, Salem, New Jersey, 1771-1842, Philedelphia, 1917.
  5. Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1669-2013; [ database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011. Historical Society of Pennsylvania; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Historic Pennsylvania Church and Town Records; Reel: 127
  6. Craig, H. Stanley; Salem County (New Jersey) Marriage Records; H. S. Craig Publisher, Merchantville, N. J. 1928.
  7. Mather, Frederick Gregory, The Refugees of 1776 from Long Island to Connecticut, Albany, New York, J. B. Lyon Company, Printers, 1913. Public Domain.
  8. "New York Births and Christenings, 1640-1962", database, FamilySearch ( : 18 January 2020), James Loperr, 1723.
  9. Records of the town of East Hampton, Long Island, Suffolk Co., N.Y., Volume V.; Sag Harbor, John H. Hunt, Printer, 1905. Public domain. East Hampton VR; page 465:
  10. Rattray, Jeannette Edwards, East Hampton History Including Genealogies of Early Families; 1953. Also limited access here

Other Sources

  • NEHGS Vol. 13 ; page 311: Transcription of the offer of "Ten Akers of Land by the town of Nantucket as an Incourragement for James Loper (of Long Island) to relocate to Nantucket.
  • The East Hampton Star; The Great Whale Debate, 16 Sept. 1965. Newspaper narrative on a debate held at Mystic, Conn. in 1965 to discuss the origins of Whaling on the North East American coast. Focus of the article is on Jacob Loper and his exploits. Cites Rattray and notes a gin bottle found at East Hampton on Jacob Loper's property having his name inscribed into the bottle. More detailed information on his business activities, his extensive travels and exploits and evidence he participated in whaling in Mass. The article notes that Jacob Loper died in 1891, at the age of 45, at Boston.
    1. ) Generous offers were made by the Berkeley-Carteret government to prospective settlers in the Colony of New Jersey. To every freeman who had come to New Jersey before 1 Jan 1665, ...

Web based Genealogies




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