The Geraldines, the Desmonds and the Kildares are descendants of Gerald FitzWalter his sons, William Fitzgerald, Lord of Carew and Emlyn and Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan; an Anglo/Norman dynasty in Wales.
- see category Irish History, The Geraldines
Maurice FitzGerald was among the first to respond to the appeal of the deposed and exiled King of Leinster, Diarmait MacMurrough, who was hoping to recover his Kingship of Leinster from Rory O'Connor, High King of Ireland. 
- In 1169, Maurice Fitzgerald led a group of Norman mercenaries from Wales
- In 1175, Maurice Fitzgerald was granted the lands of Naas and Offelan (Offaly) in Kildare, previously held by the O'Kellys. 
- In 1316, John FitzThomas was created the first Earl of Kildare.
- In 1329, Maurice FitzThomas FitzGerald was created Earl of Desmond
- Knights of Kerry
- Knights of Glynn
- In 1537, the failed rebellion of the 10th Earl, Thomas FitzGerald "Silken Thomas" son of Gearoig Og FitzGerald, the ninth Earl, ended the power of the Fitzgeralds.
- In 1579 Gerald Fitzgerald, the last Earl of Desmond was proclaimed a traitor.
- In 1583 Gerald Fitzgerald Earl of Desmond was assassinated at Glenagenty near Traleeby by the Moriarty Chieftain of Castledrum.
- In 1586 there was enacted an Attainder of the Earl of Desmond and his followers. Forfeiture of his estate, 574,628 Irish acres.
- Queen Elizabeth l instituted the plantation of Munster
Note : Legendary Descent
The Geraldines trace their descent from the powerful family of Gherardini in Florence. The Earls of Kildare maintained a correspondence with the Gherardini family of Florence   The legend was published in a family history in 1655, by a Dominican scholar, Father O'Daly who included the story of the family descent from ancient Trojans who fled to Florence from Troy, as an introduction to a history of the Geraldine Earls of Desmond.  
- The Geraldines by Thomas Osborne Davis 
- The Geraldines! The Geraldines!—'tis full a thousand years
- Since, 'mid the Tuscan vineyards, bright flashed their battle-spears;
- When Capet seized the crown of France, their iron shields were known,
- And their sabre-dint struck terror on the banks of the Garonne:
- Across the downs of Hastings they spurred hard by William's side,
- And the grey sands of Palestine with Moslem blood they dyed;
- But never then, nor thence till now, has falsehood or disgrace
- Been seen to soil Fitzgerald's plume, or mantle in his face.
- The Geraldines! The Geraldines!—'tis true, in Strongbow's van,
- By lawless force, as conquerors, their Irish reign began; ...........
- ↑ The Norman Invasion of Ireland
- ↑ Library Ireland : The New Settlers in Dublin and Kildare
- ↑ Library Ireland : The Geraldines
- ↑ Wikipedia : Gherardini family
- ↑ The rise, increase, and exit of the Geraldines, earls of Desmond, and persecution after their fall Translated from the Latin of Dominic O'Daly O.P. with Memoir and Notes by C. P. Meehan
- ↑ La famiglia Geraldini : Origine dei Fitzgeralds
- ↑ Celt : Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition The Geraldines author: Thomas Osborne Davis
- Those Geraldines in S. A. “Those Geraldines.” The Irish Monthly, vol. 15, no. 163, 1887, pp. 24–40. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/20497505.
- The Annals of Ireland : Annals of the Four Masters p:530 eds: Michael O'Clery, Philip MacDermott, B. Geraghty pub:1846
- European Heraldry : House of Fitzgerald
- A critique of published Fitzgerald genealogies in The Earls of Desmond by James Graves “No. 2. The Earls of Desmond.” The Journal of the Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland, vol. 1, no. 2, 1869, pp. 459–498. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/25497799.
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