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The Loyal Rangers

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
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Surnames/tags: 1776 American_Revolution United_Empire_Loyalists
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This unit held UEL

Loyal Rangers

The unit was formed in 1781 and created from several smaller companies, including the Queen’s Loyal Rangers and the King’s Loyal Americans. The unit commander was Major Edward Jessup. The general state of the unit is noticed in a report, made 21 Apr 1782,[1] where Jessup complains that while serving as marines on Lake Champlain, Vermont, he received a detachment with only one quarter fit for service.

Edward Jessup, was born in Stamford, Connecticut, and was living in New York in 1759 when he served in the French and Indian War. In 1776, along with his brother Ebenezer and other Loyalists from the area, he joined Sir John Johnson’s regiment. He was captured while serving with the King’s Loyal Americans, but later released. In 1781, as a Captain, he was named commander of the new Loyal Rangers, which was assigned to raiding parties in New York state and the northern provinces, his headquarters appears to have been located at Verchères, Montreal. Jessup was promoted Major prior to May 1782 and his force augmented from Canada by two additional companies.[2]

Of the augmentation:

Captain John Meyers and his company became the Ninth Company.
Lieutenant John Riutter, Lieutenant James Robins, Ensign William Lamson and Ensign Harms are posted into the Rangers from the Company of Pensioners.
A Tenth Company was added to establishment but not then mustered. It was commanded by Lieutenant Thomas Fraser, on promotion to Captain.

The unit is noticed in the General Orders of 4 November 1782 where two members of the unit are promoted:[3]

John Pruster is appointed Lieutenant in Captain John W. MEYERS Company, effective date of 30 May 1782.
Hermanus Best to be Ensign in Captain MEYERS Company, effective date 30 May 1782.

Officers of the Unit

The name, and a brief bio, is noticed in the British Library under Additional Manuscripts, No. 21827, folios 97-99. This is recorded on the Loyalist website.

Major Commandant: Edward JESSUP. Rank Major; Regimental rank - Commandant. Born in the Province of Connecticut. Served as Captain in 1759 with Provincial Rank. Was a Justice of the Peace in the province of New York.
Adjutant: (rank not specified, likely Captain) Mathew THOMPSON. Born in Ireland. Was a Sergeant Major in the 31st Regiment of Foot. Was a Non-Commissioned Officer in that Regiment above Twenty Years. Joined this Regiment (date not specified).
Quarter Master: (rank not specified, likely Captain) John FARGUSON. Born in Ireland. Was a Sergeant Major in the 29th Regiment of Foot.
Surgeon: (rank unknown often not commissioned but provided local rank, generally Captain) George SMYTH. Born in Ireland. Was a Doctor in the Province of New York.
Surgeon's Mate: (rank unknown generally not commissioned and often a student as in this case, sometimes provided local rank Lieutenant) Solomon JONES. Born in the Province of Connecticut. A Student in "Surjery & Phisick" in the Province of New York.

Captains of Company

Lieutenant Colonel Ebenezer JESSUP as Captain of Pensioners. Born in Connecticut, brother to Edward Jessup. Was a Justice of the Peace in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in 1776.
Lieutenant Colonel John PETERS as Captain. Born in Connecticut. Was a Justice of the Peace in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in 1776.
Captain Justus SHERWOOD. Born in Connecticut. Was a Farmer in the Vermont. Joined the Kings Army in 1776.
Captain Jonathon JONES. Born in Connecticut. Was a Farmer & Miller. Was a Justice of Peace in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in 1776. Wounded on 19 September 1777.
Captain William FRASER. Born in Scotland. Emigrated. Farmer in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in 1777.
Captain John JONES. Born in Connecticut. Farmer in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in 1777.
Captain Peter DRUMMOND. Born in Scotland. Came to America in 1774. Farmer. Joined the Kings Army in 1776. Was made Prisoner on the 19 September 1777 where he remained for three years.
Captain John Walter MIRES. Born in the Province of New York. Farmer. Joined the Kings Army in the Year 1777.
Captain Thomas FARMER. Born in Scotland. Farmer in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in the Year 1777.

Lieutenants

Lieutenant Guisbert SHARP. Born in the Province of New York. Farmer. Joined the Kings Army in 1777.
Lieutenant Henry SIMMONS. Born in the Province of New York. Farmer. Joined the Kings Army in the Year 1777.
Lieutenant David JONES. Born in the Province of Connecticut. Farmer in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in the Year 1776.
Lieutenant James PARROT. Born in Boston Province. Farmer in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in the Year 1776.
Lieutenant Alexander CAMPBELL. Born in the Province of New York. Farmer. Joined the Kings Army in the Year 1777.
Lieutenant David McFALL. Born in Ireland. Was a Sergeant in the 26th Regiment of Foot. Joined the Provincial Troops in 1776. Taken prisoner in the Year 1777.
Lieutenant John Dulmage UEL (abt.1738-abt.1813). Born in Ireland. Farmer in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in the Year 1776.
Lieutenant Gersham FRENCH. Born in the Province of New York. Was a Marchent & Farmer. Joined the Kings Army in 1777.
Lieutenant Gidion ADAMS. Born in Connecticut Province. Farmer's son in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in 1776.
Lieutenant John RUITER. Born in the province of New York. Farmer. Joined the Kings Army in 1777.
Lieutenant James ROBINS. Born in England. Was a Merchant and Farmer in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in 1777. Was made Prisoner in the same year and remained Prisoner a long time (release not specified).
Lieutenant Edward JESSUP, Junior, son to Commandant. Born in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in 1777. Dependant on his father, Major JESSUP.

Ensigns (2nd Lieutenant is modern equivalent)

Ensign John DUSENBERRY. Born in the province of New York. A farmer's son. Joined the Kings Army in 1777. Dependant on his Father.
Ensign John PETERS, Junior, son to Colonel Peters (i.e., Lt.Col. John PETERS of the Queen's Loyal Rangers). Born in the province of Connecticut. Joined the Kings Army in 1777. Dependant on his Father.
Ensign Elisha BOTTUM. Born in Connecticut Province. Was a farmer's son. Joined the Kings Army in 1777. Dependant on his Father.
Ensign Thomas SHERWOOD. Born in Connecticut Province. Farmer in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in 1777.
Ensign Thomas MAN. Born in the Province of New York. Was a farmer's son. Joined the Kings Army in 1777. Was made Prisoner the same Year. Dependant on his father.
Ensign Harmanus BEST. Born in the Province of New York. Farmer. Joined the Kings Army in 1777.
Ensign William LAMSON. Born in Connecticut. Farmer in the Province of New York. Joined the Kings Army in 1776.
Ensign Conrad BEST. Born in the Province of New York. Farmer. Joined the Kings Army in 1777.

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Sources

  1. Letter Jessup to Captain Mathews, Secretary to His Excellency, General Haldimand, Montreal
  2. Letter to Jessup from R. B. Lernoult, Adjt. Gen., Montreal
  3. General Orders; Head Quarters, Quebec, 4 Nov. 1782

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