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The Slaves of Jean Jacques Haydel, Sr.

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Wallace, St. John the Baptist, Louisiana, United Statesmap
Surnames/tags: Slavery Black history Haydel
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History

Whitney Plantation aka Habitation Haydel.

Jean Jacques Haydel, Sr. - 1819 Whitney Plantation, Louisiana

From the Whitney Plantation website:[1]

The following profiles come from an 1819 inventory of the plantation owner, Jean Jacques Haydel, Sr. A majority of these enslaved people were considered “Creoles,” meaning they were born in Louisiana. Nineteen people who were enslaved on this plantation in 1819 were African-born survivors of the Atlantic crossing. In 1819, eleven years after the end of the transatlantic trade, several enslaved individuals at this plantation were still quite young, between the ages of 20 and 35. This means that some people enslaved at Whitney Plantation were forced through the Middle Passage when they were younger than 10.

In addition to African-born people, the inventory includes people who had experienced different types of slave trading. Two people came from the Caribbean (Jamaica and St. Domingue), and three were traded from the Upper South (the slaveholding states along the Eastern Seaboard).

"Of the 19 enslaved Africans listed on the plantation in 1819, 8 were Mande people (Mandingo, Bambara, and Soso). Six were Congo (Bantu) people of Central Africa. Four were listed as Kiamba (Tchamba), people from modern-day Ghana. One person was Temne, which is a group primarily found in Sierra Leone today. Mande people deeply influenced the culture of Louisiana. They brought foodways and customs that have remained prevalent in the state. Importantly, their masking traditions which can still be seen today in the tradition of Mardi Gras Indians of New Orleans."

Total number of slaves: 61, including 19 African born (31%), 22 females (36%), 8 children under 10 (13%).

Sam, 60, Soso nation, blind, and wife Marguerite, Creole, 66, est. null. (Susu nation: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susu_people)
Marie Joseph, 50, Creole Négresse, cook, est. 450 piastres.
Eleonore, 10, Creole Négresse, est. 500 piastres.
Marie, 43, Creole Négresse, cook, est. 450 piastres.
Pauline, 10, Creole Négresse, est. 500 piastres.
Honore, 30, Canga nation, good domestic, recovered from hernia, est.1,200 p.
Agathe, 43, Creole Négresse, est. 1800 piastres with three children: Twins Jean and Jeanne, 4, and Clemence, 18 months.
Rosette, 40, Creole Négresse, good domestic, est. 750 piastres.
Rose, 14, Creole Négresse, Domestic, est. 1200 piastres.
Francoise, 12, Creole Négresse, est. 750 piastres.
Eugenie, 24, Creole Négresse, good domestic, est. 1700 with children: Basile, 4, and Syphorien, 1.
Sila, 40, Creole Négresse, est. 1200 piastres with children Toussaint, 2 and Moliere, 6 months.
Bernard, 50, Kiamba nation, est. 100, est., had fits of madness (moments de démence).
Adonis, 50, Bambara nation, sugar maker, est. 250 piastres.
Henry, 50, Jamaican Creole, est. 500 piastres.
Flore, 60, Creole Négresse of St. Domingue, est. 250 piastres.
Sophie, 35, Congo nation, Good domestic, est. 600 piastres.
Barnabe, 30, Bambara nation, sugar maker, sawyer, good domestic, est. 1000 p.
Manuel, 23, Creole, thief and maroon, est. 400 piastres.
Lucas, 35, Soso nation, good domestic, 1200 piastres.
Hector, 50, Soso nation, est. 100 piastres.
Michel, 30, Canga nation, good domestic, est. 1500 piastres.
Valere, 25, Canga nation, cart driver, plough hand, good domestic, est. 1600 p.
Achile, 22, Mandingo nation, cart driver, ploughman, good domestic, est. 1600 p.
Philipe, abt 40, Timiny (Temne) people, cart driver, good domestic, est. 1000 piastres.
Isidore, 20, Congo nation, cartman, good domestic, ring worm disease, est. 500 p.
Gabriel, 25, Congo nation, good domestic, est. 900 piastres.
Baptiste, 15, Creole, good herdsman, est. 1200 piastres.
Raphael, 60, Kiamba nation, est. 50 piastres.
Mars, 60, Kiamba nation, est. 50 piastres
Augustin, 50, Kiamba nation, good domestic, est. 400 piastres.
Lubin, 50, Mandingo nation, do have hernia, est. 50 piastres.
François, 50, Creole “griffon”, est. 900 piastres.
Alexandre, 30, Bambara nation, carpenter, cooper, domestic, sickly, est. 50 p.
Antoine, 20, Creole, good cart driver, plough hand, herdsman, est. 1600 piastres.
Hilaire, 19, Creole, good cart driver, plough hand, good herdsman, est. 1600 p.
Etienne, 19, Creole, good cart driver, ploughman, herdsman, est. 1700 piastres.
Azor, abt. 19, Creole, good cart driver, plough hand, good herdsman, est. 1700 piastres.
Joseph, 20, Creole, good cart driver, plough hand, herdsman, est. 1700 piastres.
Robin, 18, Creole of America, cart driver, ploughman, herdsman, est. 1600 p.
Dick, 25, Creole of America, good cart driver, plough hand, herdsman, 1600 p.
Jean Pierre, 22, Creole, cart driver, plough hand, herdsman, est. 1600 piastres.
Reguine, 18, Creole Négresse of America, good domestic, est. 1100 piatres.
Catherine, 16, Creole Négresse, good domestic, est. 1100 piastres.
Julien, 16, Creole, good domestic, Creole, est. 1200 piastres.
Rene, 13, Creole, good herdsman, est. 1200 piastres.
Claire, 20, Creole Negress, domestic, seamstress, est. 1600 p. with child Ursin, 7.

The five children of Jean Jacques Haydel (senior) were granted each a female slave, worth 500 piastres, to help their establishment:

Augustine, est. 500 piastres, donated to Jean Jacques Haydel, Jr.
Marinette, est. 500 piastres, donated to Jean François Marcelin Haydel.
Fanchonette, est. 500 piastres, donated to Adelaide Haydel.
Henriette, est. 500 piastres, donated to Erasie Haydel.
Angelique, est. 500 piastres, donated to Marguerite Aymée Haydel.

Signed:

Jean Jacques Haydel, pere (father)
Jean Jacques Haydel, fils (son)
Adelaide Haydel
Georges Roussel
Erasie Haydel
Louis le Boourgeois
Marcellin Haydel
Pierre Becnel
Pierre aimee Becnel
Florestan Becnel
Ramire Becnel
Emma Becnel
Pierre Boossie
Germain Plessy
Morel Guiramand
Hypolite Mialaret
Terence le Blanc, Judge and ex-officio Notary Public

1840 Slave Auction

Space:Slave_Auction_of_Jean_Jacques_Haydel,_Jr.

Sources

  1. https://www.whitneyplantation.org/history/slavery-in-louisiana/enslaved-workers-at-whitney/




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