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Location: Thelwall, Cheshire, England, United Kingdommap
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A general page for the history and other information pertaining to the village of Thelwall in Cheshire, England, United Kingdom


Some History

In the Year 923 Edward the Elder founded a cyty here and called it Thelwall

So runs the legend on the side of the Pickering Arms, the village pub. In this case 'cyty' is the translation from a word in the Saxon Chronicles meaning a fortress, but locals like to unofficially regard it to mean Thelwall is the smallest city in England.

The village is situated on the banks of the River Mersey and before human interference in the flow and route of the river there was a ford across it at Thelwall. This is still remembered in the name of the village of Latchford on the opposite bank. Many probably passed through the area though few apparently stayed. The loops or 'eyes' in the river at this point lead to to frequent flooding in the lower part of what is now the village. Ancient artefacts have occasionally been discovered in the area but nothing to suggest inhabitation.

The Saxon Chronicles give us the first documented evidence of the existence of the village but it is not mentioned in the Domesday book. At this stage of its history the lands and fishing rights of Thelwall had been gifted to the Prior of Norton by William the Conqueror and may well be included in the list of his holdings. This association lead to Thelwall becoming part of the Runcorn Diocese of the Church although the nearest places of worship had been established at Grappenhall and Lymm which came under different dioceses. The major town of Warrington was also closer than Runcorn, but was in Lancashire and also in a different diocese.

[To be continued. . .]

Registration Districts

The Cheshire BMD website clarifies where registration took place for districts in its county. Extract from the Composition of Registrars' Sub-Districts page on the CheshireBMD website
Quote from the website:
The list below attempts to indicate the places within each Sub-District existing prior to 1950, although because parish boundaries have themselves changed considerably, this should only be taken as an approximate guide.

1 Jul 1837 - 6 Oct 1845 - Sub-District: Grappenhall. Registration District: Runcorn
6 Oct 1845 - 1 Jul 1895 - Sub-District: Latchford. Registration District: Runcorn
1 Jul 1891 - 1 Apr 1937 - Sub-District: Budworth. Registration District: Runcorn
1 Apr 1937 - 1 Apr 1974 - Sub-District: Stockton Heath. Registration District: Runcorn
(Latchford Records now held at Warrington, all others at Halton.)

Neighbouring Areas
The adjoining villages of Grappenhall and Latchford Without (South of the Manchester Ship Canal) were always in the same districts as Thelwall. The rest of Latchford was incorporated into the borough of Latchford sub-district, registrations come under Warrington

Lymm had its own sub-district from 1837-1937 (Records now at Warrington) but it was in Altrincham Registration District (1837-98) and Bucklow Registration District (1898-1937) (Records now at Trafford). It then moved to Knutsford Sub-District under Bucklow, until 1962.


Associated Pages

Thelwall People (Index to profiles of people associated with the village)
All Saints' Churchyard, Thelwall
Thelwall Memorials Project
Thelwall War Memorials

External Websites

Thelwall Community Website
All Saints Church - History Page


J Paul Rylands, J. Paul F.S.A. The Claytons of Thelwall and Sheepcroft Co. Chester . . . Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire Session. 1879-80. Volume 32 p35-52 Google Books (accessed 29 November 2023)


  • Carter, G. A. FLA. Warrington and the Mid Mersey Valley. E.J Morton, Didsbury 1971 (Pages 29-39; 187-188)
  • Taylor, Michael. No Mean City - A Local History of Thelwall in Cheshire (revised edition). Published by M&M Taylor, Thelwall 2018

Images: 1
The Pickering Arms
The Pickering Arms

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Categories: Thelwall, Cheshire