upload image

Tong Parish

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: [unknown]
Surnames/tags: Kent England
This page has been accessed 88 times.


Tong (Thong or Twang) Parish

According to legend the name arises from the period, shortly after the arrival of the Saxons to aid Vortigern, and their victory over the Scots and Picts, at Stamford, in Lincolnshire. Vortigern, king of Britain, satisfied with the conduct of the two Saxon chiefs, Hengist and Horsa, rewarded them for their services. Hengist requested, as a pledge of the king's affection, only as much land as on ox-hide could encompass; which being readily granted, he cut the whole hide into small thongs, and enclosed within them a space of ground, large enough to contain a castle, which he accordingly built on it, and named it from thence Thwang-ceastre, i. e. Thong-castle; whence the parish itself afterwards took its name.



The Castle, or Manor, of Tong was a ruin during the time of the Saxon heptarchy. During the period of William the Conqueror it was granted, both castle and manor, to his half-brother Odo, bishop of Baieux. It was in his hands during the Doomsday record. When Odo fell from grace and his lands confiscated the Manor of Tong was granted to Hugh de Port, who held it as two knight's sees, parcel of the fourteen knight's sees and a quarter, of which all, but two, which were in Herefordshire, lay in this county, making up together the barony of Port, being held by barony of the castle of Dover, by the service of performing ward there.

In 22 Edward I. (1294) the estate was held by Ralph Fitzbernard, said to be a descendant of John de St. John, who in turn was descended from Hugh de Port. Ralph Fitzbernard died in 34th Edward I. (1306) leaving a son Thomas Fitzbernard, who died without heir and a daughter Margaret Fitzbernard, married to Guncelin de Badlesmere, whose son Bartholomew de Badlesmere, at length, succeeded to this manor and castle, as part of his mother's inheritance.

Edward II made Bartholomew de Badlesmere constable of the castle of Leeds, Tunbridge and Bristol, and granted to him the manors and castles of Chilham and Leeds, with several other estates.

He estates of Tong were eventually restored to his son Giles de Badlesmere, who died 12 Edward III (1338) without heir. Tong fell to the share of his third sister Elizabeth de Badlesmere, then the wife of William Bohun, earl of Northampton, who held it in her right. At her death the estates passed to Roger Mortimer, son to her first husband Edmund Mortimer, presumably because he was the rightful heir at the time of the death of Thomas although she was no longer married to Edmund Mortimer. Roger Mortimer, in 28 Edward III (1354) had obtained a reversal in parliament of the judgement given against his grandfather Roger de Mortimer, late earl of March, as erroneous and utterly void; upon which he thenceforth bore the title of earl of March.

His son and heir, Edmund Mortimer, earl of March, died possessed of it in the 5 Richard II. (1381/2). At length his descendant, Roger Mortimer, earl of March, dying anno 3 Henry VI. (1424/5), Richard, duke of York, son of Anne Mortimer, his sister, was found to be his next heir, and accordingly became possessed of this estate. After which, endeavouring to assert the title of the house of York to the crown, he was slain in the battle of Wakefield, anno 39 Henry VI. (1460/1) being then possessed of the manor of Tong, as was found by the inquisition, which, by reason of the confusion of those times, was not taken till the 3d year of Edward IV. when the king was found to be his eldest son and next heir.


This is an "orphaned" profile — there's no Profile Manager to watch over it. Please adopt this profile.

  • Login to edit this profile and add images.
  • Public Comments: Login to post. (Best for messages specifically directed to those editing this profile. Limit 20 per day.)


Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.

Categories: Kent