Tremont, Maine

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Date: 3 Jun 1848
Location: Tremont, Hancock, Maine, United Statesmap
Surnames/tags: One_Place_Studies Maine Hancock_County_Maine
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This profile is part of the Tremont, Maine One Place Study.

Tremont, is a town on Mount Desert Island in Hancock County, settled in 1762 and incorporated on June 3, 1848 under the name of Mansell. The name was changed to Tremont from the French for three mountains, Beach, Mansell and Bernard.

Date Designation Note
-1534 name unknown Wabanaki peoples - the Maliseet, Micmac, Passamaquoddy and Penobscot tribes
1534-1760Nouvelle FranceUnder French control, no known European settlers
1760unorganized territory
Lincoln, Massachusetts Bay
France surrenders September 8, 1760, Britain officially takes control of the area
1762Township #3 East of Union River was formed February 27, 1762
1776 America's declarers independence from Britain July 4, 1776
1776 Mount Desert Plantation, Lincoln, MassachusettsMount Desert Plantation was formed March 2, 1776 from a portion of Township #3 EUR
1789Mount Desert, Lincoln, Massachusetts Mount Desert incorporated February 17, 1789 from from Mount Desert Plantation.
1789 Mount Desert , Hancock, MassachusettsHancock County is formed June 25, 1789
1820 Mount Desert , Hancock, MaineMaine becomes the 23 state March 15, 1820
1848 Mansel, Hancock, MaineMansel Incorporated June 3, 1848 from a portion of Mount Desert
1848Tremont, Hancock, MaineMansel was renamed Tremont August 8 1848]]
1859Tremont, Hancock, Maine Tremont annexed Hardwood and Tinker's Islands from Seaville in February 24, 1859
1905Tremont, Hancock, MaineTremont ceeded land to form Southwest Harbor Maine February 21, 1905

"All that part of the Town of Mount Desert, in the County of Hancock, lying South of a line commencing at Andrew Fernald's North line of Somes' Sound; thence across the mountain to the head of Deming's Pond ; thence continuing the same course to Great pond; thence across said pond to the Southeast corner of lot number one hundred and fourteen, on a plan of said town by John S. Dodge; thence Westerly on the South line of said lot number one hundred and fourteen to Seal Cove Pond, and continuing the same course to the middle of said pond; thence Northerly up the middle of Upper Seal Cove Pond to the head thereof, and continuing the same course to the South line of lot marked "Reuben Noble," on said plan ; thence Westerly on the South line of said last named lot to the sea shore, together with Moose Island, Gott's Island, and Langley's Island, with the inhabitants thereon," and incorporated the separate town of Mansel.


Villages, Locations and Settlements

Villages, Locations
and Settlements
Bass Harbor (Bass Harbor P.O.)Daniel Gott (1703 - 1784) 1765
Baldwin Corners
Bernard (Benard P.O. part of the municipality of Tremont)
Center (Center P.O.)
Clark Point
Crocket's Point Stephen Richardson (abt. 1738 - 1812) 1765
Dix Point
Dodge Point
Duck Cove
Fernald Cove
Fernald Point Tobias Fernald 1768-1839
Goose Cove
Goose Cove Rock
Lopaus Point aka "Old Point", Pleasant PointSamuel Lopaus 1836 settlement
McKinley (now Bass Harbor P.O.)
Mitchell Cove
Nutter PointWilliam Nutter (abt.1768-abt.1855)
Richs Corner
Sea Wall (SeaWall P.O.) East Tremont P.O. renamed 26 June 1882 as Seawall P.O. became part of the Town of Southwest Harbor (1905)
Ship's Harbor Peter Gott 1780 at Ship's Harbor
Seal Cove (Seal Cove P.O.)
Southwest Harbor (Southwest Harbor P.O.) Part of Tremont until 21 Feb 1905
Tremont (Tremont P.O.)
West Tremont (West Tremont P.O.)

NOTED "Tremont has 6 villages – Bass Harbor (named McKinley in 1901 for President McKinley and renamed Bass Harbor, 1966), Bernard, West Tremont, Seal Cove, Gotts Island and Center." taken from TREMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY TIMELINE

Historical Names

Ship's Harbor "Located off Maine 102A down the road from Seawall Campground and Wonderland Trail, Ship Harbor Trail is a figure-8 trail covering 1.3 miles."

'"Ship's Harbor in History"' Wrecked vessel the Grand Design, reference to Ship's Harbor.

Pioneer Settlers

Pioneer Settler Arrival Year
Daniel Gott 1703 -1784 1763 at Somes Sound
Daniel Gott Jr. 1739 - 1814 1763, at Bass Harbor 1785
Peter Rumrill (1800-1871)
John Rich 1767, 1777 at Pleasant Point
Peter Gott 1763, 1780 at Bass Harbor (East Side near Ship's Harbor


Islands Settler/Namesake/Note
Bar Island aka Half Island
Gotts Island aka Great Gott IslandDaniel Gott 1703 -1784
Langley's Island aka Greenings Phillip Langley
Little Gott Island
Hardwood Island
Moose Island
Rumell IslandPeter Rumrill (1800-1871)
Ship Island
Tinkers Island aka Robinson's Island Jonathan Tinker (abt.1779-1852)
David Robinson (abt.1768-1862)


Maps (Click an image for details)
Mount Desert with Southwest Harbor and Tremont with Household Names 1881
1860 Tremont & Southwest Harbor.
West Tremont, Seal Cove & Center P.O..
Tremont Map


Varney's Gazetteer of the state of Maine:
      Tremont in Hancock County, embraces the south western portion of Mount Desert Island. Tinker's, Moose, Hardwood, Gott's and Longley's Islands are also within its limits. The feature from which the town takes its name is the three contiguous peaks of Beech Mountain, and east and west peaks of the Western Mountains. Dog Mountain has been carefully prospected with spade and pick, for money hidden by Captain Kidd. The peak known as the " Lover's Scalp " has, on its eastern side, an almost perpendicular descent of 900 feet to the waters of Somes' Sound. The other mountains of Tremont are Dog, Flying, Bald, Burnt and Mount Gilboa. Dog Mountain is 670 feet in height ; Flying Mountain, 300 ; Bald Mountain, 250 ; Burnt Mountain, 175 ; and Mount Gilboa, 160. South West and Bass are the chief harbors, and the villages on these are the principal centres of business in the town. On Heat's Stream is a saw-mill, and upon the outlet of Seal Cove Pond is a grist-mill. Both streams empty into Seal Cove, which is a safe and convenient harbor. The production of the saw-mill is about 250,000 M. of lumber, and several hundred thousand staves annually. There is also a shingle-mill on Bass Harbor Stream. Some ship-building is done at both Bass and South West harbors. At the latter place is a factory for canning fish, and at West Tremont is a fish-curing establishment ; also the large brick-yard of the Tremont Brick Co., and a boat-builder's shop. The " staff of life " to the people of the town is found chiefly in the sea.
      Fernald's Point on Somes' Sound near the northern border of the town is thought by many to be the site of the ancient " St. Sauveur," the settlement of the colony sent out by Madame de Guercheville in 1613. " About half across the isthmus and a little up the hill (Flying Mountain), so as to command the water on either side without losing its shelter, are two holes in the ground which are shown as the ruins of the Frenchmen's cellars. They are a few rods apart, running north and south, 10 to 12 feet long at present, from 2 to 3 feet deep, and of varying width. They seem to have been gradually filled in from the hill above, and overgrown with grass. On the very day of our visit (1866) a spruce, some eight inches in diameter had been cut down in one of them. The old man who was our guide said the cellars were there in the time of his grandfather, who was the first settler, and he always said that they were the remains of the French colony." Stories of the discovery of gold buried by the French are rife, like those of pirates' treasures further south. A bank of shells near North East Harbor, on the opposite side of the Sound, probably marks the neighborhood of an Indian village ; and Indian relics of various sorts are not uncommon. Tremont was set off from Mount Desert and incorporated in 1848, under the name of Mansel, from Mount Mansel, the name given to the island by Winthrop's company of emigrants to Massachusetts Bay in 1630 ; it having been the first land discovered by them. See Eden.
      Tremont has two churches, a Congregation alist and a Methodist. Thirteen public schoolhouses, and school property to the value of $13,500, furnish the means of youthful education. The valuation of estates in 1870 was $262,353. In 1880 it was $361,419. The

Additional Resources


Photo Gallery (Click an image for details)
Bass Harbor Marsh
Bass Harbor Light
Bass Harbor Light
Wharf at Bass Harbor.
Seal Cove.
Great Gott Island


  • Varney, George J. 1886. Gazetteer of the state of Maine: with numerous illustrations.
  • Wasson, Samuel. 1878. A survey of Hancock County, Maine. Augusta [Me.]: Sprague, Owen & Nash, printers.

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