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Twillingate, Newfoundland

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 1770 [unknown]
Location: Twillingate, Newfoundlandmap
Surname/tag: Newfoundland
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Description

Twillingate is currently a town of 2,269 people located on the Twillingate Islands in Notre Dame Bay. It is located off the northeastern shore of the island of Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. It was incorporated on September 30, 1965. The Town of Twillingate includes such localities as Back Harbour, Bayview, Durrell, Gillard's Cove, Jenkins Cove, Manuel's Cove, and Wild Cove.

It was initially called Touillinquet, presumably by the French who fished there since the 16th century. Before them there is evidence of a long history of native people. The first British settlers (the only ones to leave descendents) to the area arrived in the mid 1700s[1].

The First European Settlers of Twillingate

In the early 1700s, when the first four permanent British residents settled there, the area around Twillingate was primarily Beothuk. Conflicts between the early settlers and the natives were common. By 1798 there were 139 European men and women in the area, and 176 children. By 1818, the "last of our aboriginals" was caught.
Much of the early growth in the community is due to the shipping business of John Slade (and later, his nephews John, Robert, and Thomas, the sons of his brother Robert), and many of the early inhabitants were his employees, or otherwise in business with him[2].

"First Settlers at Twillingate"

Excerpt from FIRST SETTLERS AT TWILLINGATE, And Their Conflicts with the Red Indians. By A. A. Parsons.[3]
Early in the seventies (nb. 1870s), the late Mr. T. D. Scanlon (one of the best informed Newfoundlanders of his day) found under the ruins of a “West Country fish-flake” at Back Harbor, Notre Dame Bay, a tin canister containing a very old and highly interesting “Diary of Events.” Some of the entries, he assured me, when talking the matter over with him a few years before his death, were made by the Peyton family, one of whom took a prominent part, on March 5th 1818, in the capture of Mary March, “the last of our aboriginals.” According to this diary, some two hundred years ago Twillingate was settled by four Englishman, namely: Moore, at Back Harbor; Smith, at the Point; Young at South Side, and Bath, at Jenkin’s Cove. Their social visits were few and far between--not oftener than three or four times a year...
Mr. Peter Picket, the oldest inhabitant of Fogo, used to tell his friends that he often, when a boy, heard the old folks talk of a peculiarity of the Red Men in putting out their fires ... When surprised they never left a fire burning behind them.
An old fisherman named Pilley, who came from Dorset to Slade & Co., some eighty years ago, said he often saw the Red Indians running along the strand of the Exploits as he sailed up the river in quest of wood. They always ran from the White Man.
Apropos to Slades: The founder of the house was “old Captain Tommy”, a mighty fisherman and a bachelor. His dress comprised a swanskin pants and blouse, protected when “on the ground” by a leather barvel. Cape Ann’s and rubber coats were not then invented.

1770 Sabbath Breaking Letter

In a ca 1770 letter, denouncing the Sabbath-breaking fishing trip of one Captain De La Rue[4], the following fishermen and townspeople signed:
John Slade, John Pearce, Robert Guy, Luke Lock, Hezekiah Guy, Thomas Riggs, Andrew Riggs, Charles Anstey, Edward Forward, Alexander Humber, James Skimington, William Jenkins, Moses Cheater, Lawrence Smith, For Perkins & Coghlan - B. Bradhy(?), John Hooper, John Moors, James Mory, William Borden or Burden(?), Stephen Green, John Cottell, James Stuckless, Edward King, Christopher Ayers, Jeffrey Tizzard.

Slade Crew 1785

The Slade Ledgers, detailing the business dealings of John Slade, contain some of the earliest records of the English speaking inhabitants of Twillingate[5] According to the ledgers for Twillingate, 1785-1786, the residents of Twillingate, associated with the Slade company, included Jeffery Tizzard, Rob’t Brake, Wm White, Jas Williams, Wm Cook, Jas Atchison, Wm Reglar, Tim’o Dwyer, Owen Mahaney, Geo Kitcat, Mich’l Snelling, Wm Haynes and John Warrick[6].

1798 Missionary Magazine Letter

In a letter, published 1799 in "The Missionary Magazine", the townspeople of Twillingate request a minister for the town, signed by 15 men[7].
Reverend Fathers and Respected Gentlemen,
We, the undermentioned principal inhabitants of Twillingate, contiguous to and under the government of Newfoundland , beg leave to lay before you our distressed state for want of the Gospel...Including families, and individuals, we are about 139 men and women, with 176 children, many whereof are approaching fast to the age of maturity...Hence we most humbly and ardently beseech you to send over and help us.
It is with sorrow we are constrained to say, that our finances will not enable us to offer more than L. 50 per annum towards the support of a minister. We do not speak by any authority from the people of Fogo...the inhabitants of that island are more numerous than ours, ...We therefore hope, that if a minister could be sent here, as he would have frequent opportunities of going there, that much good might be done among them also...
We remain, pious Gentlemen, your most humble and very obedient servants,
William Wheeler, John Moors, John Colbourne, Caleb Smith, John Smith, William Manual, Thomas Hicks, William Clark, Jeremiah Riggs, Christopher Eyers, James Stuckless, Samuel Jeans, Joseph Stuckless, Richard Stuckless, John Sergent.

Resources

  • The Newfoundland Grand Banks site has excellent vital statistics records[8], and a collection of wills, deeds, newspapers and other information[9] for Twillingate.
  • The Newfoundland GenWeb website has a very good collection of wills, early documents, voter lists, parish records, and censuses for Twillingate[10].

Sources

  1. Excerpts from the Wikipedia article on Twillingate, accessed 2017.
  2. Handcock, W. Gordon, "Slade, John" in The Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Volume IV. Toronto, ON/Laval, QC: University of Toronto/Université de Laval (1979).
  3. NL GenWeb History, Notre Dame Bay Region. FIRST SETTLERS AT TWILLINGATE, And Their Conflicts with the Red Indians By A. A. Parsons. Transcribed by Robert Layte The Newfoundland Quarterly December 1905 Vol. 05-No. 3, page 16. Accessed 2017. Edited lightly for length, clarity, and genocide.
  4. NL GenWeb, Notre Dame Bay Region, Fogo / Twillingate District. Historical Information 1770 Letter to Captain De La Rue. Transcribed by Milton Anstey. Accessed 2017.
  5. NL GenWeb History, Notre Dame Bay Region. Historical Data: The Slade Ledgers. DON BENNETT, July 2000. Accessed 2017.
  6. NL GenWeb, LIST OF PERSONS IN NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR 1785 AND FALL OF 1786. Twillingate. David Wells. Accessed 2017.
  7. NL GenWeb, Notre Dame Bay Region, Fogo / Twillingate District. Historical Information Circa 1798 Letter from 'The Missionary Magazine'. Transcribed by Milton Anstey. Accessed 2017.
  8. Newfoundland's Grand Banks Site, Newfoundland Vital Statistics Twillingate District. 2017. Accessed 2017.
  9. Newfoundland's Grand Banks Site, Historic Twillingate District. Kevin Reddigan, 2016. Accessed 2017.
  10. Newfoundland GenWeb, Notre Dame Bay Region Fogo / Twillingate District. Tammy Hammond. Accessed 2017.




Images: 2
View of Twillingate, from the sea
View of Twillingate, from the sea

Twillingate, on map of Newfoundland
Twillingate, on map of Newfoundland

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