The U. S. S. Whitley (AKA-91)

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Oakland, Alameda, California, United Statesmap
Surnames/tags: WWII Pearl Harbor Iwo Jima
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USS Whitley (AKA-91) was an Andromeda-class attack cargo ship named after counties in Indiana and Kentucky. She served as a commissioned ship for 10 years and 10 months.

Whitley (AKA-91) was laid down on 2 May 1944 at Oakland, California, by the Moore Dry Dock Co. under a Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 1191), launched on 22 June 1944, sponsored by Mrs. John R. Reilly, delivered to the Navy on 21 September 1944, and commissioned that same day, Comdr. Albert C. Thompson, USNR, in command.

Service History World War II, 1944–1945 Following shakedown training out of San Diego, Whitley loaded cargo at San Francisco and sailed on 9 November, bound for the Hawaiian Islands. She arrived at Oahu on 27 November and remained in the islands until late January 1945 conducting amphibious training and testing amphibious equipment and techniques. On 27 January, the attack cargo ship departed Pearl Harbor and steamed for the western Pacific. The ship arrived in Eniwetok lagoon on 5 February, took on fuel and supplies, and then continued her voyage on the 7th. She arrived in the Marianas soon thereafter and conducted landing rehearsals at Saipan and Tinian until 16 February when she got underway for the Bonin Islands.

The attack cargo ship arrived off Iwo Jima at dawn on the 19th and began disembarking elements of the 5th Marine Division. She remained in the vicinity of Iwo Jima for eight days in all, but her only brush with combat came on the night of 23 and 24 February when her anti-aircraft battery briefly and inconclusively engaged two Japanese aircraft. In the evening of 27 February, she joined a convoy bound via the New Hebrides for Guadalcanal. The ship stopped at Espiritu Santo on 15 March and embarked members of the Royal New Zealand Air Force for transportation to Guadalcanal. At the latter island, she exchanged the New Zealanders for a complement of Hawaii-bound Marines.

Whitley arrived back at Oahu on 16 April. She conducted voyage repairs at Pearl Harbor and then underwent refresher training near Maui until 11 May when she left Hawaii with a convoy bound for San Francisco, where she arrived on 18 May. Two days later, she sailed for Aberdeen, Washington, where she loaded cargo bound for Hawaii. Whitley arrived at Oahu on 12 June and, after a 10-day stopover, got underway for the ammunition depot at Bangor, Washington. There, in mid-July, the attack cargo ship took on another cargo for Hawaii, returned to Pearl Harbor later in the month, and remained there through the end of hostilities on 15 August.

Post-war operations, 1945 The ship departed Oahu on 23 August and arrived in Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines on 24 September. There, she embarked troops of the Army's 27th Regimental Combat Team (RCT). On 1 October, she set sail for Japan and arrived off Wakayama on the 7th. After more than a fortnight's wait while minesweepers cleared the mines from Nagoya Channel, she anchored in Ise Bay near Nagoya on 27 October and began unloading her passengers and their equipment.

She departed Nagoya on 1 November and set course for the Marianas. She entered Apra Harbor, Guam, on the 8th, embarked Navy officers and men for transportation home; and began her homeward voyage on 17 November. Following stops at Oahu, Panama, and Jacksonville, Florida, Whitley arrived at Norfolk on 2 January 1946.

1946–1951 Repairs at Norfolk preceded a series of voyages between ports on the east coast — such as Bayonne, New Jersey, and Norfolk, Virginia — and places in the North Atlantic — such as NS Argentia, Newfoundland; Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; and Narsarsuaq, Greenland. In November, she began the first of three round-trip voyages from the east coast to Bremerhaven in Germany. Those four voyages occupied her time completely until August 1947.

Between August 1947 and May 1949, she made a series of training cruises and supply voyages from Norfolk and Bayonne to various locations in the Caribbean area. In May and June 1949, she added the Mediterranean Sea to her itinerary with a round-trip voyage from the east coast, via Casablanca, to Naples, Italy, where she embarked detaches from the 6th Fleet for transportation home. She arrived back in Norfolk on 29 June and resumed her passenger and cargo runs to bases in the Caribbean area. That employment occupied her time until the summer of 1950. On 12 July 1950, she embarked upon a voyage which took her to Thule, Greenland, and to Cornwallis Island in the far northern reaches of Canada. She returned to the United States at Boston on 31 August and spent the remainder of 1950 and the entire year of 1951 plying the waters along the Atlantic coast and in the Caribbean engaged in training exercises and transporting people and supplies between various bases. The only exception to that routine came in April and May 1951 when she made a round-trip voyage from Norfolk to Casablanca, Morocco, and back.

1952–1954 The year 1952 brought with it increased duty in European and African waters. On 16 January, she put to sea from Norfolk, bound, via Casablanca, for Naples and Genoa in Italy. She returned to Norfolk on 5 March; but, after a logistics run to Newfoundland in April, she embarked upon another voyage to the Mediterranean on 10 May. After visiting Golfe Juan and Naples, she headed back to the United States, arriving in Norfolk on 25 June. Two months of local operations ensued. However, on 26 August, the attack cargo ship headed back to Europe — this time to Greenock, Scotland, to participate in a NATO exercise, "Operation Mainbrace", conducted off the coast of Norway. At the conclusion of the exercise, she visited Portsmouth, England, before returning to Norfolk where she arrived on 11 October and resumed local operations and training and supply cruises to the Caribbean area. In November and December 1953, she made another round-trip voyage to Casablanca and Naples to carry cargo to the 6th Fleet. She returned to Norfolk on 23 December and then conducted local operations until 2 March 1954, when she began another deployment in the Mediterranean with the 6th Fleet. She sailed direct to Naples but, on the homeward voyage, stopped at Casablanca and at Portsmouth, England. She returned to Norfolk on 22 April and resumed her normal routine. Later in the year, she made her final voyage to the Mediterranean and then conducted fleet exercises in the West Indies.

Decommissioning and sale, 1955–1973 On 29 January 1955, she entered the Monti Marine Shipyard in Brooklyn, New York, to begin inactivation overhaul. In April 1955, she moved south to Charleston, South Carolina, to complete the inactivation process. Whitley was decommissioned at Charleston on 16 August 1955. She remained inactive, berthed with the Charleston Group, Atlantic Reserve Fleet, until 1 July 1960, when her name was struck from the Navy List, and she was transferred to the Maritime Administration for layup. She was reinstated on the Navy List on 1 December 1961 and then transferred to the Italian Navy in February 1962 as a loan.

Etna (A 5328) She served as Etna (A 5328) until 1 May 1973. She was returned to the United States Navy and simultaneously sold to the Italian Navy. Her name was struck from the Navy List for the last time on 1 May 1973. The Etna was scrapped at Naples in July 1979.

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors. (2021, March 9). USS Whitley (AKA-91). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 05:26, May 29, 2021, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=USS_Whitley_(AKA-91)&oldid=1011221585


Throughout my childhood and young adulthood, I tried to get my Grandpa, John Willard Shaver to talk about his memories of WWII. He wouldn't talk about the war until he began to experience dementia. Gramps would start talking about instances in the war and then realize what he was doing. He always told me that he "wasn't supposed to talk about it." It was only years after he passed away that my research would begin to reveal his story.

Gramps served as the Dry Store Keep on the USS Whitley during the Battle of Iwo Jima. A man named Mario Massarelli would serve at the Wet Stores Keep and become a great friend to Gramps. There were three other men who would also become friends; Richard "Dick" Dobrinski, John Sims and Cloyd Drennan. To the day they died, they were reunite at least once every couple of years. My gramps was the last to pass.

As store keeps on the ship, Dick and Gramps were in charge of all of the food for the entire ship of men. As a result, they saw combat from a distance because they were the sole protection for the food. During their stint, they would hoard the better food meant for the officers, so the enlisted men could enjoy it too. A Captain discovered what they were up to and threatened them with court martial. Gramps looked at him and said,"and in the mean time you can starve while we wait for that to happen." The officer backed off because he knew they could do it.

When my sister passed away from cancer at the age of 28, my grampa got up to speak at her memorial service. He talked about this being harder than seeing his friends fall at Iwo Jima, having to watch helplessly as their bodies floated out to sea and not being able to do anything to help because of his position on the ship.

Gramps smuggled a brownie camera on board the ship. This was a big no-no since their mission was top secret. The result of his picture taking was 65 photos documenting the USS Whitley leaving Pearl Harbor up to them having to bury the fallen at Iwo Jima. I discovered these photos 18 years after Gramps died while going through his papers.

To the day he died, he flew his flag in honor of his friends who fell at Iwo Jima. The day after he died, my father, his son-in-law, put up his flag at our home. He now flies it daily in memory of all the men who fought for our freedom!

SOURCE: Christine Camile Miller personal recollections and research.

Men Who Served Aboard the USS Whitley (AKA-91)

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