British Carolina Colony

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 1526 to 1759
Location: Present day NC, TN, SC, GA, N. FL, S. LA, Al, MSmap
Surname/tag: Province_of_Carolina
This page has been accessed 5,432 times.

This profile won Profile of the Week the Second Week week of September 2014.

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Project Home Page The main project page with members, general information, links.

Main Image Page This is the main page for images related to the project, but images can also be uploaded to the individual colony page.

Project Resource Home Page This is the main resource page with links to resources that encompass all of the colonies, links to the sub projects, and other main resource pages.

Southern British Colonies Resource Page which provides links to the other four English/British colonies.


Colonial History

The Carolina Colony was originally chartered by King Charles in 1629. It included the Cape Fear area of present day North Carolina. [1] [2] This original Charter was ruled invalid because it was never realized. A New Charter was put in place in 1663, granted by King Charles II, and a second one in 1665. [3] These Charters were an attempt to add a buffer between the Spanish and Indians.[4] The Charters included the areas of present day NC, SC, GA, Northern Florida, Al, MS and Southern Louisiana. [5]

Government Structure

King Charles II

Original Structure

In 1629, Sir Robert Heath was given the southern half of the English land in the New World between 36 degrees and 31 degrees north latitude from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. [6] The land was named “Province of Carolina”. Sir Robert Heath’s attempts at settlement failed and in 1645 he was stripped of all his possessions. including the province of Carolina.[7]

King Charles appointed eight English Noblemen from Virginia as the Lords Proprietors in 1663. They were charged with affecting the settlement of Carolina.[8]

Text of Charter of 1663

The Eight Lords Proprietors governed Carolina until 1729.

Evolution of Government Structure

Unrest over the Lords Proprietors governance caused the Colony to split in 1712 and a Deputy Governor was appointed to govern the Northern part of Carolina.

The Colony was split into three Counties, Albemarle in the north, Clarendon and Craven in the south.[9]

Continued unrest over the Lords Proprietors governance of the Carolina Colony caused the appointment of a royal Governor in 1720 who governed over the southern part of Carolina. Both North and South Carolina became Royal Colonies in 1729. [10]



Migrating From the Northern Colonies

Links to Ships

Links to Slave Ships and Slave Ship Resouces

Ships List Sources

  • The Original Lists of Persons of Quality; Emigrants; Religious Exiles; Political Rebels; Serving Men Sold for a Term of Years; Apprentices; Children Stolen; Maidens Pressed; and Others Who Went from Great Britain to the American Plantations 1600-1700.
  • "The First South Carolinians" by St. Julien R. Childs, ("The South Carolina Historical Magazine", Vol. 71 (1970), pp. 101-108; Edited by Joseph I. Waring.)
  • The Shaftsbury Papers", edited by Langdon Cheves.The settlers/passengers of the three ships wrote letters to Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper, the Earl of Shaftsbury, in England. He was one of the eight Lords Proprietors. John Locke, the Earl's secretary, organized and compiled papers for the Earl which are known as the "Shaftsbury Papers." The original Shaftsbury Papers are in England but copies may be found in many libraries.
  • Bermuda Historical Quarterly. Lefroy. Memorials of the Bermudas.

American Indians

Santa Elena Indians

'Santa Elena Village, SC

Indentured Servants


Slaves Working in Tabacco
Slave Markets
First Hand Accounts and Other Reports

Political Prisoners

Penal Transportation

Economic Resources and Information

Conflicts Within The Colony

Battle of Sullivan's Island

Research Resources


North Carolina

Battle of Guiliford Courthouse
South Carolina

Battle of Cowpens

Fort Frederica, St. Simon's Island

British West Florida in 1767

WikiTree Resources

Existing Categories
North Carolina
South Carolina


Colonial Park Cemetery, Entrance

Colonial Park Cemetery, East Wall

Slave Cemeteries

Note: Slave and free African Americans are typically both buried in the cemeteries listed below as freed men continued to work in the same area.

Paid Resource Sites

Photos and Images

G2G Questions & Answers
North Carolina
South Carolina
Related Free Space Pages
Surname/Family Pages

Sources for this Page

  1. Charter of Carolina
  2. Medley, Mary Louise (1976). History of Anson County, North Carolina, 1750-1976. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 1. ISBN 9780806347554
  3. A Brief History of the Carolina Colonies
  4. Peter Charles Hoffer (14 December 2006). The Brave New World: A History of Early America. JHU Press. p. 323. ISBN 978-0-8018-8483-2
  5. NC Pedia: Carolina Charters, 1663-1665
  6. Avalon Project: Sir Robert Heath's Patent 5
  7. Carolina Founder: Sir Robert Heath
  8. "His Royal Highness’s Grant to the Lords Proprietors, Sir George Carteret, 29th July, 1674". The Avalon Project
  9. Celebrate Boston: Carolina Colony
  10. South Carolina Royal Governor

See also:

Helps and Tips

Research Tips

Migrating Ancestor Template

Use the directions below to add a quick visual reference to your ancestors' profiles to indicate their movements, whether they migrated from other countries or between different colonies (or states). See step 9 for information about a template for ancestors who never left the city or state where they were born.

Flag of Maryland
... ... ... migrated from Maryland to Virginia.
Flag of Virginia

To add a migrating ancestor template to a profile:
  1. Click on the edit tab of this page and scroll down to the Migrating Ancestor section of the page.
  2. Left click on the left beside the double brackets, hold down the left mouse button, and highlight all of the text down to the closing brackets. This will highlight the text you want to copy.
  3. Next, right click on the highlighted text and click on "copy."
  4. Go to the target profile, use the edit tab, scroll to the place where you want to add the template and click there.
  5. Right click and select "paste." This will paste the template exactly as you see it here.
  6. To customize the template for your target profile go to Flag Images to find different flags or go directly to State Flags.
  7. Copy the file name of the flag you want to use, and paste it to the right of the = sign under origin and destination flags.
  8. You can also go to the blank template , copy and paste it to your page, and add your customized information.
  9. For ancestors who did NOT migrate, use the directions above to copy one of the variations of the Nonmigrating Ancestor template below:
describe the image
of Virginia
describe the image
born in Henrico County

Images: 21
Carolina Colony, 1715
Carolina Colony, 1715

A New Description of Carolina, 1676
A New Description of Carolina, 1676

General Map of Carolina, 1696
General Map of Carolina, 1696

Carolina, 1725
Carolina, 1725

British West Florida in 1767
British West Florida in 1767

view all

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  • Public Q&A: These will appear above and in the Genealogist-to-Genealogist (G2G) Forum. (Best for anything directed to the wider genealogy community.)

On 19 May 2015 at 11:29 GMT Paula J wrote:

Due to a recent accident where an entire project space page was deleted, I am changing the privacy of this page to Green. When granting access to this page, please backup the page on a word doc first.


On 7 Dec 2014 at 23:15 GMT Paula J wrote:

Image:Profile_Photo_s-268.jpg December 7, 2014

On 11 Sep 2014 at 14:17 GMT Paula J wrote:

Thank you to everyone who voted for the Carolina Colony Page for Profile of the Week!

On 25 Aug 2014 at 01:30 GMT Berry Henderson Jr. wrote:

Hello all! As Mags said I am jumping in to help! I'm fairly new to wikitree so what I lack in experience I'll try and make up with enthusiasm.

Cheers, Berry

On 25 Aug 2014 at 00:50 GMT Mags Gaulden wrote:

WOW Paula, you are a very busy little leader! Thanks so much!

Berry B. Henderson is jumping in to help us out!


On 22 Aug 2014 at 15:17 GMT Mags Gaulden wrote:

Why tyvm Nae. Mags

On 22 Aug 2014 at 12:56 GMT Nae (Lockhart) X wrote:

OH, I LOVE THE way you put the location! Post this in the forum and on the template page!

Great idea! Now, how do we incorporate the other two resource pages for North and South Carolina? Do we put the links on here or just have a separate page for the overall colony? I'll leave this to you and Mags to hammer out since this is your specialty.  :)