US Southern Colonies Province of Carolina History

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Present day NC, TN, SC, GA, N. FL,map
Surnames/tags: southern_colonies north_carolina south_carolina
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US Southern Colonies Project|US Southern Colonies Sources and Resources Directory|Province of Carolina History

See the table at US Southern Colonies Sources and Resources Directory for links to other US Southern Colonies pages relevant to the Carolinas, to North and South Carolina, to the other southern colonies (Maryland, Virginia, and Georgia), and project-wide pages, such as US Southern Colonies Reliable Sources.

Province of Carolina History
The purpose of this page is to provide background and resources relevant to the Carolinas prior to the split of North and South Carolina in 1712. It is managed by the Province of Carolina Team of the US Southern Colonies Project.



Colonial History

This profile won Profile of the Week the Second Week week of September 2014.

The Carolina Colony was originally chartered by King Charles in 1629. It included the Cape Fear area of present day North Carolina. [1] [2] This original Charter was ruled invalid because it was never realized. A New Charter was put in place in 1663, granted by King Charles II, and a second one in 1665. [3] These Charters were an attempt to add a buffer between the Spanish and Indians.[4] The Charters included the areas of present day NC, SC, GA, Northern Florida, Al, MS and Southern Louisiana. [5]

Government Structure

King Charles II

Original Structure

In 1629, Sir Robert Heath was given the southern half of the English land in the New World between 36 degrees and 31 degrees north latitude from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. [6] The land was named “Province of Carolina”. Sir Robert Heath’s attempts at settlement failed and in 1645 he was stripped of all his possessions. including the province of Carolina.[7]

King Charles appointed eight English Noblemen from Virginia as the Lords Proprietors in 1663. They were charged with affecting the settlement of Carolina.[8]

Text of Charter of 1663

The Eight Lords Proprietors governed Carolina until 1729.

Evolution of Government Structure

Unrest over the Lords Proprietors governance caused the Colony to split in 1712 and a Deputy Governor was appointed to govern the Northern part of Carolina.

The Colony was split into three Counties, Albemarle in the north, Clarendon and Craven in the south.[9]

Continued unrest over the Lords Proprietors governance of the Carolina Colony caused the appointment of a royal Governor in 1720 who governed over the southern part of Carolina. Both North and South Carolina became Royal Colonies in 1729. [10]


Links here checked 1/11/2023


Migrating From the Northern Colonies

Links to Ships

Links to Slave Ships and Slave Ship Resouces

Ships List Sources

  • The Original Lists of Persons of Quality; Emigrants; Religious Exiles; Political Rebels; Serving Men Sold for a Term of Years; Apprentices; Children Stolen; Maidens Pressed; and Others Who Went from Great Britain to the American Plantations 1600-1700.
  • "The First South Carolinians" by St. Julien R. Childs, ("The South Carolina Historical Magazine", Vol. 71 (1970), pp. 101-108; Edited by Joseph I. Waring.)
  • The Shaftsbury Papers", edited by Langdon Cheves.The settlers/passengers of the three ships wrote letters to Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper, the Earl of Shaftsbury, in England. He was one of the eight Lords Proprietors. John Locke, the Earl's secretary, organized and compiled papers for the Earl which are known as the "Shaftsbury Papers." The original Shaftsbury Papers are in England but copies may be found in many libraries.
  • Bermuda Historical Quarterly. Lefroy. Memorials of the Bermudas.

American Indians

Santa Elena Indians

'Santa Elena Village, SC

Indentured Servants


Slaves Working in Tabacco
Slave Markets
First Hand Accounts and Other Reports

Political Prisoners

Penal Transportation

Economic Resources and Information

Conflicts Within The Colony

Battle of Sullivan's Island

Research Resources


North Carolina

Battle of Guiliford Courthouse
South Carolina

Battle of Cowpens

Fort Frederica, St. Simon's Island

British West Florida in 1767

WikiTree Resources

Existing Categories
North Carolina
South Carolina


Colonial Park Cemetery, Entrance

Colonial Park Cemetery, East Wall

Slave Cemeteries

Note: Slave and free African Americans are typically both buried in the cemeteries listed below as freed men continued to work in the same area.

Paid Resource Sites

Photos and Images

G2G Questions & Answers
North Carolina
South Carolina
Related Free Space Pages
Surname/Family Pages

Sources for this Page

  1. Charter of Carolina
  2. Medley, Mary Louise (1976). History of Anson County, North Carolina, 1750-1976. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 1. ISBN 9780806347554
  3. A Brief History of the Carolina Colonies
  4. Peter Charles Hoffer (14 December 2006). The Brave New World: A History of Early America. JHU Press. p. 323. ISBN 978-0-8018-8483-2
  5. NC Pedia: Carolina Charters, 1663-1665
  6. Avalon Project: Sir Robert Heath's Patent 5
  7. Carolina Founder: Sir Robert Heath
  8. "His Royal Highness’s Grant to the Lords Proprietors, Sir George Carteret, 29th July, 1674". The Avalon Project
  9. Celebrate Boston: Carolina Colony
  10. South Carolina Royal Governor

See also:

Helps and Tips

Research Tips

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Use the directions below to add a quick visual reference to your ancestors' profiles to indicate their movements, whether they migrated from other countries or between different colonies (or states). See step 9 for information about a template for ancestors who never left the city or state where they were born.

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... ... ... migrated from Maryland to Virginia.
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born in Henrico County

Comments: 10

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Thanks so much for the heads up Liz! Sounds good to me. I appreciate your efforts!


posted on US Southern Colonies British Carolina (merged) by Paula J
update - page renamed

I intend to begin the process of renaming the Colony-level US Southern Colonies pages with "British" in their name to "... History" - see (the list under the table).

The new name of this page will be "US Southern Colonies Province of Carolina History". This will be one among seven pages to be named in that pattern. Please give a holler if you have objections so an alternate naming pattern can be explored before the renaming to "... History" begins.


posted on US Southern Colonies British Carolina (merged) by Liz (Noland) Shifflett
edited by Liz (Noland) Shifflett
Hi Paula, please can you make me a PM of this profile? Many thanks, Susie :-)
posted on US Southern Colonies British Carolina (merged) by Susie MacLeod
Due to a recent accident where an entire project space page was deleted, I am changing the privacy of this page to Green. When granting access to this page, please backup the page on a word doc first.


posted on US Southern Colonies British Carolina (merged) by Paula J
Image:Profile_Photo_s-268.jpg December 7, 2014
posted on US Southern Colonies British Carolina (merged) by Paula J
Thank you to everyone who voted for the Carolina Colony Page for Profile of the Week!
posted on US Southern Colonies British Carolina (merged) by Paula J
Hello all! As Mags said I am jumping in to help! I'm fairly new to wikitree so what I lack in experience I'll try and make up with enthusiasm.

Cheers, Berry

posted on US Southern Colonies British Carolina (merged) by Berry Henderson Jr.
WOW Paula, you are a very busy little leader! Thanks so much!

Berry B. Henderson is jumping in to help us out!


posted on US Southern Colonies British Carolina (merged) by Mags Gaulden
Why tyvm Nae. Mags
posted on US Southern Colonies British Carolina (merged) by Mags Gaulden
OH, I LOVE THE way you put the location! Post this in the forum and on the template page!

Great idea! Now, how do we incorporate the other two resource pages for North and South Carolina? Do we put the links on here or just have a separate page for the overall colony? I'll leave this to you and Mags to hammer out since this is your specialty.  :)

posted on US Southern Colonies British Carolina (merged) by [Living Lockhart]