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US Southern Colonies Slavery

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Categories: United States of America | US Southern Colonies | US Southern Colonies Project | Slavery, United States of America.


US Southern Colonies Slavery Project Resource Page
A resource page focused on slavery in colonial North America.

Project Coordinator: Shira Landrac

Contents

Project Links

Cultural Considerations

When possible, follow the conventions of recognized African American Genealogy Sites and Organizations such as these:

Naming Conventions

Last Name At Birth for persons born enslaved should be Unknown unless a last name at birth appears on a record.

  • theroot.com Lost Slave Ancestors Found by Henry Louis Gates Jr. and NEHGS Researcher Meaghan Siekman, Kristin Britanik

G2G Discussions

Existing Categories

Resources

Research

  • Archives Slave Manifests The Congressional Act prohibiting slave importation required that all vessels of 40 tons or more carrying slaves in the coastwise trade file duplicate manifests at the ports of origin and destination, pledging that the slave had not been imported into the U.S. after 1807.
  • The Slaver, an 1862 NY Times article, Bark Augusta Condemned
  • Race, Slavery and Free Blacks A UPA Collection, from BLACK STUDIES RESEARCH SOURCES, Microfilms from Major Archival and Manuscript Collections, General Editors: John H. Bracey, Jr., and Sharon Harley, A Guide to the Microfilm Edition of Race, Slavery, and Free Blacks, Series II, Petitions to Southern County Courts, 1775–1867, Part A: Georgia (1796–1867), Florida (1821–1867), Alabama (1821–1867), Mississippi (1822–1867).

Searchable Databases

  • African Names Database by name
  • Slave Manifest for Beaufort (SC) search by name, owner of ship
  • Race and Slavery Petitions Project -- a searchable database of detailed personal information about slaves, slaveholders, and free people of color. Designed as a tool for scholars, historians, teachers, students, genealogists, and interested citizens, the site provides access to information gathered and analyzed over an eighteen-year period from petitions to southern legislatures and country courts filed between 1775 and 1867 in the fifteen slaveholding states in the United States and the District of Columbia."
  • Freedom on the Move - database of fugitives from North American slavery
  • Freedman's Bureau (may not work with Chrome on a Mac)
  • Unknown No Longer Virginia Historical Society database of slave names
  • Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy
  • Slavery Era Insurance Registry for policies issued by New York Life and other insurers, hosted by California Department of Insurance, but the data is for southern states. Includes slave name, location and slave holder information.

Carolina

Slaves Working in Tabacco
Slave Markets
First Hand Accounts and Other Reports
Slave Cemeteries
Note: Slave and free African Americans are typically both buried in the cemeteries listed below as freed men continued to work in the same area.

North Carolina

South Carolina

Slave Cemeteries
Note: Slave and free African Americans are typically both buried in the cemeteries listed below as freed men continued to work in the same area.

Georgia

Slavery was banned in Georgia until ban on slavery was finally overturned in 1751, as it was set up to be an "enlightened colony"[1]From 1750 until the first census, in 1790, Georgia's slave population grew from approximately 1,000 to nearly 30,000. Most of those were concentrated on plantations situated between the Altamaha and Savannah rivers along the coast in the present-day counties of Chatham and Liberty and on the Sea Islands.[2]

Florida

Louisiana

Maryland

Mississippi

Texas

Virginia

Washington, DC

  • Historical Considerations of the 1810 Census
Slaves – Slaves are listed in the 1810 census under their owners’ last names. You can cross reference that information with tax lists and probate inventories in order to locate multiple members of the same slave family. You may also find that some of those family members are clearly listed by age in the census records. There are some scattered manufacturing schedules scattered amongst the 1810 census documents, which can give you further information. See more here
  • from Jillaine:

"...7minute video.) While going through some old documents, the staff at the Delaware State Archives came upon an intriguing discovery. They found what they believe is a tax record projecting the amount of money Sussex County would lose once all the slaves there were freed. Archivists estimate that the four sheets of old parchment date back to 1866. http://bit.ly/1zHyLPe"

Sources

  1. Georgia Encyclopedia
  2. Georgia Encyclopedia, Slave Women

See also:





Images: 1
Slavery
Slavery

Collaboration
  • Login to edit this profile and add images.
  • Private Messages: Contact the Profile Managers privately: Paula J, ShiraDestinie Jones, and Nae X. (Best when privacy is an issue.)
  • Public Comments: Login to post. (Best for messages specifically directed to those editing this profile. Limit 20 per day.)
  • Public Q&A: These will appear above and in the Genealogist-to-Genealogist (G2G) Forum. (Best for anything directed to the wider genealogy community.)

On 15 Jul 2017 at 19:29 GMT Rebecca (Hesselmann) Campbell wrote:

Thank you Shira for the intro. I look forward to helping any way I can. I have experience with both traditional genealogy and genetic genealogy.

Rebecca

On 14 Jul 2017 at 21:08 GMT ShiraDestinie Jones MPhil wrote:

I have a volunteer: Rebecca Campbell, to help with this project, and she seems to bring significant experience in this work!  :-)

Shira

On 11 Jan 2016 at 18:34 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Hi! I just added a link to the Naming conventions section here from this page: Name Field Guidelines. It's under the "Still Developing" section ... is that OK or should I move it up with a line "Last Name at Birth for persons born enslaved remains undecided as of January 11, 2016"?

Cheers, Liz

On 27 Oct 2015 at 17:02 GMT Ann Casey wrote:

Slavery is as ancient a business as the human race, where none may claim exclusive subjugation of its brutality. The custom of bondage of people crossed and encompassed all boundaries and all civilizations since its inception, based on each society’s designated hierarchy class to segregate. The commodity in slaves was an enterprise engineered for profit, employing the distinguishing variables of race, religion or creed in its custom for the “mandatory” reasons of its purpose. Other variables propagating this “particular institution” have been the payment of debt(s), punishment for crimes, the “legal and legitimate” taking of prisoners during and after war, including any and all abandoned children as the result; and the exploitation of continuum for the children born of slaves. Ann Casey

On 6 Mar 2015 at 06:58 GMT ShiraDestinie Jones MPhil wrote:

Excellent question Nae -I seem to recall seeing many Slave Posters describe slaves as Servants, as Jefferson always did, but with no more informtion it is hard to tell. I did not see a full transcription or link to scanned original doc.

:-( Shira

On 5 Mar 2015 at 21:38 GMT Nae (Lockhart) X wrote:

AUGUST 29, 1751., (196) William Hughes, a runaway servant of Thomas Dansie, of King Wm. Co. court records of Augusta County, Virginia. Online source: http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~chalkley/volume_1/or03_45.htm#page%2046

Wasn't sure where to put this...states servant, could have been slave or indentured.

On 4 Mar 2015 at 13:39 GMT ShiraDestinie Jones MPhil wrote:

Paula, would the

http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Space:Slavery_Project_Workspace

do as "a world wide slavery resource page that we can link all of our space pages to" ? Shira

On 4 Mar 2015 at 10:19 GMT Paula J wrote:

Thanks for the update, Shira! The question of African American slavery by the Cherokee should go here. All colonial slavery probably should he noted here.

Cherokee slavery can be added to the Cherokee project resources but let's link that here also for those who might not think to look there.

I suggest a world wide slavery resource page that we can link all of our space pages to.

On 4 Mar 2015 at 09:08 GMT ShiraDestinie Jones MPhil wrote:

Thanks Nae and Paula -no consensus on LNAB afaik, and categories are being worked to place Worldwide Slavery with Slaves and Owners linked by Dan

(FPoC part of slavery in USA as the Slave Codes affected them uniquely) and Abolitionsts by Andrea.

Should we add Cherokee pre-Revolution slavery/ownership here: http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Chronicles/v016/v016p003.html  ??

(rather complex as Cherokee Slaves were held by VA planters, and then the Cherokee began owning slaves in lead-up to 1820 law-change...)

Shira

On 28 Feb 2015 at 01:44 GMT Paula J wrote:

Dan Thompson just sent me a document about how to fix the category mess but I just got home from work and will be working tomorrow so I won't have time to look until Sunday.

more comments