US Southern Colonies Slavery

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US Southern Colonies Slavery Project Resource Page
A resource page focused on slavery in colonial North America.

Project Coordinator: Shira Destinie Jones


Project Links

Cultural Considerations

When possible, follow the conventions of recognized African American Genealogy Sites and Organizations such as these:

Naming Conventions

Last Name At Birth for persons born enslaved should be Unknown unless a last name at birth appears on a record.

  • Lost Slave Ancestors Found by Henry Louis Gates Jr. and NEHGS Researcher Meaghan Siekman, Kristin Britanik

G2G Discussions

Existing Categories


  • California Department of Insurance Slave Names. This is a compilation which includes Name of Slave, County (or Parish), State Other Identifying Information, Slaveholder, County (or Parish), State, and the insurance company that submitted the information. pdf format


  • Archives Slave Manifests The Congressional Act prohibiting slave importation required that all vessels of 40 tons or more carrying slaves in the coastwise trade file duplicate manifests at the ports of origin and destination, pledging that the slave had not been imported into the U.S. after 1807.
  • The Slaver, an 1862 NY Times article, Bark Augusta Condemned
  • Race, Slavery and Free Blacks A UPA Collection, from BLACK STUDIES RESEARCH SOURCES, Microfilms from Major Archival and Manuscript Collections, General Editors: John H. Bracey, Jr., and Sharon Harley, A Guide to the Microfilm Edition of Race, Slavery, and Free Blacks, Series II, Petitions to Southern County Courts, 1775–1867, Part A: Georgia (1796–1867), Florida (1821–1867), Alabama (1821–1867), Mississippi (1822–1867).

Searchable Databases

  • African Names Database by name
  • Slave Manifest for Beaufort (SC) search by name, owner of ship
  • Race and Slavery Petitions Project -- a searchable database of detailed personal information about slaves, slaveholders, and free people of color. Designed as a tool for scholars, historians, teachers, students, genealogists, and interested citizens, the site provides access to information gathered and analyzed over an eighteen-year period from petitions to southern legislatures and country courts filed between 1775 and 1867 in the fifteen slaveholding states in the United States and the District of Columbia."
  • Freedom on the Move - database of fugitives from North American slavery
  • Freedman's Bureau (may not work with Chrome on a Mac)
  • Unknown No Longer Virginia Historical Society database of slave names
  • Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy
  • Slavery Era Insurance Registry for policies issued by New York Life and other insurers, hosted by California Department of Insurance, but the data is for southern states. Includes slave name, location and slave holder information.


Slaves Working in Tabacco
Slave Markets
First Hand Accounts and Other Reports
Slave Cemeteries
Note: Slave and free African Americans are typically both buried in the cemeteries listed below as freed men continued to work in the same area.

North Carolina

South Carolina

Slave Cemeteries
Note: Slave and free African Americans are typically both buried in the cemeteries listed below as freed men continued to work in the same area.


Slavery was banned in Georgia until ban on slavery was finally overturned in 1751, as it was set up to be an "enlightened colony"[1]From 1750 until the first census, in 1790, Georgia's slave population grew from approximately 1,000 to nearly 30,000. Most of those were concentrated on plantations situated between the Altamaha and Savannah rivers along the coast in the present-day counties of Chatham and Liberty and on the Sea Islands.[2]







Washington, DC

  • Historical Considerations of the 1810 Census
Slaves – Slaves are listed in the 1810 census under their owners’ last names. You can cross reference that information with tax lists and probate inventories in order to locate multiple members of the same slave family. You may also find that some of those family members are clearly listed by age in the census records. There are some scattered manufacturing schedules scattered amongst the 1810 census documents, which can give you further information. See more here
  • from Jillaine:

"...7minute video.) While going through some old documents, the staff at the Delaware State Archives came upon an intriguing discovery. They found what they believe is a tax record projecting the amount of money Sussex County would lose once all the slaves there were freed. Archivists estimate that the four sheets of old parchment date back to 1866."


  1. Georgia Encyclopedia
  2. Georgia Encyclopedia, Slave Women

See also:

Railroad Routes

  • New Orleans, Louisiana, Slave Manifests, 1807-1860, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Slave Manifests of Coastwise Vessels Filed at New Orleans, Louisiana, 1807-1860; Microfilm Serial: M1895; Microfilm Roll: 8

Images: 1

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don't see this on your lists, I know you will want this one!

"Slave Narratives - A Folk History of Slavery in the United States With Interviews of Former Slaves" Typed Written Records prepared by The Federal Writers Project, 1966-1938, Assembled by The Library of Congress Project. With Illustrations and Photographs.

  • Apparently it looks like there are more volumes too. this one is Missouri Vol. x
posted by Arora (G) Anonymous
Digital Library on American Slavery

University of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC

This site is loaded with links and records of slaves, owners, indentured, petitioners requesting freedom for self or family, purchases of own family, sooo much is too much to list. It is a massive collection of document records

posted by Arora (G) Anonymous
fixed typo. Great Page.
posted by Lynette Jester
Thought this maybe of interest for this project- Plantations of North Carolina (NC Genweb project) there are many links to records -

From the page- "Documented Slave Plantations of North Carolina is a comprehensive database of various plantations derived from a variety of information mediums. " -

posted by Arora (G) Anonymous
Hey Shira, not sure if you want this or not for this Category, looked at the sub categories, you have Baltimore County, but Baltimore City acts as its' own County and is not part of Baltimore County, anyway the Carrolls and Tilghmans & Mount Clare Mansion has a lot of info on the slaves, indentured servants and others who worked not only the fields and homes, but also within and Ironworks factory here is the page with links on it to more infos

posted by Arora (G) Anonymous
A resource presently being upgraded to focus more on person-history level provides search capabilities and other links, in the interim. Professor Gates had this to say:

""For over a quarter century, David Eltis's Transatlantic Slave Trade Database has been the ‘Gold Standard’ in the field of the study of the slave trade,” says Henry Louis Gates Jr., Alphonse Fletcher University Professor and director of the Hutchins Center for African and African American Research at Harvard University. “It has transformed what we know and how we think and write about the forced removal of 12.5 million Africans to the New World, and the 10.7 million who survived the horrors of the Middle Passage. No scholar can undertake a serious study of that process without consulting it."
posted by Fann Fann
Thank you Shira for the intro. I look forward to helping any way I can. I have experience with both traditional genealogy and genetic genealogy.


I have a volunteer: Rebecca Campbell, to help with this project, and she seems to bring significant experience in this work!  :-)


Hi! I just added a link to the Naming conventions section here from this page: Name Field Guidelines. It's under the "Still Developing" section ... is that OK or should I move it up with a line "Last Name at Birth for persons born enslaved remains undecided as of January 11, 2016"?

Cheers, Liz

posted by Liz (Noland) Shifflett
Slavery is as ancient a business as the human race, where none may claim exclusive subjugation of its brutality. The custom of bondage of people crossed and encompassed all boundaries and all civilizations since its inception, based on each society’s designated hierarchy class to segregate. The commodity in slaves was an enterprise engineered for profit, employing the distinguishing variables of race, religion or creed in its custom for the “mandatory” reasons of its purpose. Other variables propagating this “particular institution” have been the payment of debt(s), punishment for crimes, the “legal and legitimate” taking of prisoners during and after war, including any and all abandoned children as the result; and the exploitation of continuum for the children born of slaves. Ann Casey
posted by Ann Casey
Excellent question Nae -I seem to recall seeing many Slave Posters describe slaves as Servants, as Jefferson always did, but with no more informtion it is hard to tell. I did not see a full transcription or link to scanned original doc.

:-( Shira

AUGUST 29, 1751., (196) William Hughes, a runaway servant of Thomas Dansie, of King Wm. Co. court records of Augusta County, Virginia. Online source:

Wasn't sure where to put this...states servant, could have been slave or indentured.

posted by Nae (Lockhart) X