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United States Senate

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
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Surnames/tags: United_States Government
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Makeup of the US Senate

Under Article I, Section 3 of the U. S. Constitution senators are elected for a six year term and are divided into 3 classes resulting in 1/3 of the body being elected every two years. After the initial appointments in 1789 following ratification, Class 1 was elected in 1790 and every six years thereafter; Class 2 in 1792 and then every six years; and Class 3 in 1794 and then every six years. Senators were elected by the State Legislatures until the adoption of the 17th Amendment which provided for popular election.
States with a Class 1 senator- Next election 2024:
ArizonaCaliforniaConnecticutDelawareFloridaHawaiiIndianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNevadaNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth DakotaOhioPennsylvaniaRhode IslandTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyoming
States with a Class 2 senator- Next election 2020:
AlabamaAlaskaArkansasColoradoDelawareGeorgiaIdahoIllinoisIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMontanaNebraskaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNorth CarolinaOklahomaOregonRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasVirginiaWest VirginiaWyoming
States with a Class 3 senator - Next election 2022:
AlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMarylandMissouriNevadaNew HampshireNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaUtahVermontWashingtonWisconsin
To date, sixteen senators have also served as president of the United States. Three senators, Warren G. Harding, John F. Kennedy, and Barack Obama moved directly from the U.S. Senate to the White House.

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