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Victoria County, Texas

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Contents

History/Timeline

  • Victoria County was created 1836 from Mexican municipality by the Republic of Texas. It is named for President Guadalupe Victoria of Mexico.[1]
Late Pleistocene Era - Prehistoric fossils of mammoths, horses, camels, sloths, and bison of the Late Pleistocene era were discovered in the county, as well as artifacts from the Paleo-Indian period.
1528-30- Cabeza de Vaca and three other survivors of a ship wreck lived in this area with friendly Indians. [2]
1680 French explorer La Salle explored.
1720 - the first settlement which was a Spanish mission and presidio. Mission Espiritu Santo de Zuniga. Mission friars, sent here to Christianize and civilize the Karankawa Indians. Stray stock from these missions gave nucleus for the herds of wild cattle of South Texas. [2]
1721 Presidio La Bahia, founded 1721 within present Victoria County, has been restored on a later site, in Goliad.[3]
April, 1722- Nuestra Señora de Loreto Presidio and Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga Mission (La Bahía missions) were established near the ruins of the French Fort St. Louis, which marked the first Spanish settlement after Fort St. Louis was begun, 1680..This was moved due Indian destruction and lack of military support.[2]
1749, the fathers cultivated hay and corn, exporting the excess to East Texas and San Antonio. La Bahia Road, Opelousas, or Lower Road was a method of travel.[4][2]
1800's- The Tamiques, Tonkawas, and Comanche, Lipan, and Tawakoni raids occurred.
1824 - Civilian settlement began-Martin de Leon's grant from the Mexican government to plant a colony on the Guadalupe River. Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de Jesús Victoria by the empresario Martín De León. The settlement, known as Guadalupe Victoria, prospered.
1835 Over 100 titles to land grants were issued by the Mexican government. La Bahía ranch, De León, who had amassed 5,000 branded cattle by the time he started his colony, established Victoria County's claim to be the "Cradle of the Texas Cattle Industry.
1836 -"Placido Benavides, son-in-law of De Leon, commanded Victoria militia, which as part of army of Gen. Sam Houston, opposed Mexican countrymen during the Texas Revolution.
1837 - After the establishment of the Republic of Texas, Victoria County was officially organized.
Many settlers from the Old South immigrated to the area establishing the "plantation-based type of settlements, supported by slaves.
1840, 1842, --The Karankawas were last seen at Kemper's Bluff before fleeing to Mexico. Great Comanche raid of 1840 destroyed the port of Linnville.
1854 - Navigation of Guadalupe River began with line of steamers between Victoria and Indianola. Kemper's Bluff was principal cotton loading point. Known as "Cradle of the Cattle Industry in Texas",[5]
1824 Colonization started in 1824 mainly by Mexican settlers on Martin de Leon's grant (empresario). [2]
1832- -De León's colonists were settled in all of the territory of present Victoria and Calhoun counties as well as part Lavaca, Jackson, and DeWitt counties. This area constituted Guadalupe Victoria as a district under the Mexican government in 1832 and Coahuila, 1835.[2]
1836 - Placido Benavides, son-in-law of De Leon, was Victoria militia commander, andfought the Mexican army during the Texas Revolution and the battle of San Jacinto..
17 March, 1836--Victoria County was created as a county
1846 - German settlements were large and influential at Coletoville, Mission Valley, and Victoria. [2]
Feb, 1851 The first toll bridge was built across the river at Victoria by Richard Owens and Sylvester Sutton. [6]
1853, Several boats, such as the William Penn, owned by Jesse O. Wheeler, were making regular trips from Victoria (via the the Guadalupe River) to Saluria, a port formerly on Matagorda Island 3 miles across Matagorda Bay from the site of present Port O'Connor
1854 - line of steamers between Victoria and Indianola were operating. [7]
1855, The move for a free bridge began
1861- Victoria County for secession from the Union ( 880 to 313). Some 300 county men served in the Confederacy. 48 died of wounds/disease.[2]
1862-65 -Units - Co. C, Fourth Regiment, Texas Mounted Volunteers, in New Mexico; Co. B, Sixth Texas Infantry, was attached to the Army of Tennessee, action east of the Mississippi; and Co. A, Thirteenth Texas Cavalry (Waller's Battalion), in western Louisiana with Bagby's Brigade. [2]
1862-63 - Camp Henry E. McCulloch was established about four miles from Victoria under the command of Col. R. R. Garland, who trained 643 men of the Sixth Texas Infantry,[2]
1863 -Confederate General John B. Magruder destroys the railroad from Port Lavaca to Victoria to keep it out of Union hand and sank, trees and boats into the Guadalupe River.[2]
Slavery Slavery movement
1867-1869 County is occupied by federal troops. Violence by those same troops results in the axing death and corpse mutilation of local official Benjamin F. Hill, who is at the time incarcerated for an alleged self-defense killing of a discharged Union soldier. [2]
1873 Gulf, Western Texas and Pacific Railway connects Victoria with Cuero and the coast.
1883 Texas Continental Meat Company is built, largest meat packing plant in Texas.
Feb., 1886 river was spanned by King Iron and Bridge Company of Cleveland, Ohio. Also, a ferry known as Bray's Ferry was established at the San Antonio River by G. B. Amery and John Bray.Kemper's Bluff was principal cotton loading point. [2]
1906 The Guadalupe River Navigation Company is established.
1930 - oil and gas wells were struck at McFaddin
1930's the Work Projects Administration, and the National Recovery Administration. [2]
Late 1930's county remained principally agricultural and ranching area until oil was discovered
1941 Foster Air Force Base is established as Victoria Army Air Field as a training air field.
July 1967 -Victoria Barge Canal was completed to the plant, connected Victoria County with the Intercoastal Canal, which carried almost 10 percent of United States domestic commerce in 1976.
1996-2002 -Archeologists of the Texas Historical commission excavated on the Keeran Ranch site (1996–2002). Excavations found the 8 French (300 yr old) cannons. This confirmed that the Spanish Nuestra Señora de Loreto de la Bahía Presidio was built on the La Salle settlement site early in 1722. Domingo Ramon had even occupied the site in 1721. Of 157,726 artifacts recovered from the site, there were an estimate of 10 percent artifacts of French provenance, the remainder being of Spanish and Indian.[8] [9]

1834 -O’Connor Family Ranches, in Goliad, Refugio and Victoria Counties - 500,000 Acres, Primary USE:- Cow-calf, Founded in 1834 Thomas O'Connor arrived in Texas in 1834 (age 14). By the time he was 17, he fought in the Battle of San Jacinto, and when he was 28 he registered the TC brand. O'Connor died 1887, leaving the ranch to children, then grandchildren. descendants share ownership of the land. In 1910 a grandson of Tom gave Henrietta King and Robert Kleberg a healthy black Brahman bull. First born was a King Ranch cow. That cow produced a Brahman bull, 1920, Monkey, (known for deep red bull that founded the Santa Gertrud's breed. [10]


Government Offices

County Seat is Victoria, Victoria County, Texas. In 1824, Don Martín de Leon platted a townsite of Guadalupe Victoria..He designated public squares. The public square for Victoria has served Victoria and shared by city and county government.[11]

1849 Victoria County Courthouse was designed/built by Richard Owens. Victoria had hopes this courthouse would provide the added stimulus to bring a district court to Victoria County. This building building survived until January/February of 1892. Then the building was auctioned off to make way a newer courthouse. [11]
1849 Victoria co. courthouse, Tx escapes.
1892 Courthouse was built Feb 15th -Dec- 21, 1892 was designed by by J. Riely Gordon who designs many great courthouses. It was Romanesque Revival Style and has similarities to the Fayette County Courthouse in La Grange, which had been constructed by Gordon the previous year. It had a hipped roof with cross gables, corner pinnacles and polychromatic stonework. In the 1940s, the atrium was modified to be space for offices. As space requirements arose again, the residents requested commissioners to save the courthouse. This building was spiffed up, and a new unimaginative building was constructed on the NE corner of the square.[11]
The historical marker for this courthouse has noted that this courthouse was used 74 years.
Old Victoria County Courthouse.

NOTE: Following the building of 1967 courthouse, to protect the old 1892 building, visitors must now enter the new building to gain access to the 1892 Courthouse.

1967 Victoria Co. courthouse.

Formed From

  • 17 March, 1836--Victoria County was created from Old Mexican Municipality
  • Original 23 Texas Municipalities

County Seat

Adjacent counties

Northwest
DeWitt County
North
Lavaca County
Northeast
Jackson County
North arrow
West
West arrow Victoria County, Texas East arrow East
Gulf of Mexico
South arrow
Southwest
Goliad County
South
Refugio County
Southeast
Calhoun County
adjacent counties.

Settlers

Settlers:
  1. Spanish
  2. Mexican
  3. American
  4. German
  5. Other
Of note: from The handbook of Texas: The 1990 United States census revealed that 1,175,888 Texans claimed pure and 1,775,838 claim partial German ancestry. This equals to 2,951,726 Texans with German ancestry (17½% of the state's total population). This gives a result that Germans rank behind Hispanics, and are the 3rd largest national origin group. [12]

Most of the emigrant German's tended to settle in a broad, yet fragmented belt. This is evident in Galveston, Houston, Kerrville, Boerne, Fredericksburg, Mason county, Hondo, Lindsay in Cooke County, Waka in Ochiltree County, Hurnville in Clay County, Russian German Baptist; and Lockett in Wilbarger County into the very heavily settled Hill County north and near San Antonio, Austin, Texas. [12]A majority settled in a broad, fragmented belt across the south central part of the state. This belt stretched from Galveston and Houston on the east to Kerrville, Mason, and Hondo in the west; from the fertile, humid Coastal Plain to the semiarid Hill Country and even Muenster, in North Texas. [12]

Contributions are Chester W. Nimitz (military), Robert J. Kleberg (ranching), Gustav Schleicher (politics), and Charles A. Schreiner of Kerrville (retail business) German settlements contributed to architecture, food, customs, rock fences, Gothic churches, sausage and sauerkraut and beer-- Texas German beers as Pearl and Shiner (see PEARL BREWING COMPANY, and SPOETZL BREWERY) [12]

Geography

Victoria county is in southeastern Texas on the Coastal Plain, between the southern and eastern extremities of the Texas Gulf Coast.

Latitude/Longitude -center is about 28°47' north latitude and 96°57' west longitude.
Size - 887 square miles of level to gently rolling coastal prairie.
Soil- mainly dark clay loams and clays
NW portion - Post Oak Belt, is Southernmost boundary of the East Texas Timberland.
Soil- sandy loams and sands
Trees: such as: post oak, blackjack oak, elm, and pecan trees. On coastal prairie, growth is bluestems, tall grasses, oak forest, huisache, mesquite, prickly pear.
Elevation sea level to 300 feet near Mission Valley, Texas. [13]
River drainage in NE half of the county drains into Lavaca Bay, through the Garcitas, Arenosa, and Placedo creeks. The SW area is drained by the Guadalupe, San Antonio rivers and Coleto Creek.

Protected areas

Demographics

In 2000, there were 84,088 people, 30,071 households, and 22,192 families residing in the county. The population density was 95 people per square mile. The density was 37 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 74.22% White, 6.30% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 15.92% from other race. 39.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Ethnic Breakdown was 16.2% - German, 6.2% American and 5.6% English ancestry.73.3% spoke English and 25.5% Spanish as their first language.

The median income for a family was $44,443. Males had a median income of $35,484 versus $21,231 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,379. About 10.50% of families and 12.90% were below poverty line.

  • Victoria College

Cities, Towns

Early towns

Histories of early towns:[14]

  • DA COSTA - was named for Henry DA COSTA, a steamship captain for Morgan Steamship Lines. The family owned a large ranch, which grew into the town, Da Costa.[15]
  • PLACEDO - Capt. Placedo BENEVIDES married a daughter of Don Martin De Leon. Their ranch became a settlement, then trading post, was a town in 1906. [15]
  • RAISIN - This town original name was "LUCY" 1889 - 1892. At that time the town changed its name to Raisin. [15]
  • FORDTRAN - In 1896 Henry Fordtran founded. Location was on the Old Guadalupe Valley Railroad known as "44 Ranch" . [15]
  • MEXICAN RANCH - this community began as a store with station located on the Olivler Ranch. They later renamed it to "CRAIG". [15]
  • NURSERY - Gilbert Onderdonk owned a beautiful Nursery. It later became a town. [15]
  • TELFERNER - first name for this town in1895 was "KEERAN". During 1895 - 1908 Keeran was called "JASMINE" By1908 the son-in-law of Daniel E Hungerford, Count Telfurner, son-in-law who invested in the Railroad extendingfrom Rosenberg to Victoria, the town was renamed Telferner. [15]
  • GARCITAS - This town was on Stage Coach Route and is on Arenosa 6 mile S of Inez. [15]
  • ANAQUA -can be found on the N bank of San Antonio River south of Railroad Bridge. [15]
  • McFADDIN - originally called Marianna began in 1906. [15]
  • BLOOMINGTON - located State Hwy 185, (12 miles SE of Victoria. A Land Company brought home seekers to the area and established the town by train in 1910. [15]

[16]

Census


Historical Markers:

  • De La Garza, Carlos: De La Garza Cemetery, south on San Antonio River Road. Noted Indian fighter and supporter of Mexican cause during the Texas Revolution. (THM 1999)
  • De Leon, Don Martin: Evergreen Cemetery. De Leon was an Indian fighter, first Texas cattle baron, and founder of Victoria. (CM 1936)
  • De Leon Family: Evergreen Cemetery. Grave markers of the Martin De Leon family: Patricia, Fernando, Agapito, Felix, and Silvestra. (THM 1972)
  • De Leon Plaza: 100 North Main Street. Originally known as Plaza de la Constitution when Victoria was established by Martin De Leon. (THM: 1998)
  • De Leon's Home, Empresario Martin: City Hall Square. De Leon's colony was the only one in which Mexican customs and traditions prevailed.(CM 1936)
  • Early Victoria Home: 604 North Craig Street. It is a landmark of the 1840 Comanche raid. (THM 1971)
  • Evergreen Cemetery: 1900 North Vine Street. A historic public cemetery where pioneer Victorians are buried. (THM 1976)
  • Federal Building, Old: 210 East Constitution Street built 1911-1913 for a post office and Federal courthouse. The architectural style of the structure is Italian Renaissance Revival. (THM 1981)
  • First Presbyterian Church of Victoria: 2408 North Navarro Street. Organized in 1841 by Reverend William C. Blair. (THM 1991)
  • First United Methodist Church: 407 North Bridge Street began in 1840 on South Street. The present building. was constructed in the early 1960s. (THM 1976)
  • Fleming-Welder House: 607 North Cram Street. Constructed circa 1911 for rancher and postmaster Edward R Fleming and his wife Lillian. (THM 1996)
  • Fort St. Louis: Inez. 1936 State Centennial Marker for Fort St. Louis. Gives approximate location of fort, demise, and information on Presidio La Bahia. (CM 1936)
  • Fossati's Delicatessen: 302 South Main Street. Oldest delicatessen in Texas. (THM 1987)
  • Fox House, Jacob: 708 West Power Street. Constructed in the early 1890's for Jacob Fox, native of Alsace and a Confederate veteran. (THM 1985)
  • German Pioneer Marker: DeLeon Plaza. Dedicated to the German pioneers who traveled along the Guadalupe River in 1845 to settle the Texas Hill Country. (PVT 1995)
  • Grist Mill, Old: Memorial square. A regional historic mechanical engineering landmark. Its grinding stones were brought from Germany before 1860. (THM 1962)
  • Guadalupe River: South Moody Street. Discovered by Alonso De Leon in 1689 when he was on an expedition to locate Fort St. Louis. (CM 1936)
  • Hardesty, Richard Kyle, Law Enforcement Memorial: 101 North Glass Street. Lists the names of Victoria County law enforcement officers who died in the line of duty. (PVT 1976)
  • Hauschild Opera House: 202 East Forrest Street. Opened by George Herman Hauschild in 1894. It was used for vaudeville shows, plays, and silent movies. (THM 1984)
  • Heaton Home, Old L. D.: 307 South Bridge Street. Built in 1887. The architecture is Southern Colonial with lofty porch pillars and Georgian front entrance. (THM 1966)
  • Henderson House: 407 North Moody Street. A Classical Revival residence built about 1909 for John W. and Minna Catherine Henderson. (THM 1982)
  • Hill-O'Connor-Howard House: 802 West Power Street. Constructed in 1898-1899. The house was a center of early social activity and has detailing of the Victorian style. (THM 1981)
  • Infant Jesus of Prague Catholic Church: McFaddin Ranch. Built in 1916. The structure has shiplap siding and an attached entry bay at the gable front topped by a wooden cross. (THM 1990)
  • January, Captain James B. P.: Evergreen Cemetery. January was a veteran of the Texas Revolution, Mexican War, and Civil War. (THM 1962)
  • Korean War Veterans' Monument: Located in the Greenway Park Area in the Shenandoah subdivision. From Guy Grant Road enter the subdivision on Savannah Drive and continue on to *Harper's Ferry Crossing. The monument is found in the park area on this street.

La Calle de los Diez Amigos: DeLeon Plaza Street of Ten Friends memorial marker. (PVT 1936)

  • Last Stand, The: DeLeon Plaza. Bronze sculpture by Pompio Coppini and dedicated to the soldiers of the Confederate States of America (PVT 1912)
  • Levi Home, Abraham: 4403 North Main Street. Ante-bellum home. Used as headquarters by federal troops during Reconstruction. (THM 1965)
  • Linn Home, John Joseph: City Hall Square. Residence was used to entertain members of the New Orleans Grays and the Alabama Red Rovers while on their way to Goliad during the Texas Revolution. (CM 1936)
  • Linn, John J.: Evergreen Cemetery. Linn was a merchant, alcalde, mayor, and member of the Congress of the Republic of Texas. (CM 1936)
  • Lowe Home, Alexander: 701 North Washington Street. Built in 1883 by Alexander Lowe, mayor and pioneer in refrigerated shipping. (THM 1965)
  • McFaddin Home, James A.: 207 West Commercial Street. Built in 1890. Home of James A. McFaddin, pioneer stockman. (THM 1967)
  • McFaddin Mercantile: McFaddin Ranch. Opened in 1910 to serve the residents of the McFaddin Ranch. (THM 1990)
  • McFaddin Post Office: McFaddin Ranch. A board-and-batten building that features a gable front and shed-roof porch. Opened as post office in 1913. (THM 1990)
  • McLean, William Pinckney Home: 200 West Forrest Street. McLean was a member of the Texas Railroad Commission and served in the state legislature and the U.S. Congress. (THM 1966)
  • McNamara House: 502 North Liberty Street. Constructed in the 1870s by W. J.. McNamara, a dealer in cotton, wool, and hides. The house is representative of rural Victorian gothic architecture. (THM 1965)
  • Memorial Square: 400 East Commercial Street. Laid out in 1824 as a cemetery when Martin De Leon founded Victoria. Pioneer Victorians and Texas Revolution soldiers are interred in the cemetery. (THM 1968)
  • Mission Nuestra Del Espiritu Santo De Zuniga: Lower Mission Valley Road. Third site of Mission Espiritu Santo. First organized ranching in Texas began at the mission. (CM 1936)
  • Mitchell School: 305 East Commercial Street. Built in 1902 for public school students grades 1-12) (THM 1994)
  • Mount Salem American Baptist Church: 609 East North Street began in 1872 in Indianola. The congregation moved to Victoria after the hurricane in 1886, bringing with it the church bell and pulpit. (THM 1997)
  • Mundt Place: 103 South Glass Street. Bolt in 1871 to serve as a hotel. Professor O. E.. Mundt used it as a school from 1893 to 1904. (1TIM 19661
  • Murphy Home: Nursery. The house, constructed in 1897, combines Southern plantation and New England saltbox styles of architecture. (residence of W. M.. Murphy. Sr.) (THM 1966)
  • Nave Memorial: 306 West Commercial Street. Built by Emmie McCan Nave, widow of noted regional artist Royston Nave. (PVT circa 1933)
  • Noll School and Cemetery: Mission Valley on FM 237. Joseph Noll donated 2 acres of land for a free community school. One of the acres became a cemetery. (THM 1977)
  • O'Connor-Proctor Building: 202 North Main Street. The edifice was constructed in 1895. It housed the offices of Thomas M. O'Connor, Venable B. Proctor, and Fred C. Proctor. (THM 1980)
  • Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church: 105 North William Street, built 1924, established to serve the German-speaking community. (THM 1984)
  • Palestine Missionary Baptist Church: 608 East Convent Street. The church was founded by former slaves in 1868. The current brick church building was erected in 1953. (TH1991)
  • Pela House: 309 East Santa Rosa Street, built 1884 by Silvain and Elizabeth Pela. Features are the jig-saw balusters outlining lower, upper porches and Greek Revival facade of (THM 1997}
  • Phillips-Sale House: 701 North Street, built 1851 for Alexander H. Phillips, a Republic of Texas congressman. The original bricks of his house were made by slaves. (THM 1966)
  • Pioneer Marker: Memorial Square. The granite marker is dedicated to the soldiers of the Texas Revolution and pioneer families still buried in Memorial Square. (PVT 1947)
  • Power Home: 307 South William Street, built 1894 for Edward Power, with columns, wide porches, and wood trim. (THM 1966)
  • Pridham, Peter Underhay: Memorial Square. Pridham was a veteran of the Battle of San Jacinto and tax assessor of Victoria County. (THM 1973)
  • Proctor House: 507 North Glass Street. This Colonial Revival style home, built in l900s for the Venable Bland Proctor family - has 2-story classical porches with Doric columns. (THM 1985)
  • Regan House: 507 South DeLeon Street. Built in Indianola in 1883 by merchant Dominick H. Regan. After the 1886 hurricane, the house was moved to Victoria. (THM 1996)
  • River Spur Site: Riverside Park. It was the location of a prehistoric campsite and was designated as a State Archaeological Landmark in 1993.
  • Rose Victor M.: 115 North Bridge Street. Rose was a newspaperman and son of a Victoria County judge. Author of A History of Victoria County and The Life and Services of Gen. Ben McCulloch. (THM 1965)
  • Rose, Victor Marion: Evergreen Cemetery. Rose was a poet, editor, historian, and Civil War veteran. (CM1936)
  • Round Top House: City Hall Square. Built by Placido Benavides and was used as a refuge by Victorians during the Comanche raid in 1840. (CM 1936)
  • St. Joseph Catholic Cemetery: Inez on FM 444. Established in 1892 after four acres of land was conveyed from Frank and Anna Garvel. (THM 1986)
  • St. Joseph Catholic Church: Inez on FM 444. Established by Polish immigrants in the nineteenth century. (THAI 1986)
  • St. Mary's Catholic Church: 101 West ChurchStreet, (built in 1903-1904. (St. Mary's Church is the first church organized in Victoria. (THM 1964)
  • Sengele Home: 210 East Forrest Street. The house was built in 1845 and is the oldest house in Victoria. (THM 1962)
  • Shillerville Cemetery: 6 miles southeast of Victoria named for Jan Shiller. The first burial in this cemetery was in 1897. (TlIM 1986)
  • Smith, William Robert: Memorial Park Cemetery. Smith was a Texas Ranger, deputy sheriff, and police officer. (THM 1972)
  • South Bridge Street Historical District: The only National Register Historic District in Victoria. It was so designated in 1986.
  • Southern Pacific Railroad District, Site of: 900 East Santa Rosa Street. (burned in 1984)
  • Stapp, Darwin M.: Evergreen Cemetery. Stapp participated in the 1835 siege of Bexar. (THM 1962)

Street of Ten Friends, The: 600 Block of North Main Street. Designed and sculptured by Tom Jones (PVT 1974)

  • Texas Colonial Ranch Home: Nursery, built in 1872 by W. H. "Uncle Billy" Kyle (trail driver, cattleman, and Civil War veteran). (THM 1980)
  • Thurmond Building: 901 South Bridge Street. The building was constructed in 1898 for C. L. Thurmond, Jr., for use as a general merchandise store and residence. (THM 1980)
  • Tonkawa Bank Vista of Mission Espiritu Santo: Riverside Park. Used by the Franciscans in missionary work with the Indians. It has been designated as a State Archaeological Landmark. (THM 1970)
  • Trail of Six Flags Monument: DeLeon Plaza. Dedicated in 1962 to the explorers, the founders, and the colonists of early Texas. (PVT 1974)
  • Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church: 106 North DeLeon Street. The church was organized by German immigrants in 1851. All worship services were conducted in German until 1914. {THM 1981)
  • Van Bibber, John: Evergreen Cemetery. Van Bibber was a survivor of the 1836 Goliad Massacre. (THM 1962)
  • Victoria: City Limits, north on Highway 77. The town was established in 1824. The community became a historic, trade, cattle, oil and industrial center. (THM 1964)
  • Victoria: East on Highway 59. The marker has information on the establishment of Victoria. (THM 1986)
  • Victoria Advocate, The: 311 East Constitution Street. The newspaper was established on May 8, 1846, by Thomas Sterne and John D. Logan. (CM 1936)
  • Victoria Advocate, The: 311 East Constitution Street. The second oldest Texas newspaper in continuous operation. It began as a weekly in 1846. (THM 1989)
  • Victoria County, C. S. A.: Location to be determined. The county was a transportation, military and supply center during the Civil War. (THM 1964)
  • Victoria County Courthouse,(Historic) lOl NorthBridgeStreet. Built in l892. The architect for the building was James Riely Gordon. The architectural style is castellated Richardson Romanesque. (THM 1961)
  • Victoria County Honor Roll-World War I: 115 North Bridge Street, Veterans Plaza. The monument lists the names of servicemen who died in World War I. (PVT 1937)
  • Victoria County Monument: Memorial Square. Victoria was one of the original counties created under the Republic of Texas. County boundaries have been decreased with the formation of other counties. (CM 1936)
  • Victoria County War Dead Monument: 115 North Bridge Street, Veterans Plaza. Lists the names of servicemen who died in World War II, Korean War, and Viet


Resources

Genealogy External Websites

Notables

  • STAPP, DARWIN MASSEY (1815-1875), civil war
Stone Cold Steve Austin – WWE Superstar, WWE Hall of Famer, actor
Doug Hazlewood, comic book creator
Edward F. Knipling – entomologist
Frankie Miller – Country musician
Geanie Morrison – Republican Texas House of Representatives since 1999 from District 30
Noël Wells

Cemeteries


Things to Do/See

Drug Store Church

Land Grants

100 titles to land grants were issued by the Mexican government by 1835 to Martin De Leon (La Bahia Ranch).


Sources

  1. https://texasalmanac.com/topics/government/victoria-county
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcv03
  3. http://www.texasescapes.com/Counties/Victoria-County-Texas.htm
  4. https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/exl01
  5. http://www.texasescapes.com/Counties/Victoria-County-Texas.htm
  6. http://www.texasescapes.com/Counties/Victoria-County-Texas.htm
  7. http://www.texasescapes.com/Counties/Victoria-County-Texas.htm
  8. Robert S. Weddle, "LA SALLE'S TEXAS SETTLEMENT"
  9. https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/uel07
  10. http://www.texasmonthly.com/articles/the-biggest-ranches/
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 http://www.texasescapes.com/TexasGulfCoastTowns/VictoriaTexas/VictoriaCountyCourthouseVictoriaTexas.htm
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/png02
  13. https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcv03
  14. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txvicto2/history.html
  15. 15.00 15.01 15.02 15.03 15.04 15.05 15.06 15.07 15.08 15.09 15.10 History of towns of Victoria
  16. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txvicto2/history.html




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