Victoria Cross Recipients - Australia

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Victoria Cross
For Valour

The goal of this project is to list the Victoria Cross recipients within Australia, including by State and by War, so that we may encourage their families, and cousins to build their biographies and genealogies. See also George Cross Recipients - Australia.


In brief

One hundred and one Australian servicemen have been awarded either the Victoria Cross (Imperial) or Victoria Cross for Australia (as at 12 Aug 2020).[1] [2][3][4]

A further two men who were born in Australia but moved overseas [5] when young received the VC as members of the British Army and seventeen VCs have been awarded to foreign soldiers who died in Australia, but received the VC whilst members of a different Commonwealth defence force.

Now, here's a question worthy of the best television quiz shows: "Has the Victoria Cross ever been awarded for gallantry in the face of the enemy within Australia? The answer is a resounding Yes; nine Second World War recipients were awarded the VC for action in either Papua or New Guinea, then two separate Australian Territories but now the independent nation of Papua New Guinea. There is a section below listing these nine VC recipients.

Those recipients awarded posthumously, that is, following their death, are indicated with a red poppy. Poppies for Remembrance

Victoria Cross - For Valour

The Warrant

The original Royal Warrant of 1856 was silent on whether the VC could be awarded posthumously. Between 1857 and 1897, eighteen recipients were gazetted after their deaths but only 12 of the next of kin received the actual medal; in the other six cases there was a memorandum stating that they would have been recommended for the VC had they survived. By 1899, the precedent had been established that the VC could be awarded posthumously if the recommendation for the award was submitted prior to the recipient’s death from wounds; two such awards were granted during the Second Boer War. In a partial reversal of policy, it was announced in 1902 that the next of kin of three soldiers mentioned in memoranda would be sent medals. In 1907, the posthumous policy was reversed and medals were sent to the next of kin of the remaining six officers and men. Although the VC warrant was not amended to specifically include posthumous awards until 1920, one quarter of all awards for the First World War were posthumous.

Victoria Cross - For Valour

Australian Victoria Cross recipients arranged by State

New South Wales

Flag of New South Wales
30 VC recipients have been New South Welshmen.
Images Name Birth Death Resting place Date VC granted Post- humous award VC location Notes
Charles Groves Wright Anderson VC MC12 Feb 1897 Port Elizabeth, Cape Province11 Nov 1988 Red Hill, ACTNorwood Park Memorial Gardens, Mitchell, ACT13 Feb 1942-Australian War Memorial, Canberraoldest Aussie VC recipient at 45yo
Alexander Henry Buckley VC 22 Jul 1891 Gulargambone, NSW1 Sep 1918 Somme, FrancePeronne Communal British Cemetery, France23 May 1919rAustralian War Memorial, Canberralast WW1 Australian VC recipient
Patrick Joseph Bugden VC 17 Mar 1897 South Gundurimba, Lismore, NSW28 Sep 1917 Ypres, BelgiumHooge Crater Cemetery, Passchendaele, Flanders23 Nov 1917rQueensland Museum, South Bank, South Brisbane-
George Cartwright VC 9 Dec 1894 South Kensington, England 2 Feb 1978 Gordon, NSW-13 Dec 1918-Imperial War Museum, London-
Claud Castleton VC 12 Apr 1893 Kirkey, Lowestoft, England29 Jul 1916 Pozières, FrancePozières British Military Cemetery, France22 Jun 1915rAustralian War Memorial, Canberrafirst NSW VC recipient of WW1
Albert Edward Chowne VC MM 19 Jul 1920 Balmain, NSW25 Mar 1945 Dagua, New GuineaLae War Cemetery, Lae, PNG6 Sep 1945rAustralian War Memorial, Canberra-
William Matthew Currey VC 19 Sep 1895 Wallsend, NSW30 Apr 1948 Bexley, NSWWoronora Memorial Park, Sutherland, NSW14 Dec 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberrafirst VC recipient to sit in NSW Parliament
Arthur Roden Cutler VC AK KCMG KCVO CBE KStJ24 May 1916 Manly, NSW21 Feb 2002 Sydney, NSWSouth Head Cemetery, Vaucluse, NSW28 Nov 1941-Australian War Memorial, Canberrawas longest-serving Governor of NSW 1966-81
Mark Gregor Strang Donaldson VC 1979 Waratah, NSWliving-16 Jan 2009-Australian War Memorial, Canberrafirst recipient of the VC for Australia
John Hurst Edmondson VC 8 Oct 1914 Wagga Wagga, NSW14 Apr 1941 Tobruk, LibyaTobruk War Cemetery, Tobruk, Libya1 Jul 1941rAustralian War Memorial, Canberrafirst Australian to receive the VC in WW2
Arthur Charles Hall VC 11 Aug 1896 Granville, NSW25 Feb 1978 Nyngan, NSWWest Bogan Anglican Cemetery, Coolabah, NSW14 Dec 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
John Patrick Hamilton VC 24 Jan 1896 Orange, NSW27 Feb 1961Woronora Memorial Park, Sutherland, NSW15 Oct 1915-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
George Julian 'Snowy' Howell VC MM 19 Nov 1893 Enfield, NSW23 Dec 1964 Hollywood, WAKarrakatta Cemetery, Western Australia27 Jun 1917-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Sir Neville Reginald Howse VC 26 Oct 1863 Stogursey, Somerset, England19 Sep 1930 London, EnglandKensal Green Cemetery, London, England4 Jun 1901-Australian War Memorial, Canberrafirst New South Welshman to receive the VC
John William Alexander 'Bill' Jackson VC 13 Sep 1897 Gunbar, via Hay, NSW4 Aug 1959 Heidelberg, VictoriaSpringvale Botanical Cemetery, VictoriaJul 1916-private Australian collectoryoungest Aussie VC recipient; 18yrs 10mths
Clarence Smith Jeffries VC 26 Oct 1894 Wallsend, NSW12 Oct 1917 Passchendaele, Flanders, BelgiumTyne Cot Cemetery, Flanders, Belgium18 Dec 1917rWarriors Chapel, Christ Church Cathedral, Newcastle-
Thomas James Bede Kenny VC 29 Sep 1896 Paddington, NSW15 Apr 1953 Concord, NSWEastern Suburbs Memorial Park, Matraville, NSW8 Jun 1917-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Leonard Maurice Keyzor VC 3 Nov 1885 Maida Vale, London, England12 Oct 1951 London, EnglandLondon, England15 Oct 1915-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
John Bernard 'Jack' Mackey VC 16 May 1922 Leichhardt, NSW12 May 1945 Tarakan, BorneoLabuan War Cemetery, Borneo6 Nov 1945rAustralian War Memorial, Canberra-
Joseph Maxwell VC DCM MC & Bar 10 Feb 1896 Forest Lodge, NSW6 Jul 1967 Matraville, NSWEastern Suburbs Memorial Park, Matraville, NSW6 Jan 1919-Australian War Memorial, Canberrasecond-most decorated WW1 soldier
Rawdon Hume 'Ron' Middleton VC 22 Jul 1916 Waverley, NSW29 Nov 1942 English ChannelSt John's churchyard, Mildenhall, Suffolk12 Jan 1943rAustralian War Memorial, Canberra-
Frank John Partridge VC 29 Nov 1924 Grafton, NSW23 Mar 1964 Bellingen, NSWMacksville Cemetery, NSW22 Jan 1946-Australian War Memorial, Canberrafirst Australian Militiaman to receive the VC
Reginald Roy Rattey VC 28 Mar 1917 Barmedman, NSW10 Jan 1986 West Wyalong, NSWWest Wyalong Lawn Cemetery, NSW24 Jul 1945-held privately-
James Rogers VC 4 Jul 1873 Moama, NSW28 Oct 1961 Sydney, NSWSpringvale Botanical Cemetery, Victoria18 Apr 1902-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Edward John Francis Ryan VC 9 Feb 1890 Tumut, NSW3 Jun 1941 Melbourne, VictoriaSpringvale Botanical Cemetery, Victoria24 Dec 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Alfred John Shout VC MC 8 Aug 1882 Wellington, New Zealand11 Aug 1915 Gallipoliburied at sea11 Aug 1915 rAustralian War Memorial, Canberra-
Rayene Stewart 'Ray' Simpson VC DCM 16 Feb 1926 Chippendale, NSW18 Oct 1978 Tokyo, JapanYokohama War Cemetery, Japan26 Aug 1969-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Percy Valentine Storkey VC 9 Sep 1893 Napier, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand3 Oct 1969 Teddington, Middlesex, EnglandSouth West Middlesex Crematorium, England4 Jun 1918-QEII Army Memorial Museum, Waiouru, NZ-
Blair Anderson Wark VC DSO 27 Jul 1894 Bathurst, NSW13 Jun 1941 Puckapunyal, VictoriaWoronora Memorial Park, Sutherland, NSW24 Dec 1918-Queensland Museum, South Bank, South Brisbane-
Kevin Arthur 'Dasher' Wheatley VC13 Mar 1937 Surrey Hills, NSW13 Nov 1965 South VietnamPinegrove Memorial Park, Minchinbury, NSW15 Dec 1966rAustralian War Memorial, Canberrafirst Australian to be awarded the VC in Vietnam



Flag of Queensland
Queensland has provided Australia with seven VC recipients.
Images Name Birth Death Resting place Date VC granted Post- humous award VC location Notes
Henry 'Harry' Dalziel VC 18 Feb 1893 Irvinebank, Mareeba, Qld24 Jul 1965 Greenslopes, QldMount Thompson Memorial Gardens, Qld16 Aug 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberra1,000th VC to be awarded and Qld's 2nd WWI recipient
John 'Jack' French VC 15 Jul 1914 Crows Nest, Qld4 Sep 1942 Milne Bay, PapuaBomana War Cemetery, Port Moresby, PNG12 Jan 1943rmedal is being auctioned in 2023Qld's first WW2 VC recipient
Daniel Alan Keighran VC 1983 Nambour, Qldliving-2 Nov 2012-Australian War Memorial, CanberraQueensland's most recent VC recipient
Richard Kelliher VC 1 Sep 1910 Ballybeggan, Ireland28 Jan 1963 Heidelberg, VicSpringvale Botanical Cemetery, Vic28 Dec 1943-Australian War Memorial, CanberraQld's second & final WW2 VC recipient
John Leak VC c1896 Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng30 Oct 1972 Redmond Park, SAStirling Cemetery, Aldgate, SA9 Sep 1916-medal is held privatelyQueensland's first VC recipient
Keith Payne VC AM 1933 Ingham, Qldliving-19 Sep 1969-Australian War Memorial, Canberralast Australian to receive the Imperial VC
Edgar Thomas Towner VC MC 19 Apr 1890 Blackall, Qld18 Aug 1972 Longreach, QldLongreach Cemetery, Qld13 Dec 1918-medal is held privatelyQueensland's third & final WWI VC recipient


South Australia

Flag of South Australia
Nine VC recipients have been South Australians.
Images Name Birth Death Resting place Date VC granted Post- humous award VC location Notes
Peter Badcoe VC . 11 Jan 1934 Malvern, SA7 Apr 1967 An Thuan, Hương Trà District, South VietnamTerendak Military Cemetery, Malaysia17 Oct 1967rAustralian War Memorial, CanberraSouth Australia's last VC recipient
Arthur Seaforth Blackburn VC CMG . 25 Nov 1892 Woodville, SA24 Nov 1960 Crafers, SAWest Terrace Cemetery, Adelaide, SA9 Sep 1916-Australian War Memorial, CanberraSouth Australia's first VC recipient
Phillip Davey VC MM . 10 Oct 1896 Unley, SA21 Dec 1953 Daw Park, SAWest Terrace Cemetery, Adelaide, SA17 Aug 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Thomas Currie 'Diver' Derrick VC DCM . 20 Mar 1914 Medindie, SA24 May 1945 Tarakan Island, BorneoLabuan War Cemetery, Borneo21 Mar 1944rAustralian War Memorial, Canberraarguably Australia's bravest soldier
Reginald Roy Inwood VC . 14 Jul 1890 North Adelaide, SA23 Oct 1971 Saint Peters, SAWest Terrace Cemetery, Adelaide, SA23 Nov 1917-Adelaide Town Hall, SA-
Jørgen Christian Jensen VC . 15 Jan 1891 Løgstør, Ålborg, Denmark31 May 1922 Adelaide, SAWest Terrace Cemetery, Adelaide, SA8 Jun 1917-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
William Henry 'Bill' Kibby VC . 15 Apr 1903 Winlaton, Durham, England31 Oct 1942 El Alamein, EgyptEl Alamein War Cemetery26 Jan 1943rAustralian War Memorial, CanberraSouth Australia's first WWII recipient
Arthur Percy Sullivan VC 27 Nov 1896 Crystal Brook, SA9 Apr 1937 Westminster, London, EnglandNorthern Suburbs Memorial Gardens, NSW29 Sep 1919-Australian War Memorial, Canberrar Coronation
Lawrence Carthage Weathers VC 14 May 1890 Te Kopuru, New Zealand29 Sep 1918 St Germain-en-Laye, FranceUnicorn Cemetery, Vendhuile, Northern France26 Dec 1918rprivate collectorSouth Australia's last WWI recipient



Flag of Tasmania
Eleven VC recipients have hailed from Tasmania.
Images Name Birth Death Resting place Date VC granted Post- humous award VC location Notes
Cameron Stewart Baird VC MG7 Jun 1981 Burnie, Tasmania22 Jun 2013 Khod Valley, Uruzgan, AfghanistanBurnie Cemetery, Tasmania18 Feb 2014rAustralian War Memorial, Canberramost recent Australian VC recipient
John Hutton Bisdee VC OBE . 28 Sep 1869 Hutton Park, Tasmania14 Jan 1930 Tranquillity, Tasmania-16 Nov 1900-Australian War Memorial, Canberrafirst Australian soldier to receive the VC
Walter Brown VC DCM . 3 Jul 1885 New Norfolk, Tasmania28 Feb 1942 SingaporeKranji War Cemetery, Singapore17 Aug 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberradied as POW or KIA in WW2
John James Dwyer VC . 9 Mar 1890 Port Cygnet, Tasmania17 Jan 1962 Bruny Island, TasmaniaCornelian Bay Cemetery, Tas23 Nov 1917-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Bernard Sidney Gordon VC MM 16 Aug 1891 Launceston, Tasmania19 Oct 1963 Torquay, QueenslandMount Thompson Memorial Gardens, Holland Park, Qld26 Dec 1918-Australian War Memorial, CanberraTasmania's last WWI recipient
Stanley Robert McDougall VC MM23 Jul 1889 Recherche Bay, Tasmania7 Jul 1968 Scottsdale, TasmaniaNorwood Park Crematorium, Mitchell, ACT3 May 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Lewis McGee VC13 May 1888 Campbell Town, Tasmania12 Oct 1917 Passchendaele, BelgiumTyne Cot Cemetery, Passchendaele, Belgium26 Nov 1917rVC is held privately-
Edward 'Teddy' Sheean VC 28 Dec 1923 Lower Barrington, Tasmania 1 Dec 1942 Arafura Sea, Netherlands East Indies Plymouth Naval Memorial 12 Aug 2020 rAustralian War Memorial, Canberra only Royal Australian Navy recipient of the VC
Percy Clyde Statton VC MM21 Oct 1890 Beaconsfield, Tasmania5 Dec 1959 Hobart, TasmaniaCornelian Bay Cemetery, Tas27 Sep 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
John Woods Whittle VC DCM3 Aug 1882 Huon Island, Tasmania2 Mar 1946 Glebe, NSWRookwood Cemetery, NSW8 Jun 1917-Australian War Memorial, CanberraTasmania's first WWI recipient
Guy George Egerton Wylly VC CB DSO . 17 Feb 1880 Hobart, Tasmania9 Jan 1962 Camberley, Surrey, EnglandWoking Crematorium, Surrey, England23 Nov 1900-Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobartserved in British Indian army until 1933



Flag of Victoria
Victoria has produced 26 Australian VC recipients.[6][7]
Images Name Birth Death Resting place Date VC granted Post- humous award VC location Notes
Robert Matthew Beatham VC . 16 Jun 1894 England11 Aug 1918 Rosières, Oise, Picardie, FranceHeath Cemetery, Harbonnières, France14 Dec 1918rheld in private collection-
Frederick Birks VC MM . 16 Aug 1894 Buckley, Flintshire, Wales21 Sep 1917 Ypres, West Flanders, BelgiumPerth War Cemetery, Ypres, Belgium6 Nov 1917rAustralian War Memorial, Canberra-
Albert Charles Borella VC MM . 7 Aug 1881 Borung, Victoria7 Feb 1968 Albury, New South WalesPresbyterian Cemetery, North Albury, NSW16 Sep 1918-VC is held privately-
Maurice Vincent Buckley VC DCM . 13 Apr 1891 Upper Hawthorn, Victoria27 Jan 1921 Boolarra, VictoriaBrighton Cemetery, Victoria14 Dec 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberraenlisted as Gerald Sexton
Alexander Stewart Burton VC . 20 Jan 1893 Kyneton, Victoria9 Aug 1915 Gallipoli, TurkeyLone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli15 Oct 1915rAustralian War Memorial, Canberra-
Percy Herbert Cherry VC MC . 4 Jun 1895 Drysdale, Victoria27 Mar 1917 Lagnicourt, FranceQuéant, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France11 May 1917rAustralian War Memorial, Canberra-
Thomas Cooke VC . 5 Jul 1881 Kaikoura, New Zealand25 Jul 1916 Pozieres, Somme, Franceno known grave9 Sep 1916rQEII Army Memorial Museum, Waiouru, NZ-
William Thomas Dartnell VC6 Apr 1885 Collingwood, Victoria3 Sep 1915 Maktau, British East Africa (Kenya)Voi Cemetery, British East Africa23 Dec 1915rAustralian War Memorial, Canberraserving with 25th (Frontiersmen) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, British Army
William Dunstan VC . 8 Mar 1895 Ballarat, Victoria2 Mar 1957 Caulfield, VictoriaSpringvale Botanical Cemetery, Victoria15 Oct 1915-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Robert Cuthbert Grieve VC . 19 Jun 1889 Brighton, Victoria4 Oct 1957 Melbourne, VictoriaSpringvale Cemetery, Victoria31 Jul 1917-Shrine of Remembrance, Melbournefirst VC awarded to an Aussie in Belgium
George Mawby Ingram VC MM . 18 Mar 1889 Bagshot, Victoria30 Jun 1961 Hastings, VictoriaFrankston Cemetery, Victoria6 Jan 1919-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Albert Jacka VC MC & Bar . 10 Jan 1893 Winchelsea, Victoria17 Jan 1932 VictoriaSt Kilda Cemetery, Victoria24 Jul 1915-Australian War Memorial, Canberrafirst Aussie to receive the VC in the WW1
William Donovan Joynt VC . 19 Mar 1889 Elsternwick, Victoria5 May 1986 Windsor, VictoriaBrighton General Cemetery, Victoria26 Nov 1918-Melbourne Grammar School-
Edward Kenna VC . 6 Jul 1919 Hamilton, Victoria8 Jul 2009 Geelong, VictoriaHamilton Lawn Cemetery, Victoria6 Sep 1945-Ted's medals are held privatelylast Victorian to receive the VC
Bruce Steel Kingsbury VC . 8 Jan 1918 Preston, Victoria29 Aug 1942 Isurava, PapuaBomana Cemetery, Port Moresby, PNG5 Feb 1943rAustralian War Memorial, Canberrafirst VC awarded on Australian territory
Albert David 'Alby' Lowerson VC . 2 Aug 1896 Myrtleford, Victoria15 Dec 1945 Myrtleford, VictoriaMyrtleford Cemetery, Victoria14 Dec 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Frank Hubert McNamara VC CB OBE . 4 Apr 1894 Rushworth, Victoria2 Nov 1961 St Gerrard's, Bucks, Englandunknown8 Jun 1917-RAF Museum, London, England-
Robert MacTier VC . 17 May 1890 Tatura, Victoria1 Sep 1918 Mont St Quentin, FranceHem Farm Military Cemetery, Péronne, France13 Dec 1918rAustralian War Memorial, Canberra-
Edgar Leslie Cecil Willis Walker Maygar VC [. 27 May 1868 Kilmore, Victoria31 Oct 1917 Beersheba, IsraelBeersheba War Cemetery, Israel11 Feb 1902rAustralian War Memorial, Canberrafirst Victorian to receive the VC
Rupert Theo Vance 'Mick' Moon VC . 14 Aug 1892 Bacchus Marsh, Victoria28 Feb 1986 Barwon Heads, VictoriaMount Duneed Cemetery, Victoria12 Jun 1917-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
James Ernest Newland VC MSM . 22 Aug 1881 Highton, Victoria19 Mar 1949 Caulfield, VictoriaBrighton General Cemetery, Victoria8 Jun 1917-Australian War Memorial, Canberraoldest Aussie VC recipient of WW1
William Ellis Newton VC 8 Jun 1919 St Kilda, Victoria29 Mar 1943 Salamaua, PapuaLae War Cemetery, PNG19 Oct 1943rAustralian War Memorial, Canberraonly Australian airman to receive VC for action in the SWP theatre of WW2
Samuel George Pearse VC MM 16 Jul 1897 Penarth, Glamorgan, Wales29 Aug 1919 Emtsa, RussiaObozerskay, Emtsa, Archangel23 Oct 1919rAustralian War Memorial, Canberraremains repatriated to Australia Sep 2019
Walter Peeler VC BEM 9 Aug 1887 Barker's Creek, Victoria23 May 1968 Caulfield South, VictoriaBrighton General Cemetery, Victoria26 Nov 1917-Australian War Memorial, Canberrainaugural custodian of Melbourne's Shrine of Remembrance 1934-1961
William Ruthven VC 21 May 1893 Collingwood, Victoria12 Jan 1970 Heidelberg, Victoriauncertain, Victoria11 Jul 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
William John Symons VC OBE MM 10 Jul 1889 Eaglehawk, Victoria24 Jun 1948 London, Englanduncertain15 Oct 1915-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Frederick Harold Tubb VC 28 Nov 1881 Longwood, Victoria20 Sep 1917 West-Vlaanderen, Passchendaele, BelgiumLijessenthoek Military Cemetery, Belgium15 Oct 1915rAustralian War Memorial, Canberra-


Western Australia

Flag of Western Australia
Western Australia has produced seventeen Australian VC recipients. _ _ Return to Contents
Western Australia’s 17 Victoria Cross and 2 George Cross recipients . . . Pope p.13-14/44
Images Name Birth Death Resting place Date VC granted Post- humous award VC location Notes
Thomas Leslie Axford VC MM 18 Jun 1894 Carrieton, South Australia11 Oct 1983 in the air over AsiaKarrakatta Crematorium, Western Australia13 Sep 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Frederick William Bell VC
3 Apr 1875 Perth, Western Australia28 Apr 1954 Bristol, EnglandCanford Cemetery, Bristol, England4 Oct 1901-held at WA Museumfirst WA-born recipient of the VC
John Carroll VC 16 Aug 1891 Brisbane, Queensland4 Oct 1971 Perth, Western AustraliaKarrakatta Cemetery, Western Australia31 Jul 1917-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Sir Hughie Idwal Edwards VC KCMG CB DSO OB DFC 1 Aug 1914 Fremantle, Western Australia5 Aug 1982 Sydney, New South WalesKarrakatta Cemetery, Western Australia22 Jul 1941-Australian War Memorial, CanberraAustralia's most highly decorated serviceman of WW2; a Governor of WA
Alfred Edward Gaby VC 25 Jan 1892 Ringarooma, Tasmania11 Aug 1918 Lihons, Somme, FranceHeath Cemetery, Harbonnieres, France29 Oct 1918rVC is in private hands-
James Hannah (Heather) 'Jim' Gordon VC 7 Mar 1909 Rockingham, Western Australia24 Jul 1986 Hollywood, Western AustraliaKarrakatta Cemetery, Western Australia28 Oct 1941-VC is held privately-
Percival Gratwick VC 19 Oct 1902 Katanning, Western Australia26 Oct 1942 El Alamein, EgyptEl Alamein War Cemetery, Egypt28 Jan 1943rArmy Museum of WA, Fremantle, WA-
Arthur Stanley Gurney VC 15 Dec 1908 Day Dawn, Western Australia22 Jul 1942 El Alamein, EgyptEl Alamein War Cemetery, Egypt11 Sep 1942rAustralian War Memorial, Canberra-
Lawrence Dominic McCarthy VC 21 Jan 1892 York, Western Australia25 May 1975 Melbourne, Victoriaunknown13 Dec 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-
Henry William Murray VC CMG DSO & Bar DCM 1 Dec 1880 Evandale, Tasmania7 Jan 1966 Miles, QueenslandMount Thompson Crematorium, Holland Park, Qld10 Mar 1917-VC is held privatelyAustralia's most decorated soldier of WW1
Martin O'Meara VC 6 Nov 1885 Terryglass, County Tipperary, Ireland20 Dec 1935 Perth Western AustraliaKarrakatta Cemetery, Western Australia9 Sep 1916-Army Museum of WA, Fremantle, WA-
Charles Pope VC 5 Mar 1883 London, England15 Apr 1917 Louverval, FranceMoeuvres Communal Cemetery, France8 Jun 1917rAustralian War Memorial, Canberra-
Benjamin Roberts-Smith VC MG1 Nov 1978 Perth, Western Australialiving-23 Jan 2011-Australian War Memorial, Canberralast Western Australian to receive the VC
Clifford William King Sadlier VC 6 Nov 1892 Camberwell, Victoria28 Apr 1964 Busselton, Western Australiafamily retains ashes11 Jul 1918-St George's Cathedral, Perth-
Leslie Thomas 'Tom' Starcevich VC 5 Sep 1918 at Subiaco, Western Australia17 Nov 1989 Esperance, WAEsperance Public Lawn Cemetery, Esperance, WA8 Nov 1945-VC is held privately-
Hugo Vivian Hope Throssell VC 26 Oct 1884 Northam, Western Australia19 Nov 1933 Greenmount, Western AustraliaKarrakatta Cemetery, Western Australia15 Oct 1915-Australian War Memorial, Canberrafirst VC awarded to a Western Australian in WW1
James Park Woods VC 4 Jan 1886 Two Wells, South Australia18 Jan 1963 Nedlands, Western AustraliaKarrakatta Cemetery, WA26 Dec 1918-Australian War Memorial, Canberra-


Australian recipients of the Victoria Cross grouped by War (& date of action)

  • Second Boer War: 6
  • First World War: 64
  • North Russia: 2
  • Second World War: 20
  • Vietnam War: 4
  • War on Terror in Afghanistan: 4

Second Boer War

Neville Howse VC
24 Jul 1900
Vredefort, Orange Free State
John Bisdee VC OBE
1 Sep 1900
Warmbad, Transvaal
Guy Wylly VC
1 Sep 1900
Warmbad, Transvaal
Frederick Bell VC
16 May 1901
Brakpan, Transvaal
James Rogers VC
15 Jun 1901
Thaba 'Nchu, Orange Free State
Edgar Leslie Maygar VC
23 Nov 1901
Geelhoutboom, Natal

First World War

Albert Jacka VC MC & Bar
19-20 May 1915
Courtney's Post, Gallipoli
Leonard Keyzor VC
7-8 Aug 1915
Lone Pine, Gallipoli
William Symons VC
8-9 Aug 1915
Lone Pine, Gallipoli
Frederick Tubb VC
9 Aug 1915
Lone Pine, Gallipoli
Alexander Burton VC
9 Aug 1915
Lone Pine, Gallipoli
William Dunstan VC
9 Aug 1915
Lone Pine, Gallipoli
John Hamilton VC
9 Aug 1915
Lone Pine, Gallipoli
Alfred Shout VC MC
9 Aug 1915
Lone Pine, Gallipoli
Hugo Throssell VC
29-30 Aug 1915
Hill 60, Gallipoli
William Dartnell VC
3 Sep 1915
Maktau, East Africa (Kenya)
John "Bill" Jackson VC
25-26 Jun 1916
Bois-Grenier, France
John Leak VC
23 Jul 1916
Pozières, France
Arthur Blackburn VC CMG
23 Jul 1916
Pozières, France
Thomas Cooke VC
24-25 Jul 1916
Pozières, France
Claud Castleton VC
28 Jul 1916
Pozières, France
Martin O'Meara VC
9-12 Aug 1916
Pozières, France
Henry Murray VC CMG DSO & Bar DCM
4-5 Feb 1917
Stormy Trench, Guedecourt, France
Frank McNamara VC CB OBE
20 Mar 1917
Tel El Hesi, Gaza
Percy Cherry VC MC
26 Mar 1917
Lagnicourt, France
Jørgen Jensen VC
2 Apr 1917
Noreuil, France
James Newland VC MSM
7-9 & 15 Apr 1917
Boursies & Lagnicourt, France
Thomas Kenny VC
9 Apr 1917
Hermies, France
John Whittle VC DCM
9 & 15 Apr 1917
Boursies, France
Charles Pope VC
15 Apr 1917
Louverval, France
George Howell VC MM
6 May 1917
Bullecourt, France
Rupert "Mick" Moon VC
12 May 1917
Bullecourt, France
Robert Grieve VC
7 Jun 1917
Messines, Belgium
John Carroll VC
7-10 Jun 1917
Messines, Belgium
Reginald Inwood VC
19-22 Sep 1917
Westhoek, Belgium
Frederick Birks VC MM
20 Sep 1917
Glencorse Wood, Belgium
John Dwyer VC
26 Sep 1917
Zonnebeke, Belgium
Patrick Bugden VC
26-28 Sep 1917
Polygon Wood, Belgium
Lewis McGee VC
4 Oct 1917
Broodseinde Ridge, Belgium
Walter Peeler VC BEM
4 Oct 1917
Broodseinde Ridge, Belgium
Clarence Jeffries VC
12 Oct 1917
Passchendaele, Belgium
Stanley McDougall VC MM
28 Mar 1918
Dernancourt, France
Percy Storkey VC
7 Apr 1918
Hangard Wood, France
Clifford Sadlier VC
24-25 Apr 1918
Villers-Bretonneux, France
William Ruthven VC
19 May 1918
Ville-Sur-Ancre, France
Philip Davey VC MM
28 Jun 1918
Merris, France
Thomas Axford VC MM
4 Jul 1918
Hamel Woods, France
Henry "Harry" Dalziel VC
4 Jul 1918
Hamel, France
Walter Brown VC DCM
6 Jul 1918
Villers-Bretonneux, France
Albert Borella VC MM
17-18 Jul 1918
Villers-Bretonneux, France
Alfred Gaby VC
8 Aug 1918
Villers-Bretonneux, France
Robert Beatham VC
9 Aug 1918
Rosières, France
Percy Statton VC MM
12 Aug 1918
Proyart, France
William Joynt VC
23 Aug 1918
Herleville Wood, France
Lawrence McCarthy VC
23 Aug 1918
Madam Wood, France
Bernard Gordon VC MM
26-27 Aug 1918
Bray, France
George Cartwright VC
31 Aug 1918
Bouchavesnes-Bergen, France
Albert "Alby" Lowerson VC
1 Sep 1918
Mont St Quentin, France
Robert MacTier VC
1 Sep 1918
Mont St Quentin, France
Edgar Towner VC
1 Sep 1918
Mont St Quentin, France
William Currey VC
1 Sep 1918
Pèronne, France
Alexander Buckley VC
1-2 Sep 1918
Pèronne, France
Arthur Hall VC
1-2 Sep 1918
Pèronne, France
Lawrence Weathers VC
2 Sep 1918
Pèronne, France
Maurice Buckley VC DCM
18 Sep 1918
Le Verguier, France
James Park Woods VC
18 Sep 1918
Le Verguier, France
Blair Wark VC DSO
29 Sep-1 Oct 1918
Bellicourt to Joncourt, France
Edward Ryan VC
30 Sep 1918
Bellicourt, France
Joseph Maxwell VC MC & Bar DCM
3 Oct 1918
Estrèes, France
George Ingram VC MM
5 Oct 1918
Montbrehain, France

North Russia

Arthur Sullivan VC
10 Aug 1919
Sheika River, Russia
Samuel Pearse VC MM
29 Aug 1919
Emtsa, Russia

Second World War

John Edmondson VC
13 Apr 1941
Tobruk, Libya
Sir Arthur Roden Cutler VC AK KCMG KCVO CBE KStJ
19 Jun to 6 Jul 1941
Merdjayoun & Damour, Lebanon
Sir Hughie Edwards VC KCMG CB DSO OB DFC
4 Jul 1941
over Bremen, Germany
James "Jim" Gordon VC
10 Jul 1941
Jezzine, Lebanon
Charles Anderson VC MC
18-22 Jan 1942
Muar River, Malaya
Arthur Gurney VC
22 Jul 1942
Tel El Eisa, Egypt
Bruce Kingsbury VC
29 Aug 1942
Isurava, Papua
John French VC
4 Sep 1942
Milne Bay, Papua
William "Bill" Kibby VC
23-31 Oct 1942
El Alamein, Egypt
Percival Gratwick VC
25-26 Oct 1942
El Alamein, Egypt
Rawdon "Ron" Middleton VC
28-29 Nov 1942
over Turin, Italy
Edward "Teddy" Sheean VC
1 Dec 1942
Netherlands East Indies (Indonesia)
William Newton VC
16 Mar 1943
Salamaua, New Guinea
Richard Kelliher VC
13 Sep 1943
Nadzab, New Guinea
Thomas "Diver" Derrick VC DCM
24 Nov 1943
Sattelberg, New Guinea
Reginald Rattey VC
22 Mar 1945
Bouganinville, New Guinea
Albert Chowne VC MM
25 Mar 1945
Dagua, New Guinea
John "Jack" Mackey VC
12 May 1945
Tarakan, Borneo
Edward Kenna VC
15 May 1945
Wewak, New Guinea
Leslie "Tom" Starcevich VC
28 Jun 1945
Beaufort, North Borneo
Frank Partridge VC
24 Jul 1945
Bougainville, New Guinea

Vietnam War

Kevin "Dasher" Wheatley VC
13 Nov 1966
Tra Bong Valley, South Vietnam
Peter Badcoe VC
23 Feb to 7 Apr 1967
Phu Thu, South Vietnam
Rayene "Ray" Simpson VC
6 & 11 May 1969
Kontum Province, South Vietnam
Keith Payne VC
24 May 1969
Kontum Province, South Vietnam

War on Terrorism in Afghanistan

Mark Donaldson VC
2 Sep 2008
Ana Kalay Valley, Afghanistan
Ben Roberts-Smith VC MG
11 Jun 2010
Tizak, Afghanistan
Daniel Keighran VC
24 Aug 2010
Derapet, Afghanistan
Cameron Baird VC MG
22 Jun 2013
Ghawchak, Afghanistan

Victoria Cross

Australian recipients of the Victoria Cross grouped by Rank

For Valour

Australian-born recipients who attained the Victoria Cross as members of the British Army

Four Australian-born men, who left the country for other British Empire countries, received the Victoria Cross as commissioned officers in the British Army. As such, they ought to be honoured on this page.

  • Mark Sever Bell VC CB, Lieutenant (later Colonel), 15 May 1843 Sydney, New South Wales - 26 Jun 1906 Windlesham, Surrey, England. Granted 20 Nov 1874; Battle of Ordashu, Ashanti (now Ghana); Corps of Royal Engineers, British Army. Family returned to England in 1847.
  • William Thomas Dartnell VC, Lieutenant, 6 Apr 1885 Collingwood, Victoria – 3 Sep 1915 Maktau, British East Africa (Kenya). Was living in South Africa when the First World War was declared, although his wife and daughter were still in Victoria. He went to England and was commissioned in the British Army. See his entry under Victoria above.
  • John Mayman VC, 1870 Timor, Victoria - 30 Sep 1920 Transvaal, South Africa. 1917; German East Africa; General Botha's force. Moved to South Africa before 1911.
  • George Raymond Dallas Moor VC MC & Bar, Second Lieutenant, 22 Oct 1896 Saint Kilda, Victoria - 3 Nov 1918 Mouvaux, Nord, France. poppy Granted 23 Jul 1915; Gallipoli; Royal Hampshire Regiment. Family returned to England c1897.

Victoria Cross

Those who 'called Australia home' after receiving the Victoria Cross

Seventeen servicemen who served with other military forces and were awarded the Victoria Cross afterwards made Australia home, passing away in this country. We don't list these brave men here to 'claim' them in any way but to recognise their excellent contribution to attaining peace.

Images Name Birth Death Resting place Date VC granted When migrated VC location Notes
Thomas Caldwell VC . 10 Feb 1894 Carluke, South Lanarkshire, Scotland6 Jun 1969 Adelaide, South AustraliaCentennial Park Cemetery, Pasadena, South Australia3 Jan 1919to Adelaide, South Australia after 1929Museum of The Royal Highland Fusiliers, Glasgow-
Arthur Evans VC (under alias of Walter Simpson) . 8 Apr 1891 Liverpool, England1 Nov 1936 Sydney, New South WalesLytham Park Cemetery, Lytham Saint Annes, Lancashire30 Oct 1918to New South Wales, Australia after WW1--
Robert Gee VC MC . 7 May 1870 Leicester, Leicestershire, England2 Aug 1960 Perth, Western AustraliaKarrakatta Cemetery, Western Australia8 Jan 1918to Western Australia in 1927Royal Fusiliers Museum, Tower of London, Englandwas 47yo when granted the VC
James Gorman VC . 21 Aug 1834 Islington, London, England18 Oct 1882 Spectacle Island, Parramatta River, New South WalesOld Balmain Cemetery, Leichhardt, New South Wales24 Feb 1857to New South Wales in 1863--
Thomas Grady VC DCM . 18 Sep 1835 Claddagh, County Galway, Ireland18 May 1891 St Kilda, VictoriaMelbourne General Cemetery, Carlton, Victoria18 Oct 1854to Victoria in 1866 via WA in 1862Australian War Memorial, Canberrapresented at the first investiture by Queen Victoria, 26 Jun 1857
Charles Heaphy VC . 1820 London, England3 Aug 1881 Brisbane, QueenslandBrisbane General Cemetery, Toowong8 Feb 1867to Queensland May 1881-first NZ (moved there in 1839) VC recipient & only one for action in NZ
Alfred Spencer Heathcote VC . 29 Mar 1832 London, England21 February 1912 Bowral, New South WalesBowral General Cemetery, New South Wales20 Jan 1860moved to Queensland in 1863 and NSW in 1871Victoria Barracks, Paddington, New South Walesfirst NSW Military Force unit commander in 1871
John Vincent Holland VC . 19 Jul 1889 Athy, County Kildare, Ireland27 Feb 1975 New Town, TasmaniaCornelian Bay Cemetery, Newtown, Tasmania26 Oct 1916to Tasmania, Australia in 1956--
Frederick William Holmes VC, . Sep 1889 Bermondsey, Southwark, England22 Oct 1969 Port Augusta, South AustraliaStirling North Garden Cemetery, Port Augusta24 Nov 1914to South Australia in 1960--
Michael Magner VC . 21 Jun 1840 County Fermanagh, Ireland1897 Melbourne, VictoriaMelbourne General Cemetery, Carlton, Victoria-to Tasmania, then Victoria, about 1885Museum of Victoria, Carlton Gardens, Victoria-
William Napier VC . 20 Aug 1827 Bingly, Yorkshire, England2 Jun 1908 Rochester, VictoriaBendigo Cemetery, Bendigo, Victoria24 Dec 1858to Victoria in 1863Somerset Military Museum, Taunton, Somerset, England-
Timothy O’Hea VC . 1843 Skull, County Cork, IrelandNov 1874 Sturt’s Desert, QueenslandNockatunga Station, far west Queensland7 Jan 1867to Victoria in 1863Prince Consort’s Own Rifle Brigade Museum, Winchester, Englandonly VC awarded for service within Canada
John Paton VC . 23 Dec 1833 Stirling, Scotland1 Apr 1914 Summer Hill, New South WalesRookwood Cemetery, New South Wales24 Dec 1858to New South Wales in 1861Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders Museum, Stirling Castle, Scotland-
Issy Smith VC, . 18 Sep 1890 Alexandria, Egypt11 Sep 1940 Melbourne, VictoriaFawkner Jewish Cemetery, Victoria20 Aug 1915to Victoria in 1925--
Sir Nevill Maskylyne Smyth VC . 14 Aug 1826 Westminster, London18 Jul 1941 Balmoral, VictoriaBalmoral Cemetery, Victoria15 Nov 1898to Victoria in 1925privately held-
Richard Been Stannard VC DSO RD RNR . 21 Aug 1902 Blyth, Northumberland, England22 Jul 1977 Sydney, New South WalesRookwood Crematorium, New South Wales16 Aug 1940to New South Wales in 1955privately held-
Frederick Whirlpool VC (born Humphrey James) . 17 Jul 1831 Dundalk, Ireland24 Jun 1899 Windsor, New South WalesPresbyterian Cemetery, South Windsor, NSW 21 Oct 1859to Victoria in 1859, then Tasmania and finally New South WalesAustralian War Memorial, Canberrafirst public presentation in Australia of a VC


Victoria Cross recipients awarded for gallantry within Australia

Nine VC Recipients during the Second World War did so for gallantry in the face of the enemy whilst on Australian soil. The two territories of Papua and New Guinea became the nation of Papua New Guinea in 1975, but from 1942 to 1945 they were Australian territories:

  1. Bruce Kingsbury VC, 29 Aug 1942, Isurava, Papua
  2. John French VC, 4 Sep 1942, Milne Bay, Papua
  3. William Newton VC, 16 Mar 1943, Salamaua, New Guinea
  4. Richard Kelliher VC, 13 Sep 1943, Nadzab, New Guinea
  5. Thomas "Diver" Derrick VC DCM, 24 Nov 1943, Sattelberg, New Guinea
  6. Reginald Rattey VC, 22 Mar 1945, Bouganinville, New Guinea
  7. Albert Chowne VC MM, 25 Mar 1945, Dagua, New Guinea
  8. Edward Kenna VC, 15 May 1945, Wewak, New Guinea
  9. Frank Partridge VC, 24 Jul 1945, Bougainville, New Guinea

Additional Victoria Cross recipients associated with Australia

Samuel Mitchell VC was a Royal Navy Petty Officer stationed in Melbourne, Victoria when his ship was despatched to the Maori Wars in New Zealand. There, he performed gallant actions that reseulted in the awarding of the Victoria Cross. The presentation was made in Government House, Sydney, New South Wales on 24th September 1864. He migrated to New Zealand the following year when his enlistment term expired.

The VC medal of Norman Douglas Holbrook VC (1888-1976), awarded in December 1914 when a Lieutenant in the Royal Navy, is on display at the Australia War Memorial, Canberra. Holbrook was the first submariner to be awarded the VC and it was the first naval VC gazetted in the First World War. The New South Wales Riverina town of Germanton was re-named Holbrook in 1915 in his honour.

From 1936 to 1944, the ninth Governor General of Australia, Right Honourable Sir Alexander Hore Ruthven, Baron Gowrie VC (later the first Earl of Gowrie), wore his Victoria Cross awarded in 1898 during the Egyptian War; as he had done whilst Governor of South Australia from 1928 to 1935 and Governor of New South Wales 1935-36.

Group Captain Leonard Henry Trent VC DFC received the Victoria Cross on 16th August 1940 as a Royal Air Force pilot commanding a New Zealand Squadron. When he retired from the RAF in 1965, he took a executive position in Perth, Western Australia with MacRobertson Miller Airlines (then a division of Ansett Transport Industries ), retiring home to New Zealand in 1977. After his death, in Auckland, his ashes were interred with his daughter, who had died whilst the family lived in WA, at Fremantle Cemetery, Western Australia.


VC recipients who have also been awarded other gallantry awards

35 – more than one in three Australian VC recipients – stand out as our most gallant having received multiple gallantry awards:

    • Charles Anderson Victoria Cross and Military Cross
    • Thomas Axford Victoria Cross and Military Medal
    • Cameron Baird Victoria Cross for Australia and Medal of Gallantry
    • Frederick Birks Victoria Cross and Military Medal
    • John Bisdee Victoria Cross and Mention in Despatches
    • Albert Borella Victoria Cross, Military Medal and Mention in Despatches
    • Walter Brown Victoria Cross and Distinguished Conduct Medal
    • Maurice Buckley Victoria Cross and Distinguished Conduct Medal
    • Percy Cherry Victoria Cross and Military Cross
    • Albert Chowne Victoria Cross and Military Medal
    • Philip Davey Victoria Cross and Military Medal
    • Thomas Derrick Victoria Cross and Distinguished Conduct Medal
    • William Dunstan Victoria Cross and Mention in Despatches
    • Bernard Gordon Victoria Cross and Military Medal
    • George Howell Victoria Cross and Military Medal
    • Neville Howse Victoria Cross and Mention in Despatches
    • George Ingram Victoria Cross and Military Medal
    • Albert Jacka Victoria Cross and Military Cross & Bar
    • Jerry McDougall Victoria Cross and Military Medal
    • Joseph Maxwell Victoria Cross, Distinguished Conduct Medal and Military Cross & Bar – a first level, second level and two third level gallantry awards
    • Leslie Maygar Victoria Cross, Companion of Distinguished Service Order and Mention in Despatches
    • Harry Murray Victoria Cross, Distinguished Conduct Medal, Companion of the Distinguished Service Order & Bar, Mention in Despatches – gallantry awards in each of the first, second, third and fourth level awards
    • James Newland Victoria Cross and Mention in Despatches
    • Samuel Pearse Victoria Cross and Military Medal
    • Ray Simpson Victoria Cross and Distinguished Conduct Medal
    • Ben Roberts-Smith Victoria Cross for Australia and Medal of Gallantry
    • James Rogers Victoria Cross and Mention in Despatches
    • Alfred Shout Victoria Cross, Military Cross and Mention in Despatches
    • Percy Statton Victoria Cross and Military Medal
    • Edgar Towner Victoria Cross, Military Cross and Mention in Despatches
    • Blair Wark Victoria Cross, Companion of the Distinguished Service Order and Mention in Despatches
    • John Whittle Victoria Cross and Distinguished Conduct Medal
    • George Wylly Victoria Cross, Companion of the Distinguished Service Order and Mention in Despatches



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Victoria Cross - For Valour


  1. Australian Defence Force
  2. Wikipedia VC Recipients
  3. Australian First World War recipients
  4. Australian Second World War recipients
  5. Wigmore, Lionel. They Dared Mightily, Second Edition. Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1986
  6. Victoria's VC's
  7. Victoria's Anzac Home

Further reading

  • Arthur, Max. Symbol of Courage: Men behind the Medal. Pan Books, 2005. ISBN 978-0-330-49133-4.
  • Ashcroft, Michael. Victoria Cross Heroes. Headline Book Publishing, 2006. ISBN 0-7553-1632-0.
  • Blanch, Craig and Pegram, Aaron. For Valour: Australians awarded the Victoria Cross. New South Publishing, Sydney NSW, 2018. ISBN 978 17422 35424.
  • Crook, M J. The Evolution of the Victoria Cross. Midas Books, 1975. ISBN 0-85936-041-5.
  • Foster, Jason K, ed. A Century of ANZACs. New Holland Publishers, Chatswood, NSW, 2018. ISBN 978-17425-73175.
  • Wigmore, Lionel. They Dared Mightily, second edition. Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1986.
Victoria Cross - For Valour

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