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Virginia, Crane Name Study

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Surname/tag: Crane
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Cranes in Virginia

Colonial Virginia

The Colony of Virginia, chartered in 1606 and settled in 1607, was the first enduring English colony in North America. The founder of the new colony was the Virginia Company. Although other early colonies in the New World had failed, "Jamestown" succeeded. Jamestown served as the capital of the colony of Virginia for 83 years, from 1616 until 1699.

In 1624, the Virginia Company's charter was revoked by King James I, and the Virginia colony was transferred to royal authority as a crown colony. After the English Civil War in the mid-17th century, the Virginia colony was nicknamed "The Old Dominion" by King Charles II for its perceived loyalty to the English monarchy during the era of the Commonwealth of England.

After declaring independence from Great Britain in 1775, before the Declaration of Independence was officially adopted, the Virginia colony became the "Commonwealth of Virginia", one of the original thirteen states of the United States. The entire modern states of West Virginia, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois, and portions of Ohio and Western Pennsylvania were later created from the territory claimed by the colony of Virginia at the time of independence.

In 1634, a new system of local government was created in the Virginia Colony by order of King Charles I of England. Eight shires were named by the House of Burgesses, each with its own local officers. The term shire in this system was officially renamed as county only a few years later.

The Eight Shires of Colonial Virginia

Accomac Shire (now Northampton & Accomack Counties) Charles City Shire (now Charles City County) Charles River Shire (now York County) Elizabeth City Shire (extinct – consolidated with the City of Hampton) Henrico Shire (now Henrico County) James City Shire (now James City County) Warwick River Shire (extinct-consolidated with the City of Newport News) Warrosquoyoake Shire (now Isle of Wight County)

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