Viscounts in the Peerage of Scotland
Vice-Comes, or Viscount, was a title formerly applied to the Sheriff of a county. It was first used as a title of nobility when King Henry VI created John, Baron Beaumont, Viscount Beaumont by Letters Patent dated 12 February 1440. Since then all Viscountcies have been created by patent. Originally conceived as a means of advancing Barons, afterwards it was frequently created with the barony. In modern times the Viscountcy has been conferred without a Barony, as in the case of Viscount Combermere, Viscount Sidmouth, Viscount Halifax, Viscount Cross, etc.