Voortrekkers: Chronology

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Date: 1836 to 1850
Location: [unknown]
Surname/tag: Voortrekkers
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Voortrekkers Chronologie Bloukrans/Weenen Retief Bloedrivier Trichard Van Rensburg
Liebenberg Vegkop Erasmus Jagparty Veglaer Stamouers Ithaleni Wit Umfolozi

The Chronology of the Great Trek

YearDate Event
1806Second British occupation of the Cape
181128 Dec Fourth Xhosa War begins Massacre at Zuurberg
1812Smallpox. Cape town shunned by the interiorp433
1812London Missionary Society duped into investigations-denoted as hostile thereafter p437
1815Slagters Nek Rebellion
18185th Kafir War begins
18201820 Settlers Influx of British settlers
1822Somerset's Proclamation of gradual replacement of Dutch language by English as official and judicial language
1824Lieutenant Farewell receives a grant of land round Port Natal from Shaka
1826Cape Colony's boundary extended to Orange river. Sir Harry Smith also extended the boundary in 1847 to the Orange River
1828Ordinance 50: "Hottentots and other free persons of colour" were to be subject to no laws to which whites were not also subject, including the 'vagrancy' practices and pass requirements. Freedom to move and freedom to own land were explicitly decreed.
1828Dingane, Shaka's half-brother plots Shaka's assassination
1829Francis Farewell's party murdered by Nqetho who recently quarrelled with Dingane and considered him an enemy, and was not sympathetic towards Farewell due to his trading with Dingane.
1834Emancipation of Slaves Claim LegaciesSearch Colony: Cape of Good Hope
Commissie Treks set out
(Christmas) 6th Kafir War begins
1835Trichard_Trek crosses Orange river and remains near Caledon river
DecemberPotgieter begins to trek north from Tarka
DecemberRumours of Glenelg revocation of Queen Adelaide circulate. British Colonial Secretary Lord Glenelg issued a dispatch instructing D’Urban to “retrocede” Queen Adelaide Province to the Xhosa chiefs
1836earlyTregardt prepares to trek north
FebruaryPotgieter party crosses Orange river
MarchTredgardt crosses Vaal river
MayPotgieter reaches Sand river and leaves to make contact with Tregardt
May (end}Tregardt reaches Zoutpansberg
JunePotgieter joins Tregardt at Zoutpansberg
June 27Potgieter reconnoitres over Limpopo river
c. July 15Van Rensburg Massacrep70
July (end)Potgieter returns to Tregardt's camp
July (end}Tregardt leaves to search for the Van Rensburg party
AugustMaritz trek leaves for the north from Graaff Reinet
AugustPotgieter leaves Zoutpansberg
August 25Matabele attack trekker parties which have crossed Vaal river Liebenberg Massacre and Erasmus Hunters Massacred
September 2Potgieter rejoins his party at Sand river
October 16Battle of Vegkop
November (early)Maritz reaches Blesberg
December 2Maritz and Potgieter draw up a constitution for trekkers
1837]anuary 17Attack on MosegaMosega
FebruaryRetief's manifesto is published
MarchTregardt sends first message to Lourenco Marques
MarchPotgieter moves to Winburg area
April 1OTregardt sends off second message to Lourenço Marques
April 17Retief elected Governor
Uys moves north from Uitenhage
MayTregardt sends third message to Lourenco Marques
JuneMeeting approves constitution of Maatschappij
JuneUys arrives at United Laagers
June endSmit installed as Trekkers' Predikant
August 7Buys arrives at Tregardt's camp on Doorn river to conduct his party to Lourenço Marques
August 23Tregardt sets off for Lourenço Marques
September 9Retief announces that passes over Berg have been found
September 13Trekkers hold meeting at Sand river and split into two groups; one under Retief heading for Berg, while Potgieter and Maritz ride north and organise a second punitive expedition against Matabele
October 2Retief camps at site of Bethlehem
October 7Retief gets first view of Natal
October 7Rev. Francis Owen arrives at Umgungundhlovu
October 10Retief arrives Port Natal
October 19Greyling camps at Kerkenberg
November 4-12Running fight against Matabele at Kapain
November 7Retief arrives at Umgungundhlovu
November 11Retief's messengers arrive at Kerkenberg
November 13Trekkers begin the descent of the Berg
November 27Retief rejoins his followers
November 30Tregardt arrives at summit of Berg
December 23Tregardt completes descent of Berg
December 28Retief sets offfor Sekonyela's country
1838JanuarySir George Napier succeeds Sir Benjamin D'Urban as Governor of the Cape
January 25Retief sets off on his second visit to Umgungundhlovu
February 3Retief arrives at Umgungundhlovu
February 6Retief's party massacred on Kwa Matiwane
February 16/17Weenen Massacre (Afrikaans: Bloukransmoorde)
March 13Tregardt crosses Lebombo range
April 11Vlug Commando ambushed at Ithalenip108
April 13Tregardt arrives Lourenco Marques
April 17Army of Natal at Ndondakusukap110
May 1Mrs Tregardt dies
May 16Landman annexes Port Natalp112
May 16By this time Potgieter was two days west of the Bergp112
June (middle)Potgieter acquires land between Vaal and Vet
August 13 Successful Boer defence of Veglaerp113
September 23Maritz dies in Sooilaer(Oct p113)
October 25Tregardt dies at Lourenco Marques
NovemberPotgieter settles at Potchefstroom bank of Mooi Rivierp112
November 22Pretorius reaches Sooilaer with reinforcementsp114
November 28Wen Commando moves out of Sooilaer
December 4British troops land at Port Natal
December 9Oath of the Covenant
December 16Battle of Blood river
December 16Union Jack raised at Port Natal
December 27Battle of the White Umfolozip117
December 31Pretorius burns the kraals round Umgungundhlovu prior to his departure
1839JulyTrichard Trek Twenty five survivors of the Tregardt trek are evacuated from Lourenco Marques
OctoberMpande flees into Natal with his followers
December 24Jervis evacuates Port Natal
1840January 14Pretorius leads Beeste Commando over the Tugela
January 30Nongalaza defeats Dingane`s army north of the Mkuzi river
February 14Mpande crowned king of the Zulus
OctoberLoose federation between Natalia and the highveld republics formed
1842March (end)British troops under Major Smith begin march on Port Natal
May 3British troops reoccupy Port Natal
May 23/24Battle of Congella
June 25Boer siege of Port Natal raised
December 12British Cabinet decide on annexation of Natal
1844April 9Potgieter declares independence of Winburg-Potchefstroom
1845April 30Battle of Zwartkoppies
JunePotgieter treks to Ohrigstad
DecemberRepublic of Natalia formally ceases to exist
1846June-SeptemberFactional strife at Ohrigstad begins to reach its peak
1847JunePotgieter leads reconnaissance across Limpopo and then revisits the Zoutpansberg district
endPretorius leads burghers from Natal to high veld
DecemberSir Harry Smith becomes Governor of the Cape
1848earlyPotgieter's people migrate to the Zoutpansberg
February 3Sir Harry Smith declares annexation of the Orange River Sovereignty
August 29Battle of Boomplaats
1852February 17Sand River Convention
March 16Reconciliation of Potgieter and Pretorius
AugustPotgieter leads his last commando in Sekwatiland
December 16Potgieter dies
1853July 23Pretorius dies
1854February 23British abandon the Orange River Sovereignty

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Goeie Dag, mag ek asb. aansluit by hierdie groep, dankie. Matthew
posted by Matthew Olsson
☺ Gaan na en voeg jou naam by Voortrekkers. Jy kan dan ook aansluit by die SA projek. Instruksies by
posted by Louis Heyman

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