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Wauls' Legion

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Surnames/tags: US_Civil_War Texas
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Waul's Texas Legion completed its organization at Brenham, Texas, during the summer of 1862. It originally consisted of twelve companies of infantry, six companies of cavalry, and a six-gun battery of field artillery with a total complement of 2,000 men.[1] However, the legion did not serve as one command.[2]


The artillery battery was commanded by Captain William Edgar.[1]


The cavalry battalion contained six companies, later increased to seven. It served in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, skirmished in Mississippi, then fought with Forrest in Western Tennessee and Kentucky. The unit returned to Mississippi, saw action in Hood's operations in Northern Georgia, and ended the war in Alabama. In October, 1863, it had 450 men present, but few surrendered with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana. The field officers were Lieutenant Colonel L Willis; and Majors H S Parker, John R Smith, and Benjamin F Weeks.[2]

The Confederate command decided that Waul's Texas Legion was too large for the typical drill maneuvers used on the battlefield. So, the cavalry was split off from the Legion and placed under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Leonidas Willis and was named Willis' Texas Cavalry. Willis' Texas Cavalry served under General James R Chalmers' cavalry division in 1863 and later under General N B Forrest's cavalry division. The service records for soldiers in Willis' Texas Cavalry can be found in the files of Waul's Texas Legion.


The infantry regiment contained twelve companies and served in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. It fought in the Vicksburg Campaign and was captured on July 4, 1863. Here the unit reported 47 killed, 190 wounded, and 8 missing of the 381 engaged. After being exchanged and reorganized in Texas, it was stationed at Galveston attached to the Trans-Mississippi Department. In December, 1864, the regiment had 14 officers and 204 men, and in April, 1865, totalled 315 effectives. During May it disbanded. The field officers were Colonels Barnard Timmons and Thomas N Waul; Lieutenant Colonels O Steele and James Wrigley; and Majors E S Bollong, Allen Cameron, and Otto Nathusius.[2]

See Category: Timmon's Regiment, Texas Infantry.

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