Sources for the Crawford Family of the Waxhaw area in South Carolina
The following sources are often cited for the genealogy and family history of the Waxhaw Crawfords and Hutchinsons, as well as other families of the area.
- Deed Book H, pg 100, Lancaster County, South Carolina
- HMdb.org - The Historical Marker Database entry for Major Robert Crawford
- Deed Book 5, pg 215, Mecklenburgh County Records, Charlotte
To Be Used With Caution
- John Crawford of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania (JCC), Scotch-Irish Immigrant and Frontiersman, 1740-1770; A Search For Royal Roots; by John L Fox and Richard E Crawford, published 1999.
- SH Walkup, reprinted article in North Carolina University Magazine, X, 225
- Congressional Record, June 18, 1926, p 11582.
- Andrew Jackson, The Border Captain, by Marquis James
- The Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, November 1920, p 640.
- Genealogies of the Witherspoon Family with some account of other families with which it is connected; compiled by Joseph G Wardlaw, Yorkville, S.C; printed at the Enquirer Office, 1910
- The DIB on the Fourth of July: First Mother; 4 July 2009; Lunney, Dr. Linde; Cambridge University Press and Royal Irish Academy.
- The Life of Andrew Jackson; Parton, James; Mason Brothers, NY, 1860; Vol I
- The Scotch-Irish in America: Proceedings and Addresses of the Fifth Congress at Springfield, Ohio May 11-14, 1893; The Order of the Scotch-Irish Society of America; Nashville, Tenn; Barbee & Smith, agents; 1893, Vol. V
- Roster of South Carolina Patriots in the America Revolution; Vol. II, K-Z; Bobby Gilmer Moss; Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.; Baltimore, MD; 1983
- The John Crawford Family History and Lineage Compiled by Nellie King Daubenspeck, June 1957 - Nellie Daubenspeck seems to rely on the Horn Papers for much of her information as to the origins of the three Crawford brothers who settled in the Waxhaws region of South Carolina, the identity of their parents, and the origin of John Crawford of Chambersburg.
- Online and printed family trees - should be used for clues only
Frauds, Fabrications and Hoaxs relating to the Crawford Families of Pennsylvania
- The Horn Papers, published 1945. - numerous family histories published after this date include the fabricated lineage put forward by the Horn Papers.
- In 1910, John Crawford of the Waxhaw Crawfords first appears in published family histories, as the Waxhaw Crawfords attempt to identify their emigrant ancestor. Later compilers would blend the two families (John Crawford of the Waxhaw Crawfords and John Crawford of Chambersburg) into one, based on the Horn Papers biographical sketch of John Crawford of Chambersburg in 1945. As a result, a report by a committee of the Institute for Early American History and Culture, concluded:
- In view of the fact that intensive investigation failed to discover a shred of evidence to substantiate the authenticity of the documents and, on the contrary, found convincing evidence of their spuriousness, it is our opinion that the primary material in the Horn Papers is a fabrication and therefore that historians and genealogists ought not to rely on any data contained in Vol. I and II, even the extract of the Federal census of 1790 in Vol. II is grossly inaccuate, and the chapters by Messrs Jones and Moredock, appear to have been based, in good faith, on the material now shown to be unreliable. Vol. III, on the other hand, contains patent, warrant and survey maps prepared by the Pennsylvania Land Office, which are valuable.
- Please Note: There are more than 500 family histories and genealogies of early Pennsylvania settlers that rely on the Horn Papers and records for their validity.