Location: West Hawkesbury, Prescott Co., Upper Canada
This page was created to recount the history of some ancestral farms on Lot 19, Concession 4 (Henry P.O.), West Hawkesbury, Prescott Co., Ontario, Canada. This will be done through reviewing relevant land transfers and agricultural surveys.
This lot can be seen on the 1862 Map of the counties of Stormont, Dundas, Glengarry, Prescott & Russell, Canada West created from actual surveys under the direction of H.F. Walling. One can zoom way in on this map and see some of the occupants of each lot. J. McNally is probably John and Jas. McNally (printed on the Longueuil side of the township line) is probably Rev. James.
Early Land Transfers
|10 Apr 1810||Initial Grant||Crown||Zachariah Long||All 200 Acres||LRO 46-Prescott, Abstract Parcel Register Book, West Hawkesbury, Lot No. 19 Conc. 4, page 1|
The McNally Family Farms
In his autobiography, Rev. James McNally states that, in 1829, he bought 54 acres of land from Chauncey Johnson and he resided there for the rest of his life. The land records show that it was much more complicated than a simple purchase:
The McNally Farm (1829-1842)
It appears that brothers James McNally and John McNally formed a joint partnership to purchase and operate a farm. A jointly run farm would have allowed James to pursue his vocation as a preacher, later ordained minister, while John would have managed the farm during James' frequent absences. The pair needed a mortgage to make the purchase.
|26 Jun 1829||Bargain and Sale||Chauncey Johnson & Elizah Kellogg||James McNally & John McNally||Land west of the post road (today's Cassburn Rd.) excluding some existing properties (108 acres, 2 roods and 3 perches) for 126 pounds||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 4, Folios 216 to 218, Memorial 962|
|26 Jun 1829||Mortgage||James McNally & John McNally||Chauncey Johnson & Elizah Kellogg||81 pounds 8 shillings and 3 pence for above property, payable via 3 promissory notes. 1st payment of 15 pounds 14 shillings and 4 pence (+ interest) due 1 May 1830; 2nd payment of 32 pounds 16 shillings and 10 pence (+ interest) due 1 May 1831; and 3rd & final payment of 32/16/10 (+ interest) due 1 May 1832.||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 4, Folios 218 to 220, Memorial 963|
|15 Apr 1834||Discharge of Mortgage||Chauncey Johnson & Elizah Kellogg||James McNally & John McNally||A memorial that the mortgage was paid off.||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 7, Folio 22, Memorial 1891|
In 1838, John McNally and his wife, Anna, separated. To ensure support for their children (Samuel Edward McNally, Eliza Allis McNally and John Dawson McNally), John and Anna agreed to place their stake in the joint farm into a trust. When Anna passed away in 1841, the trust was dissolved and the stake returned to John's control. However, the whole episode probably led John and James to dissolve the partnership and divide the farm evenly between them. James took the half adjacent to the West Hawkesbury-Longueuil township line while John took the half adjacent to the Post Road (now Cassburn Road).
|5 Oct 1838||Quit Claim||John McNally and Anna McNally||Trust managers: George Cross, William Dunning and Samuel Bloss||Memorial of the transfer of John's stake in the joint farm into a trust on behalf of their children||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 8, Folios 216 to 218, Memorial 2752|
|24 Feb 1842||Quit Claim||Trust managers: George Cross and others||John McNally||Memorial of the transfer of the stake in the joint farm from the trust back to John McNally||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 9, Folios 351 & 352, Memorial 3770|
|15 Nov 1842||Quit Claim||John McNally||James McNally||Memorial of the transfer of the stake in the west half of the joint farm from John McNally to James McNally||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 9, Folios 353 & 354, Memorial 3771|
|15 Nov 1842||Quit Claim||James McNally||John McNally||Memorial of the transfer of the stake in the east half of the joint farm from James McNally to John McNally||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 9, Folios 354 & 355, Memorial 3772|
The James McNally Farm (1842-1876)
Between 1863 and 1871, Emily Cheney (with husband Nelson and their children) moved in with her parents, Rev. James and Hannah. Presumably, Emily and Nelson assisted her parents with management of the farm and home.
- On the 1871 Census Schedule 4 ("Agricultural"), James' farm is described as follows:
- 45 acres, 45 acres improved, 23 acres in pasture
- 2.5 acres of spring wheat (15 bushels); 80 bushels of oats; 22 bushels of peas; 3 bushels of beans; and 35 bushels of corn
- 2 acres of potatoes (350 bushels)
- 10 acres of hay (6 tons)
When Rev. McNally passed away 10 Feb 1873, he bequeathed the farm to Emily and Nelson. After the will cleared probate in 1876, Emily and Nelson sold the farm to their son, James.
|1 Apr 1876||Will||James McNally||Emily Cheney and Nelson Cheney||James' farm in West Hawkesbury (54 acres, 1 rood and 1.5 perches)||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 39, Folios 318 to 320, Memorial 653|
|19 Feb 1877||Bargain & Sale||Nelson Cheney and Emily Cheney||James Clark Cheney||Their inherited farm in West Hawkesbury (54 acres, 1 rood and 1.5 perches) for $2000||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 39, Folios 534 to 536, Memorial 779|
The James Clark Cheney Farm (1877-1890)
|15 Nov 1890||Bargain & Sale||James Clark Cheney and Elizabeth Cheney (also referencing Nelson Cheney and Emily Cheney)||Andrew Milne||The farm in West Hawkesbury (54 acres, 1 rood and 1.5 perches) for $1200||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 88, Folios 78 & 79, Memorial 2347|
At this point, the original James McNally farm was no longer in the greater McNally family.
The John McNally Farm (1842-1875)
- On the 1861 Agricultural Census, John's farm is described as follows:
- 54 acres; 35 acres under cultivation; 19 acres crops; 15 acres pasture; 1 acre orchard or garden; 19 acres wood or wild
- Value of farm = $1000; equipment = $40
- 1.5 acres spring wheat (26 bushels); 6 acres oats (200 bushels); 2 acres buckwheat (30 bushels); 2 acres Indian corn (50 bushels); 2 acres potatoes (300 bushels); 50 bushels carrots; 5 tons hay
- On the 1871 Census Schedule 4 ("Agricultural"), John's farm is described as follows:
- 54 acres, 50 acres improved, 4 acres in pasture, 1 acre of orchard/garden
- 5 acres of spring wheat (35 bushels); 150 bushels of oats; 5 bushels of beans; 30 bushels of buckwheat; and 50 bushels of corn
- 3 acres of potatoes (700 bushels)
- 8 acres of hay (12 tons)
Following the death of his brother, James, John sold his farm to his son, Henry McNally, for $1000.
|22 May 1875||Bargain and Sale||John McNally||Henry McNally||54 acres, 1 rood and 1.5 perches for $1000||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 39, Folios 195 to 197, Memorial 584|
The Henry McNally Farm (1875-1883)
After eight years, Henry sells the farm to Harrison Cross, who apparently sells it to Henry's brother-in-law, Joseph Howes Jr.
|4 Feb 1880||Quit Claim||Henry McNally (with agreement of wife Fanny McNally)||Matilda Bottom (wife of Moses Parier)||.25 acres for $100||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 55, Folios 299 to 300, Memorial 1043|
|7 Apr 1883||Quit Claim||Henry McNally (with agreement of wife Fanny McNally)||Tousant Gascon||.25 acres for $100||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 66, Folios 241 & 242, Memorial 1481|
|5 Dec 1883||Bargain and Sale||Henry McNally (with agreement of wife Fanny McNally)||Harrison Cross||54 acres, 1 rood and 1.5 perches plus 16 acres acquired separately for $2000||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 66, Folios 181 to 183, Memorial 1440|
|28 Dec 1883||Mortgage||Harrison Cross and Rachael Cross||Henry McNally||$1400 to be paid in two installments - $700 & interest on 28 Dec 1885, and $700 & interest on 28 Dec 1886||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 66, Folios 186 & 187, Memorial 1442|
|4 Apr 1884||Bargain and Sale||Harrison Cross (with agreement of wife Rachael Cross)||Joseph Howes||55 acres (mortgaged) for $1400||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 66, Folios 268 & 269, Memorial 1500|
|4 Apr 1884||Bargain and Sale||Harrison Cross (with agreement of wife Rachael Cross)||William J Howes||14 acres for $950||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 66, Folios 299 & 300, Memorial 1524|
|2 Mar 1888||Discharge of Mortgage||Henry McNally||William J Howes||Acknowledgement that the mortgage has been paid||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 78, Folio 276, Memorial 1964|
The Joseph Howes Jr. Farm (1884-1886)
Joseph and Sarah Howes never moved to this farm and resold it to Joseph's nephew James Robert Howes.
|6 Mar 1886||Bargain and Sale||Joseph Howes & wife||James R Howes||50 acres for $1450||LRO 46-Prescott, Land Records, Volume 66, Folios 588 & 589, Memorial 1700|
At this point, the original John McNally farm was no longer in the greater McNally family.