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West Virginia (Confederate), United States Civil War

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For the category, see Category: West Virginia (Confederate), United States Civil War

The following is a list of West Virginia Confederate Units which were composed mostly or notably by citizens of the 50 counties of western Virginia which eventually became West Virginia. These units, with the exception of the Kentucky units, are designated "Virginia", as were the Union regiments from western Virginia. After the admittance of West Virginia as a state in 1863, those Union units from western Virginia changed their designation to "West Virginia", while the Confederate units remained "Virginia". Following the names of the units are the names of the counties, in parentheses, which contributed to those units, and does not include neighboring counties of Kentucky or Virginia.[1]



2nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Berkeley, Jefferson)
13th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Hampshire)
22nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (1st Kanawha Regiment) (Boone, Clay, Fayette, Greenbrier, Jackson, Kanawha, Monroe, Nicholas, Putnam, Wyoming)
23rd Battalion, Virginia Infantry (Mercer, Raleigh, Wyoming)
24th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Mercer)
25th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Heck's) (Upshur Grey's) (Braxton, Hardy, Pendleton, Pocahontas, Ritchie, Taylor, Upshur, Webster)
26th Battalion, Virginia Infantry (Edgar's) (Greenbrier, Kanawha, Mercer, Monroe)
27th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Brooke, Greenbrier, Monroe, Ohio, Wetzel)
29th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (McDowell)
30th Battalion, Virginia Sharpshooters (Clarke's) (Jackson, Mercer, Monroe, Raleigh, Roane, Wirt)
31st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Barbour, Braxton, Gilmer, Harrison, Kanawha, Lewis, Monongalia, Pocahontas, Randolph, Taylor)
33rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Hampshire, Hardy)
36th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (2nd Kanawha Infantry) (Boone, Clay, Jackson, Logan, Nicholas, Putnam, Raleigh, Roane, Wayne, Wood)
45th Battalion, Virginia Infantry (Boone, Cabell, Logan, McDowell, Wayne, Wyoming)
59th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Greenbrier, Mercer)
60th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Braxton, Fayette, Gilmer, Greenbrier, Jackson, Mercer, Monroe, Roane)
62nd Regiment, Virginia Mounted Infantry (Barbour, Braxton, Hampshire, Hardy, Pendleton, Pocahontas, Randolph, Tucker, Upshur, Webster)


1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Jefferson, Berkeley)
3rd Regiment, West Virginia Cavalry
7th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Ashby's) (Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, Jefferson)
8th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Boone, Cabell, Calhoun, Doddridge, Kanawha, Lewis, Mason, Putnam, Wayne, Wood)
10th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Jackson, Kanawha, Raleigh, Roane)
11th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, Jefferson, Morgan, Pocahontas)
12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Berkeley, Jefferson)
14th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Boone, Calhoun, Greenbrier, Pocahontas, Roane)
14th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate) (McDowell)
16th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Cabell, McDowell, Kanawha, Putnam, Wayne)
17th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Braxton, Clay, Harrison, Jackson, Kanawha, Lewis, Mercer, Nicholas, Roane, Wirt, Wood)
18th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Hampshire, Hardy, Lewis, Pendleton, Randolph, Tucker)
19th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Braxton, Calhoun, Gilmer, Greenbrier, Harrison, Jackson, Kanawha, Lewis, Marion, Nicholas, Pocahontas, Preston, Randolph, Ritchie, Roane, Taylor, Webster, Wetzel, Wirt)
20th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Barbour, Calhoun, Harrison, Lewis, Marion, Monongalia, Ohio, Pleasants, Preston, Ritchie, Taylor, Wetzel, Wood)
21st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Monroe)
23rd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Hampshire, Hardy, Mercer)
26th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Calhoun, Doddridge, Jackson, Lewis, Monroe, Pleasants, Pocahontas, Roane, Ritchie, Taylor, Tyler, Upshur, Webster, Wetzel, Wirt)
34th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Cabell, Logan, McDowell, Mercer, Raleigh, Wayne, Wyoming)
36th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Boone, Braxton, Cabell, Clay, Greenbrier, Jackson, Kanawha, Logan, Monroe, Nicholas, Ohio, Putnam, Roane, Wayne, Wood)
37th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Jackson)
2nd Battalion, Kentucky Mounted Rifles (Confederate) (Wayne, Logan)
Mosby's Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Partisan Rangers) (43rd Cavalry Battalion) (Jefferson)
44th Battalion Virginia Partisan Rangers- formerly Amick's Rangers (Fayette, Greenbrier, Kanawha, Monroe, Nicholas, Raleigh, Wyoming)
McNeill's Company, Virginia Cavalry (Partisan Rangers) (McNeill's Rangers) (Hampshire, Hardy, Pendleton)
Swann's Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Boone, Cabell, Logan, McDowell, Mercer, Putnam, Wayne, Wyoming)
Thurmond's Company, Virginia Cavalry (Partisan Rangers) (Fayette, Greenbrier)
Ashby Horse Artillery - (Jefferson)


Bryan's Company, Virginia Artillery (Monroe, Greenbrier)
Chew's Battery, Virginia Artillery (Jefferson, Berkeley)
French's Company, Virginia Light Artillery - (Mercer)
Gauley Artillery Capt. Stephen Adam's Battery - (Raleigh)
Capt. Thomas E. Jackson's Co. Virginia Horse Artillery (Kanawha, Mason, Wayne)
Kanawha Artillery - (Kanawha, Mason, Wayne)
[Lowry's Battery Virginia Light Artillery - (Monroe)
Lurty's Company Virginia Horse Artillery - (Calhoun, Gilmer, Greenbrier, Harrison, Lewis, Marion, Upshur, Webster)
McClanahan's Battery - (Randolph)
Penick's Company Virginia Light Artillery - (Greenbrier)
Taylor's Company Virginia Light Artillery - (Berkeley)
Western Artillery - (Monroe)
W.H. Chapman's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Monroe-Dixie Artillery)
Wise Artillery - (Berkeley)

Virginia State Line & Other Units

67th Regiment, Virginia Militia (Berkeley)
89th Regiment, Virginia Militia (Morgan)
151st Regiment, Virginia Militia (Mercer)
190th Regiment, Virginia Militia (Wyoming)
1st Regiment, Virginia State Line
Capt. Greene W. Taylor's Co., Co. A (Logan)
Capt. Daniel Elkins Co, Co. B (Bone)
Capt. Wm. Dempsey's Co., Co. E (Logan)
Capt. Geo. Hackworth's Co., Co. F (Cabell)
Capt. Benj. Justice's Co., Co. H (Logan)
Capt. John Buchanan's Co., Co. I (Logan)
Capt. Robert Lawson's Co., Co. K (Logan)
2nd Regiment, Virginia State Line
Capt. Mathias Harrison's Co., Co. H (Cabell, Logan, Wayne)
Capt. William S. Chandler's Co., Co. K (Boone)
4th Regiment, Virginia State Line
Capt. John E. Love's Co., Co. E (Kanawha)
Capt. William Hensley's Co., Co. G (Cabell)
5th Regiment, Virginia State Line
Capt. Lorenzo D. Chambers' Co., Co. A (Logan)
Capt. Melvin B. Lawson's Co., Co. E - later part of Rebel Bill Smith's Battn. (Logan)
Capt. P.K. McComas Co., Co. I (Logan)

Guerrilla Units

These units were often called "Moccasin Rangers" in the North, but were designated "Partisan Rangers" or "Confederate States Rangers". They operated as such from 1861–62, and were later recruited into the Virginia State Line in the latter half of 1862, and then into the regular Confederate Army in March 1863. The counties from which they were mainly originated are in parentheses at the end of each name.

Capt. John W. 'Big John' Amick's Co., Amick's Rangers - (Nicholas)
Black Striped Company - (Logan)
Capt. P.M. Carpenter's Co. - (Logan)
Capt. Perry Connolly's Co. - formerly Capt. George W. Silcott's Co., 186th Regt. Va. Militia (Calhoun)
Capt. James S.A. Crawford's Co., The Night Hawks - (Wood, Jackson & Wirt)
Capt. George Downs' Co., Co. No. 1 Va. State Rangers - formerly 186th Regt. Va. Militia (Calhoun)
Capt. Daniel Dusky's Co. - formerly Co. C, 186th Regt. Va. Militia (Calhoun, Roane, Wirt, & Jackson)
Capt. Sampson Elza's Co., Dixie Boys - (Randolph & Pendleton)
Capt. Richard B. Foley's Co., Flat Top Copperheads - also known as Foley's Independent Co. of Infantry, formerly Co. F, 151st Regt. Va. Militia (Mercer)
Capt. Ezekiel 'Zeke' Harper's Co. - (Tucker & Randolph)
Capt. William Harris' Co., Co. No. 7, Va. State Rangers - (Wood)
Capt. W.A. 'Devil Anse' Hatfield's Co. - formed from the 129th Regt. Va Militia (Logan)
Capt. Benjamin W. Haymond's Co., Co. No. 8 Va. State Rangers (Braxton)
Capt. Jonathan Haymond's Co., Co. No. 10 Va. State Rangers - (Marion)
Capt. John E. Hays' Co., Co. No. 6 Va. State Rangers - (Gilmer)
Capt. Absolom Knotts' Co., Knott's Rangers - formerly 186th Regt. Va. Militia (Calhoun)
Capt. James McCray's Co., Mountain Rangers, Co. No. 5, Va. State Rangers - formed from the 199th Regt. Va. Militia (Webster)
Capt. Duncan McLaughlin's Co., Webster Dare Devils - formed from the 199th Regt. Va. Militia (Webster)
Capt. William T. Meador's Co., Co. No. 9 Va. State Rangers] - (Mercer, Summers, Wyoming)
Capt. (Rev.) John Elam Mitchell's Co. - formerly 165th Regt. Va. Militia (Gilmer)
Capt. William Franklin Pierson's Co. - (Braxton)
Capt. John Righter's Co., Co. No. 4, Va. State Rangers - (Marion, Harrison, Taylor)
Capt. Peter Sauerbourne's Co. - formerly 186th Regt. Va. Militia (Calhoun)
Capt. James E. Smith's Co. - formerly 141st Regt. Va. Militia (Jackson)
Capt. James W. Smith's Co. - (Jackson)
Capt. William "Rebel Bill" Smith's Co. - formerly 167th Regt. Va. Militia (Wayne)
Capt. John L. Sprigg's Co., Braxton Co. Rangers, Co. No. 2 Va. State Rangers (Braxton)
Capt. Philip James Thurmond's Co., Thurmond's Rangers - (Monroe, Greenbrier, Fayette, Raleigh, Kanawha)
Capt. William D. Thurmond's Co., Thurmond's Rangers - (Fayette)
Capt. Marshall Triplett's Co., Co. No. 3 Va. State Rangers - (Clay, Nicholas, Webster)
Capt. Jack Tuning's Co. - (Braxton, Webster)

Generals-Confederate & Virginia Militia

The following Generals were either born in, raised in, or living in western Virginia at the time of the war.

Alfred Beckley Brig. Gen. of Virginia Militia
James Boggs Brig. Gen. of Virginia Militia
Augustus A. Chapman Brig. Gen. of Virginia Militia
Raleigh E. Colston
John Echols
Birkett D. Fry
Walter Gwynn
Stonewall Jackson
William Lowther Jackson
Albert G. Jenkins
Alexander C. Jones
Edwin Gray Lee
John McCausland
Alexander W. Reynolds
M. Jeff Thompson

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