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White Hall Plantation, Bryan County, Georgia

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US Black Heritage Index of Plantations

Georgia Plantations



Mulberry Hill Plantation, which grew rice, and White Hall Plantation (also known as Whitehall), which grew cotton, located in Bryan County, Georgia, had more than 130 slaves when Richard James Arnold Sr (1796-1873) took over in 1823.[1] The plantations were part of his wife Louisa Caroline Gindrat's dowry. This inventory lists the names, ages and capabilities of his enslaved persons.[2]

Slave Owners


In the 1850 Slave Schedule census, Rich J Arnold was in District 20, Bryan, Georgia, United States. He owned 186 slaves.[3]

"By 1860 Arnold was the largest landowner in Bryan County, with over 15,000 acres and 195 slaves.[4] Arnold was an innovative planter, regarded as being well advanced for his times in terms of his business concepts, his application of scientific principles to his agricultural methods and techniques and his philosophy of plantation and slave management."[5]

A handwritten list of his slaves from the Inventory of Slaves from Mulberry Hill and White Hall Plantations, Bryan County, Georgia, December 1823 can be found at White Hall and Mulberry Hill in 1823 and can be found at The Henry Ford Museum and online in the Henry Ford Digital Collections.[6]

Slaves of White Hall Plantation

The following names were on the Inventory List but not under a specific list/columns:

  • John Carpenter
  • Daniel
  • Jack
  • Polly
  • ?dia - Willow & Delia, her children
  • ?ddy - Lame, Mary, Adam, Nancy, Infant Sally, her children
  • Fillon
  • Rose, daughter of Tom and ?
  • Rose, child of Mary Ann, wife of Tom, not down?
  • Tom, child of Grace, not down?

The above are at White Halls Dec 1823 refers to the following:

Among the negros claimed by Miller the following are ? with my other people

Men Age Remarks
S Rilly 50 years F.F.
Roister 24 years F.
Morris 32 years F.
William 23 years F.F.
Chance 50 years Watchman
John 50 years Carpenter
P Dick 45 Years Stock Keeper
Jacob 55 Years Driver
John 24 years
Ben 50 years Wagon Driver
Sam 22 Years F.
Abraham 23 years F.
Gibbs 50 years Taskable - not prime
Mally 22 years
Majar 25 years F.
Brunty 22 years F.
Frank 20 years F.
Harrington 30 years F.

Women Age Remarks
Sames 45
Delia 30
Rose 20
Polly 20
Lydia 20
Grace 25
Daphne 45
Nan (House Servant) 16
Cressy 40
Richa (3/4) 23
Phibe (House Servant) 35

Men & Women 3/4 & 1/2 Hands Age Remarks
Old Sam 60 Carpenter 3/4
Charlotte 16 3/4
Mary Ann 50 3/4
Pompey 55 3/4
Tom 13 House Servant 1/2
Tany 16 3/4
Jenny 35 3/4
Many 45 3/4 Married Svt
Penny 14 1/2
Priser 55 1/2
Elery 24 3/4
Rose 14 1/2

Free & Super ? Age Remarks
Patty 75
O Charley 65
Lelseo Corn Grind
Muse Poulty Ten
Old Sue 65 Nurse
Old Rachel 55 Milkery

Children Age Remarks
March 10 Years Boy
Amos 6 Years Boy
Else 9 Years Girl
Charley 8 Years Boy
Lillen 2 Years Girl
Delia 3 Years Girl
Renty 10 Years Boy
Neptune 6 Years Boy
Minty 3 Years Girl
Abby 3 Years Girl
Adam 12 Years Boy
Eve 12 Years Girl
Cate 6 Years Girl
Daphny Infant 1 Years Girl
Tony 5 Years Boy
Mary Ann 3 Years Girl
Mary Infant 2 Weeks Girl
Quality 3 Mos Girl
Doran 5 Years Girl
Ellery Infant 1 Years Boy


  1. Historical Marker Database for Richard James Arnold
  2. https://www.thehenryford.org/collections-and-research/digital-collections/artifact/176006/#slide=gs-363312
  3. 1850 Census: "1850 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules"
    The National Archive in Washington Dc; Washington, DC; NARA Microform Publication: M432; Title: Seventh Census of the United States, 1850; Record Group: Records of the Bureau of the Census; Record Group Number: 29
    Ancestry Sharing Link - Ancestry Record 8055 #92116275 (accessed 6 March 2023)
    Rich J Arnold in District 20, Bryan, Georgia, USA.
  4. 1860 Census: "1860 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules"
    The National Archives in Washington DC; Washington DC, USA; Eighth Census of the United States 1860; Series Number: M653; Record Group: Records of the Bureau of the Census; Record Group Number: 29
    Ancestry Sharing Link - Ancestry Record 7668 #92499510 (accessed 6 March 2023)
    R J Arnold in Bryan, Georgia, USA.
  5. Coastal Bryan Heritage Trail, Section on Richard James Arnold (http://www.richmondhillhistoricalsociety.com/history-driving-trail.html)
  6. Inventory of Slaves from Mulberry Hill and White Hall Plantations, Bryan County, Georgia, December 1823(https://www.thehenryford.org/collections-and-research/digital-collections/artifact/176006/#slide=gs-363312).

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