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Will of Elijah Robosson Jr

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: 1841map
Surnames/tags: baltimore slavery
This page has been accessed 35 times.


This is a transcription, with a few ellipses, of Elijah Robosson's will, admitted to court in 1841 as part of an orphan proceeding.[1] See also: space page for slaves of Elijah Robosson


P 14 Exhibit “A” Referred to in the foregoing petition as part thereof
In the name of God amen, I Elijah Robosson of Carroll County and State of Maryland being weak in body but of sound and disposing mind memory and understanding……do make and ordain in this my last will and testament, in manner and form following viz: First and principally I commit my soul into the hands of Almighty God (in hopes of the resurrection of the Just through the infinite atonement and satisfaction of Jesus Christ…… and my body to the Earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my executors herein after named and as for my worldly goods or estate which God of his mercy hath been pleased to bestow up on me, I devise and bequeath as follows viz
Forasmuch as my son Benjamin Robosson has received as much of my estate as I think he ought to have, and since being suspected of having joined a certain secret association has become an infidel and despiser of the saviour of the World, and his parents by whom under God he has been nursed into life, therefore for the reasons aforesaid and others I give devise and bequeath unto my son Benjamin Robosson twenty five cents and my will is that the said twenty five cents is all that he or his heirs shall have of my estate real or personal. Item I give devise and bequeath unto my son John Robosson (after the death of his mother) my tract of land called Content in Allegany County whereon he now lives with all the land that I own adjoining to each other and likewise my tract of land called Collins farm and my part of the tract called Polished Mountain on and near said mountain together with the contract made with John Roberts for the conveyance of the water of Flintstone Creek for the use of Mill works with so much of the tract of land called Flintstone mentioned in said contract as may be necessary to complete said contract if necessary to him his heirs and assigns [assignees] forever

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my grandson Thomas P Robosson (after the death of his grandmother) [next page 15] all that part of my tract of land called Flintstone and the Resurvey of Flintstone lying in Allegany County on the waters of Flintstone Creek and included within the following lines courses and distances, viz:

Beginning at the end of the second course of the tract of land called Flintstone and running thence north forty seven degrees West sixty three perches to the centre of the old Cumberland Road to the end of 16 perches above my son Benjamin’s former dwelling house then Westerly 132 perches to the end of a line drawn North 22 degrees West 72 perches from the first Culvert on the turnpike road above said creek, then running the said N. 22 degrees east line reverse to said Culvert then up the center of said Road 13 perches, then South 9 ½ west to the foot of the ridge on the south side of the road, h ten up the valley along the foot of Sd. Ridge including all the meadow or bottom ground until it intersects the outside line of the sd tracts of land then with them reversely to Flintstone Creek then bounding on said creek until it intersects the fourth line of the tract of land called Flintstone then with the sd fourth and third line of said tract reversely to the beginning to him his heirs and assigns forever.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my son Francis Robosson (after the death of his mother) all the rest of the remaining parts of my said tracts of land called Flintstone and the Resurvey on Flintstone (except what is mentioned In the bequest to his brother John and his nephew Thomas P Robosson and twelve acres to be laid off beginning at the beginning of the tract of land called Flintstone, and running with the first line thereof and the eastern bank of the creek to the center of the turnpike Road, then up the center of said road until a parallel line to the first mentioned line across to the given line of said tract, then with the given line thereof to the beginning so as to include twelve acres together with the tavern and all other improvements thereon and appurtenances thereunto belonging which twelve acres and improvements is to be rented out for six years. My son Francis Robosson is to have the rents and profits thereof for the first four years, in lieu of any part of my personal estate, an after the expiration of the six year it is to be sold and the amount of the sale together with the last two years rent is to be reckoned as part of my personal estate.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto the legal heirs of my daughter Martha Carr (after the [page turn] death of my wife, my said daughter and the death of my daughter in law Hamutal Weer) my tract of land called Rapho in Baltimore County with all the lands I have thereto adjoining, to be equally divided between them their heirs and assigns forever and I hereby appoint my son John Robosson and my son in law Joshua H Shipley jointly and severally to have the said plantation under their inspection and care to prevent waste and that it be cultivated for the support and maintenance of my daughter in law Hamutal Weer as long as she lives in her present circumstances without her present husband or any other. Item I give devise and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Ann H Shipley (after the death of her mother) the plantation whereon I now live, with all the lands I have thereto adjoining to her, her heirs, and assigns forever, and likewise I give unto my daughter Mary Ann and her heirs the privilege of quarrying limestone and burning lime on the land I have given my daughter Martha’s heirs (for the purpose and use of the plantation I have given her above (she finding the fuel) for an during the time that she or her heirs may occupy the same, and also the lot on the northwest corner of Bond and Allisanna Streets Fells Point Baltimore, likewise my household and kitchen furniture in my present dwelling, to her, her heirs and assigns forever.

Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter in law Hamutal Weer (during her life as long as she lives in her present circumstance, without her present husband or any other) the use of my negro woman Ann and her three children Polly, Adaline, and George and all their increase, Together with the household an kitchen furniture plantation utensils horses cattle, sheep and hogs, now in her care and after her death I give the said negro woman and her children with all their increase and the other property in this bequest unto her children, viz Elijah, Samuel Benjamin, and Rachel Robosson to be equally divided among them, or the survivors of them or their legal descendants.

Item I give and bequeath to my granddaughter Mary Ann Robosson my negro girl Josephine and her increase to her, her heirs and assigns forever. [next page]

Item It is my will that Margaret Tevis shall remain at my present residence during her life and to have all the privileges she has formerly had as one of the family. Item It is my will and desire that the rest of my negroes (not before mentioned) that I have in Carroll, Baltimore, Anne Arundel and Allegany Counties, together with the rest of my personal estate (after the death of my wife) be valued at moderate prices by two honest men to be appointed by my son John Robosson and my son in law Joshua H Shipley and then divided into five equal parts, I give one part to my son John Robosson, one part to my grandson Thomas P Robosson, one part to my daughter Mary Ann Shipley and the other two parts to be retained in the hand of my son John and my son in law Joshua H Shipley for the same purposes and use as specified in the bequest of my real property to my daughter Martha’s heirs, or what balance may remain of the one part from the uses before mentioned to be equally divided among my daughter Marth’s heirs the other part to be paid to the heirs of my deceased son Oneale Robosson on their heirs when they arrive of age.

Item My will is that my coloured man Harry (commonly called Miller) my woman called Henny, her daughter Rebecca, Negro woman called Deborah and their increase – James Trimble and negro man Loyd to be retained in my son John’s hands, to be considered as part of his and his nephew Thomas P Robosson’s portion of negroes. My negro man Dennis and my negro woman Sall in my daughter Mary Ann Shipley’s portion negro boy David in the portion of the heirs of my daughter Martha Car and my negro man George in the portion of the children of my deceased son Oneale Robosson, and my old negroes to wit: Sarah, James Parrish, Rebecca, and Flora to be retained on my present dwelling place, except they are willing to go to any of the rest of my children or grandchildren mentioned in the above bequest.

Item my will is that my son John Robosson and my son in law Joshua Shipley shall keep a copy of the valuation and distribution of my personal estate with the signatures of the appraisers and dividers thereof, in order to settle with my deceased son Oneal’s children and daughter Martha’s heirs at the end or ends of the times or periods before mentioned [next page] and have the same recorded in the orphans Court of Baltimore County where they now live.

Item my will is that in case any of my children or grandchildren to whom I have given my real or personal estate, should Cavil, quarrel dispute or go to law with each other about the settlement of my estate, or act unjustly with each other the aggressor or aggressors that shall so do shall thereby forfeit his her or their right to any part or parcel thereof and his, her or their heirs and assign forever and in case any of my children should die intestate and without descendants his, her or their part or portion shall descend to the survivors and their heirs equally (to whom I have given any real and personal estate unto them their heirs and assigns forever. And for as much as my son Elijah Robosson is insane, so much so that he appears not to be fit to dispose of anything, or to provide for himself, I therefore leave him to the care of his mother, brothers and sisters, requesting them to take what care of him they can and see that he doth not want for the necessaries of life while he lives.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my loving wife Ann Robosson for her maintenance the[?] and profit of all my real and personal estate for and during her natural life and for as much as I believe every person hath a natural and inherent right to dispose of his own property (which God hath bestowed upon him) as he may think proper, therefore I hope and request that no legislature of this state will arrogantly presume to make a codicil to this my will, or alter anything herein disposed of.

Item I hereby appoint my son John Robosson to rent out my property in Allegany County and to collect all debts and rents that are due or may hereafter become due for the purposes aforesaid and I hereby appoint my son in law Joshua H Shipley to collect all debts and rents due me or that may become due in Baltimore City and County with my half yearly dividend of Bank Stock in the Mechanics bank of Baltimore and pay all my just debts settling yearly with my wife for the same during her life and after her death still to collect my said Bank dividend and rents as they become due (on my lot leased to William Jones) on [next page] Thames Street, formerly called George Street on Fell Point in Baltimore town until the termination of said lease and at the termination of said lease to receive the two thousand dollars that will be due thereon and then to execute a deed in fee simple to whomsoever may be rightfully entitled to the same according to the tenor of said lease and the remainder of dividends or rents if any to divide equally among my children and grandchildren as directed in the bequests of my personal estate to them and their heirs respectively. And in case my son in law Joshua H Shipley should fail to comply with the above injunction or any part thereof I hereby authorize and empower my sons John or Francis Robosson to perform the same and I hereby empower him or either of them so to do without taking out any letters testamentary on my said estate, it being my will and desire that none shall be taken or granted thereon.

And I hereby publish pronounce and declare this and no other to be my last will and testament. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this nineteenth day of November Anno Domini Eighteen hundred and forty. Signed sealed published pronounced and declare in presence of

Jno B. Devries
Nicholas Dorsey
Joshua Kerby

Elijah Robosson {Seal}

Sources

  1. "Maryland Register of Wills Records, 1629-1999," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89S1-33QK-7?cc=1803986&wc=SNYN-16X%3A146536501%2C148377001 : 20 May 2014), Carroll > Proceeding minutes 1843 Mar-1846 Feb no 2-37b > image 286 of 343; Hall of Records, Annapolis.




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