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Will of George Chambre of Williamscott 1594

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This is a transcription of the register copy of the will of George Chambre otherwise "Chaumbre" in this will, and "Chambers" elsewhere, of "Williamskott" or Williamscot in the parish of Cropredy in Oxfordshire. It was written on 27 February 1593/4 and proved at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 6 April 1594. [1] Note that the register scribe has mistakenly entered the year as 1583 at the end of his transcription of the will.

Of note is that George mentioned two sons named Calcott (his wife's maiden name): these are

  • "Calcott Chambre The Elder", his then eldest son and executor of this will, who later represented Banbury as their Member of Parliament
  • "Calcott Chambre the younger"

There was a third son Calcott Chambre who was the eldest son originally, but who had died in 1592.

Spelling, punctuation and line breaks are as per the original document.
Crossings through have been included struck out
Paragraph breaks at change of bequest, and bold text are my own for ease of reading.
Where present, the obsolete letter Thorn has been rendered as th, and ff has been rendered as F
Abbreviations and breviographs have been expanded in [square brackets]
The image quality was good and the writing very legible. Non standard spelling as per usual for this time period, which has been transcribed verbatim.

Persons Mentioned:

  • my daughter Willis Hester Chambre or Chambers who married Richard Willis (mentioned later) of Fenny Compton, Warwickshire
  • her late mother Judith Calcott, Testator's first wife who died in October 1585 and presumed mother of all his children
  • my welbeloved wife Testator's second wife. Unnamed in the will
  • Mary Chaumbre my daughter under the age of 20 years and unmarried
  • Walter Chaumbre my sonne
  • Richard Chaumbre Testator's son
  • George Chaumbre Testator's son
  • Calcott Chaumbre the younger Testator's son
  • John Butler gentleman tenant of the Manor Farm in Wardington, Oxfordshire
  • Anthony Willoughbie gentleman Testator purchased the Manor Farm in Wardington, Oxfordshire from him
  • Calcott Chaumbre thelder my sonne the then eldest son (see note above) and executor and residuary legatee of the will
  • William Wrighte gent wellbeloved friend and overseer of the will
  • Thomas Holwaye minister wellbeloved friend and overseer of the will, also witness to the will
  • Richard Willis gentleman my sonne in lawe wellbeloved friend and overseer of the will, also witness to the will. Husband of Hester Chambre/Chambers, held lands in Fenny Compton, Warwickshire.
  • my Cosen Robert Calcott of Byfeild in the countie of Northampton.Wellbeloved friend and overseer of the will, also witness to the will
  • Anthony Calton Notary Public procurator for Calcott Chaumbre the Elder at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.

In the name of god Amen the seaven and
twentith daye of Februarye in the sixe and thirtith yere of the Raign of o[u]r most gracious sov[er]aigne
Ladie Elizabeth [2] by the grace of god of England France and Ireland Quene Defender
of the Faithe &c I George Chaumbre of Williamskott in the parish of Cropredye in
the Countie of Oxon gentleman beyng whole in mynde and of good and of good and perfect memory
thankes be therfore given to god And calling to my remembrannce howe transitory and
uncerteyne this life ys beynge a passage of iourney even unto death do make and ordeyne

[page 2]
this my last will and testament in forme folowinge

First I give and commend my soule unto Almightie
god my onelie maker Redemer and Savyoure having assured and stedfast faythe that by the merittes
of his bitter passion glorious resurrection and assension I shalbe one of the nomber of those that shalbe
saved and at the last daye rise agayne to hym in his glorye Allso I will my bodie to be buryed within
the parishe churche of Cropredie aforesayed in such decent order and sorte and with suche Funerall
chardges as my executor and overseers shall thinke meete and convenyent for my estate and degree
Allso I give and devise unto the sayed parishe churche of Cropredie six shillinges eighte pence to be
ymployed towardes the repayringe thereof Allso I will and devise to every of my servantes over and
besides their yerelie wages sixe shillinges eighte pence Allso I further will and declare that my
Executor by the advise of my overseers shall give and distribute to and amongest the poore people in
Williamskott Cropredie Bourton Cleidon Mollington wardington and Coten the somme of Fyve
poundes of currant englishe money And I further will that my sayed Executor first paye all suche
Debtes and duties as I lawfullie owe by spialtie [3] or otherwise that may be instlie [4] without Corruption
proved

Allso I will and devise to my daughter Willis the Chayne of gould and Braceletts of gould
which were her late mothers. And I will to my welbeloved wife twentie markes to buy her a iwell[5]
to her contentment

Allso I will and devise to my sonne Richard Chaumbre' the somme of twoe hundred
poundes of currant englishe money to be contented and payed to the same Richard at his age of
fower and twentie yeres in my nowe mansion house in Williamskott aforesayed

Allso I will and
Devise to Mary Chaumbre my daughter the somme of one hundred poundes to be payed to her at xxty
yeres of age : And yf she marry with the consent of my overseers and of the Survivors of them
before of after that tyme then I will twoe hundred poundes more of Currant englishe money to be
Contented and payed to her at twentie yeres of age by tyme accomplished at the place afores[ai]d
Allso I will and devise to Walter Chaumbre my sonne twoe hundred poundes of currant englishe
money to be payed to hym at his age of fower and twentie yeres at the place aforesayed
And I further will that my executor shall yerelie after the sayd Walter shalbe Be put fourthe to
schoole or to an Inne of Channcery for his better instruction content and paye to the sayed Walter
Twentie poundes untill he shall accomplishe the age of one and twentie yeres . And I further will
and devise to the saied Walter Chaumbre my presentac[i]on nominac[i]on and free Disposic[i]on of the
Church of Bangor in the County of [6] for the next avoydaunce of the same when yt shall happen
And in case the sayed Walter shall fortune to decease before the same churche shalbe voyde then I will the same
presentac[i]on to my sonnes Richard Chaumbre George and Calcott Chaumbre the younger

Allso
I give and devise to my sonne George Chaumbre twoe hundred poundes of currant englishe
money to be contented and payed to hym at his age of fower and twentie yeres at the place aforesayed

Allso I will to Calcott Chaumbre the younger my sonne twoe hundred poundes of currant englishe
money to be contented and payed to the same Calcott Chaumbre at his age of fower and twenty
yeres at the place aforesayed. And in case any of those Legatories my sonnes shall fortune to
Departe this life before thaccomplishment of the age of fower and twentie yeres then I will
the portion of hym so dyinge to be equallie devided amongest the rest of my saide children then surviving
And in case the sayed Mary shall happen to dye before she accomplishe the age or marriage
according to my former devise then I will her sayed porc[i]on or any parte so remayninge to be
equallie given and devided amongest all my sonnes then in life

Allso I further will and declare
that my said executor shall carefullie provide and see my saied sonnes and daughter to be vertuously
and honestlie broughte up in learninge and Civilitie and give them maynten[a]nce freelie without
recompence untill they shall accomplishe theire ages severallie lymited for receypte of theire
saied severall legaceys . And yf my saied overseers herein nominated shall fynde that my
my saied sonnes and daughter shall not have education and maynten[a]nce accordinge to theire
likinge and former bringing up in L[--]rature [7] then I will that my overseers shall enter into
have hould and enioye all my tithes of what kynde soever yerelie comminge growing and
encreasinge in Williamscott aforesayed great Bourton and little bourton for and during
the tyme and space of twelve yeres without any Rent therfore to be yelded to be ymployed
and bestowed on the educac[i]on bringing up and maynten[a]nce of my sayed children untill
theire ages severally accomplished for receypte of theire legaceys . And for the better

[page 3]
Securitie and suer payment of the Legaceys given and bequeathed to my sayed sonnes and daughter
in forme aforesaied I further will and declare that the Mannor Farme and capitall messuage
in Wardington in the Countie of Oxon with thappurt[e]n[a]nces nowe in the tenure of John Butler
gentleman and all the landes tenements rentes revertions and hereditaments in Wardington aforesayed
Williamskott and Coten and in every or any of them in the sayed Countie of Oxon with theire app[u]r
t[e]n[a]nces nowe beyng in the tenure of the sayed John Bulter his assignes and latelye
purchased of Anthony Willoughbie gentleman shalbe and remayne to the saide Calcott Chaumbre
his heires and assignes for ever untill defaulte of payment be made unto eny of my sayed sonnes
and daughter of any the sayed severall sommes of twoe hundred poundes and three hundred
poundes at the tymes and place aforesayed. And from and after any defaulte in payment made of
any of the sayed severall somme before willed and bequeathed to my sayed sonnes and daughter
Then my full will mynde and intent is and by this my last will and testament I fullie will
and devise all the sayed Mannor Farme landes tenements and hereditaments unto my ov[er]seers
hereafter nominated and their heires and assugnes to thintent and purpose my sayed ov[er]seers
and the Survivor of them his and theire heires shall grunte bargayne and sell the sayed
Mannor Farme landes tenements and hereditaments to any person or persons and theire
heires and the money therfore to be had shall ymploye for and towardes the payment and
satisfaction of the sayed sommes bequeathed to my sayed sonnes and daughter as aforesayed

The Residue of all and singular my leases money plate goodes debtes Chattells and ymplem[en]ts
of hosehould whatsover within the Realme of England after my debtes payed my Funerall
expences borne and dischardged and the legaceys giftes and bequeastes in this my last will and
testament conteyned fullie performed and satisfyed I whollie and freelie give and beque[a]th
unto Calcott Chaumbre thelder my sonne whome I ordeyne and make my sole executor of this my
last will and testament utterlie revokinge and disanullinge making voyde and frustrate all
other former willes legaceys bequeastes executor and executors heretofore by me Willed devised
named or appoynted: And I make and ordeyne my welbeloved friendes William Wrighte gent
Thomas Holwaye minister Richard Willis gentleman my sonne in lawe and my Cosen Robert
Calcott of Byfeild in the countie of Northampton overseers of this my last will and testam[en]t
And I will and devise to every of them for theire paynes to be taken therein a gould ringe of the
value of twentie shillinges in token of my goodwill towardes them. In witnesse wherof to
theise presents I have put my hande and seale the daye and yere first above Written 1583 [8]
Sealed and subscribed in the presence of the Witnesses underwritten: Thomas Hollwaye
Robert Calcott : Richard Wyllis./

Probate [translated from the Latin] The above written Testament was proved at London and sworn before the venerable Master William Lewin of the Prerogative Commissary Court of Canterbury on the twenty sixth day of the month of April Anno Domini one thousand five hundred and ninety four, Judgement was pronounced to Anthony Calton Notary Public procurator for Calcott Chaumbre son and executor named in this testament etc.he being sworn to administer the goods and credits of the said deceased well and truly sworn to the holy saints of god.

Sources

  1. Will of George Chaumbre 1594: "England & Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1384-1858"
    The National Archives; Kew, Surrey, England; Records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Series PROB 11; Class: PROB 11; Piece: 83
    Ancestry Sharing Link - Ancestry uk Record 5111 #974112 (accessed 17 February 2022)
  2. 1593
  3. abbreviation of Specialtie, a type of bond
  4. probably abbreviation of instantlie
  5. jewell
  6. the county was omitted in the text
  7. abbreviated word perhaps Literature
  8. 1583 is a transcription error by the copy scribe, the year was 1593




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