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Will of John Aston of Hackney, Middlesex, 1665

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This is a transcript of the will of John Aston of Hackney, Middlesex. His will was dated 1 May 1665 (17 Charles 2) and proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 5 March 1665/6. The grant of probate describes him as "Johis Aston nuper parochia de Hackney in Com’ Midds defuncti”.

Transcript

I John Aston Knowing not only by myne owne fraile nature and constitucon and common experience but alsoe especially by the decree of Almighty god it is appointed That all men must dye and after death come to Judgement And knoweing that as well the ordering and disposeing as the getting of my temporall estate must be accounted for I doe humbly begge of my generous god in the merritt of Jesus Christ to pardon all human errors and miscarringes in the acquiring of my estate for who can touch pitch and not bee defiled therewith And I doe likewise in all humility implore his wisdome and direction in the disposeing and selling of what he hath blessed me with soe as he may have glory my conscience may be quieted and receave satisfaction my relacons may enioy peace and continue in amitie And that the prosession of the Gospell may not be evill spoken of through any heedles inadvertency of myne And first I desire to bewayle the perverse disposicon and sinfull inclinacon of my nature from whence cometh nothing that is good or acceptable to god nor that can bring any peace or comforte to my soule soe that nothing in my selfe noe not the gracious renewing spirit can stand up to Justifie mee before the holy god but only the meritorious sufferings of the Lord Jesus Christ who gave himselfe a ransome for his chosen ones and for me (I trust) the vilest of any he hath elected to salvacon And therefore alsoe I blesse his free grace, ascribing to that and to that love[?] all my hopes of comforte here and hereafter It is that which Justifies me […] guilt and polucon And from all the actuall sinnes of […] the […] and effects of the first Transgression which I most humbly beseech him to cleare up unto my soule and conscience whilest I live here in this […] of my flesh That I may dye in assureance of peace with my god […] comforte In the next place my will and desire is That when the tyme of my disolution shalbee which only is in the hands of god That my body may be […] interred in Christian buriall where my executors (hereafter named) shall […]

And concerning my worldly I dispose the same as followeth And first because I cannot better recompence the kindnes of my now deare and loveing wife Mary Aston I desire her acceptance of that small Joynture secured unto her it being my free guift when she had refused all Joynture and accepted in liewe thereof and reserved by consent a certayne porcon of her owne estate to be at her disposeing which my will is shalbe paid to her clearely discharged of and from all taxes and deductions whatsoever by my sonne Edward Aston my executor And my request unto her is that shee will still continue her love to my children in Counsell and good advice only and otherwise saveing in matter of charge wherein I trust they shall not her burthensome to her And I doe hereby declare and publish my will and charge to all my children That every one of them doe acknowledge her as their good and loveing mother yealding to her all due honour reverence as long as shee liveth And further as a Testimony of my love and respect to my said loveing wife I give and bequeath to her the somme of Fiftie pounds in money to be paid her by my said sonne Edward his heires or assignes within twelve monethes next after my decease I alsoe give her a mourning gowne

Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Elizabeth Aston the somme of fower hundred pounds for her porcon to be paid by my said sonne Edward within three moneths after her day of marriage or within three yeares after my decease which shall first happen And untill such payment be made unto my daughter Elizabeth of the said fower hundred pounds as aforesaid my will is that shee or her assignes shall have and receave twenty and fower pounds per Annum halfe yearely by even porcons out of my land at Overton in the County of Salop which I doe hereby Charge with the payment thereof as the rent of the fower hundred pounds not in parte thereof free of all taxes and deductions whatsoever Provided shee that said Elizabeth shall marry with the consent of my executor my now wife & my overseers hereafter named otherwise shee the said Elizabeth shall have only the somme of Two hundred pounds for her porcon

Item I give and bequeath to my sonne John Aston the somme of two hundred pounds to be paid him by my said sonne Edward Aston within six moneths next after hee shall accomplish his apprentiship or after the end of that seavan yeares service hee is now bound to his master And will is that he my said sone John shall have consideracon for the said two hundred pounds dureing that halfe yeare next after the end of the said seavan or accomplishment thereof at the rate of six pounds per Cent per Annum

And I doe hereby gjve and bequeath unto my daughter Judith Aston the somme of three hundred pounds sterling for her porcon to be paid her by my said sonne Edward Aston his heires or assignes within six moneths after her day of marriage And my will is that shee the said Judith shall have and receave the somme of Nyne pounds of my said sonne Edward Aston his heires executors of assignes every halfe year from the yeare of my decease until her day of marriage but if shee shall happen to bee espounsed or marryed without the consent of my executor and my now loveing wife and my overseers hereunder named then in such case shee the said Judith shall only have and receave the some of Two hundred pounds only for her porcon within Twelve moneths then next coming And in such case the other one hundred pounds shalbe paid […] unto and amongst Elizabeth Anne Hester and John my other children by even and equall porcons

And I give to my daughter Elizabeth Aston soe much apparrell and housholdstuffe as shall in value amount To the some of Fiftie pounds at least to be delivered unto her at her day of Marriage to be had with consent of my said Executor and my wife and overseers as aforesaid

And I likewise give to the said Judeth my daughter Apparell of the value of Twenty pounds and all the rest of my goods and housholdstuffe except all such goods which are and were formerly reserved to Mary my wife upon our marriage agreement, and except such Tables Cuboards and other goods and things which are standards in and about my houses at Ludlow Overton and Mary Knoule which I doe hereby give and bequeath unto my said sonn Edward Aston,

And whereas my daughter Anne wife of Devorax Pember gent hath receaved part of that porcon which I intended for her My will now therfore is That shee shall only have the somme of one hundred pounds sterling had out and disbursed for her upon some Annuity for her life by my executor within six monethes next after my decease and to the said Deveraux I give tenne pounds

Item I give to my daughter Hester Chiffett The somme of Twenty pounds to bee paid within one yeare next after my decease And to my grandchild Mary Chiffett I give the somme of tenne Pounds to be paid her at her age of seaven yeares

Item I give & bequeath to –– Poore of the Towne of Ludlow the somme of Five pounds to be paid by my said sonne Edward his heires or assignes to the Church wardens of That parrish who are to give and dispose of the sume unto such poore inhabitants there now livinge who did inhabitt there when I lived in Ludlowe

Item I give to Mr Joseph Church and Mr Herbert Berkly Mr George Lotchinhull the somme of forty shillings a peece to buy them rings And I give to my loving kinsman Richard Coesset[?] esquire and to my sonne in law John Kiffett the somme of Forty shillings a peece to buy them rings and to my friend Thomas Hartly esquire Fortie shillings and to Mr Richard Birch Twenty shillings

And my will and mind is that my debts and funerall expences shalbee first paid and satisfied And that all my Lands Tenements hereditaments and premisses lying and being at Overton aforesaid or elsewhere (the Furniture of my now wife excepted) shall stand changed and be lyable for payment of the same And alsoe for satisfieing and dischargeing of all and every the Legacies some and sommes of money herein given and lymitted by me to be paid and satisfied as aforesaid

And I will and advise my said Children to serve god and love one another especially my desire and strict charge to my said sonne Edward (whome I hereby make my heire & my executor) is that he will marry one who doth serve god and that hee seeke to him for direction therein, knowing that a good wife is of the Lord that she may be given by him in mercy to be a helpe (as in other things soe especially Religion) not forgetting the Counsell of his deare mother (now with god) that shee upon her death bed gave And my trust is he may soe match as to have a competent porcon whereby to discharge my legacies and preserve his estate intire

And lastly give & devise and bequeath unto my sonne Edward Aston all and singular my freehold lands tenements & hereditaments and premisses with the appurtenances in Overton Ludlowe Mary Knowle in the County of Hereford and Salop and elsewhere To have and to hold the same and every parte thereof unto my said sonne Edward his heires and assignes for ever subject and lyable nevertheles for the time payment of all and every the Legacies somme & sommes of money above menconed as the same are lymitted and appointed to be paid in this my will

And I alsoe give to him the said Edward my sonne all my leases lands and houses with the appurtenances which I hold by lease To hold the same and every parte thereof to him the said Edward Aston his executors Administrators and assignes dureing all the terme which is to come of or in the said Lease or Leases under the rent and Covenants therein reserved And menconed

And I ordaine and make my said sonne Edward Aston full and sole executor of this my last will and Testament hopeing they will see the same duely performed as my especiall trust is in them for the same

And overseers hereof I nominate and desire to bee Mr Joseph Church Mr George Lockhenhull & my Cousin Mr Herbert Berkly

And all former will by me made I utterly renounce and revoke And declare this only to bee my last will and testament In witnes whereof to this my will written in fower sheets of papereach subscribed with my owne hand the first day of May 1665 Anno Regni Regis Caroli secundi decimo septimo I have hereunto affixed my Seale John Aston

Sealed and delivered as and for the last will of the Testator pro[…]ed in presence of us (these words being first interlyned.vizt) acquiring, I alsoe give her a mourning gowne within three moneths after he day of marriage or within three yeares after my decease which shall first happen Exr. any my except such goods as use and wear formerly reserved to Mary my wife upon our marriage agreement And to the said Devorux I give tenne pounds Church & Mr Herbert Berkly and to my friend Thomas Harly esquire 10s and to Mr R Birch 20s in the Counties of Hereford and Salop Mr Joseph Church and Mr Herbert Berkly Anthony Lawrence Alexander Constantine Thomas Lambe Hum: Fowne Scr

Sources

  • The National Archives. Reference: PROB 11/319/477. Description: Will of John Aston of Hackney, Middlesex. Date: 05 March 1666.




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