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Will of Robert Edsawe of Washington, 1652

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Date: 1652 to 1654
Location: Washington, Sussex, Englandmap
Surnames/tags: Will Edsawe
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This is a transcription of the register copy of the will of Robert Edsawe (abt.1588-bef.1654) a Gentleman of Washington in the county of Sussex, England.[1]

Robert wrote his will on 20 March 1651. The will was proved at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 30 June 1654, with administration being granted to Robert's youngest son Henry.

Spelling, line breaks and punctuation as per the register copy of the will.
Capital F is rendered as such rather than ff.
Bold text and paragraph breaks at change of Items are for ease of reading.

Persons mentioned:

  • Robert Edsawe the Elder the author if the will. After the death of his father, also known as Robert Edsawe the Elder, Robert became Robert Edsawe the Elder
  • Robert Edsawe my Grandchild
  • Michall Tilly the occupier of Butts alt Jupps, and Greens alt Parkhams in the parish of Washington owned by Robert Edsawe
  • Robert Edsawe my Sonne eldest son born in 1611
  • Thomas Edsawe my Second Sonne born 1614
  • Henry Edsawe my Sonne youngest son born 1630
  • William Willett Gentleman somtime Customer of the Citie of Brislow the former owner of Whitmans alt Whitlands purchased by Robert Edsawe
  • Edmund Muscha[?]e Esquier the most recent occupier of Whitmans alt Whitlands
  • John Bennett of Thakeham, and William Bennett of Stopham in the Countie of Sussex the former owners of West Potters purchased by Robert Edsawe
  • Nicholas Porter the current occupier of West Potters
  • Henry Sawter[?] of Horsham yeoman
  • William Scutt the occupier of Gilhams owned by Robert Edsawe
  • Thomas Mercer the occupier of Addams owned by Robert Edsawe
  • John Taylor the occupier of Gosie alt Gozie owned by Robert Edsawe
  • my two daughters his two survivng daughters Mary Gratwick and Anne (Edsaw) Gratwick
  • my Cousin Mary White
  • my Sister White
  • my other Sisters
  • my Sonnes in Lawe Mr John Gratwicke, and mr. Humfrey Gratwicke husbands of Mary and Anne respectively
  • my loving friend Mr Nicholas Garbraine Clerke the vicar of Washington
  • my Kinsman Thomas White the husband of Robert Edsawe's sister

Summary of Bequests:

  • Robert Edsawe my Grandchild the estates of Butts alt Jupps, and Greens alt Parkhams in Washington parish, which would pass to Robert or then to Thomas should they died without issue.
  • my Sonne Henry Edsawe The timber, trees, woods and underwood atWhitelands alt Wheatelands and West Pottens to be sold to pay Robert Edsawe's debts that are in excess of the value of his personal effects.
  • my Sonne Henry Edsawe the estate of Whitmans alt Whitlands
  • my Sonne Henry Edsawe the estate of West Potters
  • my Sonne Henry Edsawe the estate of ?? in Washington on condition that he pay Henry Sawter an annuity of GBP200 or annual rent of GBP13
  • my Sonne Henry Edsawe the estates of Gilhams alt Howles Addams Gosie alt Gozie on condition that Thomas Edsawe is released of all previous claims on estates held by Thomas (Abbotts, Willetts, Coppiholis and Brownehill )
  • 'Robert Edsawe my Sonne the estate of Easthouse on condition that GBP300 is paid to Thomas
  • Thomas Edsawe the estates of Abbotts, Willetts, Coppiholes, and Brownhill in the parishes of Wiston, Ashington and Bonickton[?]
  • Robert Edsawe my Sonne the estate currently occupied by him, Parsoue Fields and Easthouse on condition that Robert pay his brother Thomas the GBP300 he borrowed from their father or else be sued for the recovery of the debt
  • my Sonnes Robert, and Thomas Edsawe each Twenty Shillings,
  • my Grandchild Robert Edsawe five Pounds
  • my two daughters each of them five Pounds
  • my Cousin Mary White Twenty shillings
  • my Sister White Twenty shillings
  • to everie of my other Sisters Twenty shillings
  • my Sonnes in Lawe Mr John Gratwicke, and mr. Humfrey Gratwicke, each five Pounds
  • my loving friend Mr Nicholas Garbraine Clerke Five Pounds and Forty Shillings to buy a Ring
  • Kinsman Thomas White Five Pounds
  • my Servant Mary Channdler three Pounds
  • Widdowe Stapler Twentie Shillings
  • Mary Winchester Twenty Shillinges
  • everyone of my other Servants Tenne Shillings
  • Henry Edsawe my Sonne all my goods and Chattells, and Personall Effects, not formerly disposed


Transcript of Will:

In the Name of God Amen
The twentieth day of March in the yeare of our Lord God One Thou:
sixe Hundred Fiftie and one, I Robert Edsawe the Elder of Chanckton
in the Parish of Washington in the county of Sussex Gentleman being
of good and perfect memorie thanks bee to God therefore, doe by these
presents make and declare this my last Will, and Testament in Writing in manner
and forme followinge hereby revokinge all other and former Wills whatsoever by mee
heretofor made.

And first I commend my Soule into the hands of Almightie God
my Creator hopinge for the remmission of all my Sinnes by the meritts of Jesus
Christ my only Saviour and Redeemer. And as touchinge my worldly goods
and Effects doe hereby give and dispose as followeth.

And first I give to the Poore of
the Parishe of Washington Sixe Pounds and to the Poore of Ashington and Bonick[?]:
ton Fourtie Shillinges,

And to the Poore of Wiston Fourtie Shillinges of lawfull
moneyes of England to bee paid by my Executor hereafter named within three
Monthes after my decease:

And I desire my body may be buried in the Church
of Borinckton[?].

Item I doe hereby give and devise to Robert Edsawe my Grand
child, and the heirs of his body. All that my Messuage, Tenement, Lands, &
Premises with tharppurtenancis[?] commonly called or knowne by the name of
Butts alt Jupps or by whatsoever other name called or known: And also all
those my Lands Tenements and Premises with the thappurtenances commonly
called or known by the name of Greenes alt Parhams or by whatsoever
other name called, or knowne, which said Landes and Premises called
Butts alt Jupps, and Greens alt Parkhams are Situate, lyeinge and beinge
in the Parish of Washington in the Countie of Sussex, and are nowe in the
occupation of Michall Tilly or his Assignes. And for want of such Heires
I give, and devise the same to Robert Edsawe my Sonne, and the heirs Males
of his body begotten, and for want of such issue to Thomas Edsawe my Sonne
and his heirs forever. Provided allwayes and my intent, and meaning is
that my Executor hereafter named shall have, take, and receive the Rentes,
[?] and Proffitts of the Paid Tenements, Lands, and Premises before and
mentioned with thappurtenances, towards the payment of my debts, and
Legacies until the age of Eighteen years of the said Robert Edsawe my
Grandchild.

Item I doe hereby give, and devise unto Henry Edsawe my Sonne
my Sonne, his Executors, Administrators and Assignes. All those Tymber
Trees, Woods, and Underwoods now standinge, growing, and beeinge in and upon
All those my Tenements, Landes, and Premises with thappurtenances in
Washington in the Countie of Sussex called, or knowne by the name, or names
of Whitelands alt Wheatelands and West Pottens, or by whatsoever other name
called, or knowne to be sold for the Payment of my debts: And I do hereby give
full power, and authoritie to the said Henry Edsawe, his Executors and Administrators
and Assignes, to Cutt downe, full, Sawe, work out and carry away the said
Tymber Trees Woods and underwoods for the said use and Purpose in case my
Personall Effecte shall not be sufficient to pay and satisfie my debts owing at
my death.

And I doe hereby give, and devise unto the said Henry Edsawe my Sonne
his heirs, and Assignes for ever. All that my Messuage Tenement Lands, and
Premises with thappurtenances Situate in Washington in the Countie of
Sussex, which I purchased to mee, and my heirs of William Willett Gentle:
man somtime Customer of the Citie of Brislow[?] commonly called, or knowne
by the name, or names of Whitmans alt Whitlands or by whatsoever other
name called, or knowne, late in the occupation of Edmund Muscha[?]e
Esquier living neere Ashington Common in the Countie of Sussex.
And also all those my Lands, Covenenents, and Premisses with thappurtenancies
in the said Parish of Washington, now in the occupation of Nicholas Porter
of Washington, or his Assignes, commonly called or knowne by the name
of West Potters or by whatsoever other name called, or knowne Purchased to
mee, and my heires of one John Bennett of Thakeham, and William
Bennett of Stopham in the Countie of Sussex. To have and to hold to the
said Henry Edsawe his heirs and Assignes for ever.

Item I give and devise
to the said Henry Edsawe my Sonne his heirs, and Assignirs for ever. All
that my Farme, Lands, Tenements, Hereditaments, and Premisses with
thappurtenancies in Washington in the Countie of Sussex commonly called, or knowne by the
[?] [?] by whatsoever other name called, or knowne, upon Condition (z)
[?][?] that my said Sonne Henry Edsawe, and his heirs shall satisfiye, and
pay to Henry Sawter[?] of Horsham yeoman within Six Monthes after my decease the
Summe of Two Hundred Pounds of lawfull moneyies of England in satisfaction
of One Annuitie or yearly Rent of Thirteene Pounds granted by mee to the said Henry
Sawter [?] givinge out and payable out of the paid Lands and other Lands. My in:
tent and meaning beinge that the other landes charged therewith should bee free and
discharged of the same incumbrance.

Item I the said Robert Edsawe hereby give
will and devise unto the said Henry Edsawe my Sonne his heirs and designes for ever.
All that my Messuage Tenement, Lands and Premisses with thappurtenances in
the Countie of Sussex and in the occupation of William Scutt or his Assignes com:
monly called Gilhams alt Howles. And all that my Messuage, Tenement Lands
and Premises with thappurtenances in Washington aforesaid in the occupation
of Thomas Mercer or his Assignes commonly called Addams, or by whatsoever o:
ther name called, or knowne. And alloc all that my Messuage Tenement, Lands,
Premises with thappurtenances in Washington aforesaid called Gosie alt Gozie
or by whatsoever other name called, or knowne, in the occupation of John Taylor
or his Assignes. To have and to hold to the said Henry Edsawe his heirs and Assi:
gnes upon Condition that the said Henry Edsawe, his heirs, Executors and Admi:
nistrators shall, and doe [?]egnest, revise, release, aquitt and discharge Tho:
mas Edsaw my Second Sonne, his heirs, Executors, and Administrators, and
[?] of them within three Monthes after my decease, of all Summe and Summes
of moneyie which he or they or any of them could rase or may demand or recover, of
or from the said Thomas Edsawe, his Executors, Administrators, or Assignes by reason
of any Covenant, Condition, writinge Promise or agreement, whatsoever made by the
said Thomas my Sonne before the date of this my Will. And further upon his
[?]gue if within three Monthes after my decease before , give and grant to the said
Thomas Edsawe, his heirs, and Assignes, All his and their right Title, Estate interest
or clayme, and demand out of, in, or to any the Landes, Tenements or Premisses of
the said Thomas Edsawe, his heirs and Assignes: Itt being my full intent, and
meaninge, that my said Sonne Thomas Edsawe, and his heires should enjoy the se:
verall Farmes, Landes, Tenements, Hereditaments and Premisses with thappur:
tenances called Abbotts, Willetts, Coppiholis and Brownehill without payinge any
Summe or Summes of moneyes, out or for the same any Writinge, Covenant,
Condition or Agreement to the contrarie notwithstanding: And in case the
said Henry Edsawe his heirs, Executors, and Administrators, shall not persue
the said Condition, and perform , observe, and perform this my will according to
true intent and meaninge [?], as touching the said Release, and discharge
Then I doe hereby give, will, and devise, the said last mentioned Tenements, Lands,
and Premisses with thappurtenances named, called Gilhams, Addams and Gozes to:
the said Thomas Edsawe my Sonne, his heirs, and Assignes for and duringe,
soe long time and Terme and untill, hee and they shall have had, and reserved[?],
out of the Rents, [?] and Profitts [?] the Summe of Two Hundred pounds
to his and their own use.

Item I give and devise unto Robert Edsawe my
Sonne, his heirs, and Assignes for ever All that my Messuage, Tenement,
Lands, and Premises with thappurtenances named in Washington and Bonickton[?]
in the Countie of Sussex, commonly called or knowne by the name of Easthouse
or by whatsoever other name called or knowne. Provided allways and upon
this condition nevertheless, that is to say, That the said Robert Esdawe, his heirs
and Assignes Shall, and doe pay, or raise to be paid unto Thomas Edsawe
my Second Sonne , his Executors, Administrators, or Assignes, the Summe
of three Hundred Pounds of lawfull moneyes of lawfull moneyes[sic] of England.
within Ten[?] Monthes after my decease. And incase default shall bee made
in payment of the said Three Hundred Pounds to the said Thomas Edsawe his
Executors, Administrators, or Assignes within the timely writted hour by for the Payment thereof
according to the true intent, and meaning of this my Will. Then I will give and devise the said
Messuage, Tenement, Lands, and Premisses with thappurtenances called Easthouse, or by what:
soever other name called, or knowne to the said Thomas Edsawe my Sonne his heirs, and As:
signes forever.

Item I give and devise to Thomas Edsawe my Sonne his Heirs, and Assignes
forever. All those Farmes, Messuages, Landes, Tenements, Hereditaments, and Premisses with
thappurtenances in the severall Parishes of Wiston, Ashington and Bonickton[?], or one of
them, commonly called by the Severall names of Abbotts, Willetts, Coppiholes, and
Brownhill in the Countie of Sussex.

Item I give, and devise to Robert Edsawe my Sonne
his Executors, Administrators, and Assignes, All those Fields and Lands Situate in the
Parish of Washington in the Countie of Sussex, now in the occupation of me the said Ro:
bert Edsawe, Commonly called Parsoue Fields or by whatsoever other name called, or
knowne, And all my Estate Right, Title , [?] Terme of years Clayme propertye
and demand of in and to the same, or any parte thereof upon Condition he pay the
said Somme of Three Hundred Poundes hee owes mee to my Sonne Thomas
Edsawe his Assignes within six Monthes after my death.

Item if the said Henry
Edsawe my Sonne shall happen to dye before his age of one and Twenty yeares, with:
out issue of his body lawfully begotten. Then I give, and devise All those severall Farmes,
Landes, Tenements, and Premisses with thappurtenances before by mee, in and by
this my Will given, and devised unto the said Henry Edsawe, and his heires, to the said
Thomas Edsawe my Sonne his heires, and Assignes forever to the same use
and under the same Conditions respectively: As they were before by mee hereby given
and devised to the said Henry Edsawe his heires and Assignes respectively.

Item my
Will and meaning is and I doe hereby declare the same to bee that if my Sonne
Robert Edsawe, his Executors, Administrators or Assignes, or any of them shall well
and truly pay, or cause to be satisfied, and paid unto Thomas Edsawe my Sonne,
his Executors, Administrators, or Assignes the Summe of Three Hundred pounds
according to the true intent, and meaninge of this my Will, in such manner as
if in, and by this my Will appointed that then my Executor hereafter named
shall release, acquitt, and discharge the said Robert Edsawe my Sonne his Execu:
tors, and Administrators of all Summe and Summes of moneyes whatsoever
which shalbee due and owinge to mee, from him, at the time of my death by Obli:
gation or otherwise And deliver upp all such Bonds, Bills, and writings
whereby the said Robert Edsawe my Sonne shall stand Commit[?] to mee for the pay:
ment of any moneyies, without taking, or requiringe any thinge through[?]: But in
case the said Three hundred Pounds shall not bee paid according to the intent of
this my Will, by the said Robert Edsawe, his Executors, or Assignes, Then my Will,
and meaneinge is that my Executor hereafter named shall Sue for and recover
All such moneyes at the said Robert Edsawe my Sonne shall owe, and bee in:
debted unto mee, at the time of my death, and pay the same to my Sonne Tho:
mas Edsawe his Executors, and Assignes.

Item my Will, and meaninge, is that
Henry Edsawe my Sonne shall out of my Personall Estate, and out of the Landes
to him, and his [?] by mee in, and by this my Will given, and devised (in case
my Personall Estate, shall not bee sufficient) Satisfie, and pay all my debts, and
Legacies Owinge and given by mee upon Bonds, or otherwise : And also the Somme
of Two Hundred Pounds, by mee due, and owinge to Henry Sawter of Horsham
in the Countie of Sussex yeoman, for which a certain Annuity or yearly Rent
Charge of thirteen Pounds by the yeare is by mee granted, i[ng] out, and pay:
able out of certaine Lands, Tenements, hereditaments, and Premisses called East:
house, and Redroste[?] before in this my Will mentioned together with the Ar:
rears of the said Annuitie, or yearly Rent charge.

Item I give and devise unto my
Sonnes Robert, and Thomas Edsawe each of them Twentie Shillings, and to my
Grandchild Robert Edsawe, and my two daughters each of them five Pounds,
and to my Cousin Mary White Twentie Shillings, And to my Sister White Twen:
tie shillings, and to everie of my other Sisters Twenty shillinges. And I doe
hereby make ordaine ,nominate, and appoint Henry Edsawe my Sonne Executor of this
my last Will and Testament: And my Sonnes in Lawe Mr John Gratwicke, and mr.
Humfrey Gratwicke, and my loving friend Mr Nicholas Garbraine Clerke, and my
Kinsman Thomas White Overseers of this my Will, and I give to each of them Five
Five Pounds, desiringe them the said Humfry, John and Thomas to bee aid my e
and assisting to my Executor in the Execution of this my Will And I give to every
one of my Grandchildren which shall be living at the tyme of my decease the
Somme of Five Pounds And to my Servant Mary Channdler three Pounds, And to
Widdowe Stapler Twentie Shillings, And Mary Winchester Twenty Shillinges. And
to everyone of my other Servants Tenne Shillings, to bee paid by my Executor Henry
Edsawe. And I give to the said Henry Edsawe my Sonne all my goods and Chattells,
and Personall Effects, not formerlie by mee given, and disposed of, And I the said Robert
Edsawe the Elder doe further hereby give and devise to the said Henry Edsawe my Sonne
his heires, and Assignes all other my lands not by mee heretofore in and by this my Will
given and devised: And my Will, and meaninge is that the said Henry Edsawe shall
satisfie, and pay all my debts and discharge my Lands from the payment thereof.

And lastly I doe desire, and advise my Executor to bee advised by my Overseers, And to
to followe their advise and direction in all things [?] the Execution of this
my Will. And I doe hereby[?] and Will my Executor, To pay the Summe
of Ten Pounds, to the Poore of Washington, and Tenn Poundes to the Poore of Ash:
ington, given by my late Father devised, in, and by his last Will, and Testament in
Writinge, and tp Pay and Satidfie all my debts, and Legacies out of my Personall
Estate, and out of the Lands to him, and his Heires in and by this my Will given, and
devised: And I desire my loving friend Mr Gabrainer of Washington Clerke to preach
at my funerall, And I give to him Forty Shillinges to buy him a Ring.

In Witnes whereof I the said Robert Edsawe Thelder have to this my last Will and Testa:
ment Sett my hand, and Seale the day and yeare above written. 1651. Robert
Edsawe. Sealed and Published in the presenc of Tho: White, themarke of Ma:
ry Channdler Mr Garbrand Minister of Washington, Robert Sa[?]r

This Will was proved at Westminster, before the Judges
for Probate of Wills and grantinge Administrations the thirtieth day
of June One Thousand Six Hundred Fiftie four by Henry Edsawe Ex:
utor therein named, To whom Administration is committed Administra:
tion of all, and singular the goods, Chattells, and gifts of the said deceased He being
first Sworne faithfully to Administer the same.//

Sources

  1. Will of Robert Edsawe, 1651 England & Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1384-1858, Records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Series PROB 11/240/640 The National Archives Kew, Surrey, England. Image downloaded from The National Archives (Accessed 2 January 2022).




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