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William Goodrich Research Notes

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The purpose of the freespace pages William Goodrich DNA Research and William Goodrich Research Notes are to capture both DNA and Genealogical research efforts about William Goodrich (bef.1609-bef.1645) of Hessett, Suffolk, England and Watertown, Massachusetts (Goodrich-391) and his likely cousins through shared grandfather William Goodrich (1542-1631) brothers John Goodrich (1618-1680) and William Goodrich (1622-1676) of Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England and Wethersfield, Connecticut and their connections to Clement Chaplin (1593-1656) early immigrant to New England who returned to England before his death. A proposed second cousin, Thomas Goodrich, early immigrant to Virginia by shared great-grandfather Robert Goodrich of Felsham, Suffolk is also relevant to this research.

The DNA and records-based research are split into two pages because each is lengthy and very detailed on its own. There is some unavoidable overlap of course.

Uncertain Origins: William-1 Goodridge of Watertown, MA

Though it has been common practice in published works concerning the immigrant William-1 Goodridge of Watertown, MA to focus attention on William-1 Goodridge of Watertown, MA rather than on the more familiar and extensively published brothers John-1 Goodrich and William-1 Goodrich of Wethersfield, CT, [1] [2] [3] a closer investigation and review of various prior works eventually yielded an increase in knowledge of what these three immigrants appear to share in their respective ancestries.

Status of Genealogical Placement Attempts (1948-2016)

Descendant Merton Taylor Goodrich compiled the most recent publication of records attributed to immigrant William Goodridge of Watertown, including his marriage, as William Goodrich, to Margaret Butterfield (both single) at St. Michael-Woolverstone on 19 Aug 1631, the baptism of their son William on 04 Oct 1632 and his burial on 30 Apr 1633, and the baptism of their daughter Mary on 21 Aug 1634; all at St. Michael-Woolverstone, followed shortly by their presumed immigration to America by an unknown voyage. No ancestry for immigrant William Goodrich was found, and no sustained presence of generations of Goodrich or Goodridge in the vicinity of Woolverstone was found. [3]

Marriage of William Goodrich and Margaret Butterfield at St. Michael-Woolverstone, Suffolk (19 Aug 1631)

Mary Lovering Holman published "Ancestry of Colonen John Harrington Stevens..." in 1948 providing an analysis of the family of William Goodrich (c. 1542-1631 of Hesset and Felsham, Suffolk. Some of the conjectures she made have since been refined or disproven based on additional information and analysis. [4] Since this book formed a basis for much of the genealogical understanding of this family, excerpts of her work are included here annotated with 2008-2016 findings to make it easy to see new findings and analysis related to this family.

"WILLIAM GOODRICH, the earliest ancestor to whom this family can be traced, was born probably in Suffolk, about 1545 and was buried in Hessett in that shire, 24 Oct 1631, 'Sepulti, Guglielmus Gotheridge vicesimo quarto Octobris.' "

  • William Goodrich I of Hessett was the third son named in the 26 Jun 1563 will of Robert Goodrich of Felsham (proved 24 Feb 1569/70), whose principal heir was Adam Goodrich. [5] [6] Robert Goodrich was principal heir in the 20 May 1554 will of John Goodrich of Felsham (proved 08 Oct 1558). [7] [6] John Goodrich of Felsham is the earliest proven ancestor. Genealogist Ernest Flagg had puzzled much of this out including identifying the earliest known (so far) Goodrich ancestor by 1926 in his publication.[8] Unfortunately Mr. Flagg crossed the lineage a bit by making William-the-son-of-Adam the one who married Margaret Richardson when he was not; it was his cousin William-the-son-of-William who married her (detailed below).

"He married about 1670, Margaret ______, who was buried in Hessett, 22 Mar. 1630-31. She was apparently the mother of all of his children. The marriage of a William Goodrich and Margaret Richardson in Felsham in 1568 is given in the Suffolk Marriage Index at Ipswich. This is quite probably the marriage of William Goodrich of Hessett. It must be from a transcript as the earliest extant register of Felsham begins in 1656."

  • The marriage of William Goodrich and Margaret Richardson at St. Peter-Felsham was on 07 Nov 1568, according to a transcript record available from the Suffolk Record Office-Ipswich. [9]
  • Margaret Richardson may be the fourth of four daughters: Susan, Johan, Parnell and Margaret, named in the 20 Sep 1558 will of Alexander Richardson of Hessett (proved 02 Oct 1559), in which Alexander bequeathed to each daughter £5 and 10 sheep, and also bequeathed minor amounts to Anne Clerke, Elizabeth Clerke and Henry Clerke; 3 children of wife Isabel by first husband Henry Clerke. [10] [6] Alexander Richardson was buried on 06 Oct 1559 at Hessett. [11]
  • Alexander Richardson married first Margaret Maltiward on 27 May 1543, then married Isabel Clerke; widow of Henry Clerke, on 27 Jun 1547. [12] [11] Susan Richardson was baptized 18 Feb 1543/4, so Susan was apparently a daughter by first wife Margaret; Parnell Richardson was baptized 12 Jun 1549, so Parnell was a daughter by second wife Isabel. [11]
  • The baptism records for daughters Johan Richardson and Margaret Richardson were not found in the St. Ethelbert-Hessett parish register. However, Margaret appears to be the youngest daughter named in the will, and so she should be a daughter by second wife Isabel, yet Margaret appears to have been named after the first wife Margaret (Maltiward) Richardson, who does not have a recorded burial.

"It is stated that William was the son of an Adam Goodrich of Felsham whose will is dated, 1596-97. Other records are stated to exist which, if substantiated, would give William the pedigree, Adam, Robert, John, Robert, but the documents are not quoted and have not been found again..."

  • The will of Adam Goodrich of Felsham on 13 Mar 1596/7 (proved 08 Apr 1597) named all of his 11 children, including principal heir Robert Goodrich and John Goodrich of Bury (St. Edmunds). [13] [6]
  • Ernest Flagg placed: Adam s/o Robert s/o John correctly; [14] however, William son of Adam b. ~1570 could not be William Goodrich I of Hessett, who married Margaret Richardson at Felsham in 1568. He is William Goodrich; son of Adam Goodrich of Felsham, baptized at St. Peter-Felsham on 12 Nov 1574 prior to the death of Ann; the first wife of Adam Goodrich, [9] and William is also named in the 1596/7 will of his father Adam Goodrich with stepmother Katherine; second wife of Adam Goodrich.[13] [6]
Felsham, Suffolk, Goodrich Ancestry postulated by Ernest Flagg (1926)
  • Though Ernest Flagg did not provide specific, accessible sources for his Felsham Goodrich ancestry, he cited Felsham Goodrich wills, and recognized the 20 May 1554 will of John Goodrich of Felsham was the earliest one with a proven principal heir, and he may have had access to the St. Peter-Felsham parish transcript records, so Ernest Flagg was the likely un-named source of the Goodrich ancestry that by Mary Lovering Holman was not able to authenticate.
  • The available Goodrich wills of Felsham (FW) and Hessett (HW) from 1475-1631 reveal the proven ancestry: William Goodrich I of Hessett (HW 1631) son of Robert (FW 1563) son of John (FW 1554). [15] Court rolls of Felsham Manor (1382-1453) (CRFM) [16] [17] and 1336 Felsham Feet of Fines (FFF) [18] suggest 6 earlier generations: John (FW 1503), John (FW 1475), John (CRFM 1412; FW of brother 1423), John (CRFM 1412), John (FFF 1336), and Robert Goodrich in the 1327 Felsham Subsidy; [19] each generation comprising one resident married heir of Felsham Manor usually named John.[20]

...The records of Hessett were searched, in a somewhat sketchy fashion, years ago and the results embodied in the Goodrich Genealogy. In 1938, much more exhaustive work was done. This account is based on that research and some additional work. It seems quite evident, to the present compiler, that John Goodrich was the eldest son of William. He may have been born in Felsham, if his mother belonged in that parish. In the lapse of so much of specific data, conclusions have to be based on the customs of the time, the laws, etc., as well as from vital records as may be unearthed...

  • One record unearthed after Mary Lovering Holman published her tentative postulates in 1948 was a Hessett deed of feoffment with livery of seisin, [21] dated 06 Oct 1585, that named: William Goodrich and Robert his son. [22] This record is a direct proof that Robert Goodrich; likely the son of William and Margaret Goodrich baptized at Hessett on 05 May 1577, [11] was their eldest son and named after paternal grandfather Robert Goodrich of Felsham by a now-visible, long-standing Felsham Goodrich tradition that was also responsible for Adam Goodrich of Felsham naming his principal heir, [13] [6] and presumed eldest son, Robert Goodrich. Immediately after this record had been found, and its genealogical implications and potential revealed, the search for the Goodrich ancestry of immigrant William-1 Goodridge of Watertown was transformed into an investigation of much narrower scope.
  • In addition, the full text of the baptismal record of Henry Goodrich; son of William and Margaret baptized on 12 Jan 1583/4, reveals a detail also noted by Lillian Redstone in her own transcripts: [23] Henry was the third son, which would make William Goodrich II baptized 11 Sep 1580 the second son, and so Robert Goodrich baptized 05 May 1577 would be the eldest son. [11] This is a major revelation, since eldest son Robert Goodrich died before the will of William Goodrich I of Hessett, [24] [6] affecting the potential heir status of second son William Goodrich II of Hessett.
Baptism of Henry Goodrich; third son of William Goodrich I of Hessett (12 Jan 1583/4); transcribed by Lillian Redstone
  • So the 9.5 year gap between the marriage of William Goodrich I of Hessett to Margaret Richardson on 07 Nov 1568 and the baptism of eldest son Robert Goodrich on 05 May 1577 cannot be remedied by arbitrarily attributing to the principal heir (yet youngest son) of William Goodrich I of Hessett, [24] [6] John Goodrich, a birth sometime between the years 1569-1574 when St. Ethelbert-Hessett has no parish entries. [11] However, it is still possible that the apparent eldest daughter Elizabeth Goodrich; named after paternal grandmother Elizabeth/Isabella and named before her sister Susan in the will of William Goodrich I of Hessett, [24] [6] was born within this 1569-1574 timeframe, and had no recorded children after her marriage to Philip Clarke on 25 Jul 1623 at Bradfield St. George because it was a marriage that took place when Elizabeth was about age 50 and past her child bearing years, yet it provided for her security as her parents had reached ages ~73-78 by then. Or it is even possible that William Goodrich I of Hessett had a second wife Margaret that he married after the first wife died, though if he did so, no record has been found to corroborate the second marriage.
  • The Felsham Goodrich family had freehold property, which could be bequeathed or even sold as the owner desired, with no requirement that it be bequeathed to the eldest son, that was mentioned first in an entry in the court rolls of Felsham Manor dated Oct 1412, [25] and more than two centuries later mentioned in the will of William Goodrich I of Hessett. [24] [6]

...JOHN GOODRICH (William), born, probably in Suffolk, about 1575, died in St. Mary's parish, Bury St. Edmunds, being buried there, 21 Apr 1632, "Mr. John Goodrich clothier." He probably had a first wife, by whom his eldest son John was born, and married secondly, in Bury St. James', Bury St. Edmunds, 7 Aug. 1615, MARGERY HOW, or HOWES, who died between the 14 Apr., and the 16 May, 1632, and was sister of Jone (How) Coats.

John Goodrich was about forty when he married Margery How, that is, if he were his father's eldest son, and as he was undoubtedly his father's heir and the law of primogeniture was strong in England, there can be no doubt that he was the oldest of the sons. He was probably born in his mother's parish and if so, the law compelled his baptism there. The fact of John Sr.'s age coupled with the other fact that it is nearly impossible to have his son John, also undoubtedly the eldest son, born of the marriage to Margery, because of the birth of William-the-elder, in 1617, points to an earlier marriage. It is possible, but not probable, that he was Margery's son.

Apparently John did not live in Hessett. He was a clothier and is probably that John Goodrich who appears as a servant (a clerk) of Robert Draper, a clothier of Bury, in 1614. After that, he seems to have stayed in Bury but, although he was married in St. James' and his death is recorded in St. Mary's, the baptisms of John and William-the-elder are not found in either church. The only date we have of these two children is that of William in his matriculation at Cambridge, where in 1634, his age is given as seventeen, making him born in 1617.

There are at least three John Goodriches' having children baptised in St. Mary's at the time and very little to show which John was father of which children, so the only ones that can be absolutely conceded to be John the clothier's are the ones mentioned in his will...As two of the four supervisors who, by the will, were to have charge of the children in case of Margery's decease, before they were of age, renounced the trust, the two Chaplins were left the children's sole guardians. It is probable Jeremy died soon after his father and mother. William-the-elder was admitted to Caius College, Cambridge, a sizar, aged seventeen, 15 Apr 1634, born at Bury St. Edmunds, son of John, draper, school Bury, matrix 1634, B.A. 1637-38...This left the Chaplins with John and William-the-younger as wards.

  • The baptism of John, son of John Goodrich 22 Mar 1617/8 at St Mary-Bury St. Edmunds [26] seems to have been missed in Holman's research; fortunately it was compiled in the transcripts of Lillian Redstone[27] and appears on duplifiche copies; both the record of baptism of John Goodrich on 22 Mar 1617/8 at Suffolk Record Office-Ipswich and of the baptism of his brother William Goodrich (the Younger) at the same parish on 13 Feb 1621/2; [26].
Baptism of John Goodrich; son of John Goodrich the Clothier (22 Mar 1617/8; transcribed by Lillian Redstone)
  • This son John; presumably baptized soon after birth, was next in age after William Goodrich the Elder, who truly has no known birth or baptismal record, yet if age 17 on 15 Apr 1634 with earliest date of birth (9 months after the marriage of John Goodrich and Margery Howe) 07 May 1616 - 15 Apr 1617; midpoint 24 Oct 1616, or about 14.5 months after the marriage of John Goodrich and Margery Howe.
  • Taking into account these christenings, there is no need for a first marriage of John Goodrich the Clothier in order to make his second son and principal heir John Goodrich (the eventual immigrant of Wethersfield, CT) fit into the family. And once again, and most importantly regarding the search for the Goodrich ancestry of William-1 Goodridge of Watertown: the eldest son, William Goodrich the Elder, was named after paternal grandfather William Goodrich I of Hessett, and the principal heir, John Goodrich, [24] [6] was the second son rather than the youngest son. The latter inconsistency in naming of the principal heir in the will of a Felsham Goodrich descendant is also revealing.
  • Mr. John Goodrich clothier at St. Mary-Bury St. Edmunds was not John Goodrich the Clothier; father of the immigrants John and William Goodrich of Wethersfield, Connecticut. He was John Goodrich the Alderman, Feltmaker, Gentleman of Bury St. Edmunds, named John Goodrich of Bury in the 1596/7 will of his father Adam Goodrich as mentioned previously. This older John Goodrich was revealed during research by descendants of the immigrant Thomas-1 Goodrich, Gentleman of Old Rappahannock, VA once Y-DNA Y-STR testing in 2008 revealed they co-descended from the Felsham, Suffolk, Goodrich ancestry and so they discontinued their former sustained research of the titled Goodricke ancestry. John Goodrich the Alderman was baptized 08 Sep 1568 at St. Ethelbert-Hessett, [11] where he and his older sister Susan Goodrich (baptized 15 Apr 1566) were baptized until Adam Goodrich apparently moved his family to Felsham after the death of his father Robert Goodrich of Felsham before his will was proved 24 Feb 1569/70 and Adam began his tenancy as heir of the Felsham property, leaving only younger brother William Goodrich I of Hessett as a resident of Hessett. John Goodrich the Alderman and his wife Martha had 11 of his 12 children baptized at St. Mary-Bury St. Edmunds, starting with son Henry Goodrich baptized 06 Apr 1595 and ending with the eventual immigrant Thomas-1 Goodrich baptized 14 Apr 1615. [26] A known child of John Goodrich the Alderman not baptized at Bury St. Mary was eldest surviving son, and principal heir of his 30 Jun 1625 will (proved 01 Mar 1625/6), [28] [6] John Goodrich, whose estimated year of birth ~1593 places him within the age range of John Goodrich the Clothier of Bury St. Edmunds. John Goodrich; eldest son of John Goodrich the Alderman, had a son John (sometimes confused with John-1 Goodrich of Wethersfield, CT) and a daughter Martha baptized at St. James-Bury St. Edmunds in 1623-1625, [26] and then had Robert, Mary, Margaret and Catherine baptized at St. Mary-Bury St. Edmunds from 1626-1633. [26] These two men named John Goodrich, with John Goodrich the Clothier of Bury St. Edmunds, do represent 3 men named John Goodrich having children baptized at Bury St. Edmunds from 1595-1633. The way to determine which children belong to which father named John Goodrich is to note that: 1) the children of John Goodrich the Alderman were all baptized before John Goodrich married his likely only wife Margery Howe, 2) the children of John Goodrich the Clothier are named in his 14 Apr 1632 will, [24] 3) the remainder are children of John Goodrich; son of John Goodrich the Alderman.
  • Jeremy Goodrich; baptized at Bury St. Mary on 24 Jun 1627, [26] died before 10 Aug 1662, at age ~35, when his infant son William Goodrich, by his unknown widowed wife, had been placed in the care of Rev. William Goodrich the Elder, [29] and later the son William Goodrich had died by 19 May 1665 when Rev. William Goodrich the Elder was granted administration. [30] Great-grandfather Alexander Richardson had died on 06 Oct 1559 at age ~39, and proposed first cousin William-1 Goodridge died before 08 May 1645 at age ~36. So if William-1 Goodridge was a descendant of Alexander Richardson as proposed, he had at least one known potential source of an inherited short lifetime longevity.

Clement Chaplin and His Goodrich Wards of Cambridge, MA

  • Clement Chaplin was guardian of the heirs of John Goodrich the Clothier, who had died of disease on 20 Apr 1632, followed by widow Margery within a week, [31] according to an inheritance dispute "Chaplin vs. Howe" that was filed on 24 Jul 1633 by brothers Clement Chaplin and Thomas Chaplin vs. Margery (Lonsdale) Howe [26] [32]; widow of John Howe; [33] mother of Margery (Howe) Goodrich and Mary (Howe) Bradish, [26] [34] (claiming Margery and Mary were trying to gain access to money in the estate of John Goodrich the Clothier; citing a 1619 debt that the Chaplins considered to be paid). [31]
  • The will of John Goodrich the Clothier gave sole remaining guardian in America Clement Chaplin full control of all money (£100 to William Goodrich the Elder, £100 to William Goodrich the Younger, £100 to Jeremy Goodrich; £300 total), property (in Hessett, Bury St. Edmunds and Horningsheath to principal heir John Goodrich), and any other assets bequeathed in his 14 Apr 1632 will, until each individual heir reached age 21 in ~1637, ~1639, ~1643, ~1648 [24] [6] in the event of the death of widow Margery, which occurred less than two weeks after the will by 27 Apr 1632. [31]
  • Given the published personal background of Clement Chaplin, [35] it seems unlikely that he would leave his goldsmith heiress wife in England, or leave his valuable Goodrich wards in the care of their surviving relatives in Bury St. Edmunds: uncle-aunt Robert and Mary (Howe) Bradish, and elderly grandmother Margery (Lonsdale) Howe, with whom Chaplin had an openly hostile relationship, as revealed in an inheritance dispute filed 24 Jul 1633: "Chaplin vs. Howe." In this dispute, Clement Chaplin and Thomas Chaplin stated:
    • The Chaplin brothers countered that the widowed mother-in-law Margery (Lonsdale) Howe had defrauded her daughters Margery (Howe) Goodrich and then-single sister Mary Howe out of a much larger, unknown sum bequeathed to them by the will of their father John Howe by burning or otherwise destroying the will so that it was never proved, and then widow Margery took ownership of all bequests.
    • Margery (Lonsdale) Howe had paid the 1619 sum of £20 due her daughter Mary as the least she could do given the massive bequest to daughters Mary and Margery that she had blocked.
    • Robert and Mary (Howe) Bradish had borrowed and taken untold amounts of money and goods from the household of John and Margery (Howe) Goodrich, especially during the time they were confined and bedridden with a shared terminal illness when the Howes attended them and were running their household.
    • The Chaplins were requesting that Margery (Lonsdale) Howe and Robert and Mary (Howe) Bradish be issued subpoenas to appear in court and provide answers for all of the above, and demanded that the estate of John Goodrich the Clothier be reimbursed accordingly for the benefit of his orphaned sons. [31] [6]
Colloquial Translation of Chaplin vs. Howe-1633 Inheritance Dispute (24 Jul 1633)
    • Of course, a skeptic could suspect that Clement Chaplin; known to be a controversial figure wherever he went, [36] and who the Howes likely believed would be a bad influence on the orphaned Goodrich boys, controlled £300 and lands-tenements in Hessett, Bury St. Edmunds and Horningsheath from the estate of John Goodrich the Clothier, and sought even more money in the estate of the late, wealthy father-in-law John Howe the Clothier, believing he could acquire some of it using the courts to his advantage.[31] If Clement Chaplin immigrated to Cambridge, MA with his wife and Goodrich wards as unlisted passengers in an attempt to evade the Howe in-laws, he may have been taken by surprise when Robert and Mary (Howe) Bradish chased him to Cambridge, and by 28 Aug 1635 they were his neighbors across Holyoke Street there. [37] [38] However, the Bradish family was at least not among listed passengers that embarked on the Elizabeth and Ann in April-May 1635, [39] so they may have arrived on a different voyage.
Home Lots of William Goodridge of Watertown, MA and Clement Chaplin of Cambridge, MA (1635)
    • This intolerable situation possibly forced Clement Chaplin to depart with the congregation of Thomas Hooker soon afterward in 1636 for Hartford, Connecticut, and may have even affected the decision by Chaplin, on arrival with Rev. Hooker in Hartford, to not settle there and instead settle in Wethersfield, where Clement Chaplin was attested first at a Hartford General Court conducted on 01 May 1637, [40] and was later appointed Treasurer on 09 Feb 1637/8, [41] and was Ruling Elder, owned 200 rods (1,200 acres; the largest lot) of land in the Three Mile allotments east of Wethersfield known as Glastonbury, and bought the home of the widow of John Brundish by 1641, and later sold it to John-1 Goodrich, who did not record it until much later in 1672. [42] Possibly at this same time, John-1 Goodrich; recorded as John Goodridge, was fined 40 shillings for signing a declaration defaming Rev. Henry Smith of Wethersfield drafted by Clement Chaplin, who was fined £11 for instigating the event, in a Hartford General Court dated 10 Nov 1643. [43]
John-1 Goodrich of Wethersfield Recorded as John Goodridge in Hartford General Court (10 Nov 1643)

In 1635, Clement Chaplin came to New England in the Elizabeth and Ann, aged forty-eight, sailing from London. The shipping list names no wife or child of his although gives the wives and children of other men. It is obvious he came first and that his wife followed him. He settled first in Cambridge where on 23 Nov. 1635, he was one of nine men who were to rule the town affairs. He appears last in the Cambridge records, 4 Apr. 1636, and he evidently accompanied Rev. Thomas Hooker to Hartford, Conn., when the latter moved there with his congregation in July 1636. Sometime before 1637, he was undoubtedly joined by his wife and his wards, the two Goodriches.

It is said that they were first at Watertown, but this can be doubted, there was another William Goodrich in that town and a John in Boston, and it is possible that William of Watertown had a John with him. Clement Chaplin was always given the title of dignity, "Mr." in the early records. He was a deputy, and treasurer of the colony, is known to have been in Wethersfield, Conn., in 1642 and 1646, but soon after he and his wife Sarah (Hinds) Chaplin returned to England, but not to Bury. He settled in Thetford, Essex, and ten years later, 16 Aug. 1656, made his will giving to his wife all "my houses and lands in Hartford and Weathersfield in New England"...Clement had been Ruling Elder of the Church in Wethersfield and calls himself "Clerk" in his will.

  • The passenger list of the Elizabeth and Ann in 1635 also did not mention the names of the known children of Rev. Peter Bulkeley; a neighbor of Clement Chaplin in Cambridge; however, genealogist Donald Jacobus stated that children of Rev. Peter Bulkeley traveled under assumed names on the Elizabeth and Ann in 1635. [44] In Cambridge, Clement Chaplin was a neighbor of Mr. Peter Bulkeley and of Robert Bradish; [45] husband of Mary (Howe) Bradish and co-defendant in the inheritance dispute filed by Clement Chaplin and Thomas Chaplin in England on 24 Jul 1633.[31]
  • James Savage had opined in 1860 that he believed, though the passenger list of the Elizabeth and Ann did not indicate he was accompanied by a wife or other companions, Clement Chaplin came to Cambridge with his wife Sarah (Hinds) Chaplin; heiress of a Bury St. Edmunds goldsmith. [46]
  • A simpler explanation than Holman's for the immigration of wards John Goodrich and William Goodrich is that they (and Clement's wife) came to Cambridge with him in 1635 and that they made up the 3 individuals in his Cambridge household, [47] and that John or William was the "man" referred to in the following sentence from the Town Records of Cambridge during a meeting that had been conducted on 08 Feb 1635/6? Agreed with Mr. Chaplin, that his man shall keep the goats and have three half-pence a week for one goat and a penny a week for wethers or kids to begin next Monday (15 Feb 1635/6). [48] It seems possible that this was to be an early experience in animal husbandry for William Goodrich the Younger; at or near age 14 as of 08 Feb 1635/6, that would serve him well when he and his older brother John, nearing age 18, likely helped Clement Chaplin in the operation of his 200 rods (1,200 acres) in the 3-Mile lots of Wethersfield, Connecticut by 1639. [49] Possibly older brother John Goodrich was helping William Goodridge with his farm in Watertown.
  • The distance from the home of Clement Chaplin in lot 11 of Cambridge in 1635 to the home lot of William-1 Goodrich/Goodridge of Watertown at the north end of the current Mount Auburn Cemetery in Watertown was a distance of 1.4 miles if John and William walked to Watertown by a path available in 1635 that passed to the north of Windmill Hill Marsh in order to bypass it.
Walking Distance Between Goodridge of Watertown, MA and Goodrich of Cambridge, MA
  • Clement Chaplin and William Goodrich arrived in Massachusetts at a similar time; how far could the occurrence of passengers traveling under assumed names go, if it did occur? Could William and Margaret (Butterfield) Goodrich and their daughter Mary have been on the Elizabeth and Ann in 1635; possibly traveling under assumed names as is claimed to be the case for a number of other passengers? [44]
  • Clement Chaplin would be alone in America with his wife and Goodrich charges if he did not recruit some kind of assistance. The Howe in-laws were enemies; living siblings of John Goodrich the Clothier were limited to his sisters Elizabeth (Goodrich) Clarke and Susan (Goodrich-Lock) Beamond and his brother William Goodrich II of Hessett; the heir who was passed over. His son William Goodrich of Woolverstone had no connection to the Howes, and may have been approached by Clement Chaplin to accompany him to America, bringing his wife and daughter, to provide assistance and moral support in moving the Goodrich boys and their inheritance to unfamiliar America. John-1 Goodrich was nearing legal adulthood; he could have assisted William-1 Goodrich/Goodridge in managing his Watertown lands and livestock, and if he did, then the reason the household of Clement Chaplin as of 08 Feb 1635/6 consisted of 3 occupants (Clement, wife Sarah, and William-1 Goodrich), [50] rather than 4 occupants was because John-1 Goodrich was living in Watertown.
  • There were mysterious Watertown land grants to "John Goodridge:" 25 acres on 25 Jul 1636, [51] and 3 acres on 26 Jun 1637, [52] that were among the tracts of land owned by William-1 Goodridge, [53] after his own grant of 91 acres of upland received 10 May 1642, [54] with no known transfer records. Henry Bond, M.D. suggested in his history and genealogies of Watertown, Massachusetts that this could have been a simple recording error. [55] Another possibility is that these grants were acquired in some way by Clement Chaplin. Household accounting for these grants treated cattle and human occupants equally; Chaplin may have provided William-1 Goodridge with land and cattle for his help, and kept his Chaplin name off of it, so it would not be lost in the event of a lawsuit. Possibly the resident of the 3 acre farm in the Remote Meadows was John-1 Goodrich/Goodridge.
Watertown, MA Land Grants and Holdings of John Goodridge and William Goodridge
  • If more legal records can be found, maybe these conjectures can be developed more accurately. The prospects of transcending conjecture on these questions seem dim; however, alternate passenger manifests and any kind of legal proceedings involving Clement Chaplin while he was in Cambridge or still in England would be examples of record types not known to exist currently (the 1633 inheritance dispute involving Clement Chaplin, Robert and Mary (Howe) Bradish, and Margery (Lonsdale) Howe was not found until mid-2018) that could be valuable if ever found in terms of developing a clearer picture of the relationship between the immigrants William-1 Goodrich/Goodridge of Watertown, MA and John-1 Goodrich and William-1 Goodrich of Wethersfield, CT, via their guardian Clement Chaplin, that appears consistent with a first cousin relationship that is at least not inconsistent with the results of preliminary Y-STR and NGS Y-STR/SNP testing.


  1. Goodridge Memorial: Ancestry and Descendants of Moses Goodridge, Sidney Perley, private (1884)
  2. The Goodridge Genealogy, Edwin Alonzo Goodridge, M.D. (1918)
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Whence Came William Goodrich of Watertown?" The American Genealogist. 43:1 (1967), pages 43-49
  4. Mary L. Holman, Ancestry of Colonel John Harrington Stevens-Frances Helen Miller (1948), page 181
  5. Archdeaconry Court of Sudbury, volume 31, pages 10-14; FHL Film 97067
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 Professional transcription by Simon Neal
  7. Archdeaconry Court of Sudbury, Volume 23, pages 266-268; FHL Film 97063
  8. Ernest Flagg, Genealogical Notes on the Founding of New England, (Hartford, CT: 1926), page 317
  9. 9.0 9.1 Church of England, Felsham, Suffolk Record Office, SF/R 249
  10. Archdeaconry Court of Sudbury, Volume 23; FHL Film 97063
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 Church of England Records of St. Ethelbert-Hessett at Suffolk Record Office-Ipswich
  12. Boyd's Marriage Index, Suffolk, Volume 3, page 91 (e-page 639)
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Archdeaconry Court of Sudbury, Volume 39, FHL Film 97074, page 231
  14. Ernest Flagg, Genealogical Notes on the Founding of New England, (Hartford, CT: 1926), page 317
  15. Goodrich Family Association Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 2, pages 21-18
  16. Researched-transcribed by Diana Spelman in June 2016: https://www.dianaspelman.co.uk/
  17. Goodrich Family Association Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 3, pages 43-49
  18. A Calendar of the Feet of Fines for Suffolk, Walter Rye (Ipswich: 1900). page 180
  19. Suffolk in 1327 Being a Subsidy Return, Suffolk Green Books, #9, Vol. 11 (1906), page 177
  20. Goodrich Family Association Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 3, pages 43-49
  21. Principles of the Law of Real Property, 9th ed., Joshua Williams, Ch. 7, “Of a Feoffment” (1871)
  22. Deed of feoffment, 06 Oct 1585, FL528/13/11585, Suffolk Record Office, Bury St. Edmunds Branch
  23. Goodrich Family Association Private Collection: Lillian Redstone English Research, page 17
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4 24.5 24.6 Archdeaconry Court of Sudbury, Volume 52, page 85, FHL Film 97085
  25. Goodrich Family Association Newsletter, Volume 13, Issue 3, page 46
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.7 Church of England Records of St. Mary, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk at Suffolk Record Office-Ipswich
  27. Goodrich Family Association Private Collection: Lillian Redstone English Research, page 30b
  28. Archdeaconry Court of Sudbury, Volume 49, FHL Film 97083
  29. Archdeaconry Court of Sudbury, Probate Records: 1354-1857, page 48, FHL film #97117
  30. Archdeaconry Court of Sudbury, Probate Records: 1354-1857, page 66, FHL film #97117
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5 Chaplin vs. Howe 1633, Inheritance Disputes Index, 1574-1714, UK National Archives, C8/86/83
  32. Margery Lonsdale; daughter of John, baptized 07 Oct 1562 at Bury St. Mary
  33. Marriage of John Howe and Margery Lonsdale on 18 Jun 1582 at Bury St. Mary
  34. Margery Howe bp. 15 Dec 1588; Margaret Howe bp. 26 Sep 1591; daughters of John, at Bury St. Mary
  35. The History of Ancient Wethersfield (Grafton, NY: 1904), Volume 2, page 256
  36. The History of Ancient Wethersfield (Grafton, NY: 1904), Volume 2, page 256
  37. History of Cambridge, Massachusetts 1630-1877, Lucius Paige (1877), page 496
  38. Records of the Town of Cambridge, Massachusetts (Cambridge, 1901), page 18, resident map
  39. Passengers Embarked on the Elizabeth and Ann, 13 Apr 1635 - 14 May 1635
  40. The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, Vol. 1, page 9
  41. Ihttps://archive.org/details/publicrecordsofc001conn/page/11/mode/1up/ The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, Vol. 1, page 12]
  42. The History of Ancient Wethersfield (Grafton, NY: 1904), Volume 1, page 258
  43. The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, Volume 1, 1636-1665, page 97
  44. 44.0 44.1 "Ancestry of Grace (Chetwood) Bulkeley, Second Wife of Rev. Peter Bulkeley" by Donald Jacobus, New England Historical and Genealogical Register (NEHGS, 1922) Vol 76 p. 308
  45. Records of the Town of Cambridge, Massachusetts (Cambridge, 1901), page 18, residence map
  46. James Savage, Genealogical Dictionary of First Settlers of New England (1860), Vol. 1, page 360
  47. Records of the Town of Cambridge, Massachusetts (Cambridge, 1901), page 18, resident map
  48. The Records of the Town of Cambridge, Massachusetts, (1901), end of page 17
  49. The History of Ancient Wethersfield, Connecticut, Volume 2 (Grafton-NY: 1904), 898
  50. Records of the Town of Cambridge, Massachusetts (Cambridge, 1901), page 18, resident map
  51. Watertown, MA Records: Lands, Grants and Possessions, page 5
  52. Watertown, MA Records: Lands, Grants and Possessions, page 8
  53. Watertown, MA Records: Lands, Grants and Possessions, page 52
  54. Watertown, MA Records: Lands, Grants and Possessions, page 12
  55. Genealogies of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown, MA (1860), 2:1009

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