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Purpose

This is a workspace for anyone working with the England Project's pre 1500 prep program. Please feel free to trial any formatting, ask questions, or to record data for pre 1500 profiles associated with those you are working on. The pre 1500 prep team can also add suggestions for you here and answer any questions.

Stephen Heathcote

Additional Sources

Scott, Geoffrey. Catholic Gentry in English Society: The Throckmortons of Coughton from Reformation to Emancipation. Routledge, 2016. https://books.google.com.au/books?id=4--4DQAAQBAJ


Sampson Walkeden

Noticed a Geoffrey Walkeden, bailiff of Stone in the 1530s [1]

This is Sampson's grandfather.

Sampson Walkeden on 1539 Muster roll of Walton. He had a horse and harness[2]

Thank you for this. This is probably Sampson's father. Would there be a minimum age on appearing on the muster? I might need to adjust my estimate for Sampson's father's birth.

Godfrey Heathcote

Godfrey Heathcote the eldest son of Ralph Heathcote was christened at Chesterfield on 21 March 1558/59.[3]

Marche Anno 1558: Godfridus filius Radulphi Heathcott de Chesterfeild bapt fuit xxi° die[4]

He was named sole executor of his father's will, dated 23 March 1576/77 and proved at Chesterfield on 10 September 1577.[5]

Like his ancestors, he was a brazier and bellfounder, and became a prominent person in Chesterfield, being appointed alderman, constable and churchwarden, and serving as mayor several times.[6]

His first wife, Anne, by whom he had several children, died in 1605.[7]

Julius Ano 1605: Annar uxor Mr Godfrey Heathcott Alderman sepulta xxv° die[8]

He re-married Anne Allen (née Thorneley, widow of David Allen)[9] [10] in Chesterfield on 11 November 1605.[11]

Novêber 1605: Mr Godfrey Heathcoat et Anne Allen nupt xi° die[12]

He married for a third time, Frances Crawshawe, in Chesterfield on 26 August 1625.[13]

August 1625: Godfredus Heathcott Mayor et Francisca Crawshawe nupt xxvi°[14]

He is named in the wills of his brother-in-law Anthony Tupman in 1616 and of his brothers Francis Heathcote in 1619 and George Heathcote in 1640.[15]

In his own will, dated 17 May 1638 and proved at Chesterfield on 6 June 1643, he describes himself as Alderman, and leaves bequests to his wife, Frances Heathcote, and makes his son Ralph Heathcote his sole executor. There are also bequests to his daughters Frances Higgins (and her children Thomas, Elizabeth, and Francis) and Anne Hill (and her daughter Elizabeth Hill), and to Ralph, his son, and Dorothy, the daughter of his son Ralph Heathcote. His brother George Heathcote; Francis, son of his brother Thomas; and Dorothy, daughter of his brother Francis, are mentioned. He also mentions Anthony Tuckeman (Tupman?), Godfrey Tuckeman, Widow Ragsdale and Ursula Warcoppe. The will was witnessed by Matthew Waddington (Vicar of Chesterfield), Nicholas Heathcote (his "friend", schoolmaster of Worksop) and Godfrey Heathcote.[16]

During his lifetime he had already transferred title of several properties in and around Chesterfield to his grandson Godfrey Heathcote, son of his son Ralph.[17]

He was buried in Chesterfield on 18 May 1643.[18]

May 1643: Mr Godfridus Heathcote Alderman sepultus xviij[19]

See also:

  • Wikipedia
  • Stephen Glover, The History of the County of Derby, Part 2 (Derby, 1829), page 293 (Google Books)
  • John Pym Yeatman, The History of the Borough of Chesterfield: With Some Account of the Hundred of Scarsdale (Derby: Edward Clulow, 1890) (view online)

Francis Throckmorton

Francis Throckmorton was born in about 1554, eldest son of Sir John Throckmorton and Margaret or Margery Puttenham. His father was a Member of Parliament during the reign of the Catholic Queen Mary of England, and was one of the witnesses to her will, but he fell out of favour following her death and succession by the protestant Queen Elizabeth, partly due to his Catholic recusancy.[20] Francis was heir and (his mother renouncing) executor of his father's will dated 20 May 1580 and proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 8 December 1580.[21] The family seat was Feckenham in Worcestershire.

In accordance with prenuptial articles of agreement between his father and Sir Edward Sutton, 4th Baron Dudley dated 24 April 1567, Francis was betrothed to Sir Edward's only daughter Anne Sutton, then under 12 years old.[22] The date of the marriage is not known, but Francis's widow Anne is mentioned in the wills of his sister Mary Throckmorton (1587) and of his mother Dame Margery Throckmorton (1591).[23]

Francis was educated at Hart Hall, Oxford, which he entered in 1572 aged 18.[24]

Sharing his father's zeal for Catholicism, Francis left England for the continent in 1580, meeting Catholic exiles.[25] In Madrid Throckmorton discussed an invasion of England by Spanish troops with Sir Francis Englefield. In Paris he met Thomas Morgan (1543–1606?) and Charles Paget, the agents of Mary Queen of Scots. In Spa he discussed the co-operation of Catholics in England with an army which Henry Duke of Guise was proposing to raise in the Low Countries, financed by Spain and by the Pope.[26][27]

He returned to London in 1583 and occupied a house on Paul's Wharf, which served as a meeting place for Catholic conspirators. Throckmorton's frequent visits to the Spanish ambassador, Bernardino de Mendoza, attracted the attention of Sir Francis Walsingham, Queen Elizabeth's Secretary of State ("spymaster"), and he was arrested in October 1583. He confessed under torture to conspiring to assist foreign invaders to replace Queen Elizabeth I with Mary Queen of Scots and restore the authority of the Pope in England. He later retracted his confession, but was convicted of high treason at trial on 21 May 1584.[28][29]

He was executed at Tyburn on 10 July 1584.[30]

The exposure of the Throckmorton plot had important consequences. His fellow conspirators, including his brothers Thomas and George, fled abroad; and the Spanish ambassador was expelled, leading to war with Spain.[31] After the discovery of the plot, Mary Queen of Scots was placed under strict confinement at Chartley Hall in Staffordshire.[32]

Research Notes

The Dictionary of National Biography and the Alumni oxonienses both state that Francis was enrolled in the Inner Temple in 1576. However, this seems to be a confusion with a different Francis Throckmorton, Francis's first cousin once removed. That Francis married Judith Tracey in 1579, the marriage licence stating that he was of the Inner Temple (see his profile). There is only one Francis Throckmorton in the Inner Temple records.[33]

Francis was probably the father of John Throckmorton, named as grandson in Dame Margery's will. No evidence has been found for a marriage of his younger brothers prior to Dame Margery's death.

See also:


Sources

  1. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/staffs/vol3/pp240-247#highlight-first
  2. https://books.google.com.au/books?id=upAwAQAAMAAJ&dq=walkeden%20stone%20staffordshire&pg=PA283
  3. "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V5GQ-DPW : 11 February 2018, Godfrey Heathcote, 21 Mar 1558); citing , index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 942.51 D2Y V. 2 PT 4.
  4. Chesterfield parish register viewed on Ancestry.co.uk
  5. probate records of the Diocese of Lichfield and Coventry viewed on Find My Past
  6. Evelyn D. Heathcote, M.A., An Account of Some of the Families Bearing the Name of Heathcote which have Descended out of the County of Derby, (Winchester: Warren and Son, 1899), page 21. There seem to have been two Godfrey Heathcotes on the Common Council of Chesterfield at the same time; the lists in Glover and Yeatman do not make it clear which Godfrey was mayor in which year.
  7. "England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J825-Q42 : 12 February 2018), Annar Heathcott, burial 25 Jul 1605; citing Saint Mary And All Saints, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,752,142.
  8. Chesterfield parish register viewed on Ancestry.co.uk
  9. "England Marriages, 1538–1973 ," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NNZP-4VQ : 12 February 2018), David Allen and Anna Thorneley, 06 Oct 1579; citing Saint Mary And All Saints, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, reference , index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,752,142.
  10. "England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J825-3QS : 12 February 2018), David Allen, burial 06 Apr 1602; citing Saint Mary And All Saints, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,752,142.
  11. "England Marriages, 1538–1973 ," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NNZP-Q35 : 12 February 2018), Godfrey Heathcoat and Anna Allen, 11 Nov 1605; citing Saint Mary And All Saints, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England, reference , index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,752,142.
  12. Chesterfield parish register viewed on Ancestry.co.uk
  13. "England Marriages, 1538–1973 ," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V52D-D4D : 10 February 2018), Godfrey Mayor Heathcote and Frances Crawshaw, 26 Aug 1625; citing Chesterfield,Derby,England, reference , index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 942.51 D2Y V. 2 PT 4.
  14. Chesterfield parish register viewed on Ancestry.co.uk
  15. probate records at Lichfield Joint Record Office, Staffordshire
  16. probate records of the Diocese of Lichfield and Coventry viewed on Find My Past
  17. Derbyshire Record Office catalogue items D37 M/T1528, D37 M/T1529, D37 M/T1533, D37 M/T1536, D37 M/T1537, D37 M/T1538
  18. "England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J825-VJP : 12 February 2018), Godfridus Heathcote, burial 18 May 1643; citing , index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,752,142.
  19. Chesterfield parish register viewed on Ancestry.co.uk
  20. "THROCKMORTON, John I (by 1524-80), of Feckenham, Worcs.," in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558, ed. S.T. Bindoff, 1982, (view online, accessed 21 February 2019).
  21. The National Archives; Kew, England; Prerogative Court of Canterbury and Related Probate Jurisdictions: Will Registers; Class: PROB 11; Piece: 62, viewed on Ancestry.co.uk 21 February 2019
  22. "Anne Sutton" on the Morgan Web Site, accessed 22 February 2019, citing Dudley Archives DE/2/8
  23. The National Archives; Kew, England; Prerogative Court of Canterbury and Related Probate Jurisdictions: Will Registers; Class: PROB 11; Pieces 71 and 78, accessed on Ancestry.co.uk 22 February 2019
  24. University of Oxford, Alumni oxonienses; the members of the University of Oxford, 1500-1714; their parentage, birthplace, and year of birth, with a record of their degrees, 1891, vol IV, p 1483, Google Books accessed 22 February 2019
  25. Wikisource contributors, "1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Throckmorton, Francis," Wikisource , https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Throckmorton,_Francis&oldid=7124769 (accessed 21 February 2019).
  26. Wikisource contributors, "Throckmorton, Francis (DNB00)," Wikisource , https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=Throckmorton,_Francis_(DNB00)&oldid=7344464 (accessed 21 February 2019).
  27. Wikipedia contributors, "Throckmorton Plot," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Throckmorton_Plot&oldid=882656886 (accessed 21 February 2019).
  28. Wikisource contributors, "1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Throckmorton, Francis," Wikisource , https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Throckmorton,_Francis&oldid=7124769 (accessed 21 February 2019).
  29. Wikipedia contributors, "Throckmorton Plot," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Throckmorton_Plot&oldid=882656886 (accessed 21 February 2019).
  30. Wikisource contributors, "Throckmorton, Francis (DNB00)," Wikisource , https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=Throckmorton,_Francis_(DNB00)&oldid=7344464 (accessed 21 February 2019).
  31. Wikisource contributors, "1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Throckmorton, Francis," Wikisource , https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Throckmorton,_Francis&oldid=7124769 (accessed 21 February 2019).
  32. Wikipedia contributors, "Throckmorton Plot," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Throckmorton_Plot&oldid=882656886 (accessed 21 February 2019).
  33. Inner Temple admissions database




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