Y Wladfa

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Surnames/tags: Wales Argentina
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Y Wladfa is a successful Welsh settlement in Argentina, which began in 1865. It occurred mainly along the coast of Chubut Province in Patagonia. In 1865 the first settlers travelled from Liverpool on the clipper ship Mimosa.

Certain characters, both in Wales and in the United States, had the idea of ​​creating a Welsh colony. The movement had its origins in the United States, but the outbreak of the Civil War lost its initial momentum in the early 1860s. From then on, the entire weight of the project fell on a society made up of Welsh people who met in Liverpool. The Liverpool Emigration Society had to cope with a shortage of funds and a lack of public support. Negotiations with the Argentine government were arduous and last minute difficulties spoiled the preparations. However, the first group of Welsh settlers began their long journey to Patagonia on May 28, 1865 on the sailing ship Mimosa

  • 1848 - October: The first letter from Michael D. Jones in favor of the establishment of a Welsh colony is published in the Y Cenhadwr Americanaidd
  • 1856 - January: A society is created in Camptonville, California, with the objective of promoting the creation of a Welsh colony and Patagonia is proposed as a possible location.
- August: Michael D. Jones organizes a public meeting in Bala to raise the idea of ​​the Welsh colony. The "Society for the Emigration of Bala" was created then.
- December: The public meeting organized by Hugh Hughes and Lewis Jones leads to the creation of a society for emigration in Caernarfon.
  • 1857-8 - Michael D. Jones visits the United States to promote the cause and gain support for creating a corporation to fund the movement. The response was disappointing, and for a year Jones played little part in the movement.
  • 1860 - After the first impulse in the United States, one of its main promoters, Edwin Roberts, travels to Wales in order to find other people who shared his ideas.
  • 1861 - July: Creation of the Liverpool Emigration Society.
  • 1862 - November: Lewis Jones travels to Buenos Aires on behalf of the Liverpool Emigration Society in order to begin negotiations with the Argentine government. About a month later, he is joined by Captain Love Jones-Parry.
- March 25: An agreement is signed between the representatives of the Liverpool Emigration Society, Lewis Jones and Captain Love Jones-Parry, and the Argentine Minister of the Interior, Dr. Guillermo Rawson.
  • 1864 - April: The Argentine consul, Samuel R. Phibbs, travels to Buenos Aires to negotiate on behalf of the Emigration Commission.
- October: The Liverpool Commission receives a letter from Dr. Guillermo Rawson offering lands in Patagonia under the same conditions as those offered to other immigrants. The offer is accepted.

Further reading

Rather than go into enormous detail of the Welsh colonisation of the Chubut Valley, these are a number of references.
  1. Y Wladfa on Wikipedia
  2. Welsh colonization in Argentina on Wikipedia
  3. BBC Wales History site The Welsh in Patagonia
  4. Preparations for the Arrival of the Mimosa
  5. The Clipper Mimosa
  6. The Welsh Colony in Patagonia
  7. Patagonia BMD
  8. Companion to the Welsh Settlement in Patagonia
  9. Berwyn's Register, 1865 to 1875 - Deaths in the Welsh Colony, Patagonia
  10. Project Hiraeth
  11. Wikidata: Item Q478236 help.gif
  12. History of the Welsh Chapels in Patagonia

1865 settlers who travelled on the Mimosa

NameAssembly pointGiven ageNote
Austin, ThomasMountain Ash17
Austin, WilliamMountain Ash18
Davies, EvanAberdare25
Davies, AnnAberdare24wife of Evan Davies
Davies, Margaret AnnAberdare 1daughter of Evan & Ann Davies
Davies, James (Iago Dafydd)Brynmawr18
Davies, John (Ioan Dafydd)Mountain Ash18
Davies, LewisAberystwyth24
Davies, RachelAberystwyth28wife of Lewis Davies
Davies, Thomas G.Aberystwyth3son of Rachel and Lewis Davies
Davies, RobertLlandrillo40
Davies, CatherineLlandrillo38wife of Robert Davies
Davies, WilliamLlandrillo8son of Robert & Catherine Davies
Davies, HenryLlandrillo7son of Robert & Catherine Davies
Davies, JohnLlandrillo1son of Robert & Catherine Davies, died on board
Davies, John E.Mountain Ash30
Davies, SeliaMountain Ash26wife of John E. Davies
Davies, JohnMountain Ashinfantson of John E. & Selia Davies
Davies, ThomasAberdare40
Davies, EleanorAberdare38(second) wife of Thomas Davies
Davies, DavidAberdare18son of Thomas Davies (1st marriage)
Davies, HannahAberdare16daughter of Thomas Davies (1st marriage)
Davies, ElizabethAberdare11daughter of Thomas Davies (1st marriage)
Davies, AnnAberdare7daughter of Thomas Davies (1st marriage)
Davies, WilliamLiverpool, England36
Ellis, JohnLiverpool, England38
Ellis, ThomasLiverpool, England36
Ellis, RichardLlanfyllin27
Ellis, FrancesLlanfyllin27
Evans, DanielMountain Ash27
Evans, MaryMountain Ash23wife of Daniel Evans
Evans, ElizabethMountain Ash5daughter of Daniel & Mary Evans
Evans, John DanielMountain Ash3son of Daniel & Mary Evans
Evans, Thomas Pennant (Twmi Dimol)Manchester, England29crew
Greene, Dr. Thomas William NassauLiverpool, England21crew (ships' doctor)
Harris, ThomasMountain Ash31
Harris, SaraMountain Ash31wife of Thomas Harris
Harris, WilliamMountain Ash11son of Thomas & Sara Harris
Harris, JohnMountain Ash6son of Thomas & Sara Harris
Harris, ThomasMountain Ash5son of Thomas & Sara Harris
Harris, DanielMountain Ashinfantson of Thomas & Sara Harris
Hughes, CatherineBirkenhead, England24
Hughes, GriffithRhosllannerchrugog36
Hughes, MaryRhosllannerchrugog32wife of Griffith Hughes
Hughes, JaneRhosllannerchrugog11daughter of Griffith & Mary Hughes
Hughes, GriffithRhosllannerchrugog9son of Griffith & Mary Hughes
Hughes, DavidRhosllannerchrugog6son of Griffith & Mary Hughes
Hughes, JohnRhosllannerchrugog30
Hughes, ElizabethRhosllannerchrugog 39wife of John Hughes
Hughes, William JohnRhosllannerchrugog10son of John & Elizabeth Hughes
Hughes, Myfanwy MaryRhosllannerchrugog4son of John & Elizabeth Hughes
Hughes, John SamuelRhosllannerchrugog2son of John & Elizabeth Hughes
Hughes, HenryRhosllannerchrugog1son of John & Elizabeth Hughes
Hughes (Cadfan), Hugh J.Liverpool, England 41
Hughes, ElizabethLiverpool, England40wife of Hugh Hughes
Hughes, JaneLiverpool, England20daughter of Hugh & Elizabeth Hughes
Hughes, DavidLiverpool, England6son of Hugh & Elizabeth Hughes
Hughes, LlewelynLiverpool, England4son of Hugh & Elizabeth Hughes
Hughes, RichardCaernarfon20
Hughes, WilliamAnglesey32
Hughes, JaneAnglesey32wife of William Hughes
Hughes, JaneAngleseyinfantdaughter of William & Jane Hughes
Hughes, WilliamAbergynolwyn33widower, married Ann Lewis on board
Humphreys, MorrisGanllwyd27
Humphreys, Elizabeth HarrietGanllwyd21wife of Maurice Humphreys
Humphreys, LewisGanllwyd27
Humphreys, JohnGanllwyd22
Huws, RhydderchManchester, England33
Huws, SaraManchester, England37wife of Rhydderch Huws
Huws, MeurigManchester, England4son of Rhydderch & Sara Huws
Jenkins, AaronMountain Ash35
Jenkins, RachelMountain Ash32née Evans
Jenkins, JamesMountain Ash2son of Aaron & Rachel Jenkins, died on board
Jenkins, RichardMountain Ash1son of Aaron & Rachel Jenkins
Jenkins, Rachel  daughter of Aaron & Rachel Jenkins, born on board
Jenkins, ThomasMountain Ash23
Jenkins, WilliamMountain Ash18
John, DavidMountain Ash31
John, Mary AnnAberdare24
Jones, EvanAberdare19son of Eleanor Davies (1st marriage)
Jones, ThomasAberdare15son of Eleanor Davies (1st marriage)
Jones, DavidAberdare13son of Eleanor Davies (1st marriage)
Jones, ElizabethAberdare12daughter of Eleanor Davies (1st marriage)
Jones, ElizabethMountain Ash 
Jones, AnneBethesda23
Jones, GeorgeLiverpool, England16
Jones, DavidLiverpool, England18
Jones, JamesMountain Ash27
Jones, SarahMountain Ash24wife of James Jones
Jones, Mary AnneMountain Ash3daughter of James & Sarah Jones
Jones, JamesMountain Ash1son of James & Sarah Jones
Jones, JohnMountain Ash61
Jones, ElizabethMountain Ash53wife of John Jones
Jones, Richard (Berwyn)New York, United States27crew (purser)
Jones, RichardMountain Ash21son of John & Elizabeth Jones
Jones, AnnMountain Ash18daughter of John & Elizabeth Jones
Jones, MargaretMountain Ash14daughter of John & Elizabeth Jones
Jones, John (jnr)Mountain Ashh28
Jones, MaryMountain Ash27née Morgan, wife of John Jones (jnr)
Jones, Morgan  son of John & Mary Jones, born on board Mimosa
Jones, Thomas HarriesMountain Ash16
Jones, Joseph SethDenbigh20
Jones, JoshuaCwmaman, Aberdare22
Jones, LewisLiverpool, England28advance party
Jones, EllenLiverpool, England25wife of Lewis Jones, advance party
Jones, MaryMountain Ash22
Jones, StephenCaernarfon18
Jones (Bedol), William R.Bala31
Jones, CatherineBala31wife of William R. Jones
Jones, Mary AnnBala4daughter of William R. & Catherine Jones
Jones, JaneBala1daughter of William R. & Catherine Jones
Lewis, AnneAbergynolwyn35née Pugh, widow, married William Hughes on board
Lewis, MaryMountain Ash 
Matthews, AbrahamAberdare32
Matthews, GwenllianAberdare23wife of Abraham Matthews
Matthews, Mary AnnieAberdare1
Morgan, JohnPen-y-Garn, Aberystwyth29
Nagle, RobertBirkenhead, England,22crew (passenger steward)
Owen, AnnLiverpool, England
Price, EdwardLiverpool, England41
Price, MarthaLiverpool, England38wife of Edward Price
Price, EdwardLiverpool, England16son of Edward & Martha Price
Price, MarthaLiverpool, England2daughter of Edward & Martha Price
Price, GriffithFfestiniog27
Pritchard, ElizabethHolyhead20
Rhys, James BerryFfestiniog23
Rhys, William ThomasTrevethin25
Richards, WilliamMountain Ash19
Roberts, Edwyn CynrigNannerch & Wigan, England27advance party
Roberts, ElizabethBangor19
Roberts, GraceBethesda25
Roberts, John MoelwynFfestiniog20
Roberts, John,Ffestiniog27
Roberts, MaryFfestiniog27wife of John Roberts
Roberts, MaryFfestiniogdaughter of John & Mary Roberts (?)
Roberts, ThomasFfestiniog2son of John & Mary Roberts
Roberts, JohnFfestinioginfantson of John & Mary Roberts
Roberts, WilliamSeacombe, Liverpool, England17
Solomon, GriffithFfestiniog33
Solomon, ElizabethFfestiniog30wife of Griffith Solomon
Solomon, ElizabethFfestiniog1daughter of Griffith & Elizabeth Solomon, died on board
Thomas, John MurrayBridgend17
Thomas, RobertBangor29
Thomas, MaryBangor30wife of Robert Thomas
Thomas, MaryBangor5daughter of Robert & Mary Thomas
Thomas, Catherine JaneBangor2daughter of Robert & Mary Thomas, died on board
Thomas, ThomasMountain Ash26
Williams, AmosBangor25crew (passenger cook)
Williams, EleanorBangor24wife of Amos Williams
Williams, ElizabethBangordaughter of Amos & Eleanor Williams
Williams, DafyddAberystwyth 
Williams, JaneLiverpool, England24
Williams, JohnBirkenhead, England36
Williams, ElizabethBirkenhead, England31wife of John Williams
Williams, JohnBirkenhead, England4son of John & Elizabeth Williams
Williams, ElizabethBirkenhead, England2daughter of John & Elizabeth Williams
Williams, Watkin W. PritchardBirkenhead, England33
Williams, Elizabeth LouisaBirkenhead, England30
Williams, Watkin WesleyBirkenhead, England27
Williams, CatherineBirkenhead, England
Williams, Robert MeirionLlanfairfechan51
Williams, Richard HowellLlanfairfechan18son of Robert Meirion Williams
Williams, ThomasMountain Ash60
Williams, Mary,Mountain Ash55
Williams, WilliamLiverpool, England20
Wood, ElizabethLiverpool, England11

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