The Spaniard Spanioraga
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The Spaniard Spanioraga (abt. 1762)

The Spaniard "Span-e-o-née-kaw" Spanioraga
Born about [location unknown]
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died [date unknown] [location unknown]
Profile last modified | Created 14 Oct 2019
This page has been accessed 269 times.



The Spaniard Spanioraga was a Wisconsinite.
The Spaniard was Ho-Chunk.
Notables Project
The Spaniard Spanioraga is Notable.


The name Spanioraga appears to have come from the Spanish Española, which, if the initial /e/ is dropped, would be expressed in Hočąk as Spaniora. The -ga is added to personal names as a definite article. His alternate name is given by George Catlin as, Span-e-o-née-kaw, which is for Spanionį́ka, from Spanio, "Spaniard"; nįk, "little"; and -ka, a definite article used in personal names. This is just a diminutive form of the name "Spaniard." How he got this name is unknown. That he is a member of the Upper Moiety can be deduced from the fact that he is holding a ball-headed war club, which belongs exclusively to that moiety.


“Michael St. Cyr, who being duly sworn, doth depose and say. that he is about twenty eight years old, is the son of H. St. Cyr, and Keenokou who was a full blood Winnebago woman, who was the daughter of “The Spaniard,” who was one of the first chiefs of the Winnebago Nation." (Waggoner, 39a)


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Categories: Ho-Chunk | Wisconsin, Notables | Notables