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Thomas Spencer (abt. 1759 - 1821)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Private Thomas Spencer
Born about in Englandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married about 1791 in Norfolk Island, Australiamap
Husband of — married before 1806 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Richmond, New South Wales, Australiamap
Profile last modified 2 Feb 2020 | Created 30 Mar 2016 | Last significant change: 2 Feb 2020
10:41: Kenneth Evans edited the Biography for Thomas Spencer (abt.1759-1821). [Thank Kenneth for this]
This page has been accessed 259 times.


Thomas Spencer came free to the Colony of New South Wales (1788-1900)

Thomas Spencer was born in 1759.

Thomas served in the New South Wales Marine Corps, newly-raised to accompany the First Fleet to establish the penal colony of New South Wales. Arriving as a guard aboard the transport, Scarborough, he served both at Port Jackson and Norfolk Island. At Norfolk Island, he became protector / de facto husband to convict Mary Phillips, who arrived on the island with her son aboard the ‘Sirius’ on 4th March 1790. Thomas and Mary had a daughter, Sarah, born 27th November 1791.

When the corps returned to England in 1791, Thomas took his discharge and remained as a settler in the colony together with Sarah, receiving a grant of land at Richmond, one of the settlements at the Hawkesbury River. Mary ended up at the penal settlements of Van Dieman's Land (Tasmania). Sarah married pardoned convict and now free settler, Charles Hadley in 1812 and settled nearby at Castlereagh, on the Nepean River, in a well-situated home called Hadley House.

By 1806, Thomas was in a relationship with convict, Susan Smith, at Richmond. There does not appear to be any formal registration of a marriage, however, Susan remained with him all his life and was listed as 'widow' afterwards.

Thomas passed away on 3rd February 1821 at Richmond, New South Wales and is buried in the St Peter's Churchyard, Richmond.[1] Thomas’s grave bears a Fellowship of First Fleeters plaque.


  1. New South Wales Death Index #4960/1821 V18214960 2B (showing ‘age 61’), and New South Wales Death Index #60/1821 V182160 156
  • Gillen, Mollie. The Founders of Australia: a biographical dictionary of the First Fleet. North Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1989.
  • Bowd, D G. Macquarie country: a history of the Hawkesbury. Rev. Ed. Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1982.

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Spencer-12251 and Spencer-12246 appear to represent the same person because: same wife and death, birth is an estimate
posted by Robin Lee

Rejected matches › Thomas Spencer (1757-)

Thomas is 25 degrees from Danielle Liard, 19 degrees from Jack London and 16 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.